Ullevi, sometimes known as Nya Ullevi (Swedish: [(ˈnŷːa) ˈɵ̂lːɛˌviː], New Ullevi), is a multi-purpose stadium in Gothenburg, Sweden. It was built for the 1958 FIFA World Cup, but since then has also hosted the World Allround Speed Skating Championships six times; the 1995 World Championships in Athletics and the 2006 European Athletics Championships; the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup finals in 1983 and 1990; the UEFA Euro 1992 final, the UEFA Cup final in 2004; and annually hosted the opening ceremony of the Gothia Cup, the world's largest football tournament in terms of the number of participants. IFK Göteborg has also played two UEFA Cup finals at the stadium, in 1982 and 1987, but then as "home game" in a home and away final. The stadium has hosted several events, including football, ice hockey, boxing, racing, athletics and concerts.

LocationGothenburg, Sweden
Coordinates57°42′21″N 11°59′14″E / 57.70583°N 11.98722°E / 57.70583; 11.98722
OperatorGot Event
75,000 for concerts
Field size105 × 66 m
Opened29 May 1958 (1958-05-29)
ArchitectSten Samuelsson and Fritz Jaenecke

The stadium is one of the biggest in the Nordic countries, with a seating capacity of 43,000 and a total capacity of 75,000 for concerts.

History edit

Sport edit

The ground opened for the 1958 FIFA World Cup held across Sweden. It hosted four matches in Group D, including a play-off.[1] It also held a quarter-final, a semi-final and the third-place match. The stadium's record attendance for football is 52,194, set on 3 June 1959 when Örgryte IS played against IFK Göteborg. The stadium hosted the 1983 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, which saw Scotland's Aberdeen defeat Spanish giants Real Madrid 2–1 after extra time. It also hosted the first leg of the 1987 UEFA Cup Final between IFK Göteborg and Dundee United of Scotland. The hosts won the game 1-0 thanks to a goal from Stefan Pettersson. The Swedish side would go on to lift the trophy for the second time in their history after a 1–1 draw at Tannadice Park, Dundee in the second leg.

It was also the venue for the first game between National Football League teams to be played on the European continent, organised by Swedish motor company Volvo. In a pre-season game on 14 August 1988, the Minnesota Vikings won 28–21 against the Chicago Bears.[2] The 1990 European Cup Winners' Cup Final was also held at the stadium. It saw Sampdoria of Italy defeat Anderlecht of Belgium 2-0 after extra-time.[3]

Ullevi held three Group B matches at UEFA Euro 1992[4] as well as a semi-final, and the final itself on 26 June in which Denmark won the trophy against Germany. The 2004 UEFA Cup Final was held at the stadium on 19 May of that year. Valencia of Spain defeated Marseille of France, 2–0.[5] The annual Världsungdomsspelen (translation: World Youth Games) track and field competition is held at the stadium and the mass event has around 3000 athletes competing each year.[6]

Ullevi stadium, 23 June 2018

Music edit

Ullevi nearly collapsed during a Bruce Springsteen concert on 8 June 1985 due to the rhythmic movement of tens of thousands of people in the audience and the clay soil on which the stadium is built.[7] The concert also caused nearly £3 million in damages, while David Bowie's Glass Spider Tour in June 1987 was relocated from Ullevi to Eriksberg because of fears about the safety of the structure.[8] Since then, the concrete pillars supporting the stadium have been extended down to the bedrock. Springsteen has performed at the stadium on subsequent tours in 2003, 2008, 2012, 2016, and 2023.[7]

Pink Floyd performed at Ullevi on 27 August 1994 as part of their The Division Bell Tour.[citation needed] Michael Jackson came to Ullevi on August 16, 1997, as part of his HIStory World Tour, performing for a crowd of 50,000 people.[citation needed] Elton John hosted a sell-out concert in 1998.[citation needed] It was part of the Face-To-Face Tour with Billy Joel, although Joel was unable to perform because of illness. John played for over three hours.[citation needed] Tina Turner came to Ullevi on August 9, 1996, as part of her Wildest Dreams Tour and August 5, 2000, as part of her Twenty Four Seven Tour with a sold-out crowd of 55,180.[citation needed]

The "big four" of thrash metal (Slayer, Anthrax, Megadeth and Metallica) played in the stadium on 3 July 2011.[citation needed] U2 have performed at the stadium four times: the first occasion was on 2 August 1997 during their PopMart Tour, in front of a crowd of 46,658 people. The second was on 29 July 2005 during their Vertigo Tour, in front of a sold-out crowd of 58,478 people. The third and the fourth were on 31 July and 1 August 2009 during their U2 360° Tour, in front of a total sold-out crowd of 119,297 people. The performance of "The Unforgettable Fire" from the first 2009 show was recorded for the group's live album U22.[citation needed]

Foo Fighters performed at the venue on 12 June 2015 on the Sonic Highways World Tour. However, Dave Grohl fell off stage during the second song of the concert, breaking his leg. He was treated in the stadium before returning to the stage to continue the rest of the concert sitting down in a chair while a medic applied a cast. Despite Grohl's injuries, the band was able to complete the concert.

Iron Maiden performed at the stadium five times. The first was on 9 July 2005 during their Eddie Rips Up the World Tour. The second time was on 26 July 2008 during their Somewhere Back in Time World Tour. The third time was on 1 July 2011 during The Final Frontier World Tour. The fourth time was on 17 June 2016 during The Book of Souls World Tour. The fifth time was on 22 July 2022 as a part of Legacy of the Beast Tour before more than 60,000 fans.

The Gothenburg-raised artist Laleh became the first Swedish female to headline Ullevi, with a concert held on her 40th birthday on 10 June 2022.[9] When the tickets were released, 15,000 were sold in the first hour.[9] The concert, which featured orchestration from the Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, was broadcast on SVT1 on 2 January 2023 and made available on SVT Play on 28 December 2022.[10][11] An accompanying documentary directed by Sara Aren going behind the scenes of the concert preparations was also broadcast on SVT2 on 30 December 2022 under the title Laleh – välkommen hem.[12] She is due to play a second concert at Ullevi on 26 August 2023 as part of a national summer tour.[13]

Innovation edit

In March 2007, Ullevi installed what whas then one of Sweden's largest solar power plants, consisting of 600m² of photovoltaic panels situated on the roof of the luxury boxes section. The peak power is 86.4 kW and the yield is supposed to cover the total power used by the artificial lighting for events, with a surplus.[14]

Speedway edit

Ullevi has also hosted Motorcycle speedway and hosted the Speedway World Championship on no less than eight occasions, second only to the old Wembley Stadium in London, England which hosted the World Final a record 26 times.[15] The track is a dirt surface laid out over the athletics track and is officially 404 metres (442 yards) long with a track record of 69.4 seconds (4 laps clutch start).[16]

The first Championship World Final to be held at Ullevi was the inaugural Speedway World Team Cup competition in 1960. Led by reigning world champion Ove Fundin and his teammates Olle Nygren, Rune Sörmander and Björn Knutson, Sweden swept to victory over England, Czechoslovakia and Poland. Ullevi would have to wait 26 years before World Team Cup competition returned with the stadium hosting the first round of the three round 1986 Final.[17]

The first ever Individual World Final staged at Ullevi was in 1964 when New Zealand's Barry Briggs won with a 15-point maximum.[18] The largest attendance for a World Final at Ullevi occurred in 1974 when 38,390 turned out to see Sweden's own Anders Michanek win his only World Championship with an unbeaten 15 point maximum.[19] No World Championship winners at Ullevi dropped more than one point in their five rides with five of the seven World Finals being won with a 15-point maximum. The stadium also hosted other qualifying rounds for the Individual World Final including the inaugural running of the Intercontinental Final in 1975 won by New Zealand legend Ivan Mauger.[20]

Since the World Championship was changed in 1995 from a single meeting Final to the Speedway Grand Prix (SGP), Ullevi has hosted a round of the series in 2002, 2003, 2004 (Grand Prix of Scandinavia), 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011 (Grand Prix of Sweden).

Ullevi hosted its only World Pairs Championship Final in 1983 when Peter Collins and Kenny Carter won England's 6th Pairs crown.[21]

Speedway World Finals edit

Individual World Championship edit

World Pairs Championship edit

World Team Cup edit

* Ullevi hosted the first of 3 rounds in the Final.

Speedway Grand Prix edit

Record attendances edit

The east stand of Ullevi during the 2006 European Athletics Championships

Most attended concerts edit

# Event Attendance Date
1   Håkan Hellström 70,144 5 June 2016
2   Håkan Hellström 70,091 4 June 2016
3   Håkan Hellström 69,349 7 June 2014
4   Ed Sheeran
+–=÷x Tour
67,383 10 August 2022[22]
5   Bruce Springsteen
Wrecking Ball Tour
66,561 28 July 2012
6   Coldplay
A Head Full of Dreams Tour
66,249 26 June 2017
7   Bruce Springsteen
Wrecking Ball Tour
66,018 27 July 2012
8   Coldplay
A Head Full of Dreams Tour
65,427 25 June 2017
9   Håkan Hellström
Rullande Åska
65,000 29 July 2017
10   Bruce Springsteen
The River Tour 2016
64,959 23 July 2016
11   Bruce Springsteen
Born in the U.S.A. Tour
64,312 8 June 1985
12   Guns N' Roses
Not in This Lifetime... Tour
64,289 21 July 2018
13   Håkan Hellström
Rullande Åska
63,788 28 July 2017
14   Ed Sheeran
÷ Tour
63,500 10 July 2017[23]
15   Ed Sheeran
÷ Tour
63,500 11 July 2017
16   Metallica
WorldWired Tour
63,348 9 July 2019
17   Metallica
2015 European Tour
63,000 22 August 2015
18   Bruce Springsteen
The River Tour 2016
62,701 27 June 2016
19   Bruce Springsteen
The River Tour 2016
62,676 25 June 2016
20   Ed Sheeran
+–=÷x Tour
62,631 11 August 2022[24]
21   Bruce Springsteen
Born in the U.S.A. Tour
62,544 9 June 1985
22   Iron Maiden
Legacy of the Beast World Tour
61,867 22 July 2022
23   Robbie Williams
Take the Crown Stadium Tour
61,449 20 July 2013[25]
24   David Bowie
Serious Moonlight Tour
61,206 11 June 1983
25   U2
U2 360° Tour
60,099 1 August 2009
26   Madonna
Sticky & Sweet Tour
59,600 9 August 2009

Sports edit

One day events
# Event Attendance Date
1 Ingemar JohanssonEddie Machen
53,614 14 September 1958
2 IFK GöteborgÖrgryte IS
52,194 4 June 1959
3 SwedenDenmark
51,062 23 October 1960
4 Sweden – Göteborgsalliansen
50,989 29 May 1958
5 BrazilSoviet Union
50,928 15 June 1958
Multi day events
# Event Attendance Date
1 World Athletics Championships
592,240 4–13 August 1995
2 European Athletics Championships
269,038 6–13 August 2006
3 World Speed Skating Championships
Speed Skating
69,599 13–14 February 1971
4 Finnkampen
51,567 4–5 September 2004
5 Finnkampen
49,366 28–29 August 1971

Location and transportation edit

Ullevi is located on the eastern edge of Gothenburg's city centre and is one of the centre pieces of the event district Evenemangsstråket, with Scandinavium, Liseberg, Universeum, the Museum of World Culture and Bergakungen nearby. Public transport is easily accessible. There are two tram stops named after the stadium; Ullevi Norra (North) and Ullevi Södra (South). Both tram stops serve lines 6 (orange) and 8 (purple). Ullevi Södra also serves lines 2 (yellow) and 13 (beige), while Ullevi Norra also serves lines 1 (white) and 3 (blue). Approximately 700 metres west of Ullevi lies the Gothenburg Central Station and Nils Ericson Terminal. 900 metres south of Ullevi lies Korsvägen, a major public transport hub which serves more than fifteen different bus lines and several tram lines, and the Liseberg station serving the Gothenburg commuter rail.

The stadium has 650 parking spaces located in a garage underneath the pitch. Additionally visitors are guided to eighteen nearby parking lots and parking garages—with a total of 7,000 parking spaces—by the event districts parking guidance and information system.[26] The system has a total of 130 digital signs, located on motorways with information about which exit to use, and on streets in the city with more detailed information about directions and number of available parking spaces.[26]

References edit

  1. ^ "World Cup 1958 Group D". Planet World Cup.
  2. ^ Lohr, Steve (15 August 1988). "Sunday in Sweden: Vikings Beat Bears". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  3. ^ "European Competitions 1989-90". RSSSF. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Euro '92 Standings". UEFA. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Valencia victorious in Gothenburg". UEFA. 20 May 2004. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  6. ^ Gothenburg Youth Games 28-30/6 2019, Ullevi Arena in Göteborg, Sweden. Vuspel. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  7. ^ a b Bodare, A. (3 June 1993). "Rock Music Induced Damage and Vibration at Nya Ullevi Stadium". Scholars' Mine. Retrieved 13 October 2023.
  8. ^ Currie, David (1987), David Bowie: Glass Idol (1st ed.), London and Margate, England: Omnibus Press, ISBN 0-7119-1182-7
  9. ^ a b Gustafsson, Amanda (10 June 2022). "Laleh redo för historiska konserten – första svenska kvinnliga soloartist på Ullevi i Göteborg" [Laleh ready for the historic concert - first Swedish female solo artist at Ullevi in Gothenburg]. Sveriges Television (in Swedish). Stockholm, Sweden. Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  10. ^ Waldeck, Lovisa (28 December 2022). "Följ med bakom kulisserna på Lalehs historiska spelning" [Join us behind the scenes at Laleh's historic gig]. Sveriges Television (in Swedish). Stockholm, Sweden. Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  11. ^ "Laleh på Ullevi" [Laleh at Ullevi] (in Swedish). 28 December 2022. Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  12. ^ "Laleh – välkommen hem" [Laleh - Welcome home]. tv.nu (in Swedish). Sweden. 28 December 2022. Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  13. ^ "Laleh presenterar sommarturné 2023 - hennes största någonsin - första svenska kvinnliga artist på Tele2 Arena" [Laleh presents summer tour 2023 - her biggest ever - first Swedish female artist at Tele2 Arena.]. MyNewsDesk (in Swedish). Stockholm, Sweden. 1 November 2022. Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  14. ^ "En av Sveriges största solcellsanläggning producerar grön el på Ullevi". Got Event. Archived from the original on 24 July 2007. Retrieved 18 August 2008.
  15. ^ Oakes, Peter (1981). 1981 Speedway Yearbook. Studio Publications (Ipswich) Ltd. ISBN 0-86215-017-5.
  16. ^ "Speedway World Championships". Archived from the original on 21 September 2011. Retrieved 27 June 2011.
  17. ^ "1986 WORLD TEAM CUP". International Speedway. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  18. ^ Oakes, Peter (1978). 1978 Speedway Yearbook. Studio Publications (Ipswich) Ltd. ISBN 978-0904584509.
  19. ^ Bott, Richard (1980). The Peter Collins Speedway Book No.4. Stanley Paul & Co Ltd. ISBN 0-09-141751-1.
  20. ^ "HISTORY SPEEDWAY and LONGTRACK". Speedway.org. Retrieved 29 November 2023.
  21. ^ Bamford, Robert (2007). Tempus Speedway Yearbook 2007. Tempus Publishing, Stroud. ISBN 978-0-7524-4250-1.
  22. ^ "Sheeran lockade rekordpublik". 11 August 2022.
  23. ^ "Aktuella nyheter och pressmeddelanden".
  24. ^ "Sheeran lockade rekordpublik". 11 August 2022.
  25. ^ "Aktuella nyheter och pressmeddelanden".
  26. ^ a b "Så prioriteras evenemangen som syns på skyltarna" (PDF) (in Swedish). Swedish Road Administration. May 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2008.

External links edit

Preceded by European Cup Winners' Cup
Final venue

Succeeded by
Preceded by European Cup Winners' Cup
Final venue

Succeeded by
Preceded by UEFA European Championship
Final venue

Succeeded by
Preceded by IAAF World Championships in Athletics
Main venue

Succeeded by
Preceded by UEFA Cup
Final venue

Succeeded by
Preceded by European Athletics Championships
Main venue

Succeeded by