Rhenen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈreːnə(n)] (listen)) is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands. The municipality also includes the villages of Achterberg, Remmerden, Elst and Laareind. The town lies at a geographically interesting location, namely on the southernmost part of the chain of hills known as the Utrecht Hill Ridge (Utrechtse Heuvelrug), where this meets the river Rhine. Because of this Rhenen has a unique character with quite some elevation through town.

Rhenen
The Cunera Church in Rhenen
The Cunera Church in Rhenen
Flag of Rhenen
Coat of arms of Rhenen
Highlighted position of Rhenen in a municipal map of Utrecht
Location in Utrecht
Coordinates: 51°58′N 5°34′E / 51.967°N 5.567°E / 51.967; 5.567Coordinates: 51°58′N 5°34′E / 51.967°N 5.567°E / 51.967; 5.567
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceUtrecht
Government
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorHans van der Pas (PvdA)
Area
 • Municipality43.76 km2 (16.90 sq mi)
 • Land42.08 km2 (16.25 sq mi)
 • Water1.68 km2 (0.65 sq mi)
Elevation43 m (141 ft)
Population
 (January 2019)[4]
 • Municipality20,004
 • Density475/km2 (1,230/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Rhenenaar
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
3910–3922
Area code0317, 0318
Websitewww.rhenen.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Rhenen, June 2015

Directly to the east of the built-up area lies the Grebbeberg, a hill with a top elevation of about 50 metres (160 ft).

HistoryEdit

Before 1900Edit

Rhenen received city rights probably between 1256 and 1258.[5][6] In 1346, the bishop of Utrecht ordered the construction of a defensive wall around the city, which was important because it lay near the border with Guelders. Although for some time the town collected toll from ships on the Rhine, it has never had a harbour. The three city gates were demolished in 1840. Small fragments of the wall remain.

The town is also famous for the Cunera Church, parts of which date back to the 15th century. Containing the relics of Saint Cunera, it attracted many pilgrims. Legend has it that Cunera was buried on a nearby hill now called the Cuneraheuvel. The church's tower was built between 1492 and 1531.

In 1621, a palace was constructed at Rhenen for the ousted Frederick V. It was demolished in 1812.

World War IIEdit

Part of the center of Rhenen, which was located near the defensive Grebbelinie (Grebbe line), was destroyed during the German attack on the Netherlands in May 1940. Part of the reconstruction took place during the war. In 1945, the town was damaged again during the liberation of the country from German occupation.

Many or all of the Dutch soldiers who were killed by the Germans near Rhenen lie buried at the Erebegraafplaats (Cemetery of Honor), located along the Grebbeweg (N 225) near the top of the Grebbeberg. Across the road is an important war monument with a poem by J.C. Bloem.

In 2008 Rhenen celebrated its 750th anniversary.

Main sightsEdit

 
A white lion at Ouwehands Dierenpark

TransportEdit

Notable peopleEdit

 
Giedo van der Garde, 2013

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Wat is en doet het college van B en W?" (in Dutch). Gemeente Rhenen. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2020]. StatLine (in Dutch). CBS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 3911MG". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  5. ^ Kolman C., et al. (1996). Monumenten in Nederland: Utrecht. Zwolle: Waanders Uitgevers. ISBN 90-400-9757-7.
  6. ^ Ph. J. van Dael, 'Over het Rhenense stadsrecht en het Rhenense (burger)zegel', in Oud Rhenen, 2002 no. 2, p. 5-38.
  7. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 14 December 2019

External linksEdit

  Media related to Rhenen at Wikimedia Commons