Heemstede (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦeːmsteːdə] (listen)) is a town and a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. It is the fourth richest municipality of the Netherlands.[citation needed]

Heemstede-Aerdenhout railway station
Flag of Heemstede
Coat of arms of Heemstede
Highlighted position of Heemstede in a municipal map of North Holland
Location in North Holland
Coordinates: 52°21′N 4°37′E / 52.350°N 4.617°E / 52.350; 4.617Coordinates: 52°21′N 4°37′E / 52.350°N 4.617°E / 52.350; 4.617
ProvinceNorth Holland
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorAstrid Nienhuis (VVD)
 • Total9.64 km2 (3.72 sq mi)
 • Land9.18 km2 (3.54 sq mi)
 • Water0.46 km2 (0.18 sq mi)
Elevation1 m (3 ft)
 (January 2021)[4]
 • Total27,545
 • Density3,001/km2 (7,770/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Heemstedenaar, Heemsteder
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code023
Dutch topographic map of the municipality of Heemstede, June 2015


Heemstede formed around the Castle Heemstede that was built overlooking the Spaarne River around 1286. Before 1296, Floris V, Count of Holland, granted Heemstede as a fiefdom to Reinier of Holy. During the 14th century, a village formed near the castle, which was destroyed and rebuilt several times in this period. A resident of this castle was Adriaan Pauw, who bought it in 1620. In 1653, Bennebroek split off from Heemstede, becoming a separate fiefdom.

Growth was slow, and in 1787 Heemstede counted 196 families. Even at that early date Heemstede had already gained the reputation it has today, of being primarily a "bedroom community" for the cities of Haarlem and Amsterdam. Wealthy city families left the cities in the summer, escaping "canal fever" which caused illness from the putrid canals. As a result, many estates were built in the 17th and 18th centuries, some of which (partially) remain until today such as Oud-Berkenroede, Berkenrode, Ipenrode, Huis te Manpad, Hartekamp, Bosbeek, Meer en Bosch, Meer en Berg, and Gliphoeve.

In 1857, the municipality Berkenrode was merged with Heemstede. In 1927, the northern portion of Heemstede, including a large part of the Haarlem Forest, was in turn added to the city of Haarlem.

Monuments and parksEdit

  • Groenendaal park: Designed by John Hope, it was formed by merging several country estates into one.
  • Vrijheidsbeeld (Freedom Statue), statue by Mari Andriessen to celebrate freedom and commemorate Heemstede victims of the Dutch Revolt. Located on the Vrijheidsdreef in Groenendaal park.
  • Slot Heemstede: The site of the Heemstede castle.
  • Hartekamp: Heemstede summer home of George Clifford, who hired Linnaeus to write his 'Hortus Cliffortianus', a detailed catalogue of the plant specimens in the herbarium and gardens of Hartecamp. George Clifford's house is closed to the public, but the surrounding gardens are used as a campus and are open to visitors.
  • Linnaeusbos (Linnaeus Forest): Originally a part of Hartekamp that was planted by George Clifford and documented by Linnaeus. In 2007, Heemstede celebrated Linnaeus's 300th birthday.
  • De Naald: The 'needle' is a monument placed by D.J. van Lennep to honor Witte van Haemstede, the savior of Haarlem at a battle which on April 26, 1304 and to honor the wounded of another battle fought against the Spanish on July 8, 1573. Both battles supposedly took place right at the corner of David Jacob van Lennep's house Huis te Manpad, where the monument stands.


The town is served by Heemstede-Aerdenhout railway station, which lies on the Oude Lijn between Haarlem and Leiden.

Local governmentEdit

Heemstede City Hall

The municipal council of Heemstede consists of 21 seats, which are divided as follows:

  • Heemsteeds Burger Belang HBB - 5 seats
  • VVD - 5 seats
  • D66 - 4 seat
  • GroenLinks - 3 seats
  • CDA - 2 seats
  • PvdA - 2 seats

Notable residentsEdit

Portrait of Thomas Hope in Turkish Costume, 1805
Floortje Dessing, 2010
Roepie Kruize, 1969


Image galleryEdit


  1. ^ "Samenstelling & portefeuilles" [Members and tasks] (in Dutch). Gemeente Heemstede. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2020]. StatLine (in Dutch). CBS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 2101HA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2021. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Hope, Thomas" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 13 (11th ed.). 1911.
  6. ^ "Moor, Elisabeth Henriette Pauline (1937-2016)". Digital Women Lexicon of the Huygens Institute (in Dutch). Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  7. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 03 February 2020
  8. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 03 February 2020
  9. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 03 February 2020

External linksEdit