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The 1995 Rugby League World Cup was held during October in the United Kingdom. It was the eleventh staging of the Rugby League World Cup and was marketed as the Halifax Centenary World Cup, reflecting the tournament's sponsorship and the fact that 1995 marked the centenary of the sport. Envisaged as a celebration of rugby league football,[1] the size of the competition was doubled, with four additional teams invited and Great Britain split into England and Wales (Scotland and Ireland took part in the Emerging Nations Tournament that was held alongside the World Cup.)

1995 (1995) Rugby League World Cup  ()
1995 World Cup logo
Number of teams10
Host country United Kingdom
Winner Australia (8th title)

Matches played15
Attendance265,609 (17,707 per match)
Points scored718 (47.87 per match)
Top scorerAustralia Andrew Johns (62)
Top try scorerAustralia Steven Menzies (6)
2000

The tournament had been preceded by doubts and pessimism; many feared that it would produce one-sided-matches that would be unattractive to supporters. The forthcoming Super League war also hung over the tournament, with the Australian Rugby League refusing to select players who had signed for the rival competition.[2]

In the event, the fears proved unfounded, and the tournament was acclaimed a great success.[3][4] Although many early matches did prove as one-sided as feared, fans still flocked to see newer rugby league nations such as Fiji, Tonga, Western Samoa and South Africa. Large home crowds for the group involving Wales proved particularly encouraging for the sport.

For the 1995 tournament, a £10,000 cup was made by Tiffanys to celebrate the centenary of the game.[5]

The final between Australia and England drew a crowd of 66,540 to Wembley Stadium. Australia won the tournament, their eighth World Cup win and fifth in succession.

TeamsEdit

Ten teams competed in the Centenary World Cup: Australia, England, Fiji, France, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, South Africa, Tonga, Wales and Western Samoa.[6] It was the first time since the 1975 World Series that the Great Britain team was split into England and Wales. Fiji, South Africa, Tonga and Western Samoa were all making their World Cup débuts.[7]

A sore point for the tournaments organisers was that Australia was missing a large portion of their best players, a number of whom had been Kangaroo Tourists the previous year, due to the Super League war and the ARL's refusal to select Super League aligned players.[8] Australia's win in the end with what many considered to be a second-string side was seen as a blow to the rebel Super League organisation, with which every other nation was aligned.[9]

In light of the ARL's stance on not selecting players who had signed with Super League, Canberra Raiders players Laurie Daley, Ricky Stuart, Bradley Clyde, Steve Walters and Brett Mullins, won a court order against the ARL making SL players eligible for representative games. However, despite assurances from the ARL that all players were considered, it came as no surprise when only ARL loyal players made the Kangaroos World Cup squad. As one unnamed ARL official allegedly said, the court decision only forced the ARL to consider Super League players, they were not forced select them. As the list of players considered for the squad was never made public by the ARL it remains unknown how many, if any, SL players were actually considered for World Cup selection with rumours persisting that no SL player was actually given any consideration.

VenuesEdit

The games were played at various venues in England and Wales.

Wembley Stadium in London was the host stadium for the opening ceremony and match featuring hosts England and defending champions Australia. Wembley, England's national stadium, would also host the Final of the tournament.

  London   Manchester   Wigan   Cardiff
Wembley Stadium Old Trafford Central Park Ninian Park
Capacity: 82,000 Capacity: 35,000 Capacity: 28,000 Capacity: 21,508
       
  Huddersfield   Leeds   St. Helens   Gateshead
Alfred McAlpine Stadium Headingley Knowsley Road Gateshead International Stadium
Capacity: 20,000 Capacity: 20,000 Capacity: 17,500 Capacity: 11,800
       
  Swansea   Hull   Warrington   Keighley
Vetch Field The Boulevard Wilderspool Stadium Cougar Park
Capacity: 11,500 Capacity: 10,500 Capacity: 9,200 Capacity: 7,800
     

MatchesEdit

Group stageEdit

Key to colours in group tables
Advances to knockout stage

Group AEdit

Team Played Won Drew Lost  For  Against Difference Points
  England 3 3 0 0 112 16 +96 6
  Australia 3 2 0 1 168 26 +142 4
  Fiji 3 1 0 2 52 118 −66 2
  South Africa 3 0 0 3 12 184 −172 0

The tournament opened with a match between hosts England and current World Cup holders Australia at what was a half-full Wembley Stadium (the low crowd of just 41,271 was largely blamed on Australia not playing their Super League stars). It was a grey and showery day and Diana Ross provided pre-match entertainment.[10] Australia were weakened by the absence of any player aligned with Super League, who the ARL refused to select. England were weakened by injuries, most notably that of star winger Martin Offiah.

7 October
England   20 – 16   Australia
Wembley Stadium, London
Attendance: 41,271[11]

England led 10–6 early in the second half, with a try to Andy Farrell late in the first and one to replacement forward Chris Joynt 5 minutes into the second, both coming about through mistakes from Australia's fullback, Tim Brasher.[12] A try to Mark Coyne levelled the score at 10–10. But England's Jason Robinson scored after another Australian handling error by winger John Hopoate with twelve minutes remaining. Another England try, this time from an interception by Paul Newlove put the result beyond doubt. This game attracted 4.2 million viewers.[4]

8 October
Fiji   52 – 6   South Africa
Cougar Park, Keighley
Attendance: 4,845

As expected, rugby league minnows South Africa were the easybeats of Group A, but the Rhinos won plenty of fans with their never say die attitude despite being clearly outclassed by their opposition.

10 October
Australia   86 – 6   South Africa
Gateshead International Stadium, Gateshead
Attendance: 9,181
11 October
England   46 – 0   Fiji
Central Park, Wigan
Attendance: 26,263
Referee: Dennis Hale
14 October
Australia   66 – 0[13]   Fiji
McAlpine Stadium, Huddersfield
Attendance: 7,127
Referee: Eddie Ward
14 October
England   46 – 0   South Africa
Headingley Rugby Stadium, Leeds
Attendance: 14,041

Group BEdit

Team Played Won Drew Lost  For  Against Difference Points
  New Zealand 2 2 0 0 47 30 +17 4
  Tonga 2 0 1 1 52 53 −1 1
  Papua New Guinea 2 0 1 1 34 50 −16 1

Tonga proved to be the surprise packets of Group B while New Zealand, although winning the group, were a disappointment. Tonga actually led the Kiwis 24−12 late in their pool game at Warrington, but two late tries and a Matthew Ridge field goal prevented one of the biggest boil overs in World Cup history.

8 October
New Zealand   25 – 24   Tonga
Wilderspool Stadium, Warrington
Attendance: 8,083
10 October
Papua New Guinea   28 – 28   Tonga
The Boulevard, Hull
Attendance: 5,121
13 October
New Zealand   22 – 6   Papua New Guinea
Knowsley Road, St Helens
Attendance: 8,679

Group CEdit

Team Played Won Drew Lost  For  Against Difference Points
  Wales 2 2 0 0 50 16 +34 4
  Western Samoa 2 1 0 1 66 32 +34 2
  France 2 0 0 2 16 84 −68 0

As expected Wales, led by their inspirational dual-rugby international captain Jonathan Davies in his last appearance before retiring from international league, easily won Group C. The French however, twice a former World Cup Finalist in 1954 and 1968, were largely disappointing and did not win a match. The Graham Lowe coached Western Samoans, featuring a number of former New Zealand test players, entertained the Welsh fans with their bruising and enterprising style of play.

9 October
Wales   28 – 6   France
Ninian Park, Cardiff
Attendance: 10,250
12 October
France   10 – 56   Western Samoa
Ninian Park, Cardiff
Attendance: 2,173
15 October
Wales   22 – 10   Western Samoa
Vetch Field, Swansea
Attendance: 15,385

This match featured eight former and future Welsh rugby union internationals and two former All Blacks.

Knockout stageEdit

England as expected defeated reigning European Champions Wales in their Semi-final at Old Trafford. The other Semi at Huddersfield almost produced a boil over. After defeating New Zealand 3–0 in the Trans-Tasman Test series earlier in the year, and with the Kiwis lackluster form in their Group B games, Australia was expected to easily account for Frank Endacott's side, but the Kiwis found form and the game ended 20–all at the end of 80 minutes. However, 20 minutes of extra time saw Australia skip away to a 30–20 win to book their place in the Final at Wembley.

 
Semi-finalsFinal
 
      
 
21 October – Old Trafford, Manchester
Attendance: 30,042
Man of the Match: Bobbie Goulding
 
 
  England 25
 
28 October – Wembley Stadium, London[14]
Attendance: 66,540[15]
 
  Wales 10
 
  England 8
 
22 October – McAlpine Stadium, Huddersfield
Attendance: 16,608
 
  Australia 16
 
  Australia 30
 
 
  New Zealand 20
 

FinalEdit

The Australians had reached the final after a hard-fought 30–20 Semi-final win over New Zealand at the McAlpine Stadium which had gone into extra time after the score was locked at 20-all after 80 minutes. Their opponents and tournament host England, had an easier time defeating Wales 25–10 in their Semi at Old Trafford.[16] Even though they were favoured to win, Australia went into the final having lost three of their past four games at Wembley (the only win being the World Cup final of 1992), and had already lost the opening match of the tournament there to the English. Also, due to the ARL's policy of not selecting Super League aligned players, the Kangaroos went into the game with 11 of their 17 players under the age of 24. Although considered mostly a 'second string' team without the likes of Laurie Daley, Ricky Stuart, Andrew Ettingshausen, Steve Renouf, Steve Walters and Glenn Lazarus, most of the Kangaroos had played in the 3–0 whitewash of New Zealand in the Trans-Tasman series earlier in the year.[17] Kangaroos captain and five-eighth Brad Fittler and fullback Tim Brasher were the only members of Australia's 1992 World Cup Final win over Great Britain at Wembley,[9] with both players in the same positions as they had been three years previously.

England's captain Shaun Edwards ruled himself out of the final with an infected knee.[18] Despite almost being ruled out of the tournament with pneumonia, St Helens centre Paul Newlove was selected by coach Phil Larder for starting line-up in the final. Larder also handed the captaincy to veteran test forward Denis Betts. With the former Wigan back rower now playing for the Auckland Warriors in the Australian premiership, his selection as captain created history as he became the first player to captain England while not currently playing in the British competition.[19]

After winning in 1992, Australian coach Bob Fulton became just the second coach (after Harry Bath) to win two Rugby League World Cups. It was Fulton's 5th World Cup win after also winning in 1968, 1970 and 1975 as a player. Coincidentally, Fulton's coach in the 1968 and 1970 World Cup Finals was Harry Bath.

Status Quo performed the pre-match entertainment.

28 October 1995
14:30
England   8 – 16   Australia
Tries:
Paul Newlove

Goals:
Bobby Goulding (2/3)
[20] Tries:
Rod Wishart
Tim Brasher
Goals:
Andrew Johns (4/6)
Wembley Stadium, London
Attendance: 66,540
Referee: Stuart Cummings  
Man of the Match: Andrew Johns  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
England
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Australia
FB 1   Kris Radlinski
RW 2   Jason Robinson
RC 3   Gary Connolly
LC 4   Paul Newlove
LW 5   Martin Offiah
SO 6   Tony Smith
SH 7   Bobbie Goulding
PR 8   Karl Harrison
HK 9   Lee Jackson
PR 10   Andy Platt
SR 11   Denis Betts (c)
SR 12   Phil Clarke
LF 13   Andy Farrell
Substitutions:
IC 14   Barrie-Jon Mather
IC 15   Mick Cassidy
IC 16   Nick Pinkney
IC 17   Chris Joynt
Coach:
  Phil Larder
FB 1   Tim Brasher
LW 2   Rod Wishart
RC 3   Mark Coyne
LC 4   Terry Hill
RW 5   Brett Dallas
FE 6   Brad Fittler (c)
HB 7   Geoff Toovey
PR 8   Dean Pay
HK 9   Andrew Johns
PR 10   Mark Carroll
SR 11   Steve Menzies
SR 12   Gary Larson
LK 13   Jim Dymock
Substitutions:
IC 14   Robbie O'Davis
IC 15   Matthew Johns
IC 16   Jason Smith
IC 17   Nik Kosef
Coach:
  Bob Fulton

First-half

England won the coin toss and Australia's Andrew Johns kicked off the match. In England's first set with the ball Australia were penalised for their skipper Brad Fittler's high tackle on Andrew Farrell. From the resulting good field position England were able to force a line drop-out and get another set of six in Australia's half of the field. At the end of the set, Radlinski put up a high kick, which Australia's fullback Tim Brasher failed to secure and Australia were penalised for regathering the ball when off-side. Bobbie Goulding kicked the penalty goal from fifteen metres out, giving his side a 2 – 0 lead.[21] From Australia's resulting kick-off, the English players couldn't secure the ball and it was regathered by the Kangaroos deep in the opposition half. On the last tackle of the ensuing set, Johns at first receiver put a chip kick into the left-hand corner of England's in-goal area where winger Rod Wishart dived in and got a hand on it,[22] giving Australia the first try of the match in the seventh minute.[23] Johns then converted the try from the touch-line and the Kangaroos were leading 2 – 6.[24] A few minutes later England were penalised around the centre of the field and Johns attempted the kick at goal but missed. With the game now swinging from end to end, Johns conceded a penalty close to the goal posts and Goulding's kick bounced off the uprights but went in,[21] so England were trailing 4 – 6 by the eighteenth minute. A few minutes later England conceded a penalty in front of their goal posts and Johns kicked Australia to a 4 – 8 lead. Shortly after that England winger Martin Offiah made a break down along the left sideline and was contentiously ruled to have been taken over the sideline by a desperate Tim Brasher tackle as he threw the ball back into the field for Paul Newlove to toe ahead and dive on, though television replays suggested that Offiah had managed to release the ball before he went into touch.[16] After a high shot from Andy Farrell on Mark Carroll, Johns kicked another penalty giving Australia a 4 – 10 lead at the thirty-minute mark. Just before the half-time break England conceded another penalty in the ruck but Johns' kick missed so the score remained unchanged at the break.[25]

Second half

After making their way into good attacking field position, England played the ball ten metres out from Australia's goal-line where centre Paul Newlove at dummy-half ran the ball at the defence forced his way through to score in the left corner.[26] The sideline conversion attempt by Goulding missed so England trailed 8 – 10 after five minutes of the second half.[16] Around the ten-minute mark the game was interrupted by a topless female streaker.[27] The play continued swinging from one end of the field to the other, with neither team able to capitalise on their scoring opportunities for the next twenty minutes. Australian interchange player Jason Smith was blood binned and had to return to the bench. A few minutes later the Kangaroos had made their way deep into England's half when, on the last tackle, the ball was moved through the hands and eventually flicked passed back from Johns as he was being tackled to the feet of Brasher who kicked it ahead to the try-line.[26] Both fullbacks then scrambled to get to the ball and the referee ruled that Brasher had grounded it, awarding Australia a try.[16] Johns converted the try so Australia lead 8 – 16 with just over ten minutes remaining. England forward Karl Harrison then had to come off the field with an injured arm. A few minutes from full-time Australian forward Mark Carroll was sent to the sin-bin for an infringement in the ruck. The remainder of the match extended into additional injury time but was played with no further points so Australia retained the World Cup with an 8 – 16 victory and their fifth consecutive world title.

21-year-old Andrew Johns was named man-of-the-match.[28] Kangaroos coach Bob Fulton had named the young half as the team hooker, and he did indeed pack into the scrums. However Johns played at halfback in general play with Geoff Toovey having the dummy-half duties, necessary because Toovey had actually injured his neck during the tournament and simply could not pack into the front row in the scrums.[7]

Following the match Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex presented Kangaroos captain Brad Fittler with the Cup and each of the players with medals.[9][25] During the 1990 Kangaroo Tour, an 18-year-old Fittler had reportedly broken protocol when he had said "G'day dude" to Prince Edward's father, HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh when the team had met the Duke as part of the tour. History allegedly repeated itself as Fittler was heard to say "Thanks dude" to Prince Edward when receiving the World Cup on the Wembley balcony.

Team of the tournamentEdit

The following players were selected as the 1995 World Cup "Team of the Tournament"[citation needed]

No. Position Player
1   FB Iestyn Harris
2   WG Jason Robinson
3   CE Paul Newlove
4   CE Richard Blackmore
5   WG Anthony Sullivan
6   FE Brad Fittler
7   HB Adrian Lam
No. Position Player
8   PR Mark Carroll
9   HK Lee Jackson
10   PR David Westley
11   SR Denis Betts
12   SR Steve Menzies
13   LK Andy Farrell

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Menzies, Steve; Tasker, Norman (2008). Beaver: The Steve Menzies Story. Australia: Allen & Unwin. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-74175-560-2.
  2. ^ Hadfield, Dave (1 October 1995). "Celebration a slow burn". The Independent. London: independent.co.uk. Retrieved 6 October 2009.
  3. ^ "1995 Rugby League World Cup". gillette4nations.co.uk. Rugby League International Federation. Archived from the original on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  4. ^ a b Masters, Roy (30 October 1995). "Cup recipe is a big winner". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  5. ^ "A history of the Rugby League World Cup". St Helens Star. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  6. ^ Hadfield, Dave (6 October 1995). "Team-by-team guide to Centenary Celebrations". The Independent. London: independent.co.uk. Retrieved 6 October 2009.
  7. ^ a b "History of the Rugby League World Cup". skysports.com. 16 October 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  8. ^ Richard, de la Riviere. "The Golden Boot: The Missing Years – 1995". totalrl.com. League Publications. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  9. ^ a b c "Kangaroos' win blow to rebel league". The Age. 30 October 1995. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  10. ^ Grace Jones and FIFA, Diana Ross at USA 94 and six of the best unlikely entertainers at sport
  11. ^ Wilson, Andy (4 November 2011). "Wembley Rugby League internationals – in pictures". guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 27 December 2011.
  12. ^ Thomsen, Ian (9 October 1995). "The Cream Is Curdled in Rugby's Other Cup". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  13. ^ Hadfield, Dave (15 October 1995). "Rugby League World Cup: Flying Fittler floors Fiji". The Independent. London. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  14. ^ Paddy McAteer (22 December 2010) "Whole World in their Hands" Archived 5 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine North West Evening Mail
  15. ^ Johnson, Martin (30 October 1995). "Nothing focuses an Aussie sportsman more than stuffing the Poms". The Independent. UK: independent.co.uk. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  16. ^ a b c d Thomsen, Ian (30 October 1995). "Australians Retain Rugby League Title". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  17. ^ Ian, Thomsen (28 October 1995). "Australia Faces England at Wembley : A Final of Rugby Favorites". The New York Times. nytimes.com. Retrieved 5 November 2009.
  18. ^ "A fear of failure spurs Australia". The Age. 27 October 1995. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  19. ^ Hadfield, Dave (28 October 1995). "Connolly returns as England gamble". The Independent. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
  20. ^ 1995 World Cup Final
  21. ^ a b Corrigan, Peter (29 October 1995). "Australia deliver the magic". The Independent. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
  22. ^ Richard, de la Riviere. "28th October: Aussies win Centenary World Cup". totalrl.com. League Publications. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
  23. ^ "On this day". espn.co.uk. ESPN Sports Media. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
  24. ^ Johns, Matthew (11 April 2007). "Matthew Johns on his brother". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
  25. ^ a b Robinson, Jason (2012). Finding My Feet. UK: Hachette.
  26. ^ a b Masters, Roy (30 October 1995). "Roos on top of the world". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  27. ^ "Pitch invaders!" (PDF). psillakis.com. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  28. ^ theguardian.com. "The Joy of Six: Rugby League World Cup moments". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 5 January 2014.

External linksEdit