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Hrvatski Nogometni Klub Rijeka (English: Croatian Football Club Rijeka), commonly referred to as HNK Rijeka or simply Rijeka, is a Croatian football club from the city of Rijeka.

Rijeka
HNK Rijeka.svg
Full nameHrvatski Nogometni Klub Rijeka
Nickname(s)Riječki bijeli (Rijeka's Whites)
Short nameRJK
Founded29 July 1946; 72 years ago (1946-07-29), as Sportsko Društvo Kvarner / Società Sportiva Quarnero
GroundStadion Rujevica
Capacity8,279[1]
OwnerDamir Mišković via Teanna Limited (70%)
City of Rijeka (30%)
ChairmanDamir Mišković
ManagerIgor Bišćan
LeaguePrva HNL
2017–181. HNL, 2nd
WebsiteClub website
Current season

HNK Rijeka compete in Croatia's top division, HT Prva liga, of which they have been members since its foundation in 1992. During the reconstruction of Stadion Kantrida, their traditional home ground, Rijeka play their home matches at Stadion Rujevica. Rijeka's traditional home colours are all white.

The club was founded on 29 July 1946 as Sportsko Društvo Kvarner (Croatian) / Società Sportiva Quarnero (Italian).[2] The club's official name was changed to Nogometni Klub Rijeka on 2 July 1954.[3] In the summer of 1995, the club management added the adjective hrvatski (English: Croatian) to the official name. Rijeka are the third-most successful Croatian football club, having won one Croatian First Football League title, two Yugoslav Cups, four Croatian Football Cups, one Croatian Football Super Cup and the 1977–78 Balkans Cup.

Contents

HistoryEdit

OriginsEdit

The club was founded as SD Kvarner / SS Quarnero on 29 July 1946, after Rijeka (known by its Italian name Fiume until 1945) was ceded from Italy to Yugoslavia following the end of World War II. The club was named after the Bay of Kvarner and the broader Kvarner region, in which Rijeka is the administrative centre. The club's roots can be traced back to 1926, the founding of U.S. Fiumana, which competed at various levels of the Italian Football Championship, including a season in the top tier competition (Divisione Nazionale) in 1928. The two clubs used the same grounds (Stadion Kantrida) and eight U.S. Fiumana players later played for Kvarner.[4]

1946–1991Edit

During the early period in Yugoslavia, Kvarner had moderate success in various Yugoslav and local club championships. They were relegated at the end of their inaugural season in the Yugoslav First League in 1946–47. Kvarner changed its name to NK Rijeka on 2 July 1954 and returned to the First League in 1958.[3] Rijeka remained in the top tier for 11 consecutive seasons until 1969, when they were once again relegated to the Yugoslav Second League.[3] Despite finishing on top in four (out of five) seasons in the second tier, due to three failed qualifying attempts, the club only gained promotion back to the top tier in 1974. With varying success, Rijeka remained in top tier until the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991.[3] The club's greatest success during this period involved back-to-back Yugoslav Cup titles in 1978 and 1979. Rijeka were also a Cup runner-up in 1987, when they lost the final after a penalty shoot-out.[5] Rijeka never finished higher than the fourth place in the Yugoslav First League. In 1984, the club came closest to their first championship title, finishing only two points behind Red Star Belgrade. Rijeka were also the best placed Croatian club in the Yugoslav First League in 1965, 1984 and 1987.[6]

Rijeka in the 1. HNLEdit

Following the breakup of Yugoslavia, in 1992 Rijeka joined the Croatian First Football League in its inaugural season. Rijeka remain one of only four founding member clubs to never have been relegated. In terms of greatest successes in this period, the club won its first-ever league title in 2017, ending Dinamo Zagreb's run of 11 successive titles.[7] Rijeka has also won four Croatian Cups, including back-to-back titles in 2005 and 2006, in 2014 and, most recently, in 2017, which helped them secure the historic Double.[8] In the final round of the 1998–99 season, a refereeing error denied Rijeka their first championship title. With one match to play, Rijeka were one point ahead of Croatia Zagreb, needing a home win against Osijek to secure the title. With the match tied at 1–1, in the 89th minute, Rijeka forward Admir Hasančić converted a cross by Barnabás Sztipánovics. However, moments later, assistant referee Krečak raised his flag and referee Šupraha disallowed Rijeka's winning goal for an alleged offside.[9] Following an investigation, 3D analysis revealed Hasančić was not, in fact, in an offside position, and that Rijeka were wrongfully denied their first championship title.[10][11] An investigation by Nacional revealed Franjo Tuđman, the president of the Republic of Croatia and an ardent Croatia Zagreb supporter, earlier in 1999 ordered the country's intelligence agencies to spy on football referees, officials and journalists, with the aim of ensuring the Zagreb club wins the league title.[12]

EuropeEdit

Rijeka participated in UEFA competitions on 18 occasions, including six consecutive appearances since 2013–14. The greatest success was the quarter-final of the 1979–80 European Cup Winners' Cup, where they lost to Italian giants Juventus 2–0 on aggregate.[13] The most memorable result in Europe was the home win (3–1) against eventual winners Real Madrid in the 1984–85 UEFA Cup.[14] Controversially, in the return leg at Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, which Rijeka lost 3–0, three of their players were sent off. Madrid scored their first goal from a doubtful penalty in the 67th minute with Rijeka already down to ten men. Over the next ten minutes, two additional Rijeka players were sent off, most notably Damir Desnica. While Desnica received the first yellow card because he did not stop play after Schoeters blew his whistle, the second yellow was issued because he allegedly insulted the referee. However, unbeknownst to the referee, Desnica had been a deaf-mute since birth.[6] With Rijeka reduced to eight players, Madrid scored two additional goals, progressed to the next round and eventually won the trophy.

In 2013, after winning 4–3 on aggregate against VfB Stuttgart, Rijeka qualified for the 2013–14 UEFA Europa League group stage.[15][16] Rijeka also participated in the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League group stage, where they defeated Feyenoord and Standard Liège and drew with title-holders and eventual winners Sevilla.[17][18][19] In 2017, Rijeka reached the 2017–18 UEFA Champions League play-off, where they lost 3–1 on aggregate to Greek champions Olympiacos, and automatically qualified for the 2017–18 UEFA Europa League group stage. In the group stage they recorded a famous home win (2–0) against AC Milan but once again failed to progress to the knockout stages.[20]

Private ownershipEdit

In February 2012, Gabriele Volpi – an Italian businessman and the founder of Orlean Invest, as well as the owner of football club Spezia and water polo club Pro Recco – injected much needed capital into the club. With the privatization process complete by September 2013, Volpi, through Dutch-based Stichting Social Sport Foundation, became the owner of 70% of the club, with the City of Rijeka in control of the remaining 30%.[21][22] On 29 December 2017 it was announced that Chairman Damir Mišković, through London-based Teanna Limited, acquired the majority stake in the club from Stichting Social Sport Foundation.[23][24]

Record transferEdit

In January 2015, Rijeka sold their star striker Andrej Kramarić to Leicester City for a club-record £9.7 million transfer fee.[25]

StadiumEdit

Until July 2015, Rijeka were based at Stadion Kantrida, their traditional home ground for over 60 years. With Kantrida awaiting demolition and reconstruction, since August 2015, Rijeka have been based at the newly-built Stadion Rujevica, an all-seater with the capacity of 8,279. Stadion Rujevica is part of Rijeka's new training centre and serves as the club's temporary home ground. Following the demolition of old Kantrida, a new, state of the art, 14,600 all-seater stadium will be built at the same location. In addition to the stadium, the investors are planning to build a commercial complex that will include a shopping mall and a hotel.[26]

SupportEdit

During most home matches, the majority of the seats are occupied by season ticket holders. For the 2017–18 season the club had 5,922 season ticket holders and 8,403 members.

Rijeka's ultras group are called Armada Rijeka, or simply Armada. The group has been active since 1987.

RivalriesEdit

Rijeka's greatest rivalry is with Hajduk Split. Since 1946, the Adriatic derby is contested between the two most popular Croatian football clubs from the Adriatic coast, Rijeka and Hajduk. Other rivalries exist with Dinamo Zagreb and, at the regional level, with Istra Pula. The origins of the Rijeka–Pula rivalry date back to the clashes between Fiumana and Grion Pola since the late 1920s.

Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsorsEdit

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt partner
1998–1999 Adidas INA
1999–2002 Kronos
2002–2003 Torpedo
2003–2004 Lero
2004–2005 Legea
2005–2006 INA
2006–2008 Kappa Croatia Osiguranje
2008–2012 Jako
2012–2014 Lotto  –
2014–2016 Jako
2017–2018 Sava Osiguranje
2018– Joma

PlayersEdit

First-team squadEdit

As of 20 October 2018[27]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
3   DF Petar Mamić
4   DF Roberto Punčec
5   MF Dario Čanađija
7   MF Zoran Kvržić
8   DF Leonard Zuta
9   FW Héber
12   GK Simon Sluga
13   DF Dario Župarić
14   MF Boadu Maxwell Acosty
15   MF Srđan Grahovac (on loan from Astana)
16   MF Adrian Liber
17   FW Antonio Čolak (on loan from 1899 Hoffenheim)
19   DF Mario Pavelić
No. Position Player
20   FW Alexander Gorgon (captain)
21   FW Jakov Puljić
22   MF Denis Bušnja
23   FW Josip Mitrović
24   MF Domagoj Pavičić
25   GK Ivor Pandur
26   DF João Escoval
29   DF Momčilo Raspopović
31   MF Luka Capan
32   GK Andrej Prskalo
33   DF Darko Velkovski
44   MF Stjepan Lončar

Out on loanEdit

As of 3 August 2018

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  GK Ivan Nevistić (at   Mura)
  GK David Samuel Nwolokor (at   Sereď)
  DF Bamidele Samuel Ayodeji (at   Varaždin)
  DF Luka Mikulica (at   Opatija)
  DF Daniel Štefulj (at   Krško)
  MF Jasmin Čeliković (at   Inter Zaprešić)
No. Position Player
  MF Gerald Diyoke (at   Dugopolje)
  MF Ivan Lepinjica (at   Zadar)
  FW Emanuel Črnko (at   Varaždin)
  FW Milan Ristovski (at   Krško)
  FW Tomislav Turčin (at   Široki Brijeg)
  FW Matej Vuk (at   Inter Zaprešić)

Youth systemEdit

Club officials and technical staffEdit

Position Staff
Chairman   Damir Mišković
Vice-chairman   Dean Šćulac
  Zlatan Hreljac
Managing director   Luka Ivančić
Administrative director   Marina Vela
Director of finance   Marina Cesarac Dorčić
Director of communications   Alen Fućak
Director of football   Srećko Juričić
Director of football (assistant)   Ivan Mance
Academy director   Edo Flego
Club secretary   Milica Alavanja
Press secretary   Sandra Nešić
Power of attorney   Vlatko Vrkić
Manager   Igor Bišćan
Assistant manager   Renato Pilipović
  Ante Tomić
Team manager   Alen Rivetti
Performance analyst   Rade Ljepojević
Chief scout   Ranko Buketa
Fitness coach   Vedran Naglić
Goalkeeping coach   Gojko Mrčela
Team doctor   Nataša Bakarčić
  Boban Dangubić
Physiotherapist   Igor Pavačić
  Alen Ilić
  Enio Krajač
Rehabilitation coach   Luka Brkljača
Kit manager   Denis Miškulin

Last updated: 9 October 2018
Source: Club officials

Notable playersEdit

To appear in this section a player must have satisfied all of the following three criteria:

Source: Appearances and Goals. Last updated 26 August 2018.

All-time Best 11Edit

According to a 2005–07 survey of former players (older than 40 years of age) and respected journalists, Marinko Lazzarich found that the best all-time team of Rijeka is as follows:

1. Jantoljak, 2. Milevoj, 3. Hrstić, 4. Radaković, 5. Radin, 6. Juričić, 7. Lukarić, 8. Gračan, 9. Osojnak, 10. Naumović, 11. Desnica.[28]

Rijeka's daily, Novi list, in 2011 declared the following 11 players as Rijeka's best all time team:

1. Jantoljak, 2. Šarić, 3. Radin, 4. Juričić, 5. Hrstić, 6. Loik, 7. Radaković, 8. Mladenović, 9. Naumović, 10. Skoblar, 11. Desnica.[29]

ManagersEdit

Source: Presidents and managers

Winning managersEdit

Name Nationality Honours Total
Matjaž Kek
  Slovenia
2013–14 Croatian Cup, 2014 Croatian Super Cup, 2016–17 Croatian First League, 2016–17 Croatian Cup
4
Dragutin Spasojević
  Yugoslavia
1977–78 Yugoslav Cup, 1977–78 Balkans Cup
2
Marijan Brnčić
  Yugoslavia
1978–79 Yugoslav Cup
1
Elvis Scoria
  Croatia
2004–05 Croatian Cup
1
Dragan Skočić
  Croatia
2005–06 Croatian Cup
1

PresidentsEdit

Source: Presidents and managers

Seasons, statistics and recordsEdit

HonoursEdit

Rijeka has won one Croatian First Football League title, two Yugoslav Cups and four Croatian Cups. In European competitions, the club has reached the quarter-final of the Cup Winners' Cup in 1979–80, UEFA Cup Round of 32 in 1984–85, and group stages of the UEFA Europa League in 2013–14, 2014–15 and 2017–18. The club has also won the 1977–78 Balkans Cup.[30]

DomesticEdit

Croatia
Yugoslavia

InternationalEdit

Unofficial competitions

Source: Soccerway, Last updated 31 May 2017.

RankingsEdit

UEFA club coefficient rankingEdit

(As of 3 May 2018), Source: Bert Kassies website

Rank Team Points
86   Southampton F.C. 15.921
86   Swansea City A.F.C. 15.921
86   Wigan Athletic F.C. 15.921
86   West Ham United F.C. 15.921
86   Hull City F.C. 15.921
91   HNK Rijeka 15.500
92   Atalanta B.C. 15.249
92   U.C. Sampdoria 15.249
92   U.S. Sassuolo Calcio 15.249
92   Torino F.C. 15.249
92   Udinese Calcio 15.249

European recordEdit

By competitionEdit

Competition Pld W D L GF GA Last season played
UEFA Champions League 8 2 2 4 10 11 2017–18
UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League 56 21 15 20 83 71 2018–19
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 10 3 3 4 8 9 1979–80
UEFA Intertoto Cup 4 1 1 2 3 5 2008
Total 78 27 21 30 104 96

Source: uefa.com, Last updated on 16 August 2018.
Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against. Defunct competitions indicated in italics.

By groundEdit

Ground Pld W D L GF GA GD
Home 39 20 10 9 63 38 +25
Away 39 7 11 21 41 58 −17
Total 78 27 21 30 104 96 +8

Source: uefa.com, Last updated on 16 August 2018.
Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against.

By seasonEdit

Non-UEFA competitions are listed in italics.

Last updated on 16 August 2018.
Note: List includes matches played in competitions not endorsed by UEFA.
Matches played at neutral ground in Ascoli and Pisa, Italy.

Player recordsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Stadion HNK Rijeka". Soccerway. Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  2. ^ Lazzarich, Marinko (2014). "Stoljetno iščitavanje povijesti pod stijenama riječkoga sportskog hrama". Problemi sjevernog Jadrana (in Croatian). Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts (13): 47–76. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d HNK Rijeka. "Povijest" (in Croatian). HNK Rijeka official website. Archived from the original on 15 February 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
  4. ^ "Split slavi, Zagreb izmišlja, Opatija ne zna, a Rijeka se srami" (in Croatian). RijekaDanas. 26 April 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
  5. ^ Puric, Bojan; Schöggl, Hans; Stokkermans, Karel (8 May 2014). "Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro – Cup Finals". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  6. ^ a b Vivoda, Vlado (16 July 2014). "HNK Rijeka: The Rise of the Phoenix". Hocuri.com. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  7. ^ "Rijeka win Croatian league to end Dinamo dominance". Eurosport. 21 May 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  8. ^ Stokkermans, Karel (26 September 2014). "Croatia – Cup Finals". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  9. ^ "Rijeka-Osijek 1:1" (in Croatian). HRnogomet.com. 26 May 1999. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  10. ^ Vidalina, Marko (1 June 2009). "Dokaz! Rijeci 1999. naslov prvaka definitivno ukraden" (in Croatian). 24 sata. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  11. ^ Bajruši, Robert (13 August 2002). "Dokumenti koji otkrivaju kako je Dinamo 1999. ukrao prvenstvo" (in Croatian). Nacional. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  12. ^ Bajruši, Robert (13 August 2002). "Dokumenti koji otkrivaju kako je Dinamo 1999. ukrao prvenstvo" (in Croatian). Nacional. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  13. ^ Stokkermans, Karel (9 January 2008). "Cup Winners' Cup 1979–80". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 9 January 2008.
  14. ^ "24.10.1984: Rijeka – Real Madrid 3:1" (in Croatian). Armada Rijeka. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
  15. ^ Volarić, Ivan. "Velika noć na Kantridi: Benko, Kvržić i Vargić za povijest" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 22 August 2013.
  16. ^ Volarić, Ivan; Rivetti, Orlando. "Stuttgart – Rijeka 2:2, bijeli u Europskoj ligi" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
  17. ^ Volarić, Ivan. "Hat trick za povijesnu pobjedu u Europskoj ligi: Kramarić – Feyenoord 3:1" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  18. ^ Volarić, Ivan. "Blago nama, Moises i Krama: Bijeli u pola sata pomeli Standard" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  19. ^ Volarić, Ivan. "Peh u sudačkoj nadoknadi: Sevilla u posljednjim sekundama iščupala bod na Kantridi" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  20. ^ Volarić, Ivan (7 December 2017). "POBJEDA ZA POVIJEST Rijeka skinula još jedan veliki skalp, na Rujevici pao veliki AC Milan (2:0)" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  21. ^ "Rijeka postala sportsko dioničko društvo: Volpi dao 54 milijuna kuna za 70 posto vlasništva" (in Croatian). Index.hr. 30 September 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  22. ^ "Ownership". nk-rijeka.hr. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  23. ^ "HNK Rijeka od petka u vlasništvu Teanna limited" (in Croatian). nk-rijeka.hr. 29 December 2017. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  24. ^ Rogulj, Daniela (29 December 2017). "Damir Mišković and Teanna Limited New Owner of NK Rijeka". Total Croatia News. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  25. ^ "Andrej Kramaric set to complete £9.7m move to Leicester from Rijeka". ESPN. 8 January 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  26. ^ Official Project Website
  27. ^ "1. momčad" (in Croatian). HNK Rijeka. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  28. ^ Lazzarich, Marinko (2008) (in Croatian). Kantrida bijelih snova. Rijeka: Adamić. ISBN 978-953-219-393-0, p. 467.
  29. ^ Cvijanović, Marko (29 August 2011). "Asevi s Kantride: Idealna momčad Rijeke". Novi List (in Croatian). Retrieved 2 March 2012.
  30. ^ Stokkermans, Karel; Ionescu, Romeo (29 July 2010). "Balkan Cup". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 29 July 2010.
  31. ^ a b "Rijeka profile". UEFA.com. Retrieved 23 August 2017.

External linksEdit

Unofficial

Supporters