Doesburg (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈduzbʏr(ə)x] (audio speaker iconlisten)) is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands in the province of Gelderland. Doesburg received city rights in 1237 and had a population of 11,148 in 2019. The city is situated on the right bank of river IJssel, at the confluence of river Oude IJssel. The municipality of Doesburg is part of the Arnhem-Nijmegen agglomeration region.

Doesburg
Square in Doesburg
Square in Doesburg
Flag of Doesburg
Coat of arms of Doesburg
Highlighted position of Doesburg in a municipal map of Gelderland
Location in Gelderland
Doesburg is located in Netherlands
Doesburg
Doesburg
Location within the Netherlands
Doesburg is located in Europe
Doesburg
Doesburg
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 52°1′N 6°8′E / 52.017°N 6.133°E / 52.017; 6.133Coordinates: 52°1′N 6°8′E / 52.017°N 6.133°E / 52.017; 6.133
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceGelderland
Government
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorLoes van der Meijs (VVD)
Area
 • Total12.96 km2 (5.00 sq mi)
 • Land11.53 km2 (4.45 sq mi)
 • Water1.43 km2 (0.55 sq mi)
Elevation13 m (43 ft)
Population
 (January 2019)[4]
 • Total11,148
 • Density967/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Doesburger
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
6980–6984
Area code0313
Websitewww.doesburg.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Doesburg, June 2015

HistoryEdit

Doesburg received city rights in 1237, this was one year later than the neighbouring town of Doetinchem. Because of its strategic position along the Oude IJssel and Gelderse IJssel, Doesburg has been an important fortified city for a long time. The fortification of the city made Doesburg an important economic and administrative city. The Martinikerk, the main church in Doesburg is 94 meters tall. For many reasons, many of which have to do with the IJssel decreasing in depth, the prosperity in Doesburg settled after the 15th century. Doesburg changed into a sleepy provincial town and so it would remain until after the second world war. The city was protected in 1974, designated as a historic town.

As Doesburg was officially a fortified city up to 1923, town extension was not possible. After the second world war the city was rapidly extended. In the fifties on the Eastern side of the city the borough Molenveld (= mill field) was built. At south of the Oude IJssel followed in the seventies and eighties the borough Beinum. Recently at south of Beinum the borough Campstede has been built. At the beginning of the 21st century the construction of a new area at the IJsselkade was started with 44 houses and 124 apartments designed by the Italian architect Adolfo Natalini. In 2007, construction of a hotel was started called "Noabers". After a few months the hotel went bankrupt, but was taken over and reopened a year later.

TourismEdit

In the north of Doesburg there are several camp-sites where in the high season 4000 visitors stay each year. Also the historical inner city with several museums and many monuments draw thousands of tourists every year. Large tourist attractions are the Main court, the Doesburgse mustard factory and 'De Waag', which according to reports is the oldest public place in the Netherlands.

IndustryEdit

On the north side of the city, parallel to N317, lies the company area called Verheullweg. Here the international transport company Rotra and the construction material manufacturer Ubbink are established. To the east of the borough Beinum, along the provincial road N338, are the company areas Beinum-Oost and Beinum-West. Here various small and large ventures were established, among which are the manufacturer/wholesale company of gedistilleerd (Delcave), a houtverwerkende company (Aalbers), a plastic company (Dremefa) and a builder's company (Claus). Along the Gelderse Ijssel an iron foundry and a concrete call centre have been established, as well as, near the bridge, a builder of motor yachts.[citation needed]

Well-known DoesburgersEdit

 
Jan Hendrik van Kinsbergen
 
Robert Jacob Gordon, 1780

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Samenstelling" [Members] (in Dutch). Gemeente Doesburg. Archived from the original on 11 September 2014. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2020]. StatLine (in Dutch). CBS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 6981BH". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  5. ^ "Peter of Duisburg" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 21 (11th ed.). 1911.

External linksEdit