Oranjestad, Sint Eustatius

Oranjestad (Dutch pronunciation: [oːˈrɑɲəstɑt]; English: Orange[4] Town) is a small town of 1,038 inhabitants;[1] it is the capital of the island of Sint Eustatius in the Caribbean Netherlands.

Oranjestad
Beach of Lower Town.
Beach of Lower Town.
Location on the island of Sint Eustatius
Location on the island of Sint Eustatius
Coordinates: 17°29′N 62°59′W / 17.483°N 62.983°W / 17.483; -62.983Coordinates: 17°29′N 62°59′W / 17.483°N 62.983°W / 17.483; -62.983
CountryNetherlands
Public bodySint Eustatius
Population
 (2001)[1]
 • Total1,038
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
ClimateAw
Oranjestad Lighthouse Edit this at Wikidata
Constructed1893 (first)
Foundationconcrete base
Constructionmetal skeletal tower
Tower height20 metres (66 ft)
Tower shapesquare pyramidal skeletal tower with balcony and light
Power sourcesolar power Edit this on Wikidata
Focal height40 metres (130 ft)
Range17 nautical miles (31 km; 20 mi)
CharacteristicFl (3) W 15s.
NGA no.14742[2][3]
Admiralty no.J5668.5 Edit this on Wikidata

GeographyEdit

Oranjestad is a historic harbour town which is divided into two main sections. Lower Town is a strip of buildings just above sea level along the waterfront, which borders on the island's safest beach. Lower Town includes dive shops, numerous colonial-era ruins, and the harbour. Upper Town has a restored historic core, and is also the island's main commercial and residential centre.

HistoryEdit

Historical sitesEdit

 
Fort Oranje
 
The restored 'Gezaghebber House' on Kerkstraat

The first colonist arrived between 1625 and 1629.[5] Sint Eustatius produced sugar and cotton, but most importantly developed into a centre of the North American slave trade.[6] In 1780, the island had an estimated population of 20,000 people including slaves. In 1781, during the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, the island was captured and plundered by George Rodney.[5] During the capture, all archives were destroyed.[7] In 1786, it was home to 7,600 people (3,000 white, 600 coloureds and 4,000 slaves). In 1829, the population had decreased to 2,273.[5]

The main historical site in Oranjestad is Fort Oranje, a well-maintained, 17th-century fort in the direct centre of the town, overlooking the waterfront. This cliff-side fort has cannons, intact bastions and a courtyard. Nearby is a museum, the ruins of one of the oldest synagogues in the Western Hemisphere, and a Jewish cemetery.[8]

The town's historical features also include a Dutch Reformed church built in 1755,[8] which is partly in ruins but still accessible (its tower can be climbed for long-distance views), various restored 18th-century merchants’ residences – including the oldest one, the Gezaghebber House (former Lieutenant Governor's residence) on Kerkstraat – and restored wooden Caribbean-style houses. Snorkeling in Oranje Bay is also interesting because of the parts of 18th century buildings on the bay side that were swept into the sea.[9]

FacilitiesEdit

Oranjestad itself contains grocery stores, restaurants, bars, a library, schools, a clinic and the administrative offices of the government.[citation needed]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Oranjestad, Sint Eustatius, 1971-2000 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
31.3
(88.3)
31.7
(89.1)
33.1
(91.6)
32.9
(91.2)
33.5
(92.3)
33.6
(92.5)
33.9
(93.0)
33.7
(92.7)
34.3
(93.7)
33.5
(92.3)
31.4
(88.5)
34.3
(93.7)
Average high °C (°F) 28.3
(82.9)
28.4
(83.1)
28.8
(83.8)
29.4
(84.9)
30.1
(86.2)
30.8
(87.4)
31.1
(88.0)
31.2
(88.2)
31.0
(87.8)
30.6
(87.1)
29.8
(85.6)
28.7
(83.7)
29.9
(85.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.3
(77.5)
25.2
(77.4)
25.5
(77.9)
26.2
(79.2)
27.1
(80.8)
27.9
(82.2)
28.0
(82.4)
28.1
(82.6)
27.9
(82.2)
27.4
(81.3)
26.6
(79.9)
25.5
(77.9)
26.7
(80.1)
Average low °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
22.3
(72.1)
22.7
(72.9)
23.3
(73.9)
24.1
(75.4)
25.0
(77.0)
24.9
(76.8)
25.0
(77.0)
24.7
(76.5)
24.4
(75.9)
23.7
(74.7)
23.1
(73.6)
23.8
(74.9)
Record low °C (°F) 19.0
(66.2)
18.9
(66.0)
18.4
(65.1)
19.4
(66.9)
19.1
(66.4)
21.6
(70.9)
21.0
(69.8)
21.0
(69.8)
21.0
(69.8)
18.8
(65.8)
19.3
(66.7)
18.7
(65.7)
18.4
(65.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 52.0
(2.05)
50.5
(1.99)
48.8
(1.92)
55.7
(2.19)
87.1
(3.43)
60.6
(2.39)
74.1
(2.92)
106.9
(4.21)
123.2
(4.85)
106.5
(4.19)
128.6
(5.06)
74.6
(2.94)
985.8
(38.81)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.1 8.9 7.6 7.4 9.5 7.4 11.2 12.1 12.2 11.2 13.3 12.6 125.4
Source: Meteo Curacao[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Geodata 2001, Saba & Sint.Eustatius, Census 2001". Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, Netherlands Antilles. 2001. Retrieved 3 May 2021. Sum of Oranjestad Noord, Oranjestad Zuid, Concordia and Golden Rock
  2. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Saba and Sint Eustatius". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2017-01-27.
  3. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 110: Greenland, The East Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. Except the East Coast of Florida) and the West Indies (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2016.
  4. ^ The House of Orange-NassauDutch: Het Huis Oranje-Nassau — read Prince of Orange (Dutch: Prins van Oranje) and related articles for more.
  5. ^ a b c Benjamins & Snelleman 1917, p. 627.
  6. ^ Benjamins & Snelleman 1917, p. 629.
  7. ^ Benjamins & Snelleman 1917, p. 93.
  8. ^ a b "Sint-Eustatius en alles wat reizen boeiend maakt". Groen Rood Wit (in Dutch). Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  9. ^ Peter van Dun en Ben de Vries (2002). "Monumenten Boven de Wind". Jaarboek Monumentenzorg (in Dutch). pp. 139–140.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  10. ^ "SUMMARY OF CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA, PERIOD 1971 - 2000" (PDF). Meteo Curacao. Retrieved February 6, 2021.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit