Heerenveen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌɦeːrə(ɱ)ˈveːn] , West Frisian: It Hearrenfean [ət ˌjɛrn̩ˈfɪən] ) is a town and municipality in the province of Friesland (Fryslân), in the Northern Netherlands. In 2021, the town had a population of 29,790 (1 January) while the municipality had a population 50,859 (1 July).

Flag of Heerenveen
Official seal of Heerenveen
Highlighted position of Heerenveen in a map of Friesland
Location of the municipality (red) and the city (dark red) in the province of Friesland in the Netherlands
Coordinates: 52°58′N 5°55′E / 52.967°N 5.917°E / 52.967; 5.917
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorAvine Fokkens-Kelder (VVD)
 • Total198.17 km2 (76.51 sq mi)
 • Land190.09 km2 (73.39 sq mi)
 • Water8.08 km2 (3.12 sq mi)
Elevation1 m (3 ft)
 (January 2021)[4]
 • Total50,650
 • Density266/km2 (690/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code0513, 0516

History edit

The town was established in 1551 by three lords as a location for the purpose of digging peat which was used for fuel, hence the name (heer is "lord", veen is "peat"). Heerenveen was not one of the traditional eleven cities in Friesland (Fryslân) as it did not have so-called city rights. However, it is now one of the larger municipalities of the province.

The windmill Welgelegen or Tjepkema's Molen is the only survivor of seventeen which have stood in Heerenveen.[5]

Population centres edit

Population as of 1 January 2018:

Heerenveen (32,900), Akkrum (3406), Aldeboarn (1479), Bontebok (445), De Knipe (1470), Gersloot (280, together with Gersloot-Polder), Hoornsterzwaag (815), Jubbega (3510), Katlijk (630), Luinjeberd (450), Mildam (740), Nes (1104), Nieuwebrug (210), Nieuwehorne (1500), Nieuweschoot (180), Oranjewoud (1610), Oudehorne (840), Oudeschoot (1480), Terband (265) and Tjalleberd (800).

Hamlets edit

The hamlets are: Anneburen, Birstum, Brongergea, Easterboarn, Jinshuzen, Meskenwier, Oude Schouw (partially), Pean, Poppenhúzen, Schurega, Soarremoarre, Spitsendijk, Sythuzen, Warniahúzen en Welgelegen (partially).

Museums edit

Transport edit

Railway station: Heerenveen

Local government edit

municipal legislative
Party seats change
PvdA 12 +5
CDA 4 −1
VVD 4 −1
Leefbaar Heerenveen 2 −2
GroenLinks 2 +0
ChristenUnie 2 +1
FNP 1 +0
SP 0 −1
D66 0 −1
Total 27 -

Sports edit

Abe Lenstra Stadion

Heerenveen is famous for its sporting accomplishments and world class sports accommodations. These include the Abe Lenstra football stadium and the Thialf speed skating arena which was one of the first indoor 400m ice rinks in the world, and where annually held international events draw large crowds. Thialf is also home to the city's ice hockey team, the Heerenveen Flyers. The town's football team, SC Heerenveen, plays in the first tier and has been a steady presence in the Europa League, topped by the team's biggest achievement when they qualified for the UEFA Champions League in 2000. In 2006, the "Sportstad" (Sport City) project was completed, which included a gymnastics hall, swimming pool and an extension to the football stadium, all of which are clustered together. The Abe Lenstra stadium is unusual because its supporter capacity is larger than the number of inhabitants of the town. One of the few football venues that shares this distinction is Stade Félix Bollaert in Lens, France. Several American football venues, mostly college football venues, also share this distinction.

Notable residents edit

Mme Manet at the Piano, 1867–1868, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
Cissy van Marxveldt, ca.1915
Wim Duisenberg, 2001

Sport edit

Sven Kramer, 2009

Twin cities edit

Heereveen's longstanding connection with Rishon LeZion, Israel ended in 2016 after the supporting organizations shut down in both countries.[6]

Gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Burgemeester Avine Fokkens-Kelder" [Mayor Avine Fokkens-Kelder] (in Dutch). Gemeente Heerenveen. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2020]. StatLine (in Dutch). CBS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 8441ES". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2021. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Geschiedenis" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Archived from the original on 3 June 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2010.
  6. ^ "Onthulling gedenksteen Rishon LeZion". Heerenveense Courant.

External links edit