Hoogeveen (Dutch: [ˌɦoːɣəˈveːn] (listen); Dutch Low Saxon: 't Ogeveine or 't Oveine) is a municipality and a town in the Dutch province of Drenthe.

Hoogeveen
't O(ge)veine (Dutch Low Saxon)
Former court house in Hoogeveen
Former court house in Hoogeveen
Flag of Hoogeveen
Coat of arms of Hoogeveen
Highlighted position of Hoogeveen in a municipal map of Drenthe
Location in Drenthe
Coordinates: 52°44′N 6°29′E / 52.733°N 6.483°E / 52.733; 6.483Coordinates: 52°44′N 6°29′E / 52.733°N 6.483°E / 52.733; 6.483
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceDrenthe
Government
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorKarel Loohuis (PvdA)
Area
 • Total129.25 km2 (49.90 sq mi)
 • Land127.54 km2 (49.24 sq mi)
 • Water1.71 km2 (0.66 sq mi)
Elevation12 m (39 ft)
Population
 (January 2021)[4]
 • Total55,603
 • Density436/km2 (1,130/sq mi)
DemonymHoogevener
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
Parts of 7900 range
Area code0524, 0528
Websitewww.hoogeveen.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Hoogeveen (town), March 2014

Population centresEdit

Elim, Fluitenberg, Hoogeveen and Noordscheschut, which still have the canals which used to be throughout the town. Other villages of the town are Hollandscheveld, Nieuw Moscou, Nieuweroord, Nieuwlande, Pesse, Stuifzand and Tiendeveen.

HistoryEdit

Hoogeveen dates its history to 20 December 1625, when Roelof van Echten bought a large tract of peat land from farmers of the district with the plan to harvest its peat. One old map of the area called it Locus Deserta Atque ob Multos Paludes Invia, a deserted and impenetrable place of many swamps. Hoogeveen itself was established in 1636 by Peter Joostens Warmont and Johan van der Meer.

Its coat of arms, granted 10 November 1819, is white, with a pile of peat covered in straw in the center and beehives on each side, representing the town's first two major industries.

Vincent van Gogh visited the area in the fall of 1883.[5]

In the second half of the 1960s, Hoogeveen was the fastest growing town in the Netherlands. Until that period, the town contained a number of canals, which had been dug in the area's early days when it was a prime source of peat and maritime transportation was a necessity for efficient transportation of cargo. By the 1960s the rise of the automobile and truck-based transportation meant the canals had lost much of their economic function, and the canals were filled in.

The first important transportation connection was provided by the railway line, with Hoogeveen railway station opening in 1870. Since the early 1970s, access to the town has been provided by the A28 (Utrecht - Groningen) highway, and in the early 2000s, the A37 (Hoogeveen - Germany) highway was expanded from a provincial road to improve the region's connection to Emmen and further to Germany.

The then recognized oldest person in the world, Hendrikje van Andel-Schipper, lived in Hoogeveen until her death in August 2005, two months after her 115th birthday.

Hoogeveen also has a small airport that attracts some tourism. Since 1997 the Hoogeveen Chess Tournament has been organized here.

TransportEdit

Railway station: Hoogeveen

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Hoogeveen is twinned with:

Notable peopleEdit

 
Leopold van Limburg Stirum
 
Piet Kleine, 2006

SportEdit

  • Piet Kleine (born 1951 in Hollandscheveld) a former speed skater, gold medallist at the 1976 Winter Olympics and silver medallist at the 1980 Winter Olympics
  • Theo ten Caat (born 1964 in Hollandscheveld) a former Dutch professional footballer with 412 club caps
  • Erik Dekker (born 1970) a retired Dutch professional road racing cyclist, medallist at the 1992 Summer Olympics
  • Erik Bakker (born 1990 in Hoogeveen) a Dutch professional footballer with 320 club caps
  • Vivianne Miedema (born 1996 in Hoogeveen) a Dutch professional footballer who is the Netherlands all-time top scorer, across both the women's and men's teams. She is also the all-time top scorer in the English FA Women's Super League.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Hoogeveen (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1989−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.2
(57.6)
18.2
(64.8)
23.4
(74.1)
28.7
(83.7)
31.2
(88.2)
34.9
(94.8)
39.0
(102.2)
35.7
(96.3)
31.3
(88.3)
25.9
(78.6)
19.4
(66.9)
14.8
(58.6)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
6.1
(43.0)
9.7
(49.5)
14.5
(58.1)
18.1
(64.6)
20.7
(69.3)
22.9
(73.2)
22.6
(72.7)
19.1
(66.4)
14.2
(57.6)
9.0
(48.2)
5.8
(42.4)
14.0
(57.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.8
(37.0)
3.1
(37.6)
5.7
(42.3)
9.2
(48.6)
12.9
(55.2)
15.6
(60.1)
17.7
(63.9)
17.3
(63.1)
14.1
(57.4)
10.2
(50.4)
6.3
(43.3)
3.5
(38.3)
9.9
(49.8)
Average low °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
0.2
(32.4)
1.8
(35.2)
3.9
(39.0)
7.5
(45.5)
10.1
(50.2)
12.2
(54.0)
11.9
(53.4)
9.4
(48.9)
6.4
(43.5)
3.4
(38.1)
1.0
(33.8)
5.7
(42.3)
Record low °C (°F) −18.2
(−0.8)
−16.5
(2.3)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−6.7
(19.9)
−2.7
(27.1)
0.9
(33.6)
3.5
(38.3)
4.1
(39.4)
0.9
(33.6)
−7.1
(19.2)
−9.6
(14.7)
−14.1
(6.6)
−19.7
(−3.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 73.3
(2.89)
62.9
(2.48)
60.2
(2.37)
44.1
(1.74)
62.6
(2.46)
68.9
(2.71)
89.6
(3.53)
79.7
(3.14)
71.4
(2.81)
73.4
(2.89)
66.8
(2.63)
81.3
(3.20)
834.2
(32.84)
Average relative humidity (%) 89.9 86.9 82.6 76.5 75.4 78.1 79.4 81.4 85.6 88.4 91.7 91.6 84.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 62.8 88.8 141.6 190.1 217.8 205.1 215.1 195.3 153.1 118.3 66.8 58.3 1,713.1
Percent possible sunshine 24.6 31.7 38.2 45.4 44.6 40.8 42.5 42.7 40.1 35.8 25.3 24.4 36.3
Source: Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute[8][9]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ "De leden van het college" [Members of the board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Hoogeveen. Archived from the original on 5 January 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2020]. StatLine (in Dutch). CBS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 7901BW". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2021. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  5. ^ Dead link to The New Yorker
  6. ^ IMDb Database
  7. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 07 September 2019
  8. ^ "Weerstatistieken Hoogeveen". Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Retrieved July 5, 2022.
  9. ^ "Klimaatviewer 1991-2020". Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Retrieved July 5, 2022.

BibliographyEdit

  • Dijk, Wout J., & van der Sluis, Meent W.: De Drentse tijd van Vincent van Gogh, Boon uitgeverij, Groningen 2001 ISBN 90-75913-18-4

External linksEdit