Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys

Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys (Catalan pronunciation: [əsˈtaði uˈlimpiɡ ʎuˈis kumˈpaɲs], formerly known as the Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc and Estadio de Montjuic) is a stadium in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Originally built in 1927 for the 1929 International Exposition in the city (and Barcelona's bid for the 1936 Summer Olympics, which were awarded to Berlin), it was renovated in 1989 to be the main stadium for the 1992 Summer Olympics.[1]

Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys
Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys - Barcelona, Spain - Jan 2007.jpg
Former namesEstadio de Montjuic (1929–85)
Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc (1989–2001)
LocationBarcelona, Catalonia, Spain
OwnerCity Council of Barcelona
Capacity60,713
Construction
Built1927
Opened20 May 1929
Renovated1985–89
ArchitectPere Domènech i Roura
Tenants
Barcelona Dragons (1991–92; 1995–2002)
RCD Espanyol (1997–2009)
FC Penger (2019–)

With its current capacity of 60,713 seats (67,007 during the 1992 Olympics), Estadi Lluís Companys is the 5th-largest stadium in Spain and the 2nd-largest in Catalunya.

The stadium is located in the Anella Olímpica, in Montjuïc, a large hill to the southwest of the city which overlooks the harbor.

HistoryEdit

 
Internal view of the stadium in 2014.

Designed by architect Pere Domènech i Roura for the 1929 Expo, the stadium was officially opened on 20 May 1929. Montjuïc hosted its first ever event, Spain's first official rugby international game against Italy.

It was meant to host the People's Olympiad in 1936, a protest event against the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, but the event had to be cancelled due to the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War.

In the fifties, the stadium was the centerpiece of the 1955 Mediterranean Games, and in 1957 it hosted the only national football cup Final between FC Barcelona and RCD Espanyol, the two local clubs.

In the seventies the stadium was disused, and the stands deteriorated. When the Spanish Grand Prix and other races were held at the Montjuïc racing circuit, the stadium was used as a paddock for the teams. Due to safety concerns, the 1975 F1 race was nearly boycotted by drivers.

Due to the award of the 1992 Summer Olympics to Barcelona, the stadium was renovated with the involvement of Italian architect Vittorio Gregotti. The stadium was gutted, preserving only the original facades, and new grandstands were built. In 1989 the venue was re-inaugurated for the World Cup in Athletics, and three years later it hosted the opening and closing ceremonies and the athletics competitions of the Olympic Games.[2]

The stadium served as the home of football club RCD Espanyol from 1997 until 2009. The Estadi Olímpic made its final La Liga appearance during the 2008–2009 season, as Espanyol moved to the newly constructed RCDE Stadium.

It also served as the home of the Barcelona Dragons American football team until 2002. Because the size of the playing surface was slightly shorter than the regulation American Football length, the stadium only had 7-yard end zones, three yards shorter than regulation NFL size in 1991 and 1992. They were later lengthened to the standard 10 yards. The stadium also played host to the National Football League's American Bowl in 1993 and in 1994. The San Francisco 49ers played the Pittsburgh Steelers on 1 August 1993. The second game was played on 31 July 1994 between the Los Angeles Raiders and the Denver Broncos.

In 2001, the stadium was renamed after the former president of the Generalitat de Catalunya Lluís Companys, who was executed at the nearby Montjuïc Castle in 1940 by the Franco regime. In 2010, the stadium hosted the 20th European Athletics Championships.

On 20 October 2018, the stadium management agreed with local amateur club FC Penger over the use of the stadium, and now the stadium acts as the home field for the 2019–20 season.

EventsEdit

 
Interior of venue during the 2010 European Athletics Championships.

SportsEdit

FootballEdit

MusicEdit

Date Country Artist Tour Opening Act Attendance Revenue
7 October 1989   Spain Mecano Tour 1989 La Unión
13 June 1990   UK The Rolling Stones Urban Jungle Tour Gun
14 June 1990
25 July 1990   USA Prince Nude Tour 49,455 / 49,455
1 August 1990   USA Madonna Blond Ambition World Tour
18 September 1992   USA Michael Jackson Dangerous World Tour
11 May 1993   USA Bruce Springsteen 1992-1993 World Tour
6 October 1993   France Jean-Michel Jarre Europe in Concert El Último de la Fila
27 July 1994   UK Pink Floyd The Division Bell Tour
13 June 1995   USA Bon Jovi These Days Tour Van Halen
13 September 1997   Ireland U2 Popmart Tour Placebo 60,096 / 60,096 $2,281,165
20 July 1998   UK The Rolling Stones Bridges to Babylon Tour Hothouse Flowers 52,375 / 52,375 $2,464,319
17 May 2003   USA Bruce Springsteen The Rising Tour
21 June 2003   USA Metallica European Tour 2003
29 June 2003   UK The Rolling Stones Licks World Tour
2 July 2003   Spain El Canto del Loco
La Oreja de Van Gogh
MoviStar Activa
21 June 2007   UK The Rolling Stones A Bigger Bang Tour Biffy Clyro
30 June 2007   Mexico RBD Celestial World Tour Diego Boneta
27 September 2007   UK The Police Reunion Tour Fiction Plane 54,553 / 54,553 $5,554,320
1 June 2008   USA Bon Jovi Lost Highway Tour NoWayOut, Sabia 46,255 / 46,255 $4,046,421
7 June 2009   Australia AC/DC Black Ice Tour The Answer 64,196 / 64,376 $5,906,138
21 July 2009   USA Madonna Sticky & Sweet Tour Paul Oakenfold 44,811 / 44,811 $5,010,557
4 September 2009   UK Coldplay Viva la Vida Tour The Flaming Lips 63,306 / 64,376 $4,554,068
3 December 2009   UK The Prodigy European Stadium Tour Enter Shikari
4 December 2009   USA Marilyn Manson The High End of Low Tour esOterica
9 April 2011   USA We Are Scientists Brain Thrust Mastery Tour Els Pets
29 May 2011   Colombia Shakira The Sun Comes Out World Tour 32,012 / 33,887 $2,994,989
27 July 2011   USA Bon Jovi Live 2011 The Rebels 39,992 / 39,992 $3,021,325
17 May 2012   USA Bruce Springsteen Wrecking Ball Tour 79,430 / 86,000 $6,692,818
18 May 2012
7 June 2013   UK Muse The 2nd Law World Tour You Don't Know Me
8 July 2014   UK/  Ireland One Direction Where We Are Tour 5 Seconds of Summer, Abraham Mateo 40,333 / 40,333 $3,391,560
29 May 2015   Australia AC/DC Rock or Bust World Tour Vintage Trouble 60,000 / 60,000
26 May 2016   UK Coldplay A Head Full of Dreams Tour Alessia Cara
Lianne La Havas
111,261 / 111,261 $9,734,130
27 May 2016
3 August 2016   USA Beyoncé The Formation World Tour Chloe x Halle 45,346 / 45,346 $4,806,995
18 July 2017   Ireland U2 The Joshua Tree Tour 2017 Noel Gallagher's High Flying Birds 54,551 / 54,551 $5,930,076
27 September 2017   UK The Rolling Stones No Filter Tour Los Zigarros 58,622 / 58,622 $8,769,703
20 June 2018   USA Bruno Mars 24K Magic World Tour DNCE
1 July 2018   USA Guns N' Roses Not in This Lifetime Tour Volbeat, Nothing More 48,649 / 48,649 $4,370,000
11 July 2018   USA Jay-Z & Beyoncé On The Run II Tour 46,982 / 46,982 $4,733,549
5 May 2019   USA Metallica Worldwired Tour Ghost, Bokassa 51,799 / 53,760 $5,285,919
7 June 2019   UK Ed Sheeran Divide Tour Anne-Marie, James Bay 54,658 / 54,658 $4,126,520
During the COVID-19 pandemic, the venue was used to play concerts of small artist to ensure social distancing
29 May 2021   Spain Nil Moliner Bailando en la Batalla Tour
4 June 2021   Spain Maestro Cruïlla XXS
5 June 2021   Spain Ojete Calor
10 June 2021   Spain Cepeda
12 June 2021   Spain Zoo
13 June 2021   Spain Sofia Ellar
18 June 2021   Spain Miss Caffeina
25 June 2021   Spain Víctor Manuel
26 June 2021   Spain Rels B
30 June 2021   Spain Ismael Serrano
7 July 2021   Argentina God Save the Queen Tour 2021
17 July 2021   Spain Eva B Share Festival Hugo Cobo
22 July 2021   Spain Els Amics de les Arts Concerts Estel·lars
23 July 2021   Spain La Pegatina Share Festival
24 July 2021   Spain Natalia Lacunza Alba Reche
25 July 2021   Spain Ana Torroja
30 July 2021   Spain Stay Homas
31 July 2021   Spain Oques Grasses
6 August 2021   Spain Omar Montes RVFV
3 September 2021   Spain Morad
4 September 2021   Spain Lola Indigo La Niña: On Tour
8 September 2021   Colombia Camilo Mis Manos Tour
29 July 2022   UK Iron Maiden Legacy of the Beast Tour Within Temptation, Airbourne

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Official Report of the XXV Games of the Olympiad Barcelona 1992; Volume II; p.127" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 May 2008.
  2. ^ 1992 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. pp. 160–7.
  3. ^ a b Richards, Huw A Game for Hooligans: The History of Rugby Union (Mainstream Publishing, Edinburgh, 2007, ISBN 978-1-84596-255-5); Chapter 6, Gathering Storms, p129

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Seoul Olympic Stadium
Seoul
Summer Olympics
Opening and Closing Ceremonies (Olympic Stadium)

1992
Succeeded by
Centennial Olympic Stadium
Atlanta
Preceded by
Seoul Olympic Stadium
Seoul
Olympic Athletics competitions
Main Venue

1992
Succeeded by
Centennial Olympic Stadium
Atlanta
Preceded by
Ullevi
Gothenburg
European Athletics Championships
Main Venue

2010
Succeeded by
Olympiastadion
Helsinki
Preceded by
Moncton Stadium
Moncton
IAAF World Junior Championships in Athletics
Main Venue

2012
Succeeded by
Hayward Field
Eugene

Coordinates: 41°21′53.14″N 2°9′20.37″E / 41.3647611°N 2.1556583°E / 41.3647611; 2.1556583