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The Spanish Grand Prix (Spanish: Gran Premio de España) is a Formula One race currently held at the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya. The race is one of the oldest in the world still contested, celebrating its centenary in 2013. The race had modest beginnings as a production car race. Interrupted by the First World War, the race waited a decade for its second running before becoming a staple of the European calendar. In 1927 it was part of the World Manufacturers' Championship; it was promoted to the European Championship in 1935 before the Spanish Civil War brought an end to racing. The race was successfully revived in 1967 and has been a regular part of the Formula One World Championship since 1968 at a variety of venues.

Spanish Grand Prix
Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya
(2007–present)
Formula1 Circuit Catalunya.svg
Race information
Number of times held60
First held1913
Most wins (drivers)Germany Michael Schumacher (6)
Most wins (constructors)Italy Ferrari (12)
Circuit length4.655 km (2.892 mi)
Race length307.104 km (190.825 mi)
Laps66
Last race (2019)
Pole position
Podium
Fastest lap

HistoryEdit

Origins and pre-warEdit

The first Spanish Grand Prix in 1913 was not actually run to the Grand Prix formula of the day, but to touring car rules, taking place on a 300-kilometre road circuit at Guadarrama, near Madrid, on the road to Valladolid.

Motor racing events had taken place in Spain prior to that—the most notable among them being the Catalan Cup of 1908 and 1909, on roads around Sitges, near Barcelona. Both of these events were won by Jules Goux, helping to establish a strong racing tradition in Spain, which has continued to this day. This enthusiasm for racing led to the plan to build a permanent track at Sitges—a 2-kilometre (1.2 mi) oval that became known as Sitges-Terramar, and was the site of the 1923 Spanish Grand Prix.

LasarteEdit

After this first race, the track fell into financial difficulties, and the organisers had to look for another venue. In 1926, the Spanish Grand Prix moved to the 11-mile Circuito Lasarte on the northern coast near Bilbao, home of the main race in Spain during the 1920s—the San Sebastián Grand Prix. The 1927 Spanish Grand Prix was part of the AIACR World Manufacturers' Championship, but the race was still not established and in 1928 and 1929 was run to sports car regulations. The 1930 Spanish Grand Prix for sports cars, scheduled for 27 July, was cancelled due to the bad economic situation following the Wall Street crash in October 1929. The 1931 and 1932 Spanish Grands Prix were also announced, only to be cancelled due to political and economic difficulties. Finally, in 1933 the Spanish Grand Prix was revived at Lasarte with government backing. Following the 1935 race, Spain descended into civil war and racing stopped. In 1946, racing returned to Spain in the form of the Penya Rhin Grand Prix at the Pedralbes street circuit in Barcelona.

Formula OneEdit

PedralbesEdit

Spain did not return to the international calendar until 1951, joining the list of races of the Formula One championship at Pedralbes. Argentine Juan Manuel Fangio won his first world championship at the 1951 event in an Alfa Romeo while he took advantage of the improved works Ferrari's tire problems. The race was scheduled for the 1952 and 1953 seasons but did not take place due to a lack of money,[1] and in 1954, Briton Mike Hawthorn stopped Mercedes's dominance by winning in a Ferrari. In 1955, the Spanish Grand Prix at Pedralbes was scheduled to take place, but a terrible accident at the 24 Hours of Le Mans that killed more than 80 people resulted in regulations governing spectator safety, and the scheduled Spanish Grand Prix (like many others) was cancelled that year and for the subsequent 2 years (also owing to more problems with money to hold the race), and the pedestrian-lined street track at Pedralbes was then never used again for motor racing.

Jarama and MontjuïcEdit

In the 1960s, Spain made a bid to return to the world of international motor racing—the Royal Automobile Club of Spain commissioned a new permanent racing circuit north of Madrid at Jarama, and the Spanish government refurbished the Montjuïc street circuit in Barcelona with safety upgrades. A non-championship Grand Prix took place at Jarama in 1967, which was won by Jim Clark racing in a Lotus F1 car.

In 1968, Jarama hosted the Spanish Grand Prix, near the beginning of the F1 season. It was agreed, following this event, that the race would alternate between the tight, slow and twisty Jarama and the fast, wide and sweeping Montjuïc, and the Montjuïc circuit hosted its first Formula One race in 1969, with Briton Jackie Stewart winning. Jarama would get the race in even-numbered years, and Montjuïc in odd-numbered years. 1970 was a race that saw Belgian Jacky Ickx and Briton Jackie Oliver get involved in a fiery accident; with Ickx and Oliver escaping with burns. The race was won by Stewart, he won again the next year after holding off 3 more powerful 12-cylinder engined cars. Austrian Niki Lauda won his first of 25 races in 1974. The 1975 event was marked by tragedy. There had been concerns about track safety during practice races, as the Armco barriers surrounding the city streets of the Montjuïc circuit had not been fastened down properly. There were a number of protests, and the drivers refused to race. The organizers panicked, and they threatened to lock the cars inside the stadium where they stayed while not being raced. The drivers and teams relented; but double-winner Emerson Fittipaldi retired in protest after a single lap. On the 26th lap of the race, Rolf Stommelen's car crashed when the rear wing broke off, killing four spectators. The race was stopped on the 29th lap and won by Jochen Mass, though only half the points were awarded.

JaramaEdit

After the tragic events at the dangerously fast and tight space of Montjuïc, the Spanish Grand Prix was confined to Jarama. The 1976 race saw Briton James Hunt take advantage of Lauda's broken ribs in a tractor accident; he was then disqualified after his McLaren was found to be 1.8 inches too wide. McLaren appealed the decision, and it was successful; Hunt's points were restored. 1977 and 1978 saw Mario Andretti dominate in his ground-effect Lotus 78. The 1980 race was of note, because on the Friday morning of race weekend, FISA president Jean-Marie Balestre announced the Spanish Grand Prix would not be counted as a championship race. As a result, none of the factory teams (Ferrari, Renault and Alfa Romeo) showed up for the event and only the independent constructors belonging to FOCA competed. The race was won by Alan Jones in a Williams. 1981 was a race that Gilles Villeneuve in his ill-handling Ferrari held off 4 better-handling cars to take victory on the twisty and confined circuit; this is considered one of the greatest drives in all motorsports.[citation needed] But the Spanish Grand Prix at Jarama was then also dropped from the racing calendar after being cancelled in 1982 because the organizers seemed more interested in the golf course near the circuit, and because of the narrow track, unpleasantly hot late June conditions, and small crowd at that year's race; it would return in 1986.

JerezEdit

An attempt to revive the Spanish Grand Prix on a street circuit in the southwestern resort town of Fuengirola for 1984 did not work out; but in 1985, the Mayor of Jerez commissioned a new racing circuit in his town to promote tourism and sherries. The track, the Circuito Permanente de Jerez, located near Seville in southern Spain was finished in time for the 1986 championship, which saw a furious battle between Ayrton Senna and Nigel Mansell, with the two cars finishing side by side. Senna won by 0.014 seconds—one of F1's closest finishes. 1987 saw Mansell win in his Williams; and 1989 saw Senna drive a hard race to keep himself in the championship points; he won the event from Austrian Gerhard Berger in a Ferrari and the Brazilian's fierce rival and McLaren teammate, Frenchman Alain Prost. The 1990 event was the last Spanish Grand Prix at Jerez (although Jerez did stage the European Grand Prix in 1994 and 1997). During the practice, Martin Donnelly's Lotus was destroyed in a high-speed crash, and the Briton was ejected from the car. He was severely injured, but survived; he never raced in Formula One again. Jerez's remote location did not help build large crowds for the race, combined with Donnelly's appalling crash into Armco barriers close to the track did nothing to help Jerez's reputation; although the circuit was popular with the F1 fraternity. Ferrari finished first and second in the race, with Prost finishing ahead of Mansell.

CatalunyaEdit

Work on the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya was underway in Montmeló, few kilometres from Barcelona, thanks to the support of the Spanish government, and in 1991, the event moved to this new track, where it has remained since. The 1992 event was advertised as the Grand Prix of the Olympic Games. Since that race the race has been held in early season, usually in late April or early May.

The Williams team dominated the first outings there, taking all victories until 1994. Michael Schumacher has won a total of six times, including his 1996 victory in heavy rain, which was his first for Ferrari. Mika Häkkinen took three victories and was on road for fourth in 2001 before his car failed on the last lap.

Since 2003 the race has been well attended thanks to success of Fernando Alonso. Alonso finished second in 2003 and 2005 before taking victory from pole in 2006. Alonso also finished third in 2007, with two further second places in 2010 and 2012, where he finished behind the Williams of Spanish speaking Pastor Maldonado, who won from pole; this was the first win and pole in a Grand Prix for a Venezuelan driver and Williams's first win since the 2004 Brazilian Grand Prix and the team's first Spanish Grand Prix win and pole since 1997. Two Spanish drivers have won the Spanish Grand Prix; Carlos de Salamanca in 1913 and Alonso in 2006 and 2013, with Spanish speaking Juan Manuel Fangio winning in 1951 as well as Maldonado in 2012.

From 2013, the Spanish Grand Prix was due to alternate every year between Catalunya and the Valencia Street Circuit.[2] However, this did not happen—Valencia dropped out for financial reasons and Catalunya remained the sole host of the Spanish Grand Prix.[3]

Only four of the 19 races at this track between 2001 and 2019 have not been won from pole position.[4]

SponsorsEdit

Winners of the Spanish Grand PrixEdit

Multiple winners (drivers)Edit

Drivers in bold are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season
A pink background indicates an event that was not part of the Formula One World Championship.

Wins Driver Years won
6   Michael Schumacher 1995, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004
4   Lewis Hamilton 2014, 2017, 2018, 2019
3   Louis Chiron 1928, 1929, 1933
  Jackie Stewart 1969, 1970, 1971
  Nigel Mansell 1987, 1991, 1992
  Alain Prost 1988, 1990, 1993
  Mika Häkkinen 1998, 1999, 2000
2   Emerson Fittipaldi 1972, 1973
  Mario Andretti 1977, 1978
  Ayrton Senna 1986, 1989
  Kimi Räikkönen 2005, 2008
  Fernando Alonso 2006, 2013

Multiple winners (constructors)Edit

Teams in bold are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season.
A pink background indicates an event that was not part of the Formula One World Championship.
A yellow background indicates an event that was part of the pre-war European Championship.

Wins Constructor Years won[7]
12   Ferrari 1954, 1974, 1981, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2013
8   McLaren 1975, 1976, 1988, 1989, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2005
  Williams 1980, 1987, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1997, 2012
7   Lotus 1967, 1968, 1972, 1973, 1977, 1978, 1986
  Mercedes 1934, 1935, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018, 2019
3   Bugatti 1926, 1928, 1929
  Red Bull 2010, 2011, 2016
2   Alfa Romeo 1933, 1951

Multiple winners (engine manufacturers)Edit

Manufacturers in bold are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season.
A pink background indicates an event that was not part of the Formula One World Championship.
A yellow background indicates an event that was part of the pre-war European Championship.

Wins Manufacturer Years won[7]
13   Ford * 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980
  Ferrari 1954, 1974, 1981, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2013
  Mercedes ** 1934, 1935, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2009, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018, 2019
11   Renault 1986, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 2006, 2010, 2011, 2012
3   Honda 1987, 1988, 1989
  Bugatti 1926, 1928, 1929
2   Alfa Romeo 1933, 1951

* Built by Cosworth

** Between 1998-2005 built by Ilmor

By yearEdit

 
Jerez, used 1986–1990
 
Jarama, used 1967–1968, 1970, 1972, 1974, 1976–1981
 
Montjuïc, alternating with Jarama 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975
 
Pedralbes, used in 1951 and 1954
 
Guadarrama, used in 1913
 
A map of all the venues that hosted the Spanish Grand Prix.

A pink background indicates an event that was not part of the Formula One World Championship.
A yellow background indicates an event that was part of the pre-war European Championship.
A green background indicates an event that was part of the pre-war World Manufacturers' Championship.

Year Driver Constructor Location Report
2019   Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Catalunya Report
2018   Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
2017   Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
2016   Max Verstappen Red Bull Racing-TAG Heuer Report
2015   Nico Rosberg Mercedes Report
2014   Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
2013   Fernando Alonso Ferrari Report
2012   Pastor Maldonado Williams-Renault Report
2011   Sebastian Vettel Red Bull-Renault Report
2010   Mark Webber Red Bull-Renault Report
2009   Jenson Button Brawn-Mercedes Report
2008   Kimi Räikkönen Ferrari Report
2007   Felipe Massa Ferrari Report
2006   Fernando Alonso Renault Report
2005   Kimi Räikkönen McLaren-Mercedes Report
2004   Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
2003   Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
2002   Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
2001   Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
2000   Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Report
1999   Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Report
1998   Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Report
1997   Jacques Villeneuve Williams-Renault Report
1996   Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
1995   Michael Schumacher Benetton-Renault Report
1994   Damon Hill Williams-Renault Report
1993   Alain Prost Williams-Renault Report
1992   Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Report
1991   Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Report
1990   Alain Prost Ferrari Jerez Report
1989   Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
1988   Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Report
1987   Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Report
1986   Ayrton Senna Lotus-Renault Report
1985

1982
Not held
1981   Gilles Villeneuve Ferrari Jarama Report
1980   Alan Jones Williams-Ford Jarama Report
1979   Patrick Depailler Ligier-Ford Jarama Report
1978   Mario Andretti Lotus-Ford Report
1977   Mario Andretti Lotus-Ford Report
1976   James Hunt McLaren-Ford Report
1975   Jochen Mass McLaren-Ford Montjuïc Report
1974   Niki Lauda Ferrari Jarama Report
1973   Emerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Ford Montjuïc Report
1972   Emerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Ford Jarama Report
1971   Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Montjuïc Report
1970   Jackie Stewart March-Ford Jarama Report
1969   Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford Montjuïc Report
1968   Graham Hill Lotus-Ford Jarama Report
1967   Jim Clark Lotus-Cosworth Jarama Report
1966

1955
Not held
1954   Mike Hawthorn Ferrari Pedralbes Report
1953

1952
Not held
1951   Juan Manuel Fangio Alfa Romeo Pedralbes Report
1950

1936
Not held
1935   Rudolf Caracciola Mercedes-Benz Lasarte Report
1934   Luigi Fagioli Mercedes-Benz Lasarte Report
1933   Louis Chiron Alfa Romeo Report
1932

1930
Not held
1929   Louis Chiron Bugatti Lasarte Report *
1928   Louis Chiron Bugatti Report *
1927   Robert Benoist Delage Lasarte Report
1926   Bartolomeo Costantini Bugatti Lasarte Report
1925

1924
Not held
1923   Albert Divo Sunbeam Sitges-Terramar Report
1922

1914
Not held
1913   Carlos de Salamanca Rolls-Royce Guadarrama Report *

* Sports car race

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Looking back: F1's Phantom Races". talkingaboutf1.com. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Valencia pays 2012 fee, Spain to alternate from 2013". MSN Sport. MSN Sport. 9 March 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2012.
  3. ^ "No penalty as Valencia breaks F1 contract". grandprix.com. 12 October 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  4. ^ "Spanish Grand Prix: All you need to know after Lewis Hamilton takes pole". BBC Sport. 12 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  5. ^ "Spain". Formula1.com. Formula One World Championship Limited. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Spain". Formula1.com. Formula One World Championship Limited. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  7. ^ a b Official Formula One website. "1950–present race results archives". Retrieved 23 August 2006.

External linksEdit