Vught (Dutch pronunciation: [vʏxt] ) is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands, and lies just south of the industrial and administrative centre of 's-Hertogenbosch. Many commuters live in the municipality, and the town of Vught was once named "Best place to live" by the Dutch magazine Elsevier.[5]

Former Saint Peter church in Vught
Former Saint Peter church in Vught
Flag of Vught
Coat of arms of Vught
Highlighted position of Vught in a municipal map of North Brabant
Location in North Brabant
Position of Vught in the maps of the Netherlands and North Brabant
Position of Vught in the maps of the Netherlands and North Brabant
Position of Vught in the maps of the Netherlands and North Brabant
Position of Vught in the maps of the Netherlands and North Brabant
Coordinates: 51°39′N 5°18′E / 51.650°N 5.300°E / 51.650; 5.300
ProvinceNorth Brabant
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorRoderick van de Mortel (VVD)
 • Total34.69 km2 (13.39 sq mi)
 • Land33.75 km2 (13.03 sq mi)
 • Water0.94 km2 (0.36 sq mi)
Elevation5 m (16 ft)
 (January 2021)[4]
 • Total31,669
 • Density938/km2 (2,430/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code0411, 073

Population centres edit

Topography edit


Dutch topographic map of the municipality of Vught, 2021

History edit

Early history edit

The first mention of Vught in the historical record dates to the eleventh century. By the fourteenth century, the Teutonic Order had acquired the parish and set up a commandery (feudalism) across from the Saint Lambert Church. In 1328, the residents of Vught were granted the right of municipality by the Duke of Brabant.

Eighty Years War edit

During the Eighty Years War Vught was the site of struggles between Catholic interests and the troops of William of Orange. The Saint Lambert Church was made into a Reformed Protestant church in the year 1629, after the troops of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, were victorious in 's-Hertogenbosch.

World War II edit

Watchtowers and barbed wire fences at Herzogenbusch concentration camp in Vught

Vught is known for having been the site of a transit/concentration camp (Herzogenbusch) built by Nazi Germany during its occupation of the Netherlands in World War II. It was part of Camp Herzogenbusch, but usually better known as "Kamp Vught" (Camp Vught). The camp held male and female prisoners, many of them Jewish and political activists, captured in Belgium and the Netherlands. The guard staff included SS men and a few SS women, headed by Oberaufseherin Margarete Gallinat. The SS initially used this location as a transit camp to gather mostly Jewish prisoners for classification and transportation to camps in Poland and other areas.

A group of women were severely punished for standing up for another female prisoner. Seventy-four women were pushed into a cell room of barely nine square meters and held there for over fourteen hours. Ten of the women died, and several suffered permanent physical or mental damage. The camp commander responsible was demoted by Himmler to the regular rank of soldier and sent to the Hungarian front; he died there in 1945.

Dutch underground members Corrie and Betsie ten Boom were held at Vught in 1944, before being sent to Ravensbrück concentration camp. Vught was also a transition camp for many of the female laborers at the Agfa Kamerawerke in München-Giesing, where they built ignition and camera devices. Poncke Princen, who would later become known for going over to the Indonesian guerrillas opposing Dutch rule, was imprisoned at Vught for his anti-Nazi activities.

Vught was liberated by the Canadians at the end of the war, but only after German guards killed several hundred prisoners held there, mainly by firing squad.

Camp in post-war times edit

Bezinningsruimte ("Room for reflection") at the Nationaal Monument Kamp Vught. The room shows the names of all men, women, and children who did not survive the imprisonment at the Kamp Vught.

After World War II, the camp was first used as a prison for Germans and collaborators. Some of the camp has been preserved as a national monument related to the Nazi occupation during World War II. (See photo.)

The barracks of Camp Vught were later adapted into a number of home units to house Indonesian Moluccan exiles, former soldiers of the Netherlands armed forces and their families who were transferred to the Netherlands after Indonesian independence.

In addition, a prison called Nieuw Vosseveld[6] was built on part of the site of Camp Vught. In the beginning, it chiefly held young offenders. Today it is used for high-risk criminals. To this end, the prison was equipped with a high security unit, or EBI, in 1993.

Politics edit

On 2 April 2007 Roderick van de Mortel (VVD) was appointed mayor of Vught. The current aldermen are Mark du Maine (VVD), Yvonne Vos (CDA) and Toine van de Ven (PvdA-GroenLinks).

Landmarks and nature edit

Maurick Castle
Zionsburg, Vught

Just outside the town border lies the lake IJzeren Man (literally translated Iron Man). It was named after the machine that dug it in the years 1890 to 1915. The sand was needed as fill for the expansion of the nearby city of 's-Hertogenbosch. The lake is about 2 kilometers long, has a small island and is now mainly used for recreation.

Maurick Castle dates back to the 13th century. In 1629 the castle was occupied by Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange. Frederick Henry wanted to have the castle as his headquarters for his siege of 's-Hertogenbosch. The castle has been adapted to house a restaurant.

Vught is home to the Bredero barracks, which houses the Ministry of Defence's CBRN defense training center.[7]

After the village of Helvoirt and surroundings had been transferred from the former municipality of Haaren to Vught in 2021, the eastern part of national park the Loonse en Drunense Duinen is part of the municipality.

Ewald Marggraff edit

Ewald Marggraff was a well-to-do nobleman who lived in Vught in the twentieth century. He became a hermit, but had studied law and acquired a large amount of land and several buildings. He frequently argued with the local authorities, mostly over land issues. He chose to let all his properties deteriorate, which officials opposed, but letting his lands go enabled them to return to natural habitat. Animal species lived on his land that had disappeared elsewhere. His land holdings in and around the town of Vught were never open to the general public. On 7 December 2003 Marggraff's manor (Zionsburg) burned down; his body was found later in the entrance hallway near the front door.

Marggraff's surviving sisters founded a non-profit corporation, Marggraff stichting, to take over and manage their late brother's extensive landholdings for public use. The organisation has opened up the land for public access, allowing people from around the region to hike in the forests.

The non-profit also has plans to rebuild Marggraff's manor. In cooperation with SIX Architects BNA from Zeist, The Netherlands, it developed design and use plans, which are now under consideration by the local authorities.

Department of corrections — PI Vught edit

From 1953, part of the former detention camp was developed as a juvenile prison. Today it contains 15 separate units, holding 2400 prisoners. PI Vught has a prison with the status of a high-security unit. Amongst the criminals imprisoned there are:

Transport edit

Vught has a railway station with connections to Amsterdam/Utrecht via 's-Hertogenbosch, Maastricht via Eindhoven, Tilburg and Nijmegen. Highway 2 / E25 and Highway 65 / N93 intersect at Vught. As well as two Arriva buslines connecting Vught to the Jeroen Bosch Hospital, school district and central station, all located in neighbouring Den Bosch.

Notable residents edit

Isaac Gogel, ca.1812

Public thinking & public service edit

Joost Prinsen, 1973

The arts edit

Sport edit

Indy de Vroome, 2014
  • Tonny van Lierop (1910 in Vught – 1982) a Dutch field hockey player and team bronze medallist in the 1936 Summer Olympics
  • Harry Schulting (born 1956) a Dutch Olympian at the 400 meter hurdles and Dutch record holder, lives and works in Vught
  • Pierre Hermans (born 1953 in Vught) a former field hockey goalkeeper, competed at the 1984 Summer Olympics
  • Simon Tahamata (born 1956 in Vught) a former Dutch / Maluku Islands / Belgian footballer with 604 club caps
  • Bas de Bever (born 1968 in Vught) a Dutch former professional BMX racer
  • Martijn Bok (born 1973) a retired Dutch tennis player, lives in Vught
  • Thomas Kortbeek (born 1979) a retired Dutch international athlete at the 400 meter hurdles, lives and works in Vught
  • Vincent Kortbeek (born 1982 in Vught) as retired Dutch Olympian in bobsleigh
  • Paul Beekmans (born 1982 in Vught) a football manager and former player with 280 club caps
  • Koen van de Laak (born 1982 in Vught) a former professional footballer with 290 club caps
  • Wouter van der Steen (born 1990 in Vught) a Dutch professional football goalkeeper with nearly 200 club caps
  • Indy de Vroome (born 1996 in Cromvoirt) a Dutch tennis player
  • Florian Rijkers (born 2005 in Vught) a dutch professional basketball player for heroes Den Bosch

See also edit

Gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Burgemeester R.J. van de Mortel" [Mayor R.J. van de Mortel] (in Dutch). Gemeente Vught. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2020]. StatLine (in Dutch). CBS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 5261EP". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2021. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  5. ^ "De beste gemeenten". Elsevier Weekblad. 19 June 2004. pp. 52–54.
  6. ^ "Welkom op de site van de P.I. Vught "Nieuw Vosseveld"". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-04-29.
  7. ^ Ebbutt, Giles (January 30, 2019). "Bagira wins Netherlands CBRN contract". Jane's Information Group. Bagira Systems and Van Halteren Defence have jointly been awarded a contract by the Netherlands Ministry of Defence for the simulator for its national chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) training centre at Bredero barracks in Vught.
  8. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 23 December 2019
  9. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 23 December 2019

External links edit