Deurne [ˈdøːrnə] (listen) is a rural municipality and eponymous village in the province of North Brabant in the Netherlands. Including the villages of Liessel, Vlierden, Neerkant, and Helenaveen, Deurne had a population of 32,362 in 2019 and cover an area of 118.36 km2 (45.70 sq mi).
Klein Kasteel castle in Deurne
Location in North Brabant
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Hilko Mak (CDA)|
|• Total||118.36 km2 (45.70 sq mi)|
|• Land||117.03 km2 (45.19 sq mi)|
|• Water||1.33 km2 (0.51 sq mi)|
|Elevation||26 m (85 ft)|
|• Density||277/km2 (720/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Dutch Topographic map of the municipality of Deurne, June 2015|
First recorded as Durninum (near / by thorns) in a deed of gift from the Frankish Lord Herelaef to bishop Willibrord in 721, Deurne remained a collection of subsistence farming hamlets west of the Peel peat moor until the 2nd half of the 19th century, when a newly built railroad (Eindhoven - Venlo in 1866) and a canal (Zuid-Willemsvaart canal in 1826) enabled the commercial exploitation of the moor. Although the peat industry did not yield much of a profit in the era of coal powered industries, the cultivation of the newly cleared land, in the 1930s also by forced labour, gave a boost to agriculture, farming, and settlement alike. Today only tiny pieces of this former peat moor remain, some reflooded as mini wetlands, scattered along the fault line that once brought about its very existence.
Coincidentally the very same Anglo Dutch Griendtsveen Peat Moss Litter Company Ltd. that extracted a significant part of the peat in the Peel moved to Thorne (Moorends) South Yorkshire, U.K., where several of its Dutch employees settled as immigrant workers.
In 2009 the new "Cultural Centre" (cultureel centrum) opened its doors. It is the Martien van Doorne Cultuur Centrum and serves as a theatre, concert hall, and movie theatre.
Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit
Deurne is twinned with:
- Lucas Gassel (c.1488 in Deurne – 1568 or 1569) a Renaissance painter known for his landscapes
- Aaltje Noordewier–Reddingius (1868 in Deurne – 1949) a Dutch classical soprano and voice teacher
- Jules de Corte (1924 in Deurne – 1996) blind singer-songwriter from the Netherlands
- Laurens van den Acker (born 1965 in Deurne) an automobile designer
- Erik van Lieshout (born 1968 in Deurne) a Dutch contemporary artist
- "Samenstelling van het college" [Members of the board] (in Dutch). Gemeente Deurne. Archived from the original on 8 February 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 5751BE". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
- "deurnewiki.nl". Liber Aureus Epternacencis copy of the deed of gift from Herelaef to Willibrord.
- "Griendtsveen Peat Moss Litter Company". history of the company. the Griendtsveen company. Archived from the original on 2016-03-23.
- nl:Peel (Nederland)
- "UK national archives". national archives.|1893: BT 31/5595/38959
- Jos & Cor Swanenberg: Taal in stad en land: Oost-Brabants, ISBN 9012090105