Ministry of Defence (Netherlands)
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The Ministry of Defence (Dutch: Ministerie van Defensie; MinDef) is the Dutch Ministry responsible for the armed forces of the Netherlands and Veterans Affairs. The Ministry was created in 1813 as the "Ministry of War" and in 1928 was combined with the "Ministry of the Navy". After World War II in the ministries were separated again, in this period the Minister of War and Minister of the Navy were often the same person and the State secretary for the Navy was responsible for daily affairs of the Royal Dutch Navy. In 1959 the ministries were merged. The Ministry is headed by the Minister of Defence, currently Ank Bijleveld, assisted by a State secretary (Barbara Visser) and the Chief of the Defence of the Netherlands, Rob Bauer since 2017.
|Ministerie van Defensie|
Logo of the Ministry of Defence
Coat of arms of the Netherlands
Ministry of Defence
|Formed||November 29, 1813|
|Jurisdiction||Kingdom of the Netherlands|
|Headquarters||Plein 4, The Hague, Netherlands|
|Employees||44,302 active duty |
3,339 reserve forces
18,000 civilian staff
|Annual budget||€10,5 billion (2018)|
|Deputy Minister responsible|
The ministry has the responsibility for:
- protecting the territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (which includes the Netherlands, Curaçao, Sint Maarten and Aruba) and her allies;
- protecting and enhancing the international legal system and stability;
- supporting civil authorities in maintaining order, in case of emergencies and in giving humanitarian aid, both national and international.
The Central Staff of the ministry is led by the Secretary-General, the highest civil servant. The most important elements of the Central Staff are:
- several directorates for policy, personnel, materiel and finance
- the Defence Staff
- the Defence Audit Service
- the Security Authority
- the Military Intelligence and Security Service
- the Military Aviation Authority
The highest military official is the Chief of Defence (Dutch: Commandant der Strijdkrachten). He is a four-star general or admiral and controls the branches of the armed forces, which are organised in three operational commands:
- the Royal Netherlands Navy Command;
- the Royal Netherlands Army Command;
- the Royal Netherlands Air Force Command.
The fourth branch of service, the Royal Netherlands Constabulary, falls directly under the Secretary-General.
The armed forces are supported by two civil organisations that reside under the Ministry of Defence:
- a Support Command (Dutch: Commando DienstenCentra); and
- the Defence Materiel Organization (Dutch: Defensie Materieel Organisatie).
The ministry employs over 70,000 civil and military personnel.
- ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) Minister belooft compensatie loonderving militairen, RTL, January 23, 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) [https://www.defensie.nl/overdefensie/feiten-en-cijfers
- "Dijkhoff voor even minister van Defensie" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Omroep Stichting.
- Editorial, Reuters. "Dutch defense minister resigns over peacekeepers' deaths in Mali".