Oosterhout (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈoːstərɦʌut] (listen); from ooster, "eastern", and hout, "woods") is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. The municipality had a population of 55,616 in 2019.
Market square in Oosterhout
Location in North Brabant
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Marcel Fränzel (acting) (D66)|
|• Total||73.09 km2 (28.22 sq mi)|
|• Land||71.47 km2 (27.59 sq mi)|
|• Water||1.62 km2 (0.63 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|• Density||778/km2 (2,020/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The municipality of Oosterhout includes the following places:
Oosterhout is mentioned for the first time in 1277, although archaeological excavations showed the existence of human settlements in the area in prehistoric times. The Knights Templar had a temple here dedicated to St. John the Baptist. It was home to a castle which later acquired control over the surrounding area, up to Breda and Bergen op Zoom. The castle was destroyed by Spanish troops during the Eighty Years War, in 1573; only a tower of it survives today.
The city became the seat of a flourishing ceramics industry, which lasted until the 19th century. In 1625 the city was besieged by Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, and suffered heavy damage.
Despite the rise of Protestantism, it was home to several Catholic monasteries, including that of the Premonstratensians, which is still active. Oosterhout received city rights in 1809, by will of Louis Bonaparte.
- Slotjes (Castle)
- Unfinished basilica of St. John. A Romanesque church existed in 1277, but from around 1473 it was rebuilt in the current Gothic style, being finished in 1493. The tower was constructed from 1519 to 1552. It was restored several times in the following centuries.
- Monastery of St. Catherine, once a castle held by the Knights Hospitaller.
- Slotbossetoren, destroyed castle
- Willem Hendrik de Vriese (1806–1862) a Dutch botanist and physician
- Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje (1857–1936) a Dutch scholar of Oriental cultures and Advisor to the colonial government of the Netherlands East Indies
- Marinus De Jong (1891-1984) a Belgian composer and pianist of Dutch origin
- Gerrit Brokx (1933–2002) a Dutch politician
- Johannes Wilhelmus Maria Liesen (born 1960) a Dutch clergyman and bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Breda
- Mirjam Mous (born 1963) a Dutch author of children's literature
- Marlies Dekkers (born 1965) a Dutch fashion designer
- Peter Kops (born 1967) known as Extince, a Dutch rapper
- Sander P. Zwegers (born 1975) a Dutch mathematician and academic
- "Burgemeester mr. drs. S.W.Th. Huisman" (in Dutch). Gemeente Oosterhout. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 4902ZP". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.