Scotland women's national football team
The Scotland women's national football team represents Scotland in international women's football competitions. Since 1998, the team has been governed by the Scottish Football Association (SFA). Scotland qualified for the FIFA Women's World Cup for the first time in 2019, and qualified for their first UEFA Women's Championship in 2017. As of July 2019, the team was 22nd in the FIFA Women's World Rankings.
|Association||Scottish Football Association|
|Most caps||Gemma Fay (203)|
|Top scorer||Julie Fleeting (116)|
|Current||21 (18 December 2020)|
|Highest||19 (March 2014; September 2018)|
|Lowest||31 (March 2004)|
| Scotland 2–3 England |
(Greenock, Scotland; 18 November 1972)
| Scotland 17–0 Lithuania |
(Glasgow, Scotland; 30 May 1998)
| England 8–0 Scotland |
(Nuneaton, England; 23 June 1973)
|Appearances||1 (first in 2019)|
|Best result||Group stage (2019)|
|Appearances||1 (first in 2017)|
|Best result||Group stage (2017)|
Church documents recorded women playing football in Carstairs, Lanarkshire, in 1628. Scotland first played a women's international match in May 1881. Women's football struggled for recognition during this early period and was banned by the football authorities in 1921. Club sides who were interested in using their grounds for women's football were subsequently denied permission by the Scottish Football Association (SFA). The sport continued on an unofficial basis until the 1970s, when the ban was lifted. In 1971 UEFA instructed its members to take control of women's football within their territories. The motion was passed 31–1, but Scotland was the only member to vote against it. Football in Scotland has traditionally been seen as a working class and male preserve.
Scotland's first official match, a 3–2 defeat to England, took place in November 1972. The team was managed by Rab Stewart. The 1921 ban on women's football was lifted in 1974, and the SFA assumed direct responsibility for Scottish women's football in 1998. Scotland have participated in most international competitions since the ban was removed. The team's standing has improved significantly in recent years, reaching an all-time high of 19th place in the FIFA Women's World Rankings in March 2014. They reached their first major tournament finals when they qualified for UEFA Women's Euro 2017.
The team followed this up by qualifying for their first World Cup finals tournament in 2019. Following their qualification, the Scottish Government announced they would provide funding to allow all the players to train full-time in the lead up to the World Cup, a welcome announcement as several players do not play professionally. Their final home match (against Jamaica) before the 2019 World Cup saw a record attendance for the national team of 18,555. Claire Emslie scored Scotland's first World Cup goal, netting in a 2–1 defeat against England on 9 June. After losing their second game, 2–1 against Japan, Scotland needed to win their third game against Argentina to qualify for the last 16 as a third-placed team. They appeared to be heading for qualification when they took a 3–0 lead, but they conceded three late goals to draw 3–3 and exited at the group stage.
Three consecutive 1–0 defeats in qualification (two by Finland and one by Portugal) prevented Scotland from qualifying for UEFA Women's Euro 2022. Head coach Shelley Kerr, who had guided the team to their appearance at the 2019 World Cup, left her position following this failure.
The first official match played by the Scotland women's team was hosted by the Ravenscraig Stadium, an athletics facility in Greenock. The team now normally plays its home games at (men's) club stadiums. Venues used in recent years include Fir Park in Motherwell, Tynecastle Park and Easter Road in Edinburgh, and St Mirren Park in Paisley.
Hampden Park in Glasgow is the traditional home of the men's national team and is described by the Scottish Football Association as the National Stadium. A Scotland women's international was played at Hampden for the first time in October 2012, when it hosted the first leg of a European Championship qualifying playoff against Spain. Earlier in 2012, Hampden had hosted matches in the Olympic women's football tournament. In May 2019 the team attracted a record attendance for a women's football match in Scotland, when 18,555 were present at Hampden for a World Cup warm-up friendly with Jamaica.
Scotland women's internationals have been televised by BBC Alba and broadcast by BBC Radio Scotland. BBC Radio Scotland presenter Tam Cowan was temporarily taken off the air in 2013, after he criticised the use of Fir Park for women's internationals in his Daily Record column. In a November 2013 interview with The Independent newspaper, Laura Montgomery of Glasgow City FC suggested that media coverage of women's football in Scotland often reflected sexist and misogynist attitudes. This is due to a preponderance of "stupid male journalists", according to Montgomery.
|1991||Did not enter|
|1995||Did not qualify||Group – 4th[note 1]||6||0||0||6||3||22|
|1999||Unable to qualify[note 2]|
|2007||Did not qualify||Group – 3rd||8||2||2||4||4||20|
|2011||Group – 2nd||8||6||1||1||24||5|
|2019||Group – 4th||3||0||1||2||5||7||Group – 1st||8||7||0||1||19||7|
- *Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
|FIFA Women's World Cup history|
|2019||Group stage||9 June||England||L 1–2||Allianz Riviera, Nice|
|14 June||Japan||L 1–2||Roazhon Park, Rennes|
|19 June||Argentina||D 3–3||Parc des Princes, Paris|
At the Olympic Games the International Olympic Committee charter only permit a Great Britain team, representing the whole of the United Kingdom, to compete. As London hosted the 2012 Summer Olympics, a Great Britain team was entered and two Scotland players (Kim Little and Ifeoma Dieke) were selected for the squad.
The FA indicated in June 2013 that they would be prepared to run women's teams at future Olympic tournaments, subject to one of the home nations meeting the qualification criteria (i.e. being one of the top three European nations at the Women's World Cup). Following objections from the Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish football associations, and a commitment from FIFA that they would not allow entry of a British team unless all four Home Nations agreed, the FA said they would not seek entry into the 2016 tournament.
|1984||Did not qualify||Group – 2nd||6||3||1||2||9||8|
|1987||Group – 2nd||6||4||0||2||24||10|
|1989||Group – Withdrew|
|1991||Did not enter|
|1993||Did not qualify||Group – 3rd||4||0||1||3||1||5|
|1995||Group – 4th||6||0||0||6||3||22|
|1997||Unable to qualify[note 3]|
|2005||Did not qualify||Group – 3rd||8||4||0||4||19||16|
|2017||Group – 3rd||3||1||0||2||2||8||Group – 2nd||8||7||0||1||30||7|
|2022||Did not qualify||Group E||6||3||0||3||16||3|
|UEFA Women's Championship history|
|2017||Group stage||19 July||England||L 0–6||Stadion Galgenwaard, Utrecht|
|23 July||Portugal||L 1–2||Sparta Stadion, Rotterdam|
|27 July||Spain||W 1–0||De Adelaarshorst, Deventer|
- World Cup
- European Competition
|1976||Three Nations Championship||2nd||2||1||0||1||3||6|
|2006||Torneo Regione Molise||3rd||2||0||0||2||0||8|||
|2008||Cyprus Women's Cup||6th||4||1||0||3||5||5|||
|2009||Cyprus Women's Cup||7th||4||1||0||3||2||8|
|2010||Cyprus Women's Cup||7th||4||1||0||3||3||10|
|2011||Cyprus Women's Cup||4th||4||1||1||2||2||4|
|2012||Cyprus Women's Cup||9th||4||2||0||2||6||8|
|2013||Cyprus Women's Cup||5th||4||2||1||1||7||6|
|2014||Cyprus Women's Cup||4th||4||2||2||0||10||7|
|2015||Cyprus Women's Cup||7th||4||2||0||2||7||7|
|2017||Cyprus Women's Cup||5th||4||2||1||1||6||5|
- *Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
|No.||Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club|
|1||GK||Lee Alexander||23 September 1991||27||0||Glasgow City|
|12||GK||Shannon Lynn||22 October 1985||31||0||Vittsjö|
|21||GK||Jenna Fife||1 December 1995||5||0||Rangers|
|2||DF||Kirsty Smith||6 January 1994||43||0||Manchester United|
|3||DF||Hannah Godfrey||17 July 1997||4||1||Tottenham Hotspur|
|4||DF||Rachel Corsie (captain)||17 August 1989||120||17||Birmingham City|
|5||DF||Jennifer Beattie||13 May 1991||130||23||Arsenal|
|6||DF||Rachael Boyle||20 December 1991||36||0||Hibernian|
|7||DF||Nicola Docherty||23 August 1992||23||0||Rangers|
|15||DF||Sophie Howard||17 September 1993||19||1||Reading|
|DF||Rachel McLauchlan||7 July 1997||7||0||Glasgow City|
|DF||Emma Mitchell||19 September 1992||65||7||Reading|
|8||MF||Kim Little (vice-captain)||29 June 1990||139||59||Arsenal|
|9||MF||Caroline Weir||20 June 1995||75||11||Manchester City|
|10||MF||Leanne Crichton||6 August 1987||72||3||Glasgow City|
|11||MF||Lisa Evans||21 May 1992||85||17||Arsenal|
|14||MF||Chloe Arthur||21 January 1995||21||0||Aston Villa|
|16||MF||Christie Murray||3 May 1990||68||5||Birmingham City|
|20||MF||Lucy Graham||10 October 1996||7||0||Everton|
|MF||Samantha Kerr||17 April 1999||1||0||Glasgow City|
|13||FW||Jane Ross||18 September 1989||135||60||Manchester United|
|17||FW||Fiona Brown||31 March 1995||39||2||Rosengård|
|18||FW||Zoe Ness||24 March 1996||9||1||Rangers|
|19||FW||Martha Thomas||31 May 1996||6||2||West Ham United|
|22||FW||Erin Cuthbert||19 July 1998||40||13||Chelsea|
|23||FW||Lizzie Arnot||1 March 1996||34||2||Rangers|
|FW||Kirsty Hanson||17 April 1998||4||0||Manchester United|
Recent call upsEdit
The following players have been selected by Scotland within the past 12 months.
|Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club||Latest call-up|
|DF||Hayley Lauder||4 June 1990||103||9||Glasgow City||2020 Pinatar Cup|
|MF||Amy Muir||7 March 2000||1||0||Hibernian||v. Finland, October 2020|
|FW||Claire Emslie INJ||8 March 1994||30||7||Everton||v. Portugal, November 2020|
|FW||Abbi Grant||11 December 1995||7||2||Birmingham City||v. Finland, October 2020|
- INJ = Withdrew due to injury
The SFA operates a roll of honour for every female player who has made more than 100 appearances for Scotland. The Scottish Football Museum operates a hall of fame, based at Hampden Park, which is open to players and managers involved in Scottish football. Rose Reilly (2007) and Julie Fleeting (2018) are the only women to be inducted so far. Sportscotland operates the Scottish Sports Hall of Fame, which has inducted some footballers, also including Reilly.
- The European Championship acted as a qualification tournament for the World Cup.
- Scotland were in "Class B" of European qualification and were therefore unable to earn qualification for the World Cup finals.
- Scotland were in "Class B" of European qualification and were therefore unable to earn qualification for the European Championship finals.
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- England 8–0 Scotland, England Lionesses
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- "Scotland 'need more professionalism', says Lisa Evans as Euros hopes end". BBC Sport. BBC. 2 December 2020. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
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- Coppa del Mondo (Women) 1970 rsssf.com. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
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- Women's World Invitation Tournament – Overview (1978–1987) rsssf.com. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Coppa Europa per Nazioni (Women) 1969 rsssf.com. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Inofficial European Women Championship 1979 rsssf.com. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Unofficial European Championship 1979 rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 October 2013
- Varna Tournament 1992 rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- Albena Cup 1999 rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- Albena Cup 2000 rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- Celt Cup 2000 rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- Veenendaal Tournament 2000 rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- Algarve Cup 2002 rsssf.com. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
- Torneo Regione Molise 2006 rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- Cyprus Cup 2008 rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- 2013 Brazil Invitational Tournament scottishfa.co.uk. 22 December 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- Lamont, Alasdair (6 March 2019). "Scotland 1–0 Denmark: Jane Ross goal secures win in final Algarve Cup match". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
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- @ScotlandNT (16 November 2020). "Your Scotland squad to face Portugal and Finland for our @UEFAWomensEURO qualifiers. Portugal v Scotland Estadio do Restelo, Lisbon Friday, 27 November – 7pm Scotland v Finland Easter Road, Edinburgh Tuesday, 1 December – 7.30pm #SWNT" (Tweet). Retrieved 16 November 2020 – via Twitter.
- @ScotlandNT (25 November 2020). "#SWNT Squad Update: IN: Rachel McLauchlan. OUT: Claire Emslie" (Tweet). Retrieved 25 November 2020 – via Twitter.
- "Women's International Roll of Honour unveiled". Scottish Football Association. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
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- Campbell, Alan (26 December 2020). "Downbeat end to Shelley Kerr's Scotland reign triggers search for successor". The Times. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
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