Nieuwegein [ˌniʋəˈɣɛi̯n] (listen) is a municipality and city in the Dutch province of Utrecht. It is bordered on the north by the city of Utrecht, the provincial capital. It is separated from Vianen to the south by the river Lek and borders on IJsselstein in the southwest and Houten in the east.
Canal through Nieuwegein
Location in Utrecht
|Established||1 July 1971|
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Frans Backhuijs (VVD)|
|• Total||25.65 km2 (9.90 sq mi)|
|• Land||23.66 km2 (9.14 sq mi)|
|• Water||1.99 km2 (0.77 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1 m (3 ft)|
|• Density||2,630/km2 (6,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Nieuwegein was founded on 1 July 1971 as a planned city, following the merger of the former municipalities of Jutphaas and Vreeswijk. The new town was built for the expanding population of the city of Utrecht, and grew rapidly during the decades following its foundation.
In the area between Jutphaas and Vreeswijk there used to be a settlement called Geyne. This settlement received city rights in 1295 but was destroyed in 1333, in a war between the Bishop of Utrecht and the Count of Holland. Today only Oudegein House remains from that time. After the boards of Vreeswijk and Jutphaas had debated for some time about the name of the new place (including the alternative "'t Gein" as a reference to Geyne, fell) they decided to name the new place after this old settlement.
Nieuwegein is connected to Utrecht and IJsselstein by the Sneltram (light rail) line. There is a pedestrian ferry across the river Lek to Vianen. Three canals flow through Nieuwegein: the Amsterdam-Rhine Canal, the Lek River and the Merwede Canal. There are also a few sports clubs in Nieuwegein, such as: KV Koveni, SV Geinoord, VSV Vreeswijk and JSV Nieuwegein.
- "Burgemeester Frans Backhuijs" [Mayor Frans Backhuijs] (in Dutch). Gemeente Nieuwegein. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 3431LZ". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
- "Nieuwegein", Wikipedia (in Dutch), 2019-05-26, retrieved 2019-06-14