Deurne, Netherlands

Deurne [ˈdøːrnə] (About this soundlisten) is a rural municipality and eponymous village in the province of North Brabant in the Netherlands. Including the villages of Liessel, Vlierden, Neerkant, and Helenaveen, Deurne had a population of 32,362 in 2019 and cover an area of 118.36 km2 (45.70 sq mi).

Deurne
Klein Kasteel castle in Deurne
Klein Kasteel castle in Deurne
Flag of Deurne
Flag
Coat of arms of Deurne
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Deurne in a municipal map of North Brabant
Location in North Brabant
Coordinates: 51°28′N 5°48′E / 51.467°N 5.800°E / 51.467; 5.800Coordinates: 51°28′N 5°48′E / 51.467°N 5.800°E / 51.467; 5.800
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceNorth Brabant
Government
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorHilko Mak (CDA)
Area
 • Total118.36 km2 (45.70 sq mi)
 • Land117.03 km2 (45.19 sq mi)
 • Water1.33 km2 (0.51 sq mi)
Elevation26 m (85 ft)
Population
 (January 2019)[4]
 • Total32,362
 • Density277/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
5750–5759
Area code0493
Websitewww.deurne.nl
Gem-Deurne-OpenTopo.jpg Dutch Topographic map of the municipality of Deurne, June 2015

HistoryEdit

First recorded as Durninum (near / by thorns) in a deed of gift from the Frankish Lord Herelaef to bishop Willibrord in 721,[5] Deurne remained a collection of subsistence farming hamlets west of the Peel peat moor until the 2nd half of the 19th century, when a newly built railroad (Eindhoven - Venlo in 1866) and a canal (Zuid-Willemsvaart canal in 1826) enabled the commercial exploitation of the moor.[6] Although the peat industry did not yield much of a profit in the era of coal powered industries, the cultivation of the newly cleared land, in the 1930s also by forced labour, gave a boost to agriculture, farming, and settlement alike.[7] Today only tiny pieces of this former peat moor remain, some reflooded as mini wetlands, scattered along the fault line that once brought about its very existence.

Coincidentally the very same Anglo Dutch Griendtsveen Peat Moss Litter Company Ltd. that extracted a significant part of the peat in the Peel moved to Thorne (Moorends) South Yorkshire, U.K.,[8] where several of its Dutch employees settled as immigrant workers.

TransportationEdit

CultureEdit

In 2009 the new "Cultural Centre" (cultureel centrum) opened its doors. It is the Martien van Doorne Cultuur Centrum and serves as a theatre, concert hall, and movie theatre.

The local dialect is Peellands (an East Brabantian dialect, which is very similar to colloquial Dutch).[9]

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

Deurne is twinned with:

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Samenstelling van het college" [Members of the board] (in Dutch). Gemeente Deurne. Archived from the original on 8 February 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 5751BE". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  5. ^ "deurnewiki.nl". Liber Aureus Epternacencis copy of the deed of gift from Herelaef to Willibrord.
  6. ^ "Griendtsveen Peat Moss Litter Company". history of the company. the Griendtsveen company. Archived from the original on 2016-03-23.
  7. ^ nl:Peel (Nederland)
  8. ^ "UK national archives". national archives.|1893: BT 31/5595/38959
  9. ^ Jos & Cor Swanenberg: Taal in stad en land: Oost-Brabants, ISBN 9012090105

External linksEdit