Klazienaveen is a town to the southeast of Emmen in the Dutch province of Drenthe. It is located approx 5 km (3.1 mi) from the German border. Klazienaveen started as a peat colony owned by Willem Albert Scholten. It has been named after Klaassien Sluis, the wife of Scholten.

Klazienaveen (Molenwijk)
Klazienaveen (Molenwijk)
Klazienaveen is located in Drenthe
Location in province of Drenthe in the Netherlands
Klazienaveen is located in Netherlands
Klazienaveen (Netherlands)
Coordinates: 52°44′N 6°59′E / 52.733°N 6.983°E / 52.733; 6.983Coordinates: 52°44′N 6°59′E / 52.733°N 6.983°E / 52.733; 6.983
 • Total30.05 km2 (11.60 sq mi)
Elevation21 m (69 ft)
 • Total11,980
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Postal code
Dialing code0591
Major roadsA37


In 1874, Willem Albert Scholten bought the 974 hectares (2,410 acres) Smeulveen to exploit the peat.[3] In 1890, Scholten offered the skipper Jan Adde Hazewinkel a flag as the first person to transport the peat.[4] In 1899, a village appeared along the canal. In 1903, Scholten's son Jan Evert renamed Smeulveen and the village Klazienaveen after his mother Klaassien Sluis.[5] It is one of the two villages in the Netherlands named after a non-royal woman.[4] In 1932, it was home to 2,327 people.[6]

In 1921, the Purit factory opened and produces Norit (activated carbon).[5] On 23 March 1945, the factory was bombed by the Royal Air Force causing eight deaths among the factory workers. The clock in the engine room stopped and has remained as a reminder.[4] Since 2012, it is owned by Cabot Corporation.[7] After World War II, Klazienaveen started expanding rapidly.[5] In the 1960s, greenhouse cultivation started in Klazienaveen.[8] The town can reached via the A37 motorway.[9]

Notable peopleEdit



  1. ^ a b "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 7891AA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  3. ^ "Willem Albert Scholten". Geheugen van Drenthe (in Dutch). Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  4. ^ a b c "Klazienaveen". Plaatsengids (in Dutch). Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  5. ^ a b c Ronald Stenvert (2001). Klazienaveen (in Dutch). Zwolle: Waanders Uitgevers. p. 140. ISBN 90 400 9454 3. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  6. ^ Jan Harm Tuntler (1935). In en om de gemeente Emmen (in Dutch). Ten Kate. p. 89.
  7. ^ Resnick-Ault, Jessica (21 June 2012). "Cabot Corp. to Buy Norit for $1.1 Billion, Add Activated Carbon". Bloomberg.
  8. ^ "Glastuinbouw in Klazienaveen". Tuinbouw Emmen (in Dutch). Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  9. ^ "Halfjaar lang wegwerkzaamheden aan A37 Holsloot richting Duitse grens". Klazienaveen Lokaal (in Dutch). Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  10. ^ "Ruben Roosken: Klazienavener bij FC Emmen én verre familie van goalgetter Tonny Roosken". Dagblad van het Noorden (in Dutch). 16 September 2019. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  11. ^ "J.R.H. (Hanja) Maij-Weggen". Dutch Parliament (in Dutch). Retrieved 5 March 2022.

External linksEdit