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Heerenveen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌɦeːrə(n)ˈveːn] (About this soundlisten), West Frisian: It Hearrenfean [ət ˌjɛrn̩ˈfɪən] (About this soundlisten)) is a town and municipality in the province of Friesland (Fryslan), in the north of the Netherlands. The town has gained international prominence in speed skating, for it has the fastest lowland speed skating rink in the world.

Heerenveen
Highlighted position of Heerenveen in a map of Friesland
Location of the municipality (red) and the city (dark red) in the province of Friesland in the Netherlands
Coordinates: 52°58′N 5°55′E / 52.967°N 5.917°E / 52.967; 5.917Coordinates: 52°58′N 5°55′E / 52.967°N 5.917°E / 52.967; 5.917
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceFriesland
Government
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorTjeerd van der Zwan (PvdA)
Area
 • Total187.76 km2 (72.49 sq mi)
 • Land180.86 km2 (69.83 sq mi)
 • Water6.90 km2 (2.66 sq mi)
Elevation1 m (3 ft)
Population
 (August 2017)[4]
 • Total50,230
 • Density278/km2 (720/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Heerenvener
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
8410–8459
Area code0513, 0516
Websitewww.heerenveen.nl
Map of the city of Heerenveen (2014)
Dutch topographic map of the municipality of Heerenveen
Thialf, indoor speed skating venue
Abe Lenstra Stadion, football stadium
City hall
Museum Belvédère

Contents

HistoryEdit

The town was established in 1551 by three lords as a location for the purpose of digging peat which was used for fuel, hence the name (heer is "lord", veen is "peat"). Heerenveen was not one of the traditional eleven cities in Friesland (Fryslan) as it did not have so-called city rights. However, it is now one of the larger municipalities of the province.

The windmill Welgelegen or Tjepkema's Molen is the only survivor of seventeen which have stood in Heerenveen.[5]

Population centresEdit

Population as of 1 January 2018:

Heerenveen (32,900), Akkrum (3406), Aldeboarn (1479), Bontebok (445), De Knipe (1470), Gersloot (280), Hoornsterzwaag (815), Jubbega (3510), Katlijk (630), Luinjeberd (450), Mildam (740), Nes (1104), Nieuwebrug (210), Nieuwehorne (1500), Nieuweschoot (180), Oranjewoud (1610), Oudehorne (840), Oudeschoot (1480), Terband (265), and Tjalleberd (800).

MuseumsEdit

TransportEdit

Railway station: Heerenveen

Local governmentEdit

municipal legislative
Party seats change
from
2002
PvdA 12 +5
CDA 4 −1
VVD 4 −1
Leefbaar Heerenveen 2 −2
GroenLinks 2 +0
ChristenUnie 2 +1
FNP 1 +0
SP 0 −1
D66 0 −1
Total 27 -

SportsEdit

Heerenveen is famous for its sporting accomplishments and world class sports accommodations. These include the Abe Lenstra football stadium and the Thialf speed skating arena which was one of the first indoor 400m ice rinks in the world, and where annually held international events draw large crowds. Thialf is also home to the city's ice hockey team, the Heerenveen Flyers. The town's football team, SC Heerenveen, plays in the first tier and has been a steady presence in the Europa League, topped by the team's biggest achievement when they qualified for the UEFA Champions League in 2000. In 2006, the "Sportstad" (Sport City) project was completed, which included a gymnastics hall, swimming pool and an extension to the football stadium, all of which are clustered together. The Abe Lenstra stadium is unusual because its supporter capacity is larger than the number of inhabitants of the town. One of the few football venues that shares this distinction is Stade Félix Bollaert in Lens, France. Several American football venues, mostly college football venues, also share this distinction.

Notable residentsEdit

Twin citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Burgemeester Tjeerd van der Zwan" [Mayor Tjeerd van der Zwan] (in Dutch). Gemeente Heerenveen. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 8441ES". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  5. ^ "Geschiedenis" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 20 March 2010.

External linksEdit