Athletics at the 1976 Summer Olympics – Men's 400 metres

The men's 400 metres was an event at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. The competition was held on July 26, 1976, July 28, 1976, and on July 29, 1976.[1][2][3][4][5] Forty-four athletes from 29 nations competed.[6] The maximum number of athletes per nation had been set at 3 since the 1930 Olympic Congress. The event was won by Alberto Juantorena of Cuba, the nation's first medal in the event, breaking a string of five victories by the United States. Juantorena became the first man to win both the 800 metres and 400 metres in an Olympics.

Men's 400 metres
at the Games of the XXI Olympiad
VenueOlympic Stadium
Date26 July 1976 (heats and quarterfinals)
28 July 1976 (semifinals)
29 July 1976 (final)
Competitors44 from 29 nations
Winning time44.26
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s) Alberto Juantorena
 Cuba
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Fred Newhouse
 United States
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Herman Frazier
 United States
← 1972
1980 →

SummaryEdit

In the final, Fred Newhouse and Maxie Parks appeared to go for the early lead, while Alberto Juantorena was initially a little slower. Then he stretched out on the backstretch to regain position about equal to the third American Herman Frazier. Coming off the final turn Juantorena had caught the rest of the field and was a step behind Newhouse. Parks and Fons Brijdenbach were about even two more strides back with Frazier just behind them. As Juantorena began to pass Newhouse, Newhouse noticeably struggled, rocking and losing form, then the gold medal. Three metres back, Frazier just edged ahead of Brijdenbach for the bronze medal, as Parks faded.[7][8][9][10]

BackgroundEdit

This was the eighteenth appearance of the event, which is one of 12 athletics events to have been held at every Summer Olympics. Two finalists, but no medalists, from 1972 returned: sixth-place finisher Markku Kukkoaho of Finland and seventh-place Karl Honz of West Germany. Alberto Juantorena was the favorite, ranked #1 in the world and trying to become the first man to win the 400 metres/800 metres double (outside of the 1906 Intercalated Games). His main competition was the United States team, aiming for a sixth consecutive win in the event.[6]

Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, the Netherlands Antilles, and Papua New Guinea appeared in this event for the first time. The United States made its eighteenth appearance in the event, the only nation to compete in it at every Olympic Games to that point.

Competition formatEdit

The competition retained the basic four-round format from 1920. The "fastest loser" system, introduced in 1964, was applied in the first round. With 20 fewer runners than in 1972 (44 compared to 64), there were only 6 first-round heats, each scheduled to have 7 or 8 athletes but one with only 6 starters. The top five runners in each heat advanced to the quarterfinals along with the next two fastest overall. The 4 quarterfinals each had 8 runners; the top four athletes in each quarterfinal heat advanced to the semifinals, with no "fastest loser" spots. The semifinals featured 2 heats of 8 runners each. The top four runners in each semifinal heat advanced, making an eight-man final.[6][11]

RecordsEdit

These were the standing world and Olympic records (in seconds) prior to the 1976 Summer Olympics.

World record   Lee Evans (USA) 43.8 Mexico City, Mexico 18 October 1968
Olympic record   Lee Evans (USA) 43.8 Mexico City, Mexico 18 October 1968

No world or Olympic records were set during this event.

ScheduleEdit

The quarterfinals were moved back up to the first day (along with the first round) for the first time since 1964.

All times are Eastern Daylight Time (UTC-4)

Date Time Round
Monday, 26 July 1976 11:00
15:15
Round 1
Quarterfinals
Wednesday, 28 July 1976 15:20 Semifinals
Thursday, 29 July 1976 16:00 Final

ResultsEdit

HeatsEdit

The heats were held on July 26, 1976.

Heat 1Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 2 Herman Frazier   United States 46.09 Q
2 7 Mike Sands   Bahamas 46.52 Q
3 5 Zbigniew Jaremski   Poland 46.68 Q
4 6 Peter Grant   Australia 47.03 Q
5 8 Brian Saunders   Canada 47.24 Q
6 3 Carlos Noroña   Cuba 48.46
7 1 Hamil Grimes   Barbados 49.24
8 4 Wilfrid Cyriaque   Haiti 51.49

Heat 2Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 5 Fred Newhouse   United States 45.42 Q
2 7 Rick Mitchell   Australia 46.11 Q
3 6 Jan Werner   Poland 46.19 Q
4 4 Alfonso Di Guida   Italy 46.52 Q
5 2 Leighton Priestley   Jamaica 46.74 Q
6 8 Don Domansky   Canada 47.24 q
7 1 Errol Thurton   Belize 48.91
8 3 Ahmed Al-Assiri   Saudi Arabia 49.72

Heat 3Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 7 Maxie Parks   United States 46.12 Q
2 2 Delmo da Silva   Brazil 47.21 Q
3 4 Iván Mangual   Puerto Rico 47.39 Q
4 1 Karl Honz   West Germany 47.47 Q
5 5 Eddy Gutiérrez   Cuba 47.89 Q
6 3 Renelda Swan   Bermuda 49.13
Stavros Tziortzis   Greece DNS
Tony Moore   Fiji DNS

Heat 4Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 8 Fons Brijdenbach   Belgium 46.73 Q
2 2 Jerzy Pietrzyk   Poland 46.92 Q
3 6 Franz-Peter Hofmeister   West Germany 47.17 Q
4 1 Ossi Karttunen   Finland 47.22 Q
5 4 Glenn Bogue   Canada 47.42 Q
6 3 Raymond Heerenveen   Netherlands Antilles 47.44 q
7 5 Wavala Kali   Papua New Guinea 48.85
8 7 Ricardo Larios   Nicaragua 50.52

Heat 5Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 6 David Jenkins   Great Britain 46.60 Q
2 5 Bernd Herrmann   West Germany 46.99 Q
3 4 Jozo Alebić   Yugoslavia 47.03 Q
4 2 Markku Kukkoaho   Finland 47.67 Q
5 3 Charles Joseph   Trinidad and Tobago 47.72 Q
6 7 Samba Dièye   Senegal 47.98
7 1 Bjarni Stefánsson   Iceland 48.34

Heat 6Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 5 Mike Solomon   Trinidad and Tobago 47.29 Q
2 4 Glen Cohen   Great Britain 47.77 Q
3 6 Alberto Juantorena   Cuba 47.89 Q
4 1 Alfred Daley   Jamaica 48.04 Q
5 7 Fred Sowerby   Antigua and Barbuda 48.12 Q
6 3 Avognan Nogboun   Ivory Coast 48.24
7 2 José Carvalho   Portugal 48.47

QuarterfinalsEdit

The quarterfinals were held on July 26, 1976.

Quarterfinal 1Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 6 Herman Frazier   United States 46.52 Q
2 3 Fons Brijdenbach   Belgium 46.56 Q
3 1 Karl Honz   West Germany 46.94 Q
4 5 Alfonso Di Guida   Italy 47.07 Q
5 2 Ossi Karttunen   Finland 47.45
6 4 Peter Grant   Australia 47.69
7 7 Alfred Daley   Jamaica 48.46
8 8 Glenn Bogue   Canada 48.98

Quarterfinal 2Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 1 Rick Mitchell   Australia 45.76 Q
2 7 Alberto Juantorena   Cuba 45.92 Q
3 4 Jerzy Pietrzyk   Poland 46.30 Q
4 8 Brian Saunders   Canada 46.42 Q
5 3 Leighton Priestley   Jamaica 46.45
6 5 Mike Sands   Bahamas 46.48
7 2 Iván Mangual   Puerto Rico 46.56
8 6 Charles Joseph   Trinidad and Tobago 46.61

Quarterfinal 3Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 7 Mike Solomon   Trinidad and Tobago 45.83 Q
2 8 Jan Werner   Poland 45.88 Q
3 2 Maxie Parks   United States 45.99 Q
4 3 Bernd Herrmann   West Germany 46.07 Q
5 1 Markku Kukkoaho   Finland 46.24
6 6 Eddy Gutiérrez   Cuba 46.65
7 4 Glen Cohen   Great Britain 47.67
Don Domansky   Canada DNS

Quarterfinal 4Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 1 Fred Newhouse   United States 45.97 Q
2 2 David Jenkins   Great Britain 46.18 Q
3 7 Franz-Peter Hofmeister   West Germany 46.20 Q
4 8 Delmo da Silva   Brazil 46.48 Q
5 4 Jozo Alebić   Yugoslavia 46.94
6 3 Zbigniew Jaremski   Poland 47.10
7 6 Fred Sowerby   Antigua and Barbuda 48.03
8 5 Raymond Heerenveen   Netherlands Antilles 48.88

SemifinalsEdit

The semifinals were held on July 28, 1976.

Semifinal 1Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 7 Alberto Juantorena   Cuba 45.10 Q
2 3 Fons Brijdenbach   Belgium 45.28 Q
3 5 Maxie Parks   United States 45.61 Q
4 1 Rick Mitchell   Australia 45.69 Q
5 8 Bernd Herrmann   West Germany 45.94
6 2 Brian Saunders   Canada 46.46
7 4 Alfonso Di Guida   Italy 46.50
8 6 Delmo da Silva   Brazil 46.69

Semifinal 2Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 2 Fred Newhouse   United States 44.89 Q
2 7 David Jenkins   Great Britain 45.20 Q
3 4 Herman Frazier   United States 45.24 Q
4 6 Jan Werner   Poland 45.44 Q
5 3 Jerzy Pietrzyk   Poland 45.65
6 8 Franz-Peter Hofmeister   West Germany 46.05
7 1 Mike Solomon   Trinidad and Tobago 46.20
8 5 Karl Honz   West Germany 46.63

FinalEdit

The final was held on July 29, 1976.

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time
  2 Alberto Juantorena   Cuba 44.26
  4 Fred Newhouse   United States 44.40
  3 Herman Frazier   United States 44.95
4 8 Fons Brijdenbach   Belgium 45.04
5 7 Maxie Parks   United States 45.24
6 6 Rick Mitchell   Australia 45.40
7 5 David Jenkins   Great Britain 45.57
8 1 Jan Werner   Poland 45.63

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Athletics at the 1976 Montreal Summer Games: Men's 400 metres". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  2. ^ http://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/packages/html/sports/year_in_sports/07.29.html?scp=6&sq=whitfield&st=cse
  3. ^ https://www.britannica.com/biography/Alberto-Juantorena
  4. ^ https://www.mercurynews.com/2012/08/06/olympics-u-s-men-hit-rock-bottom-in-400-meters/
  5. ^ https://bleacherreport.com/articles/1182023-30-greatest-athletes-in-summer-olympic-history
  6. ^ a b c "400 metres, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  7. ^ http://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/packages/html/sports/year_in_sports/07.29.html?scp=6&sq=whitfield&st=cse
  8. ^ https://www.britannica.com/biography/Alberto-Juantorena
  9. ^ https://www.mercurynews.com/2012/08/06/olympics-u-s-men-hit-rock-bottom-in-400-meters/
  10. ^ https://bleacherreport.com/articles/1182023-30-greatest-athletes-in-summer-olympic-history
  11. ^ Official Report, vol. 3, p. 53.