|Minister of Finance|
Assumed office |
26 October 2017
|Prime Minister||Mark Rutte|
|Preceded by||Jeroen Dijsselbloem|
Wopke Bastiaan Hoekstra|
30 September 1975
|Political party||Christian Democratic Appeal|
|Alma mater||Leiden University|
Hoekstra was born in Bennekom, Gelderland and studied law at Leiden University where he completed one year studying history. He was president of the fraternity Minerva. In 2000, he also studied law and international politics in Rome and in 2005 he graduated as MBA at INSEAD in Fontainebleau and Singapore.
Before he joined the government, Hoekstra was a partner with the consultancy firm McKinsey and chairman of the supervisory board of the National Maritime Museum in Amsterdam. Until 2006 he worked for Shell in Berlin, Hamburg and Rotterdam.
Early political careerEdit
Hoekstra was the treasurer of the CDA-foundation Eduardo Freistichting and board member of the local CDA association in Amsterdam. In 2016 he was one of the lead architects of the party platform. In 2010, Hoekstra was offered a spot on the party's candidate list for the House of Representatives, but he did not accept it, preferring to continue working at McKinsey.
In December 2010, it was announced that Hoekstra was a candidate for the Senate election of 2011, for which he was indeed elected, and sworn in on 7 June 2011 as its youngest member. Membership of the Senate is a part-time position, and therefore Hoekstra continued as consultant with McKinsey. On 6 December of the same year, he gave his maiden speech during the debate on a tax-related topic. In the Senate he was not reluctant to deviate from the party line on a number of ethical issues: he was the only CDA senator to vote in favour of a ban on civil servants refusing to marry same-sex couples (weigerambtenaar) and to vote in favour of legal status for lesbian parents (meemoederschap). He was reelected in 2015.
Hoekstra was nominated by the parliamentary press in 2013 as 'political talent of the year' and in 2016 he was the second youngest person in the De Volkskrant top-200 of influential Dutch people.
Minister of FinanceEdit
At his first meeting with other EU Ministers of Finance in Brussels in 2017, Hoekstra expressed scepticism about eurozone reform, saying that budgetary discipline in other eurozone states was necessary first. Hoekstra reiterated his reluctance on eurozone reform at a meeting of the financial council of the Christian Democratic Union of Germany in 2018, warning against reforms initiated by Germany and France without the support of other member states or the public. Furthermore, at a visit to his German counterpart Olaf Scholz in March 2018, Hoekstra explained that he is reluctant about plans for a eurozone budget, a eurozone finance minister and a common deposit insurance scheme. After Germany and France had outlined a series of eurozone reforms in June 2018, Hoekstra led a coalition of twelve other member states in opposition to such reforms.
European Union organisationsEdit
- European Investment Bank (EIB), Ex-Officio Member of the Board of Governors (since 2017)
- European Stability Mechanism (ESM), Member of the Board of Governors (since 2017)
- Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), Ex-Officio Member of the Board of Governors (since 2017)
- European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), Ex-Officio Member of the Board of Governors (since 2017)
- Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), World Bank Group, Ex-Officio Member of the Board of Governors (since 2017)
- World Bank, Ex-Officio Member of the Board of Governors (since 2017)
- "Mr. W.B. (Wopke) Hoekstra". www.parlement.com (in Dutch). Retrieved 2017-11-13.
- Kok, Laurens (2017-08-29). "CDA-kanjer Wopke Hoekstra topkandidaat voor Financiën". www.ad.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2017-11-13.
- "Preses op carrièrepad". www.mareonline.nl. 2005-06-16. Retrieved 2017-11-13.
- "Wopke Hoekstra (CDA), bezige bij en nu minister van Financiën" (in Dutch). Retrieved 2017-11-13.
- "Wopke Hoekstra is een rijzende ster met kwaliteit voor het CDA-leiderschap". NRC (in Dutch). Retrieved 2017-11-13.
- "Profiel: Wopke Hoekstra (CDA), minister van Financiën". NU.nl (in Dutch). 25 October 2017. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- "Hoekstra sceptisch over hervormingsplannen eurozone". Elsevier (in Dutch). 8 November 2017. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- "De toekomst van de EU: minister 'Dr. No' Hoekstra wil van Frankrijk en Duitsland pas op de plaats". Nieuwsuur (in Dutch). 14 March 2018. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- Delamaide, Darrell (16 March 2018). "Dutch minister beats Macron to the punch on euro advice to Germany". Handelsblatt Global. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- Brunsden, Jim; Khan, Mehreen (22 June 2018), "Franco-German eurozone reform plan faces growing opposition", Financial Times, retrieved 22 June 2018
- "Dutch government says EU countries hurt most by Brexit shouldn't pay more into EU budget". Reuters. 16 January 2018. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- Board of Governors European Investment Bank (EIB).
- Board of Governors: Wopke Hoekstra European Stability Mechanism.
- Board of Governors Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
- Board of Governors European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).
- Board of Governors Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), World Bank Group.
- Board of Governors World Bank.
- Hoedeman, Jan (2 April 2018). "CDA-minister Wopke Hoekstra: Ik hoop dat God bestaat". AD.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2 April 2018.