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Antonín Panenka (born 2 December 1948) is a Czech former footballer who played as an attacking midfielder. He played most of his career for Czech club Bohemians Prague. Panenka won UEFA Euro 1976 with the Czechoslovakia. In the final against West Germany, he scored the winning penalty in the shootout with a softly-chipped ball up the middle of the goal as the goalkeeper dived away; this style of penalty is now called the Panenka penalty. In 1980, he won Czechoslovak Footballer of the Year and his team finished third at Euro 1980.
Panenka in 2009
|Full name||Antonín Panenka|
|Date of birth||2 December 1948|
|Place of birth||Prague, Czechoslovakia|
|Height||1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)|
|Playing position||Attacking midfielder|
|Bohemians Praha (Chairman)|
|1985–1987||VSE St. Pölten|
|1987–1989||SK Slovan Wien|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
An attacking midfielder known for the quality of his passing and his free kicks, Panenka played for Bohemians Praha for most of his career, joining the club in 1967. In 1981, Panenka left Bohemians for Austrian club Rapid Wien, where he won two Bundesliga titles and an Austrian Cup. In 1985 Rapid reached the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup final; Panenka played as a substitute, but his side lost 3–1 to Everton. Later that year, Panenka moved to VSE St. Pölten and played two more seasons before moving into the lower leagues in Austria, playing from 1987–89 for Slovan Vienna, from 1989–91 for ASV Hohenau and from 1991–93 for Kleinwiesendorf.
Panenka came to international prominence playing for Czechoslovakia at UEFA Euro 1976, where Czechoslovakia reached the final, facing West Germany. After extra time, the match finished 2–2, and so the first penalty shootout in a European Championships final ensued. The first seven kicks were converted until West Germany's fourth penalty taker, Uli Hoeneß, ballooned his shot over the bar. With the score 4–3, Panenka stepped up to take the fifth Czechoslovakian penalty, to win the match under immense pressure. He feigned shooting to the side of the goal, causing German goalkeeper Sepp Maier dive to his left, and then gently chipped the ball into the middle of the net. The sheer cheek of the goal led a watching French journalist to dub Panenka "a poet", and to this day his winning kick is one of the most famous ever, making Panenka's name synonymous with that particular style of penalty kick.
The Panenka penalty has since been successfully duplicated by Gonzalo Pineda in the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup, Zinedine Zidane in the 2006 World Cup, Sebastián Abreu in the 2010 World Cup, Younis Mahmoud  and Omar Abdulrahman in the 2015 Asian Cup, both Andrea Pirlo and Sergio Ramos at Euro 2012 and in Euro 2016 qualifying, Hélder Postiga at Euro 2004, Francesco Totti at Euro 2000, John Stones against Juventus at the 2013 International Champions Cup and Jozy Altidore in his first game for Toronto FC. Other examples include Lionel Messi in a 2015 La Liga match against Getafe, and Alexis Sánchez at the 2015 Copa América and Arsenal 2–1 win over Burnley at EPL, the second player to win a major tournament with the Panenka. On 1 December 2017, on the 69th birthday of Panenka, Eden Hazard of Chelsea scored a Panenka penalty against Newcastle United when he made Karl Darlow, the Newcastle goalkeeper, dive to his left and he gently kicked the ball for the goal. Zlatan Ibrahimović also scored a Panenka against the Portland Timbers.
On the 6th of August 2019, 20 year old F.C. Copenhagen striker Jonas Wind scored a Panenka penalty in the excact same stadium as the original Panenka forcing the goalkeeper to his right and chipping the ball in high in the middle of the goal. This sealed the match result to a 1-1 tie between Red Star Belgrade and F.C. Copenhagen in the first leg of the third qualifying round to the 2019-20 UEFA Champions League.
A few who have tried the kick unsuccessfully include Neymar, Mickaël Landreau, Antonio Calle, Rogério Ceni, Maicosuel, Marko Dević, Graham Zusi, Robin van Persie, Svetoslav Dyakov, Antonio Cassano, Alexandre Pato and Jason Cummings.
As well as winning Euro 1976, Panenka helped Czechoslovakia come third in Euro 1980 after once again scoring in a 9–8 penalty shootout win. In the finals of the 1982 World Cup, Panenka scored twice with penalties, though these were the only Czechoslovakian goals in the tournament, and the team did not progress beyond the first group stage.
Today, Panenka works as a president of Bohemians 1905.
- Rapid Wien
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- Tom Bryant. "Football - Knowledge: the footballers who have moves named after them". the Guardian.
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