Heerenveen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌɦeːrə(n)ˈveːn] (listen), West Frisian: It Hearrenfean [ət ˌjɛrn̩ˈfɪən] (listen)) is a town and municipality in the province of Friesland (Fryslan), in the north of the Netherlands. The town has gained international prominence in speed skating, for it has the fastest lowland speed skating rink in the world.
Location of the municipality (red) and the city (dark red) in the province of Friesland in the Netherlands
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Tjeerd van der Zwan (PvdA)|
|• Total||187.76 km2 (72.49 sq mi)|
|• Land||180.86 km2 (69.83 sq mi)|
|• Water||6.90 km2 (2.66 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1 m (3 ft)|
|• Density||278/km2 (720/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code||0513, 0516|
The town was established in 1551 by three lords as a location for the purpose of digging peat which was used for fuel, hence the name (heer is "lord", veen is "peat"). Heerenveen was not one of the traditional eleven cities in Friesland (Fryslan) as it did not have so-called city rights. However, it is now one of the larger municipalities of the province.
Population as of 1 January 2018:
Heerenveen (32,900), Akkrum (3406), Aldeboarn (1479), Bontebok (445), De Knipe (1470), Gersloot (280), Hoornsterzwaag (815), Jubbega (3510), Katlijk (630), Luinjeberd (450), Mildam (740), Nes (1104), Nieuwebrug (210), Nieuwehorne (1500), Nieuweschoot (180), Oranjewoud (1610), Oudehorne (840), Oudeschoot (1480), Terband (265), and Tjalleberd (800).
Railway station: Heerenveen
Heerenveen is famous for its sporting accomplishments and world class sports accommodations. These include the Abe Lenstra football stadium and the Thialf speed skating arena which was one of the first indoor 400m ice rinks in the world, and where annually held international events draw large crowds. Thialf is also home to the city's ice hockey team, the Heerenveen Flyers. The town's football team, SC Heerenveen, plays in the first tier and has been a steady presence in the Europa League, topped by the team's biggest achievement when they qualified for the UEFA Champions League in 2000. In 2006, the "Sportstad" (Sport City) project was completed, which included a gymnastics hall, swimming pool and an extension to the football stadium, all of which are clustered together. The Abe Lenstra stadium is unusual because its supporter capacity is larger than the number of inhabitants of the town. One of the few football venues that shares this distinction is Stade Félix Bollaert in Lens, France. Several American football venues, mostly college football venues, also share this distinction.
- Wim Duisenberg (1935–2005), politician and president of the European Central Bank
- Foppe de Haan (born 1943), football coach
- Jacob de Haan (born 1959), composer
- Jan Huitema (born 1984), politician
- Eelco van Kleffens (1894–1983), politician
- Sven Kramer (born 1986), long track speed skater
- Abe Lenstra (1920–1985), football player
- Tineke Postma (born 1978), saxophonist
- Fedde Schurer (1898–1968), journalist, poet and politician
- Aafke Soet (born 1997), short track speed skater, cyclist
- Lisa Top (born 1996), gymnast
- Geerhardus Vos (1862–1949), theologian
- Sanne Wevers (born 1991), gymnast
- Falko Zandstra (born 1971), long track speed skater
- Margriet Zegers (born 1954), field hockey player
- Epke Zonderland (born 1986), gymnast
- "Burgemeester Tjeerd van der Zwan" [Mayor Tjeerd van der Zwan] (in Dutch). Gemeente Heerenveen. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 8441ES". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
- "Geschiedenis" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 20 March 2010.