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Pieter Wilhelm Adrianus Cort van der Linden (14 May 1846 – 15 July 1935) was a Dutch politician who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 29 August 1913 to 9 September 1918.


Pieter Cort van der Linden
Pieter Cort van der Linden.jpg
Pieter Cort van der Linden
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
In office
29 August 1913 – 9 September 1918
MonarchWilhelmina
Preceded byTheo Heemskerk
Succeeded byCharles Ruijs de
Beerenbrouck
Minister of the Interior
In office
29 August 1913 – 9 September 1918
Prime MinisterPieter Cort van der Linden
Preceded byTheo Heemskerk
Succeeded byCharles Ruijs de
Beerenbrouck
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
29 August 1913 – 27 September 1913
Ad interim
Prime MinisterPieter Cort van der Linden
Preceded byRené de Marees
van Swinderen
Succeeded byJohn Loudon
Member of the Council of State
In office
8 October 1918 – 1 January 1935
In office
4 November 1902 – 29 August 1913
Vice President
Minister of Justice
In office
27 July 1897 – 1 August 1901
Prime MinisterNicolaas Pierson
Preceded byWillem van der Kaay
Succeeded byJan Loeff
Personal details
Born
Pieter Wilhelm Adrianus Cort van der Linden

(1846-05-14)14 May 1846
The Hague, Netherlands
Died15 July 1935(1935-07-15) (aged 89)
The Hague, Netherlands
NationalityDutch
Political partyIndependent Liberal
Spouse(s)
Joanna Wittewaall
(m. 1873; her death 1874)

Johanna de Koning
(m. 1880; his death 1935)
Children4 sons
Alma materLeiden University
(Bachelor of Laws, Master of Laws, Doctor of Philosophy)
OccupationPolitician · Civil servant · Jurist · Lawyer · Economist · Researcher · Historian · Academic administrator · Editor · Author · Professor

BiographyEdit

He was the last Prime Minister to lead a liberal cabinet and the last liberal to be Prime Minister until Mark Rutte in 2010 (92 years later). However, the First Rutte cabinet only held a minority in the House of Representatives. One of Cort van der Linden's major achievements was maintaining Dutch neutrality during World War I, although personally he was pro-German.

He also introduced universal suffrage in the Netherlands in what is nowadays known as the Pacification of 1917. Because of this, the Social Democratic Workers' Party and the General League of Roman Catholic Caucuses won the 1918 elections. The Catholic Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck took Cort van der Linden's place as Prime Minister.

ReferencesEdit

LiteratureEdit

  • Minderaa, J.T. (1979), "Linden, Pieter Wilhelm Adrianus Cort van der (1846-1935)", Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland, 1, retrieved 13 March 2008

External LinksEdit

DecorationsEdit

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 1 August 1901
  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 28 January 1915
Honorific Titles
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
  Minister of State Netherlands 28 January 1915 Style of Excellency
Political offices
Preceded by
Willem van der Kaay
Minister of Justice
1897–1901
Succeeded by
Jan Loeff
Preceded by
René de Marees
van Swinderen
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Ad interim

1913
Succeeded by
John Loudon
Preceded by
Theo Heemskerk
Minister of the Interior
1913–1918
Succeeded by
Charles Ruijs de
Beerenbrouck
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
1913–1918