Borne, Overijssel

Borne (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈbɔrnə] (About this soundlisten)) is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. Its inhabitants also have the nickname Melbuul (flourbag in Twentsch).

Borne
Square in Borne
Square in Borne
Flag of Borne
Flag
Coat of arms of Borne
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Borne in a municipal map of Overijssel
Location in Overijssel
Coordinates: 52°18′N 6°45′E / 52.300°N 6.750°E / 52.300; 6.750Coordinates: 52°18′N 6°45′E / 52.300°N 6.750°E / 52.300; 6.750
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceOverijssel
Government
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorGerard van den Hengel (Acting, VVD)
Area
 • Total26.16 km2 (10.10 sq mi)
 • Land26.00 km2 (10.04 sq mi)
 • Water0.16 km2 (0.06 sq mi)
Elevation15 m (49 ft)
Population
 (January 2019)[4]
 • Total23,210
 • Density893/km2 (2,310/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Bornenaar, Borrenaar
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
7620–7626
Area code074
Websitewww.borne.nl

HistoryEdit

The earliest traces of inhabitation in Borne are archeological finds at the "Stroom Esch" and "Zuid Esch" of substantial settlements dating from the late Iron Age and the Roman period.[5] Finds from around 800 CE.,[6] the remains of two farmhouses and the grave of a man buried with his armour, a sword, lance and 16 silver dinarii coined by Charlemagne near two farmhouses of the same age suggest inhabitation in the ninth century.[6] The first historical mention of Borne, under the name Borghende dates from 1206 in a document which transfers churches in Steenwijk and Borne and their possessions by Fredericus, the abbot of the monastery in Ruinen to the bishop of Utrecht, Dirk van Are in return for possessions in Drenthe.[7]

The earliest phases of Borne center around the Meijershof,[8] which came into possession of the abbot of Ruinen in 1142.

Until the beginning of the industrial age, Borne was an agricultural community, characterised by plaggen soil and extensive cattlefarming. The main crops were rye and buckwheat.[9] Several landweren, defensive earthworks consisting or earthen walls overgrown with blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) and blackberries are still visible in the landscape.[10]

Borne was originally the richterambt (judicial district) Borne, made up of the Marke Senderen (Zenderen) and Bi den Broeke (lit. "by the brook", Bornerbroek) and the hamlet of Hertme. In 1655 Hertme has evolved into an independent marke.

Population centresEdit

Bornerbroek, historically part of Borne, is since 2001 part of the Almelo municipality. Borne borders the municipalities of Hengelo, Hof van Twente, Dinkelland, Almelo and Tubbergen.

TopographyEdit

 

Dutch Topographic map of the municipality of Borne, June 2015.

Twin townEdit

The sister city of Borne is

TransportationEdit

Notable peopleEdit

 
Marleen Veldhuis, 2008
  • Gerrit Jan Meulenbeld (1928 in Borne - 2017) a physician-scholar who taught and published work on Indology
  • Henk Nieuwkamp (born 1942 in Borne) a retired Dutch cyclist, competed at the 1968 Summer Olympics
  • Henny Kroeze (born 1952 in Zenderen) a retired Dutch motorcycle racer who competed in speedway
  • Rob Hornstra (born 1975 in Borne) a Dutch photographer and self-publisher of documentary work about the former Soviet Union
  • Marleen Veldhuis (born 1979 in Borne) a retired swimmer, multiple medal winner at four Summer Olympics from 2008 to 2012
  • Wout Weghorst (born 1992 in Borne) a Dutch professional footballer with over 230 club caps

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "College van B&W" [Board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Borne. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 7622DG". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  5. ^ "Wetenschappelijk kader archeologisch onderzoek plangebied Bornsche Maten te Borne", Scholte Lubberink, (2006-10) (DANS/KNAW)
  6. ^ a b "Collectie - Nieuw in onze collectie: expositie bij de ridder van Borne". TwentseWelle. Archived from the original on 2015-01-21.
  7. ^ Woolderink, Henk. "Borne 900 jaar" (PDF). rtvoost.nl.
  8. ^ "De Meijershof". regiocanons.nl.
  9. ^ "Canon van Borne, De essen ca. 1000". Regiocanons.nl.
  10. ^ "Canon van Borne, Landweren". Regiocanons.nl.

External linksEdit