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The Third Gerbrandy cabinet, also called the Fourth London cabinet was the Dutch government-in-exile from 23 February 1945 until 25 June 1945. The cabinet was formed by the political parties Roman Catholic State Party (RKSP), Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) and the Free-thinking Democratic League (VDB) following the resignation of Second Gerbrandy cabinet on 27 January 1945. The national unity government (War cabinet) was the last of four war cabinets of the government-in-exile in London during World War II.[1]

Third Gerbrandy cabinet
Fourth London cabinet
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
40th cabinet of the Netherlands
Date formed23 February 1945 (1945-02-23T27)
Date dissolved25 June 1945 (1945-06-25)
(Demissionary from 12 May 1945 (1945-05-12))
People and organisations
Head of stateQueen Wilhelmina
Head of governmentPieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
No. of ministers14
Member partyRoman Catholic
State Party

(RKSP)
Anti-Revolutionary Party
(ARP)
Free-thinking
Democratic League

(VDB)
Status in legislatureNational unity government (War cabinet)
History
Legislature term(s)1937–1946
PredecessorSecond Gerbrandy cabinet
SuccessorSchermerhorn–Drees cabinet

FormationEdit

On 27 January 1945 the Second Gerbrandy cabinet fell after Minister of the Interior Jaap Burger (SDAP) was asked to resign by Prime Minister Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy (ARP) after holding a radio speech, differentiating between "wrongful" Dutch civilians (foute Nederlanders) and Dutch civilians who made a mistake (Nederlanders die een fout hebben gemaakt). But because Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy did not discuss this with rest of the cabinet all Social Democratic Workers' Party ministers resigned in response. The demissionary cabinet continued until the installation of the Third Gerbrandy cabinet on 23 February 1945.

TermEdit

Although the cabinet was officially seated in London, Minister of the Interior Louis Beel (RKSP) were already present in the earlier liberated southern part of the Netherlands in Oisterwijk where he introduced a temporary arrangement for municipal and provincial governments after the war. Emergency municipal councils are to be appointed by a separate electoral colleges. An important part of the administrative tasks in the liberated part of the Netherlands is executed under the authority of the Military Command by the Commander-in-chief of the Armed forces General Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld and Major general Henk Kruls.

Cabinet MembersEdit

Ministers Title/Ministry Term of office Party
  Dr.
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(1885–1961)
Prime Minister 3 September 1940 –
25 June 1945
[Retained]
Anti-Revolutionary Party
Minister General Warfare 21 May 1942 –
25 June 1945
[Retained]
Minister Justice 23 February 1945 –
25 June 1945
  Dr.
Louis Beel
(1902–1977)
Minister Interior 23 February 1945 –
15 September 1947
Roman Catholic
State Party
  Eelco van Kleffens
(1894–1983)
Minister Foreign Affairs 10 August 1939 –
1 March 1946
[Retained]
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
  Dr.
Gerardus Huysmans
(1904–1948)
Minister Finance 23 February 1945 –
25 June 1945
Roman Catholic
State Party
  Hans Gispen
(1905–1968)
Minister Commerce, Industry
and Agriculture
23 February 1945 –
25 June 1945
Anti-Revolutionary Party
  Jim de Booy
(1885–1969)
Minister Navy 23 February 1945 –
3 July 1946
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
War 23 February 1945 –
4 April 1945
[Ad interim]
  Dr.
Jan de Quay
(1901–1985)
4 April 1945 –
25 June 1945
Roman Catholic
State Party
  Frans Wijffels
(1899–1968)
Minister Social Affairs 23 February 1945 –
25 June 1945
Roman Catholic
State Party
  Gerrit Bolkestein
(1871–1956)
Minister Education, Arts
and Sciences
10 August 1939 –
25 June 1945
[Retained]
Free-thinking
Democratic League
  Frans Wijffels
(1899–1968)
Minister Water Management 23 February 1945 –
4 April 1945
[Ad interim]
Roman Catholic
State Party
  Theo Tromp
(1903–1984)
4 April 1945 –
25 June 1945
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
  Jim de Booy
(1885–1969)
Minister Shipping and
Fisheries
31 May 1944 –
3 July 1946
[Retained]
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
  Dr.
Josef Schmutzer
(1882–1946)
Minister Colonial Affairs 23 February 1945 –
25 June 1945
Roman Catholic
State Party
Minister without portfolio Title/Portfolio/Ministry Term of office Party
  Jonkheer
Edgar Michiels
van Verduynen

(1885–1952)
Minister Foreign Policy

(within Foreign Affairs)
1 January 1942 –
25 June 1945
[Retained]
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Source: (in Dutch) Parlement & Politiek

Not a part of the cabinet, but an important executive position:

Military Command Title/Position Term of office Military
Branch
  General
Prince
Bernhard of
Lippe-Biesterfeld

(1911–2004)
Commander-in-chief Armed Forces 3 September 1944 –
13 September 1945
Army
Retained Retained this position from the previous cabinet.
Ad interim Served ad interim.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Gerbrandy in Londen" (in Dutch). Andere Tijden. 18 March 2003. Retrieved 9 June 2018.

External linksEdit

Official