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Jelle Zijlstra (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈjɛlə ˈzɛilstraː]; 27 August 1918 – 23 December 2001) was a Dutch politician of the defunct Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party and economist who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 22 November 1966 until 5 April 1967.[1]


Jelle Zijlstra
Jelle Zijlstra 1980 (1).jpg
Jelle Zijlstra in 1980
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
In office
22 November 1966 – 5 April 1967
MonarchJuliana
DeputyJan de Quay
Barend Biesheuvel
Preceded byJo Cals
Succeeded byPiet de Jong
President of De
Nederlandsche Bank
In office
1 May 1967 – 1 January 1982
Preceded byMarius Holtrop
Succeeded byWim Duisenberg
Member of the Social
and Economic Council
In office
10 May 1967 – 18 December 1981
ChairmanJan de Pous
Member of the Senate
In office
25 June 1963 – 22 November 1966
Parliamentary groupAnti-Revolutionary Party
Minister of Finance
In office
22 November 1966 – 5 April 1967
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byAnne Vondeling
Succeeded byJohan Witteveen
In office
22 December 1958 – 24 July 1963
Prime MinisterLouis Beel (1958–1959)
Jan de Quay (1959–1963)
Preceded byHenk Hofstra
Succeeded byJohan Witteveen
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
20 March 1959 – 26 May 1959
In office
3 July 1956 – 13 October 1956
Parliamentary groupAnti-Revolutionary Party
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
In office
3 July 1956 – 3 October 1956
Preceded byJan Schouten
Succeeded bySieuwert Bruins Slot
Parliamentary groupAnti-Revolutionary Party
Leader of the
Anti-Revolutionary Party
In office
29 December 1958 – 26 May 1959
DeputySieuwert Bruins Slot
Preceded bySieuwert Bruins Slot
Succeeded bySieuwert Bruins Slot
In office
23 April 1956 – 3 October 1956
DeputySieuwert Bruins Slot
Preceded byJan Schouten
Succeeded bySieuwert Bruins Slot
Minister of Economic Affairs
In office
2 September 1952 – 19 May 1959
Prime MinisterWillem Drees (1952–1958)
Louis Beel (1958–1959)
Preceded byJan van den Brink
Succeeded byJan de Pous
Personal details
Born
Jelle Zijlstra

(1918-08-27)27 August 1918
Oosterbierum, Netherlands
Died23 December 2001(2001-12-23) (aged 83)
Wassenaar, Netherlands
Cause of deathDementia
NationalityDutch
Political partyChristian Democratic Appeal
(from 1980)
Other political
affiliations
Anti-Revolutionary Party
(until 1980)
Spouse(s)
Hetty Bloksma
(m. 1946; his death 2001)
Children3 daughters and 2 sons
RelativesRinse Zijlstra (brother)
Alma materRotterdam School of Economics
(Bachelor of Economics, Master of Economics, Doctor of Philosophy)
OccupationPolitician · Civil servant · Economist · Researcher · Businessman · Banker · Corporate director · Nonprofit director · Author · Professor
Military service
Allegiance Netherlands
Branch/serviceRoyal Netherlands Army
Years of service1939–1940 (Conscription)
1940 (Active duty)
RankNl-landmacht-eerste luitenant.svg Lieutenant
Battles/warsWorld War II

Zijlstra applied at the Rotterdam School of Economics in June 1937 majoring in Economics. Zijlstra was conscripted in the Royal Netherlands Army and was mobilized as a lieutenant in August 1939. Zijlstra obtained an Bachelor of Economics degree in February 1940. On 10 May 1940 Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands and the government fled to London to escape the German occupation. Zijlstra fought in the Battle of the Netherlands and the Battle of France. During the German occupation Zijlstra continued his study but in April 1943 the German occupation authority closed the Rotterdam School of Economics and Zijlstra went in to hiding. Following the end of World War II Zijlstra returned to the Rotterdam School of Economics before graduating with an Master of Economics degree on 29 November 1945. Zijlstra worked as a researcher at the Rotterdam School of Economics from December 1945 until January 1947 and as an associate professor of Public economics at the Rotterdam School of Economics from 1 January 1947 until 8 July 1948 when got a doctorate as an Doctor of Philosophy in Public economics. Zijlstra worked as a professor of Public economics at the Free University Amsterdam from 28 October 1948 until 2 September 1952. After the election of 1952 Zijlstra was appointed as Minister of Economic Affairs in the Cabinet Drees II, taking office on 2 September 1952. After the Leader of the Anti-Revolutionary Party Jan Schouten announced his retirement from national politics and that he wouldn't not stand for the election of 1956 he approached Zijlstra as a candidate to succeed him, Zijlstra accepted and became the Leader of the Anti-Revolutionary Party and Lijsttrekker (top candidate) of the Anti-Revolutionary Party for the election on 23 April 1956. The Anti-Revolutionary Party made a small win, gaining 3 seats and now had 15 seats in the House of Representatives. Zijlstra was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives and became the Parliamentary leader of the Anti-Revolutionary Party in the House of Representatives, taking office on 3 July 1956. On 3 October 1956 Zijlstra announced that he was stepping down as Leader of the Anti-Revolutionary Party and Parliamentary leader in favor of Sieuwert Bruins Slot. Following the cabinet formation of 1956 Zijlstra continued as Minister of Economic Affairs in the Cabinet Drees III, taking office on 13 October 1956. The Cabinet Drees III fell on 11 December 1958 and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until it was replaced by the caretaker Cabinet Beel II with Zijlstra remaining as Minister of Economic Affairs and appointed as Minister of Finance dual serving in both positions, taking office on 22 December 1958. Shortly thereafter the Leader of the Anti-Revolutionary Party Bruins Slot approached Zijlstra to stand once again as Leader and Lijsttrekker of the Anti-Revolutionary Party for the election of 1959, Zijlstra accepted and again became the Leader and Lijsttrekker for the election on 29 December 1958. The Anti-Revolutionary Party suffered a small loss, losing 1 seat and now had 14 seats in the House of Representatives. Zijlstra subsequently returned as a Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 20 March 1959. Following the cabinet formation of 1959 Zijlstra remained as Minister of Finance in the Cabinet De Quay, taking office on 16 May 1959. On 26 May 1959 Zijlstra announced that he was stepping down as Leader once again in favor of Parliamentary leader Bruins Slot. In September 1962 Zijlstra announced that he wouldn't not stand for the election of 1963 but wanted run for the Senate. After the Senate election of 1963 Zijlstra was elected as a Member of the Senate, taking office on 25 June 1963 serving as a frontbencher. Following the cabinet formation of 1963 Zijlstra per his own request asked not to be considered for a cabinet post in the new cabinet, the Cabinet De Quay was replaced by the Cabinet Marijnen on 24 July 1963. Zijlstra returned as a distinguished professor of Public economics at the Free University Amsterdam serving from 1 January 1964 until 1 May 1967. He also worked as the director of the Abraham Kuyper Foundation from 1 August 1963 until 22 November 1966. Zijlstra also became active in the private sector and public sector and occupied numerous seats as a corporate director and nonprofit director on several boards of directors and supervisory boards (Unilever, General Bank of the Netherlands, Hollandsche Bank-Unie, The People's Bank and the Carnegie Foundation).[2]

On 16 September 1966 Zijlstra was nominated as the President of De Nederlandsche Bank (Central Bank of the Netherlands). On 14 October 1966 Cabinet Cals fell and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity. Following several failed cabinet formation attempts Zijlstra was approached by Vice-President of the Council of State and former Prime Minister Louis Beel of the Catholic People's Party as a compromise candidate for Prime Minister, Zijlstra accepted and was appointed as Formateur to form a new cabinet and his nomination as President of De Nederlandsche Bank was temporary suspended. The following cabinet formation of 1966 resulted in the continuation of the coalition agreement between the Catholic People's Party and the Anti-Revolutionary Party which formed the caretaker Cabinet Zijlstra with Zijlstra becoming Prime Minister of the Netherlands, Minister of General Affairs and Minister of Finance, taking office on 22 November 1966. Shortly thereafter Zijlstra announced that he wouldn't stand for the election of 1967. Following the cabinet formation of 1967 Zijlstra per his own request asked not to be considered for a cabinet post in the new cabinet, the Cabinet Zijlstra was replaced by the Cabinet De Jong on 5 April 1967 and on 25 April 1967 he was renomination as President of De Nederlandsche Bank, serving from 1 May 1967 until 1 January 1982. Following his retired from active politics Zijlstra remained active in the private sector and public sector and occupied numerous seats as a corporate director and nonprofit director on several boards of directors and supervisory boards (Royal Dutch Shell, Aegon N.V., Douwe Egberts, Robeco, Hunter Douglas, Carnegie Foundation and the Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences).[3]

Zijlstra was known for his abilities as a negotiator and manager. During his premiership, his cabinet was responsible for further reducing the deficit. Zijlstra was granted the honorary title of Minister of State on 30 April 1983 and was a godparent of King Willem-Alexander. Zijlstra continued to comment on political affairs as a statesman until his death from a dementia at the age of 83.[4]

BiographyEdit

Early lifeEdit

Jelle Zijlstra was born on 27 August 1918 in Oosterbierum in the province of Friesland in a Reformed family, the son of Ane Jelle Zijlstra (born 14 November 1879) and Pietje Postuma (born 6 March 1897), both of which had also been born in the village. After completing his secondary education he studied at the Netherlands School of Economics, the predecessor of the Erasmus University Rotterdam. His studies were interrupted twice: first by his period of military service and later when he had to go into hiding in 1942 after refusing to sign the loyalty oath required of students by the Nazi occupation authorities. Even so, he completed his economics degree in October 1945 as a Master of Economics.

Immediately after graduating, Zijlstra became a research assistant at the Netherlands School of Economics and was promoted a year later to senior research assistant and in 1947 to lecturer. In 1948 he was awarded a doctorate as a Doctor of Philosophy with cum laude for his thesis on the rate of circulation of money and its bearing on the value of money and monetary equilibrium. In the same year he was appointed professor of economics at the Vrije Universiteit.

 
Prime Minister Jelle Zijlstra and Minister of Finance of West Germany Franz Josef Strauss during a meeting at the Peace Palace in The Hague on 16 January 1967.

PoliticsEdit

Representing the Anti-Revolutionary Party, Zijlstra successively served as Minister of Economic Affairs in the Drees II, Drees III and Beel II cabinets, and as Minister of Finance in the Beel II and De Quay cabinets between 2 September 1952 and 24 July 1963.

Following his ministerial career, Zijlstra returned to the Vrije Universiteit as professor of public finance, though he also served between 1963 and 1966 as a member of the Senate. In 1973 Zijlstra became member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.[5] After the fall of the Cabinet Cals, Zijlstra headed an interim government as Prime Minister of the Netherlands and Minister of Finance between 22 November 1966 until 5 April 1967.

From 1967 until the end of 1981 he was President of De Nederlandsche Bank, the central bank of the Netherlands, and in the course of that period he was also President of the Bank for International Settlements in Basel. He has sat on many boards in the public and private sectors.

PersonalEdit

On 11 March 1946 Zijlstra married his childhood sweetheart Hetty Bloksma (30 January 1921 – 19 November 2013).[6][7] They had three daughters and two sons, who were born between 1947 and 1961. The last months of life were dominated by his deteriorating health, and he suffered from dementia. Jelle Zijlstra died in Wassenaar on 23 December 2001 at the age of eighty-three Zijlstra, and was buried at the cemetery of the local Reformed Church in Wassenaar. His younger brother Rinse Zijlstra (19 April 1927 – 26 September 2017) was also a member of the House of Representatives, serving from 23 February 1967 until 10 May 1971 and a Senator serving from 12 April 1983 until 13 June 1995 for the Anti-Revolutionary Party and the Christian Democratic Appeal.[8]

DecorationsEdit

Military decorations
Ribbon bar Decoration Country Date Comment
  War Memorial Cross Netherlands 5 May 1946
Mobilisation War Cross Netherlands 31 August 1948
Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
  Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Sash of the
Decoration of Honour for Services
Austria 1958
  Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown Belgium 10 December 1966
  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 27 April 1967
  Grand Cross of the Order of the House of Orange Netherlands 27 August 1978
  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 18 November 1981 Elevated from Commander (27 July 1963)
Honorific Titles
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
  Minister of State Netherlands 30 April 1983 Style of Excellency

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Zijlstra, Jelle (1918-2001)" (in Dutch). Huygens ING. 12 November 2013. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  2. ^ "De no-nonsense van Jelle Zijlstra" (in Dutch). Historischnieuwsblad.nl. 19 August 2011. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  3. ^ (in Dutch) Jelle Zijlstra (1918-2001) Biografie, Absolutefacts.nl, February 19, 2005
  4. ^ (in Dutch) Jelle Zijlstra: intellectuele schatkistbewaker Archived 2012-03-25 at the Wayback Machine, Elsevier, 14 June 2011
  5. ^ "Jelle Zijlstra (1918 - 2001)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  6. ^ (in Dutch) Overlijdensbericht Heintje (Hetty) Bloksma in Trouw, 23-11-2013
  7. ^ "Stamboom Willems Hoogeloon-Best » Hetty Bloksma" (in Dutch). GenealogieOnline. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  8. ^ (in Dutch) Vergeten volksvertegenwoordigers: dr. Jelle Zijlstra Archived 2014-12-23 at the Wayback Machine, @Geschiedenisgek, 24 August 2011

External linksEdit

Official
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jan Schouten
1952
Lijsttrekker of the
Anti-Revolutionary Party

19561959
Succeeded by
Barend Biesheuvel
1963
Preceded by
Jan Schouten
Leader of the
Anti-Revolutionary Party

1956
1958–1959
Succeeded by
Sieuwert Bruins Slot
Preceded by
Sieuwert Bruins Slot
Preceded by
Jan Schouten
Parliamentary leader of the
Anti-Revolutionary Party in the
House of Representatives

1956
Political offices
Preceded by
Jan van den Brink
Minister of Economic Affairs
1952–1959
Succeeded by
Jan de Pous
Preceded by
Henk Hofstra
Minister of Finance
1958–1963
1966–1967
Succeeded by
Johan Witteveen
Preceded by
Anne Vondeling
Preceded by
Jo Cals
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
1966–1967
Succeeded by
Piet de Jong
Minister of General Affairs
1966–1967
Civic offices
Preceded by
Marius Holtrop
President of De
Nederlandsche Bank

1967–1982
Succeeded by
Wim Duisenberg
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Jan Schouten
Director of the
Abraham Kuyper Foundation

1963–1966
Succeeded by
Wim Hoogendijk