Amstelveen

Amstelveen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌɑmstəlˈveːn] (About this soundlisten)) is a municipality in the province of North Holland, Netherlands with a population of 89,918 (2017). It is a suburban part of the metropolitan area of Amsterdam.

Amstelveen
Apartment buildings in Amstelveen
Apartment buildings in Amstelveen
Flag of Amstelveen
Flag
Coat of arms of Amstelveen
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Amstelveen in a municipal map of North Holland
Location in North Holland
Coordinates: 52°18′N 4°51′E / 52.300°N 4.850°E / 52.300; 4.850Coordinates: 52°18′N 4°51′E / 52.300°N 4.850°E / 52.300; 4.850
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceNorth Holland
Government
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorTjapko Poppens (VVD)
Area
 • Total44.08 km2 (17.02 sq mi)
 • Land41.13 km2 (15.88 sq mi)
 • Water2.95 km2 (1.14 sq mi)
Elevation−1 m (−3 ft)
Population
 (January 2019)[3]
 • Total90,838
 • Density2,209/km2 (5,720/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Amstelvener
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
1180–1189
Area code020
Websitewww.amstelveen.nl

The municipality of Amstelveen consists of the historical villages of Bovenkerk and Nes aan de Amstel. In addition, as well as Downtown Amstelveen (Dutch: Amstelveen stadshart), the following neighbourhoods have been recently built, : Westwijk, Bankras-Kostverloren, Groenelaan, Waardhuizen, Middenhoven, Randwijk, Elsrijk and Keizer Karelpark. The name Amstelveen comes from the Amstel, a local river (as does the name Amsterdam) and veen, meaning fen, peat, or moor. KLM, the Dutch national airline, has its headquarters office in Amstelveen (although it is slated to leave for Schiphol in 2024[4]); in addition the municipality has the international headquarters of one of the Big Four accounting firms, KPMG. The city has a Museum of Modern Art.

HistoryEdit

 
Map of Nieuwer-Amstel, 1865–1870
 
Topographic map of Amstelveen, September 2014

During the French occupation between 1810 and 1814, Amstelveen was the capital of a canton in the French department Zuyderzée, and until 1964 the municipality of Amstelveen was called Nieuwer-Amstel. It is technically a large dorp (village), because it was never walled. The symbol adopted for Amstelveen was not based on the Amsterdam symbol of three crosses, with one additional cross for distinction, but rather Amsterdam has one cross fewer, to indicate Amstelveen's and Ouder-Amstel's seniority. The Thijssepark (in full the Dr Jac. P. Thijssepark), was the first heempark in the Netherlands, and is one of sixteen heemparks or heemgroen in Amstelveen. Designed by landscape architect C. P. Broerse, following the ideas of the great Dutch naturalist and conservationist Jac. P. Thijsse, it was developed between 1940 and 1972 and covers an area of 5 hectares (about 12 acres), and is situated just south of the Amsterdamse Bos. Amstelveen was chosen as an unlikely host of a match in the 1999 Cricket World Cup, for which the Netherlands had not qualified. South Africa played Kenya in the match. Former Dutch prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende started his political career as member of the council for Amstelveen. As a result of the vicinity of Schiphol (Amsterdam Airport), and its links to Amsterdam, Amstelveen has grown and become a cosmopolitan mix of many cultures.

In the early 20th century Amstelveen was a small rural village. The turf industry had collapsed, so the village had lost its revenues from it. The village was somewhat isolated, because it had no major railway or waterway. The main source of income was livestock farming, with some arable, but horticulture and floriculture were already emerging.

In 1852 the Haarlemmermeer polder was reclaimed and the "Fort at the Schiphol" was created as a defense for Amsterdam. Forts were in those days more often named after rivers. "Fort at the Schiphol" was a ditch separating Aalsmeer and Amstelveen, and named after a piece of land from Amstelveen. Fort Schiphol became a military airport in 1916. Four years later Schiphol became a civilian airport. Schiphol Fort was demolished in 1934 to build a provincial road (Mayor of Sonweg) from Amstelveen to Schiphol, with a swing bridge over the circular canal of the Haarlemmermeer. The development of Schiphol Airport attracted many people, many of whom settled in Amstelveen. The headquarters of KLM was established there. Amstelveen once was the fastest growing city in the Netherlands[citation needed] and has now grown to 91,691 inhabitants (2020).

After World War II Amstelveen caught[clarification needed] a portion of Amsterdam's housing shortage, and was also a member of the municipality of Schiphol. Amsterdam's plan was to introduce Amstelveen as a metropolitan area, with its urban and green areas. Amstelveen remained an independent and self-conscious municipality and adopted a policy that reflected many attractive new residential areas. Amstelveen's landscaping and added art attracted much international attention.

In 2004 Amstelveen was voted the most attractive city in the Netherlands in which to live. Currently Amstelveen is in the top three on the national list of best cities to live in. Amstelveen city center also received the number one award for the Netherlands' best shopping center in 2013, 2014 and 2015.

In 2018 the St. Urbanus Church [nl] in Bovenkerk caught fire. The tower remained standing but the rest of the church suffered severe damage.

The city's close proximity to Schiphol Airport makes it a prime location for people working in the aviation industry.

EconomyEdit

 
KPMG head office
 
Downtown Amstelveen

KLM Netherlands has its head office [nl] in Amstelveen (52°18′22″N 4°50′35″E / 52.306117°N 4.842954°E / 52.306117; 4.842954),[5][6] although it is slated to leave in 2024.[7] Air France-KLM is represented by the KLM head office.[8]

In addition Amstelveen has the international headquarters of KPMG auditing firm.[citation needed] Large international corporations such as Canon and HP also have corporate offices in Amstelveen.

TransportEdit

 
Tram line 5 between the centres of Amstelveen and Amsterdam

Metro line 51 once served Amstelveen, but the Amstelveen portion of that line closed so that it could be converted to a tram line. Line 51 was a light rail line (sneltram in Dutch) that used to run via Amsterdam Zuid station to Westwijk, a district within Amstelveen. Tram line 5 currently runs via Amsterdam Zuid to Stadshart (city centre) in Amstelveen; it partly shared tracks with the former line 51. A new tram line 25 is currently under construction to replace metro line 51, and is expected to open to Westwijk in early 2021 and to Uithoorn in 2024.[9][10]

Amstelveen has a point to point bus connection to other villages and Amsterdam Airport Schiphol as well as a local network. There is also an extensive bus system.

Tourism and attractionsEdit

  • Shopping Amstelveen city centre. This has received the number one award for best shopping center in the Netherlands in 2013, 2014 and 2015
  • Aan de Poel. A fine-dining restaurant that was awarded one Michelin star for the period 2009–2012. Since 2013 it carries two Michelin stars. Aan de Poel is located on the shore of lake De Poel.
  • Cobra Museum is located in the centre (Stadshart) of Amstelveen.
  • Museum Jan, is centrehousing a glass art collection
  • Birthplace of the artist Jan Cornelis Hofman.
  • Birthplace of the actress Famke Janssen.
  • Birthplace of the actor Michiel Huisman.
  • Birthplace of the DJ and artist Martin Garrix
  • A statue of Rembrandt overlooks the river Amstel, south east from the Amstelpark, where a windmill open to visitors is also situated
  • On the Amstel river is a cheese farm called Rembrandt Hoeve. It is about 1 mile from the Rembrandt Statue, accessible by bike, boat, car or bus.
  • An Electric Museum-tram line still connects Amstelveen to Amsterdam in the summer, passing by the Amsterdamse Bos and Olympic rowing lake

Secondary educationEdit

  • The Hermann Wesselink College offers vmbo-tl, havo, vwo (gymnasium and atheneum) and bilingual education
  • The Keizer Karel College offers havo and vwo (atheneum, gymnasium and technasium).
  • The Amstelveen College offers vmbo-tl, havo, and vwo (atheneum and gymnasium)
  • The Panta Rhei offers vmbo, optionally with leerwegondersteunend onderwijs (literally, "learning path supporting education")

Other educationEdit

Local governmentEdit

The municipal council of Amstelveen consists of 37 seats, which were in 2010 divided as follows:

Notable peopleEdit

 
Jan Peter Balkenende, 2006
 
Jan Cornelis Hofman, self portrait, 1929
 
Famke Janssen, 2013
 
Jolanda de Rover, 1981
 
Robbert Schilder, 2008

Public Thinking & Public ServiceEdit

The ArtsEdit

SportEdit

International relationsEdit

Sister citiesEdit

Amstelveen is twinned with:

See alsoEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2020]. StatLine (in Dutch). CBS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 1182JR". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
  3. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  4. ^ "KLM-hoofdkantoor verlaat Amstelveen". ZUIDAS. Magazine (in Dutch). 2019-07-29. Retrieved 2020-08-21.
  5. ^ "Contact." KLM Corporate. Retrieved on 28 September 2009.
  6. ^ "Fact Sheet Archived 2009-02-26 at the Wayback Machine." SkyTeam. Retrieved on 27 December 2008.
  7. ^ "Hoofdkantoor KLM verlaat Amstelveen". zuidasmagazine.com. Retrieved 2020-08-21.
  8. ^ "Hoofdkantoor KLM, Amstelveen". www.amstelveenweb.com. Retrieved 2020-08-21.
  9. ^ "Amsteltram". Amsteltram (in Dutch). 12 January 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  10. ^ "Vernieuwing Amstelveenlijn: waarom nodig en wat gaat er gebeuren?". Amstelveenlijn (in Dutch). 26 November 2019. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  11. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 15 December 2019
  12. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 16 December 2019
  13. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 17 December 2019
  14. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 16 December 2019
  15. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 16 December 2019
  16. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 15 December 2019
  17. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 15 December 2019
  18. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 15 December 2019
  19. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 15 December 2019
  20. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 17 December 2019
  21. ^ "Woking Town twinning". The Woking Town Twinning Association. Archived from the original on 2013-06-12. Retrieved 2013-07-19.

External linksEdit