The 400 metres, or 400-meter dash, is a sprint event in track and field competitions. It has been featured in the athletics programme at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1964 for women. On a standard outdoor running track, it is one lap around the track. Runners start in staggered positions and race in separate lanes for the entire course. In many countries, athletes previously competed in the 440-yard dash (402.336 m)—which is a quarter of a mile and was referred to as the 'quarter-mile'—instead of the 400 m (437.445 yards), though this distance is now obsolete.

Athletics
400 metres
400m CIF San Diego Championship 2007.jpg
The closing stages of a men's 400 m race.
World records
MenSouth Africa Wayde van Niekerk 43.03 (2016)
WomenEast Germany Marita Koch 47.60 (1985)
Olympic records
MenSouth Africa Wayde van Niekerk 43.03 (2016)
WomenFrance Marie-José Pérec 48.25 (1996)
World Championship records
MenUnited States Michael Johnson 43.18 (1999)
WomenCzechoslovakia Jarmila Kratochvílová 47.99 (1983)

Like other sprint disciplines, the 400 m involves the use of starting blocks. The runners take up position in the blocks on the 'ready' command, adopt a more efficient starting posture which isometrically preloads their muscles on the 'set' command, and stride forwards from the blocks upon hearing the starter's pistol. The blocks allow the runners to begin more powerfully and thereby contribute to their overall sprint speed capability. Maximum sprint speed capability is a significant contributing factor to success in the event, but athletes also require substantial speed endurance and the ability to cope well with high amounts of lactic acid to sustain a fast speed over a whole lap. While considered to be predominantly an anaerobic event, there is some aerobic involvement and the degree of aerobic training required for 400-metre athletes is open to debate.[1]

The current men's world record is held by Wayde van Niekerk of South Africa, with a time of 43.03 seconds. Van Niekerk is also the Olympic record holder. Steven Gardiner is the reigning Olympic Champion. Michael Norman is the current world champion and the world indoor record holder with a time of 44.52 seconds. The current women's world record is held by Marita Koch, with a time of 47.60 seconds. Shaunae Miller-Uibo is the reigning women's Olympic champion and world champion. Jarmila Kratochvílová holds the world indoor record at 49.59 dating back to 1982. The men's T43 Paralympic world record of 45.07 seconds is held by Oscar Pistorius.[2]

An Olympic double of 200 metres and 400 m was first achieved by Valerie Brisco-Hooks in 1984, and later by Marie-José Pérec of France and Michael Johnson from the United States on the same evening in 1996. Alberto Juantorena of Cuba at the 1976 Summer Olympics became the first and so far the only athlete to win both the 400 m and 800 m Olympic titles. Pérec became the first to defend the Olympic title in 1996, Johnson became the first and only man to do so in 2000. From 31 appearances in the Olympic Games, the men's gold medalist came from the US 19 times.

Continental recordsEdit

  • Updated 22 December 2020.[3][4]
Area Men Women
Time (s) Athlete Nation Time (s) Athlete Nation
Africa (records) 43.03 WR Wayde van Niekerk   South Africa 49.10 Falilat Ogunkoya   Nigeria
Asia (records) 43.93 Yousef Masrahi   Saudi Arabia 48.14 Salwa Eid Naser   Bahrain
Europe (records) 44.33 Thomas Schönlebe   East Germany 47.60 WR Marita Koch   East Germany
North, Central America
and Caribbean
(records)
43.18 Michael Johnson   United States 48.36 Shaunae Miller-Uibo   Bahamas
Oceania (records) 44.38 Darren Clark   Australia 48.63 Cathy Freeman   Australia
South America (records) 43.93 Anthony Zambrano   Colombia 49.64 Ximena Restrepo   Colombia

All-time top 25Edit

Men (outdoor)Edit

  • Correct as of June 2022.[5][6]
Ath.# Perf.# Time (s) Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 1 43.03 Wayde van Niekerk   South Africa 14 AUG 2016 Rio de Janeiro [7]
2 2 43.18 Michael Johnson   United States 26 AUG 1999 Seville
3 3 43.29 Butch Reynolds   United States 17 AUG 1988 Zürich
4 43.39 Johnson #2 09 AUG 1995 Gothenburg
5 43.44 Johnson #3 19 JUN 1996 Atlanta
4 6 43.45 Jeremy Wariner   United States 31 AUG 2007 Osaka
Michael Norman   United States 20 APR 2019 Torrance [8]
8 43.48 van Niekerk #2 26 AUG 2015 Beijing
6 8 43.48 Steven Gardiner   Bahamas 04 OCT 2019 Doha [9]
10 43.49 Johnson #4 29 JUL 1996 Atlanta
7 11 43.50 Quincy Watts   United States 05 AUG 1992 Barcelona
11 43.50 Wariner #2 07 AUG 2007 Stockholm
13 43.56 Norman #2 25 JUN 2022 Eugene [10]
14 43.60 Norman #3 28 MAY 2022 Eugene [11]
15 43.61 Norman #4 08 JUN 2018 Eugene
16 43.62 Wariner #3 14 JUL 2006 Rome
van Niekerk #3 06 JUL 2017 Lausanne
8 18 43.64 Fred Kerley   United States 27 JUL 2019 Des Moines [12]
19 43.65 Johnson #5 17 AUG 1993 Stuttgart
9 19 43.65 LaShawn Merritt   United States 26 AUG 2015 Beijing [13]
21 43.66 Johnson #6 16 JUN 1995 Sacramento
Johnson #7 03 JUL 1996 Lausanne
23 43.68 Johnson #8 12 AUG 1998 Zürich
Johnson #9 16 JUL 2000 Sacramento
25 43.70 Kerley #2 26 MAY 2017 Austin
10 25 43.70 Champion Allison   United States 25 JUN 2022 Eugene [14]
11 43.72 Isaac Makwala   Botswana 05 JUL 2015 La Chaux-de-Fonds [15]
12 43.74 Kirani James   Grenada 03 JUL 2014 Lausanne [16]
13 43.81 Danny Everett   United States 26 JUN 1992 New Orleans
14 43.85 Randolph Ross   United States 11 JUN 2021 Eugene [17]
15 43.86 A Lee Evans   United States 18 OCT 1968 Mexico City
16 43.87 Steve Lewis   United States 28 SEP 1988 Seoul
17 43.93 Yousef Masrahi   Saudi Arabia 23 AUG 2015 Beijing [18]
Rusheen McDonald   Jamaica 23 AUG 2015 Beijing [18]
Anthony Zambrano   Colombia 02 AUG 2021 Tokyo [19]
20 43.94 Akeem Bloomfield   Jamaica 08 JUN 2018 Eugene [20]
21 43.97 A Larry James   United States 18 OCT 1968 Mexico City
22 44.01 Machel Cedenio   Trinidad and Tobago 14 AUG 2016 Rio de Janeiro [7]
23 44.02 Baboloki Thebe   Botswana 06 JUL 2017 Lausanne [21]
24 44.03 Michael Cherry   United States 03 SEP 2021 Brussels [22]
25 44.05 Angelo Taylor   United States 23 JUN 2007 Indianapolis

Women (outdoor)Edit

Ath.# Perf.# Time (s) Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 1 47.60 Marita Koch   East Germany 06 OCT 1985 Canberra
2 2 47.99 Jarmila Kratochvílová   Czechoslovakia 10 AUG 1983 Helsinki
3 3 48.14 Salwa Eid Naser   Bahrain 03 OCT 2019 Doha [25]
4 48.16 Koch #2 08 SEP 1982 Athens
Koch #3 16 AUG 1984 Prague
6 48.22 Koch #4 28 AUG 1986 Stuttgart
4 7 48.25 Marie-José Pérec   France 29 JUL 1996 Atlanta
8 48.26 Koch #5 27 JUL 1984 Dresden
5 9 48.27 Olga Bryzgina   Soviet Union 06 OCT 1985 Canberra
6 10 48.36 Shaunae Miller-Uibo   Bahamas 06 AUG 2021 Tokyo
11 48.37 Miller-Uibo #2 03 OCT 2019 Doha
12 48.45 Kratochvílová #2 23 JUL 1983 Prague
7 13 48.59 Taťána Kocembová   Czechoslovakia 10 AUG 1983 Helsinki
14 48.60 Koch #6 04 AUG 1979 Turin
Bryzgina #2 17 AUG 1985 Moscow
16 48.61 Kratochvílová #3 06 SEP 1981 Rome
8 17 48.63 Cathy Freeman   Australia 29 JUL 1996 Atlanta
18 48.65 Bryzgina #3 26 SEP 1988 Seoul
9 19 48.70 Sanya Richards-Ross   United States 16 SEP 2006 Athens
20 48.73 Kocembová #2 16 AUG 1984 Prague
21 48.77 Koch #7 09 JUL 1982 Karl-Marx-Stadt
22 48.82 Kratochvílová #4 23 JUN 1983 Prague
10 23 48.83 Valerie Brisco-Hooks   United States 06 AUG 1984 Los Angeles
23 48.83 Pérec #2 05 AUG 1992 Barcelona
Richards-Ross #2 04 SEP 2009 Brussels
11 48.89 Ana Guevara   Mexico 27 AUG 2003 Saint-Denis
12 49.05 Chandra Cheeseborough   United States 06 AUG 1984 Los Angeles
13 49.07 Tonique Williams-Darling   Bahamas 12 SEP 2004 Berlin
14 49.10 Falilat Ogunkoya   Nigeria 29 JUL 1996 Atlanta
15 49.11 Olga Nazarova   Soviet Union 25 SEP 1988 Seoul
16 49.16 Antonina Krivoshapka   Russia 05 JUL 2012 Cheboksary
17 49.19 Mariya Pinigina   Soviet Union 10 AUG 1983 Helsinki
18 49.20 Marileidy Paulino   Dominican Republic 06 AUG 2021 Tokyo
19 49.22 Christine Mboma   Namibia 17 APR 2021 Windhoek
20 49.24 Sabine Busch   East Germany 02 JUN 1984 Erfurt
21 49.26 Allyson Felix   United States 27 AUG 2015 Beijing [26]
22 49.28 Pauline Davis   Bahamas 29 JUL 1996 Atlanta
23 49.29 Irena Szewińska   Poland 29 JUL 1976 Montreal
Charity Opara   Nigeria 14 JUL 1998 Rome
25 49.30 Petra Schersing   East Germany 03 JUN 1988 Jena
Lorraine Fenton   Jamaica 19 JUL 2002 Monaco

Annulled marksEdit

Men (indoor)Edit

  • Correct as of March 2022.[28]
Rank Time Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 44.52 Michael Norman   United States 10 March 2018 College Station
2 44.57 Kerron Clement   United States 12 March 2005 Fayetteville
3 44.62 Randolph Ross   United States 12 March 2022 Birmingham [29]
4 44.63 Michael Johnson   United States 4 March 1995 Atlanta
5 44.71 Noah Williams   United States 13 March 2021 Fayetteville [30]
6 44.80 Kirani James   Grenada 27 February 2011 Fayetteville
7 44.82 Tyrell Richard   United States 9 March 2019 Birmingham [31]
8 44.85 Fred Kerley   United States 11 March 2017 College Station
9 44.86 Akeem Bloomfield   Jamaica 10 March 2018 College Station
10 44.88 Bralon Taplin   Grenada 3 February 2018 College Station
11 44.93 LaShawn Merritt   United States 11 February 2005 Fayetteville
12 45.00 Jereem Richards   Trinidad and Tobago 19 March 2022 Belgrade [32]
13 45.02 Danny Everett   United States 2 February 1992 Stuttgart
14 45.03 Torrin Lawrence   United States 12 February 2010 Fayetteville
Deon Lendore   Trinidad and Tobago 1 March 2014 College Station
Kahmari Montgomery   United States 9 March 2019 Birmingham [31]
17 45.04 Champion Allison   United States 26 February 2022 College Station [33]
18 45.05 Thomas Schönlebe   East Germany 5 February 1988 Sindelfingen
Alvin Harrison   United States 28 February 1998 Atlanta
Karsten Warholm   Norway 2 March 2019 Glasgow [34]
Trevor Bassitt   United States 19 March 2022 Belgrade [35]
22 45.11 Nery Brenes   Costa Rica 10 March 2012 Istanbul
23 45.14 Jacory Patterson   United States 13 March 2021 Fayetteville [30]
24 45.16 Mylik Kerley   United States 10 March 2018 College Station
Wilbert London   United States 9 March 2019 Birmingham

NotesEdit

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 45.16:

Women (indoor)Edit

  • Correct as of February 2021.[36]
Rank Time Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 49.59 Jarmila Kratochvílová   Czechoslovakia 7 March 1982 Milan
2 49.68 Natalya Nazarova   Russia 18 February 2004 Moscow
3 49.76 Taťána Kocembová   Czechoslovakia 2 February 1984 Vienna
4 50.01 Sabine Busch   East Germany 2 February 1984 Vienna
5 50.02 Nicola Sanders   Great Britain 3 March 2007 Birmingham
6 50.04 Olesya Krasnomovets   Russia 18 February 2006 Moscow
12 March 2006 Moscow
7 50.15 Olga Zaytseva   Russia 25 January 2006 Moscow
8 50.21 Vania Stambolova   Bulgaria 12 March 2006 Moscow
Shaunae Miller-Uibo   Bahamas 13 February 2021 Staten Island [37]
10 50.23 Irina Privalova   Russia 12 March 1995 Barcelona
11 50.28 Petra Müller   East Germany 6 March 1988 Budapest
12 50.30 Femke Bol   Netherlands 27 February 2022 Apeldoorn [38]
13 50.34 Christine Amertil   Bahamas 12 March 2006 Moscow
Kendall Ellis   United States 10 March 2018 College Station
15 50.36 Sydney McLaughlin   United States 10 March 2018 College Station
16 50.37 Natalya Antyukh   Russia 18 February 2006 Moscow
17 50.40 Dagmar Neubauer   East Germany 2 February 1984 Vienna
18 50.41 Svetlana Pospelova   Russia 5 March 2005 Madrid
19 50.42 Olga Kotlyarova   Russia 27 January 2001 Moscow
20 50.45 Grit Breuer   Germany 1 March 1998 Valencia
21 50.46 A Phyllis Francis   United States 15 March 2014 Albuquerque
22 50.52 Athing Mu   United States 6 February 2021 College Station [39]
23 50.53 Katharine Merry   Great Britain 18 February 2001 Birmingham
24 50.54 Francena McCorory   United States 12 March 2010 Fayetteville
25 50.55 Svetlana Usovich   Belarus 5 March 2005 Madrid
Antonina Krivoshapka   Russia 14 February 2009 Moscow
Courtney Okolo   United States 3 March 2018 Birmingham

NotesEdit

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 50.00:

Fastest relay splitsEdit

Most successful athletesEdit

3 or more 400-metre victories at the Olympic Games and World Championships:

  • 6 wins: Michael Johnson (USA) - Olympic Champion in 1996 and 2000, World Champion in 1993, 1995, 1997 and 1999.
  • 4 wins: Marie-Jose Perec (FRA) - Olympic Champion in 1992 and 1996, World Champion in 1991 and 1995.
  • 3 wins: Cathy Freeman (AUS) - Olympic Champion in 2000, World Champion in 1997 and 1999.
  • 3 wins: Jeremy Wariner (USA) - Olympic Champion in 2004, World Champion in 2005 and 2007.
  • 3 wins: Christine Ohuruogu (GBR) - Olympic Champion in 2008, World Champion in 2007 and 2013.
  • 3 wins: LaShawn Merritt (USA) - Olympic Champion in 2008, World Champion in 2009 and 2013.
  • 3 wins: Wayde van Niekerk (RSA) - Olympic Champion in 2016, World Champion in 2015 and 2017.
  • 3 wins: Shaunae Miller-Uibo (BAH) - Olympic Champion in 2016 and 2020, World Champion in 2022.

The Olympic champion has frequently won a second gold medal in the 4 × 400 metres relay. This has been accomplished 14 times by men; Charles Reidpath, Ray Barbuti, Bill Carr, George Rhoden, Charles Jenkins, Otis Davis, Mike Larrabee, Lee Evans, Viktor Markin, Alonzo Babers, Steve Lewis, Quincy Watts, Jeremy Wariner and LaShawn Merritt; and 4 times by women; Monika Zehrt, Valerie Brisco-Hooks, Olga Bryzgina and Sanya Richards-Ross. All but Rhoden, Markin, Zehrt and Bryzgina ran on American relay teams. Injured after his double in 1996, Johnson also accomplished the feat in 2000 only to have it disqualified when his teammate Antonio Pettigrew admitted to doping.

Olympic medalistsEdit

MenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
Thomas Burke
  United States
Herbert Jamison
  United States
Charles Gmelin
  Great Britain
1900 Paris
details
Maxie Long
  United States
William Holland
  United States
Ernst Schultz
  Denmark
1904 St. Louis
details
Harry Hillman
  United States
Frank Waller
  United States
Herman Groman
  United States
1908 London
details
Wyndham Halswelle
  Great Britain
None awarded None awarded
1912 Stockholm
details
Charles Reidpath
  United States
Hanns Braun
  Germany
Edward Lindberg
  United States
1920 Antwerp
details
Bevil Rudd
  South Africa
Guy Butler
  Great Britain
Nils Engdahl
  Sweden
1924 Paris
details
Eric Liddell
  Great Britain
Horatio Fitch
  United States
Guy Butler
  Great Britain
1928 Amsterdam
details
Ray Barbuti
  United States
James Ball
  Canada
Joachim Büchner
  Germany
1932 Los Angeles
details
Bill Carr
  United States
Ben Eastman
  United States
Alex Wilson
  Canada
1936 Berlin
details
Archie Williams
  United States
Godfrey Brown
  Great Britain
James LuValle
  United States
1948 London
details
Arthur Wint
  Jamaica
Herb McKenley
  Jamaica
Mal Whitfield
  United States
1952 Helsinki
details
George Rhoden
  Jamaica
Herb McKenley
  Jamaica
Ollie Matson
  United States
1956 Melbourne
details
Charles Jenkins
  United States
Karl-Friedrich Haas
  United Team of Germany
Voitto Hellstén
  Finland
Ardalion Ignatyev
  Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Otis Davis
  United States
Carl Kaufmann
  United Team of Germany
Malcolm Spence
  South Africa
1964 Tokyo
details
Mike Larrabee
  United States
Wendell Mottley
  Trinidad and Tobago
Andrzej Badeński
  Poland
1968 Mexico City
details
Lee Evans
  United States
Larry James
  United States
Ron Freeman
  United States
1972 Munich
details
Vincent Matthews
  United States
Wayne Collett
  United States
Julius Sang
  Kenya
1976 Montreal
details
Alberto Juantorena
  Cuba
Fred Newhouse
  United States
Herman Frazier
  United States
1980 Moscow
details
Viktor Markin
  Soviet Union
Rick Mitchell
  Australia
Frank Schaffer
  East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Alonzo Babers
  United States
Gabriel Tiacoh
  Ivory Coast
Antonio McKay
  United States
1988 Seoul
details
Steve Lewis
  United States
Butch Reynolds
  United States
Danny Everett
  United States
1992 Barcelona
details
Quincy Watts
  United States
Steve Lewis
  United States
Samson Kitur
  Kenya
1996 Atlanta
details
Michael Johnson
  United States
Roger Black
  Great Britain
Davis Kamoga
  Uganda
2000 Sydney
details
Michael Johnson
  United States
Alvin Harrison
  United States
Greg Haughton
  Jamaica
2004 Athens
details
Jeremy Wariner
  United States
Otis Harris
  United States
Derrick Brew
  United States
2008 Beijing
details
LaShawn Merritt
  United States
Jeremy Wariner
  United States
David Neville
  United States
2012 London
details
Kirani James
  Grenada
Luguelín Santos
  Dominican Republic
Lalonde Gordon
  Trinidad and Tobago
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Wayde van Niekerk
  South Africa
Kirani James
  Grenada
LaShawn Merritt
  United States
2020 Tokyo
details
Steven Gardiner
  Bahamas
Anthony Zambrano
  Colombia
Kirani James
  Grenada

WomenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1964 Tokyo
details
Betty Cuthbert
  Australia
Ann Packer
  Great Britain
Judy Amoore
  Australia
1968 Mexico City
details
Colette Besson
  France
Lillian Board
  Great Britain
Natalya Pechonkina
  Soviet Union
1972 Munich
details
Monika Zehrt
  East Germany
Rita Wilden
  West Germany
Kathy Hammond
  United States
1976 Montreal
details
Irena Szewińska
  Poland
Christina Brehmer
  East Germany
Ellen Streidt
  East Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Marita Koch
  East Germany
Jarmila Kratochvílová
  Czechoslovakia
Christina Lathan
  East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Valerie Brisco-Hooks
  United States
Chandra Cheeseborough
  United States
Kathy Smallwood-Cook
  Great Britain
1988 Seoul
details
Olga Bryzgina
  Soviet Union
Petra Müller
  East Germany
Olga Nazarova
  Soviet Union
1992 Barcelona
details
Marie-José Pérec
  France
Olga Bryzgina
  Unified Team
Ximena Restrepo
  Colombia
1996 Atlanta
details
Marie-José Pérec
  France
Cathy Freeman
  Australia
Falilat Ogunkoya
  Nigeria
2000 Sydney
details
Cathy Freeman
  Australia
Lorraine Graham
  Jamaica
Katharine Merry
  Great Britain
2004 Athens
details
Tonique Williams-Darling
  Bahamas
Ana Guevara
  Mexico
Natalya Antyukh
  Russia
2008 Beijing
details
Christine Ohuruogu
  Great Britain
Shericka Williams
  Jamaica
Sanya Richards
  United States
2012 London
details
Sanya Richards-Ross
  United States
Christine Ohuruogu
  Great Britain
DeeDee Trotter
  United States
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Shaunae Miller
  Bahamas
Allyson Felix
  United States
Shericka Jackson
  Jamaica
2020 Tokyo
details
Shaunae Miller-Uibo
  Bahamas
Marileidy Paulino
  Dominican Republic
Allyson Felix
  United States

World Championships medalistsEdit

MenEdit

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
  Bert Cameron (JAM)   Michael Franks (USA)   Sunder Nix (USA)
1987 Rome
details
  Thomas Schönlebe (GDR)   Innocent Egbunike (NGA)   Harry Reynolds (USA)
1991 Tokyo
details
  Antonio Pettigrew (USA)   Roger Black (GBR)   Danny Everett (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
details
  Michael Johnson (USA)   Butch Reynolds (USA)   Samson Kitur (KEN)
1995 Gothenburg
details
  Michael Johnson (USA)   Butch Reynolds (USA)   Greg Haughton (JAM)
1997 Athens
details
  Michael Johnson (USA)   Davis Kamoga (UGA)   Tyree Washington (USA)
1999 Seville
details
  Michael Johnson (USA)   Sanderlei Parrela (BRA)   Alejandro Cárdenas (MEX)
2001 Edmonton
details
  Avard Moncur (BAH)   Ingo Schultz (GER)   Greg Haughton (JAM)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
  Tyree Washington (USA)   Marc Raquil (FRA)   Michael Blackwood (JAM)
2005 Helsinki
details
  Jeremy Wariner (USA)   Andrew Rock (USA)   Tyler Christopher (CAN)
2007 Osaka
details
  Jeremy Wariner (USA)   LaShawn Merritt (USA)   Angelo Taylor (USA)
2009 Berlin
details
  LaShawn Merritt (USA)   Jeremy Wariner (USA)   Renny Quow (TRI)
2011 Daegu
details
  Kirani James (GRN)   LaShawn Merritt (USA)   Kevin Borlée (BEL)
2013 Moscow
details
  LaShawn Merritt (USA)   Tony McQuay (USA)   Luguelín Santos (DOM)
2015 Beijing
details
  Wayde van Niekerk (RSA)   LaShawn Merritt (USA)   Kirani James (GRN)
2017 London
details
  Wayde van Niekerk (RSA)   Steven Gardiner (BAH)   Abdalelah Haroun (QAT)
2019 Doha
details
  Steven Gardiner (BAH)   Anthony Zambrano (COL)   Fred Kerley (USA)
2022 Eugene
details
  Michael Norman (USA)   Kirani James (GRN)   Matthew Hudson-Smith (GBR)

WomenEdit

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
  Jarmila Kratochvílová (TCH)   Taťána Kocembová (TCH)   Mariya Pinigina (URS)
1987 Rome
details
  Olga Bryzgina (URS)   Petra Muller (GDR)   Kirsten Emmelmann (GDR)
1991 Tokyo
details
  Marie-José Pérec (FRA)   Grit Breuer (GER)   Sandra Myers (ESP)
1993 Stuttgart
details
  Jearl Miles (USA)   Natasha Kaiser-Brown (USA)   Sandie Richards (JAM)
1995 Gothenburg
details
  Marie-José Pérec (FRA)   Pauline Davis (BAH)   Jearl Miles (USA)
1997 Athens
details
  Cathy Freeman (AUS)   Sandie Richards (JAM)   Jearl Miles Clark (USA)
1999 Seville
details
  Cathy Freeman (AUS)   Anja Rücker (GER)   Lorraine Graham-Fenton (JAM)
2001 Edmonton
details
  Amy Mbacké Thiam (SEN)   Lorraine Fenton (JAM)   Ana Guevara (MEX)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
  Ana Guevara (MEX)   Lorraine Fenton (JAM)   Amy Mbacké Thiam (SEN)
2005 Helsinki
details
  Tonique Williams-Darling (BAH)   Sanya Richards (USA)   Ana Guevara (MEX)
2007 Osaka
details
  Christine Ohuruogu (GBR)   Nicola Sanders (GBR)   Novlene Williams (JAM)
2009 Berlin
details
  Sanya Richards (USA)   Shericka Williams (JAM)   Antonina Krivoshapka (RUS)
2011 Daegu
details
  Amantle Montsho (BOT)   Allyson Felix (USA)   Anastasiya Kapachinskaya (RUS)
2013 Moscow
details
  Christine Ohuruogu (GBR)   Amantle Montsho (BOT)   Antonina Krivoshapka (RUS)
2015 Beijing
details
  Allyson Felix (USA)   Shaunae Miller (BAH)   Shericka Jackson (JAM)
2017 London
details
  Phyllis Francis (USA)   Salwa Eid Naser (BHR)   Allyson Felix (USA)
2019 Doha
details
  Salwa Eid Naser (BHR)   Shaunae Miller-Uibo (BAH)   Shericka Jackson (JAM)
2022 Eugene
details
  Shaunae Miller-Uibo (BAH)   Marileidy Paulino (DOM)   Sada Williams (BAR)

World Indoor Championships medalistsEdit

MenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]   Thomas Schönlebe (GDR)   Todd Bennett (GBR)   Mark Rowe (USA)
1987 Indianapolis
details
  Antonio McKay (USA)   Roberto Hernández (CUB)   Michael Franks (USA)
1989 Budapest
details
  Antonio McKay (USA)   Ian Morris (TTO)   Cayetano Cornet (ESP)
1991 Seville
details
  Devon Morris (JAM)   Samson Kitur (KEN)   Cayetano Cornet (ESP)
1993 Toronto
details
  Butch Reynolds (USA)   Sunday Bada (NGR)   Darren Clark (AUS)
1995 Barcelona
details
  Darnell Hall (USA)   Sunday Bada (NGR)   Mikhail Vdovin (RUS)
1997 Paris
details
  Sunday Bada (NGR)   Jamie Baulch (GBR)   Shunji Karube (JPN)
1999 Maebashi
details
  Jamie Baulch (GBR)   Milton Campbell (USA)   Alejandro Cárdenas (MEX)
2001 Lisbon
details
  Daniel Caines (GBR)   Milton Campbell (USA)   Danny McFarlane (JAM)
2003 Birmingham
details
  Tyree Washington (USA)   Daniel Caines (GBR)   Paul McKee (IRL)
  Jamie Baulch (GBR)
2004 Budapest
details
  Alleyne Francique (GRN)   Davian Clarke (JAM)   Gary Kikaya (COD)
2006 Moscow
details
  Alleyne Francique (GRN)   California Molefe (BOT)   Chris Brown (BAH)
2008 Valencia
details
  Tyler Christopher (CAN)   Johan Wissman (SWE)   Chris Brown (BAH)
2010 Doha
details
  Chris Brown (BAH)   William Collazo (CUB)   Jamaal Torrance (USA)
2012 Istanbul
details
  Nery Brenes (CRC)   Demetrius Pinder (BAH)   Chris Brown (BAH)
2014 Sopot
details
  Pavel Maslák (CZE)   Chris Brown (BAH)   Kyle Clemons (USA)
2016 Portland
details
  Pavel Maslák (CZE)   Abdalelah Haroun (QAT)   Deon Lendore (TTO)
2018 Birmingham
details
  Pavel Maslák (CZE)   Michael Cherry (USA)   Deon Lendore (TTO)
2022 Belgrade
details
  Jereem Richards (TTO)   Trevor Bassitt (USA)   Carl Bengtström (SWE)

WomenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]   Diane Dixon (USA)   Regine Berg (BEL)   Charmaine Crooks (CAN)
1987 Indianapolis
details
  Sabine Busch (GDR)   Lillie Leatherwood (USA)   Judit Forgács (HUN)
1989 Budapest
details
  Helga Arendt (FRG)   Diane Dixon (USA)   Jillian Richardson (TTO)
1991 Seville
details
  Diane Dixon (USA)   Sandra Myers (ESP)   Anita Protti (SUI)
1993 Toronto
details
  Sandie Richards (JAM)   Tatyana Alekseyeva (RUS)   Jearl Miles Clark (USA)
1995 Barcelona
details
  Irina Privalova (RUS)   Sandie Richards (JAM)   Daniela Georgieva (BUL)
1997 Paris
details
  Jearl Miles Clark (USA)   Sandie Richards (JAM)   Helena Fuchsová (CZE)
1999 Maebashi
details
  Grit Breuer (GER)   Falilat Ogunkoya (NGR)   Jearl Miles Clark (USA)
2001 Lisbon
details
  Sandie Richards (JAM)   Olga Kotlyarova (RUS)   Olesya Zykina (RUS)
2003 Birmingham
details
  Natalya Nazarova (RUS)   Christine Amertil (BAH)   Grit Breuer (GER)
2004 Budapest
details
  Natalya Nazarova (RUS)   Olesya Forsheva (RUS)   Tonique Williams-Darling (BAH)
2006 Moscow
details
  Olesya Forsheva (RUS)   Vania Stambolova (BUL)   Christine Amertil (BAH)
2008 Valencia
details
  Olesya Zykina (RUS)   Natalya Nazarova (RUS)   Shareese Woods (USA)
2010 Doha
details
  Debbie Dunn (USA)   Tatyana Firova (RUS)   Vania Stambolova (BUL)
2012 Istanbul
details
  Sanya Richards-Ross (USA)   Aleksandra Fedoriva (RUS)   Natasha Hastings (USA)
2014 Sopot
details
  Francena McCorory (USA)   Kaliese Spencer (JAM)   Shaunae Miller (BAH)
2016 Portland
details
  Kemi Adekoya (BHR)   Ashley Spencer (USA)   Quanera Hayes (USA)
2018 Birmingham
details
  Courtney Okolo (USA)   Shakima Wimbley (USA)   Eilidh Doyle (GBR)
2022 Belgrade
details
  Shaunae Miller-Uibo (BAH)   Femke Bol (NED)   Stephenie Ann McPherson (JAM)
  • A Known as the World Indoor Games

Season's bestsEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences, "Aerobic versus anaerobic training for success in various athletic events" by Shepard, R. J., 1978
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 August 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Men's outdoor 400 Metres". iaaf.org. IAAF. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  4. ^ "Women's outdoor 400 Metres". iaaf.org. IAAF. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Senior Outdoor 400 Metres Men". World Athletics. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  6. ^ "All-time men's best 400m". alltime-athletics.com. 8 January 2017. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Men's 400m Results" (PDF). Rio 2016 official website. 14 August 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  8. ^ "61st ANNUAL MT. SAC RELAYS". rtspt.com. RecordTiming. 20 April 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  9. ^ "400m Results" (PDF). IAAF. 4 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  10. ^ Karen Rosen (26 June 2022). "McLaughlin breaks world 400m hurdles record with 51.41 at US Championships". World Athletics. Retrieved 28 June 2022.
  11. ^ Cathal Dennehy (29 May 2022). "Norman reigns in fierce 400m clash with record run in Eugene". World Athletics. Retrieved 15 June 2022.
  12. ^ Roy Jordan (28 July 2019). "Kendricks tops 6.06m in Des Moines". IAAF. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  13. ^ "400m Results". IAAF. 26 August 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  14. ^ Karen Rosen (26 June 2022). "McLaughlin breaks world 400m hurdles record with 51.41 at US Championships". World Athletics. Retrieved 28 June 2022.
  15. ^ "400m Results" (PDF). www.sep-olympic.ch. 5 July 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 July 2014. Retrieved 3 July 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ Jess Whittington (12 June 2021). "Burrell breaks world U20 400m hurdles record in Eugene". World Athletics. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  18. ^ a b "400m Men - Heats Results". IAAF. 23 August 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  19. ^ "Men's 400m Semifinal Results Summary" (PDF). olympics.com. 2 August 2021. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 October 2021. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  20. ^ Roy Jordan (9 June 2018). "Benjamin and Norman break collegiate records at NCAA Championships". IAAF. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  21. ^ "400m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 6 July 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  22. ^ "Men's 400m Results".
  23. ^ "Toplists - All time Top lists - Senior Outdoor 400 Metres Women". World Athletics. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  24. ^ "All-time women's best 400m". alltime-athletics.com. 26 November 2016. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  25. ^ "400m Results" (PDF). IAAF. 3 October 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  26. ^ "400m Results". IAAF. 27 August 2015. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  27. ^ Pavitt, Michael (26 November 2019). "CAS confirm bans against two Russian athletes over London 2012 retests". Inside the Games. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  28. ^ "Toplists - All time Top lists - Senior Indoor 400 Metres Men". World Athletics. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  29. ^ "400m Result" (PDF). Flash Results. 12 March 2022. Retrieved 14 March 2022.
  30. ^ a b "Results: Men 400 M (Finals)". Flash Results. 13 March 2021. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  31. ^ a b "400m Results". flashresults.com. 9 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  32. ^ "400m Results" (PDF). World Athletics. 19 March 2022. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  33. ^ "400m Result" (PDF). flashresults.com. 26 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  34. ^ "400m Final Results" (PDF). EAA. 2 March 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  35. ^ "400m Results" (PDF). World Athletics. 19 March 2022. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  36. ^ "Senior Indoor 400 Metres Women". iaaf.org. IAAF. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  37. ^ Taylor Dutch (14 February 2021). "Three American Records and 10 National Records Fall at the New Balance Indoor Grand Prix". runnersworld.com. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  38. ^ "400m Result". atletiek.nu. 27 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  39. ^ Jon Mulkeen (7 February 2021). "Mu breaks world U20 indoor 400m record, Iapichino leaps 6.75m". World Athletics. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  40. ^ "4x400 Metres Relay Icons". Retrieved 10 June 2018. Jeremy Wariner: The two-time world 400m champion was a key member of the USA 4x400m squad in the 2000s, picking up two Olympic relay golds and three world titles. He also boasts the second-fastest relay split in history with his 42.93 from the 2007 World Championships.
  41. ^ "Men's 4×400m Relay Results". ncaa.com. 27 May 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  42. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit