1972 Formula One season

The 1972 Formula One season was the 26th season of the FIA's Formula One motor racing. It featured the 23rd World Championship of Drivers, the 15th International Cup for F1 Manufacturers[1] and numerous non-championship Formula One races. The World Championship season commenced on 23 January and ended on 8 October after twelve races.

For 1972 Team Lotus focused again on the type 72 chassis. Imperial Tobacco continued its sponsorship of the team under its new John Player Special brand. The cars, now often referred to as 'JPS', were fielded in a new black and gold livery. Lotus took the championship by surprise in 1972 with 25-year-old Brazilian driver Emerson Fittipaldi who became the youngest World Champion at that point. Stewart came second in the championship.

This was the first year where all the races were run on circuits with safety features on them, and considerable progress had been made since 1968, the last year where all races were run on circuits with no safety features.

The British Racing Motors (BRM) team took its last victory when Jean-Pierre Beltoise won the rain-affected 1972 Monaco Grand Prix in a BRM P160.

The Dutch Grand Prix was cancelled this year because of safety arrangements that were not completed for the race. It was supposed to be held between the Belgian and French Grand Prix's at the usual location, Zandvoort. Also, a second American motor race called the United States Grand Prix West, originally supposed to be held in April at the Ontario Motor Speedway near Los Angeles, was cancelled. The Mexican Grand Prix was scheduled to be the last race of the season, but it was cancelled after local interest dissipated after the death of Pedro Rodríguez.[2]

Brazilian Emerson Fittipaldi (pictured in 1974) won the World Drivers' Championship, driving for Lotus-Ford

Drivers and constructorsEdit

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Driver Rounds
  Motor Racing Developments Brabham-Ford BT33
BT34
BT37
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G   Graham Hill All
  Carlos Reutemann 1–2, 5–12
  Wilson Fittipaldi 3–12
  Marlboro BRM BRM P160B
P153
P180
P160C
BRM P142 3.0 V12 F   Howden Ganley 1–6, 8–12
  Reine Wisell 1, 3–4, 6, 8, 10
  Peter Gethin 1–7, 9–12
  Alex Soler-Roig 1, 3
  Helmut Marko 1–2, 4–6
  Jean-Pierre Beltoise 2–12
  Vern Schuppan 5
  Jackie Oliver 7
  Bill Brack 11
  Brian Redman 12
  Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 312B2 Ferrari 001/1 3.0 F12 F   Jacky Ickx All
  Clay Regazzoni 1–5, 8–12
  Mario Andretti 1–3, 10, 12
  Nanni Galli 6
  Arturo Merzario 7–8
  John Player Team Lotus
  World Wide Racing
Lotus-Ford 72D Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 F   Emerson Fittipaldi All
  David Walker 1–9, 12
  Reine Wisell 11–12
  STP March Racing Team March-Ford 721
721X
721G
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G   Ronnie Peterson All
  Niki Lauda All
  Equipe Matra Sports Matra MS120C
MS120D
Matra MS72 3.0 V12 G   Chris Amon All
  Yardley Team McLaren McLaren-Ford M19A
M19C
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G   Denny Hulme All
  Peter Revson 1–3, 5, 7, 9–12
  Brian Redman 4, 6, 8
  Jody Scheckter 12
  Team Surtees
  Brooke Bond Oxo Team Surtees
  Ceramica Pagnossin Team Surtees
  Flame Out Team Surtees
Surtees-Ford TS9B
TS14
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 F   Tim Schenken All
  Andrea de Adamich All
  Mike Hailwood 2–10, 12
  John Surtees 10, 12
  Elf Team Tyrrell Tyrrell-Ford 003
002
004
005
006
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G   Jackie Stewart 1–4, 6–12
  François Cevert All
  Patrick Depailler 6, 12
  Team Williams Motul March-Ford
Politoys-Ford
711
721
FX3
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G   Henri Pescarolo All
  Carlos Pace 2–12
  Team Eifelland Caravans Eifelland-Ford 21 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G   Rolf Stommelen 2–9
  Scribante Lucky Strike Racing Lotus-Ford 72D Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 F   Dave Charlton 2, 6–8
  Team Gunston Surtees-Ford TS9 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 F   John Love 2
Brabham-Ford BT33   William Ferguson 2
  Clarke-Mordaunt-Guthrie Racing March-Ford 721G Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 F   Mike Beuttler 3–12
  Martini Racing Tecno PA123/3 Tecno Series-P 3.0 F12 F   Nanni Galli 5, 7, 9–10
  Derek Bell 6, 8, 10–12
  Darnval Connew Racing Team Connew-Ford PC1 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 F   François Migault 7, 9
  Gene Mason Racing March-Ford 711 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 F   Skip Barber 11–12
  Champcarr Inc. Surtees-Ford TS9B Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 F   Sam Posey 12

CalendarEdit

Round Grand Prix Circuit Date
1   Argentine Grand Prix Autódromo Oscar Alfredo Gálvez, Buenos Aires 23 January
2   South African Grand Prix Kyalami Grand Prix Circuit, Midrand 4 March
3   Spanish Grand Prix Circuito Permanente Del Jarama, Madrid 1 May
4   Monaco Grand Prix Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo 14 May
5   Belgian Grand Prix Nivelles-Baulers, Nivelles 4 June
6   French Grand Prix Charade, Clermont-Ferrand 2 July
7   British Grand Prix Brands Hatch, Kent 15 July
8   German Grand Prix Nürburgring, Nürburg 30 July
9   Austrian Grand Prix Österreichring, Spielberg 13 August
10   Italian Grand Prix Autodromo Nazionale di Monza, Monza 10 September
11   Canadian Grand Prix Mosport Park, Bowmanville 24 September[a]
12   United States Grand Prix Watkins Glen International, New York 8 October

Calendar changesEdit

The Argentine Grand Prix returned to the calendar in 1972, It was the first Formula One race in Argentina since 1960, the Autódromo Oscar Alfredo Gálvez would be used again and was held on 23 January.

The Spanish Grand Prix was moved from Montjuïc to Jarama, in keeping with the event-sharing arrangement between the two circuits.

The Belgian Grand Prix returned to the calendar for 1972, the 1971 race was cancelled because of the failure to bring Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps up to mandatory safety standards. The 1972 race was held at the Nivelles-Baulers circuit.

The French Grand Prix was moved from Circuit Paul Ricard to the Charade Circuit.

The British Grand Prix was moved from Silverstone to Brands Hatch, in keeping with the event-sharing arrangement between the two circuits.

The Canadian Grand Prix was supposed to be held at Circuit Mont-Tremblant was due to host the race in rotation with Mosport Park but the Mont-Tremblant circuit had safety concerns regarding the bitter winters seriously affecting the track surface and a dispute with the local racing authorities there in 1972. Mosport would host the race in 1972 on its intended date.

The United States Grand Prix West was originally scheduled for 9 April at the Ontario Motor Speedway road course in southern California near Los Angeles but was cancelled due to the FIA's insistence on circuits holding a test event first.[b]

The Dutch Grand Prix was originally scheduled for 18 June but was cancelled because of safety upgrades that were not completed at the Zandvoort Circuit in time for the race due to lack of funds.[c][3]

The Mexican Grand Prix was originally scheduled for 22 October but was cancelled as interest waned following the death of Pedro Rodríguez in a sportscar crash in July 1971.[d]

Season ReviewEdit

Race 1: ArgentinaEdit

Formula One returned to Argentina in January for the first time since 1960. The short No.9 arena configuration of the Buenos Aires city autodrome was used, and Argentine Carlos Reutemann, in his first ever F1 race, took pole position in a Brabham-Ford/Cosworth. Defending World Champion Jackie Stewart of the UK won in a Tyrrell-Ford/Cosworth.

Race 2: South AfricaEdit

The South African Grand Prix took place at the Kyalami circuit near Johannesburg in March. Denny Hulme won the race in a McLaren-Ford/Cosworth, which was McLaren's first F1 victory since 1969.

Race 3: SpainEdit

With the cancellation of the United States Grand Prix West at the Ontario Motor Speedway near Los Angeles, Formula One started its 4-month European tour in Spain at the Jarama circuit near Madrid. The Lotus 72, improved after suspension revisions to the chassis to make the car better suited to slick tires, won in the hands of Brazilian Emerson Fittipaldi, in only his second F1 race.

Race 4: MonacoEdit

The Monaco Grand Prix in 1972 was run in extremely wet conditions. The circuit had been changed to move the pits from the start-finish line to the harbour straight, though they were moved back to their original location the following year. Frenchman Jean-Pierre Beltoise won his only championship F1 race.

Race 5: BelgiumEdit

The Belgian Grand Prix took place at the Nivelles circuit just outside Brussels, replacing the Spa-Francorchamps circuit because of safety concerns. Fittipaldi won again in his John Player Lotus 72D.

Race 6: FranceEdit

There was a four-week break between Grands Prix as the Dutch Grand Prix was cancelled due to safety issues with the Zandvoort circuit. The French Grand Prix was run at the 5.1 mile Charade circuit, consisting of closed-off public roads located in hills surrounding an extinct volcano above Clermont-Ferrand. The circuit's twisty, undulating and sometimes fast nature provided a considerable challenge, and the circuit had been lined with more Armco and had a few more safety features. New Zealander Chris Amon took pole with his new Matra MS120D, ahead of his countryman Denny Hulme in a McLaren. Amon led until suffering a puncture, which dropped him to third place, behind Stewart and Fittipaldi – the former returning from illness after missing the previous race in Belgium. Austrian Helmut Marko was hit and blinded in his left eye by a rock thrown from Fittipaldi's Lotus; the injury ended his racing career. The Charade circuit was never used again for F1, with subsequently planned events being cancelled over safety concerns.

Race 7: Great BritainEdit

The British Grand Prix was at Brands Hatch in 1972, and Jacky Ickx in a Ferrari took pole ahead of Fittipaldi and Stewart. Fittipaldi won the race, 4.1 seconds ahead of Stewart.

Race 8: West GermanyEdit

The German Grand Prix was held at the 14.2 mile (22.8 km) Nürburgring Nordschleife – the longest, most demanding and most difficult circuit of the year for Formula One. The race distance was extended from 12 to 14 laps, and Jacky Ickx took pole with a record-breaking time of 7 minutes and 7 seconds, ahead of Stewart, Fittipaldi, Swede Ronnie Peterson in a March and Stewart's teammate Francois Cevert in a Tyrrell-Ford/Cosworth. Ickx went on to dominate the race – he set fastest lap and led from start to finish. Fittipaldi retired with a seized gearbox, and Stewart and Clay Regazzoni in a Ferrari battled until they collided on the last lap at the Hatzenbach. Stewart went off and crashed, but Regazzoni was able to finish behind his teammate Ickx to make it a Ferrari 1–2.

Race 9: AustriaEdit

The Austrian Grand Prix was held at the fastest circuit of the year – the Österreichring in the Styrian mountains. Stewart and Fittipaldi fought for the lead early on, but Stewart, with a new model Tyrrell-Ford/Cosworth 005, eventually fell back and finished 7th, while Fittipaldi won ahead of Denny Hulme and American Peter Revson.

Race 10: ItalyEdit

The European season concluded four weeks after Austria at the Italian Grand Prix at Monza. The Monza autodrome had been slowed compared to previous years by chicanes fitted just after the pit straight and at what was the flat-out Vialone left hander. Fittipaldi's win in Austria and Stewart's failure to score points meant that Fittipaldi could become World Champion at the race, and after Stewart retired at the start with gearbox failure, he was able to take the win and his first Drivers' Championship. At the age of 25, he was the youngest-ever World Champion, a record not beaten until 2005.

Race 11: CanadaEdit

The Formula One season traditionally concluded in North America, and the first of two North American rounds was in Canada, at the Mosport Park circuit near Toronto. The race was originally supposed to be held at the Circuit Mont-Tremblant in northern Quebec, but a dispute with the local authorities saw the race moved back to Mosport, which had received safety upgrades after a fatal accident during a Formula Ford race during the previous year's event. Jackie Stewart won the race from McLaren drivers Revson and Hulme.

Race 12: United StatesEdit

Two weeks after Canada, the 12th and last race of the 1972 Formula One season was held at Watkins Glen International circuit in New York State. Stewart won again ahead of his teammate Cevert, in a race that had 31 cars and drivers start the race.

Results and standingsEdit

Grands PrixEdit

Round Grand Prix Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Winning constructor Tyre Report
1   Argentine Grand Prix   Carlos Reutemann   Jackie Stewart   Jackie Stewart   Tyrrell-Ford G Report
2   South African Grand Prix   Jackie Stewart   Mike Hailwood   Denny Hulme   McLaren-Ford G Report
3   Spanish Grand Prix   Jacky Ickx   Jacky Ickx   Emerson Fittipaldi   Lotus-Ford F Report
4   Monaco Grand Prix   Emerson Fittipaldi   Jean-Pierre Beltoise   Jean-Pierre Beltoise   BRM F Report
5   Belgian Grand Prix   Emerson Fittipaldi   Chris Amon   Emerson Fittipaldi   Lotus-Ford F Report
6   French Grand Prix   Chris Amon   Chris Amon   Jackie Stewart   Tyrrell-Ford G Report
7   British Grand Prix   Jacky Ickx   Jackie Stewart   Emerson Fittipaldi   Lotus-Ford F Report
8   German Grand Prix   Jacky Ickx   Jacky Ickx   Jacky Ickx   Ferrari F Report
9   Austrian Grand Prix   Emerson Fittipaldi   Denny Hulme   Emerson Fittipaldi   Lotus-Ford F Report
10   Italian Grand Prix   Jacky Ickx   Jacky Ickx   Emerson Fittipaldi   Lotus-Ford F Report
11   Canadian Grand Prix   Peter Revson   Jackie Stewart   Jackie Stewart   Tyrrell-Ford G Report
12   United States Grand Prix   Jackie Stewart   Jackie Stewart   Jackie Stewart   Tyrrell-Ford G Report

World Drivers' Championship standingsEdit

Points for the 1972 World Championship of Drivers were awarded on a 9–6–4–3–2–1 basis to the top six finishers in each race. For classification, only the best five results from the first half of the season and the best five results from the second half of the season could be retained.

 
Emerson Fittipaldi (pictured in 2008) won the Drivers' Championship, driving for Lotus
Pos Driver ARG
 
RSA
 
ESP
 
MON
 
BEL
 
FRA
 
GBR
 
GER
 
AUT
 
ITA
 
CAN
 
USA
 
Points
1   Emerson Fittipaldi Ret 2 1 3 1 2 1 Ret 1 1 11 Ret 61
2   Jackie Stewart 1 Ret Ret 4 1 2 11 7 Ret 1 1 45
3   Denny Hulme 2 1 Ret 15 3 7 5 Ret 2 3 3 3 39
4   Jacky Ickx 3 8 2 2 Ret 11 Ret 1 Ret Ret 12 5 27
5   Peter Revson Ret 3 5 7 3 3 4 2 18 23
6   François Cevert Ret 9 Ret NC 2 4 Ret 10 9 Ret Ret 2 15
7   Clay Regazzoni 4 12 3 Ret Ret 2 Ret Ret 5 8 15
8   Mike Hailwood Ret Ret Ret 4 6 Ret Ret 4 2 17 13
9   Ronnie Peterson 6 5 Ret 11 9 5 7 3 12 9 DSQ 4 12
10   Chris Amon DNS 15 Ret 6 6 3 4 15 5 Ret 6 15 12
11   Jean-Pierre Beltoise Ret Ret 1 Ret 15 11 9 8 8 Ret Ret 9
12   Mario Andretti Ret 4 Ret 7 6 4
13   Howden Ganley 9 NC Ret Ret 8 DNS 4 6 11 10 Ret 4
14   Brian Redman 5 9 5 Ret 4
15   Graham Hill Ret 6 10 12 Ret 10 Ret 6 Ret 5 8 11 4
16   Carlos Reutemann 7 Ret 13 12 8 Ret Ret Ret 4 Ret 3
17   Andrea de Adamich Ret NC 4 7 Ret 14 Ret 13 14 Ret Ret Ret 3
18   Carlos Pace 17 6 17 5 Ret Ret NC NC Ret 9 Ret 3
19   Tim Schenken 5 Ret 8 Ret Ret 17 Ret 14 11 Ret 7 Ret 2
20   Arturo Merzario 6 12 1
21   Peter Gethin Ret NC Ret Ret Ret DNS Ret 13 6 Ret Ret 1
  Wilson Fittipaldi 7 9 Ret 8 12 7 Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
  Niki Lauda 11 7 Ret 16 12 Ret 9 Ret 10 13 DSQ NC 0
  Patrick Depailler NC 7 0
  Helmut Marko 10 14 8 10 Ret 0
  Mike Beuttler DNQ 13 Ret 19 13 8 Ret 10 NC 13 0
  Henri Pescarolo 8 11 11 Ret NC DNS Ret Ret DNS DNQ 13 14 0
  David Walker DSQ 10 9 14 14 18 Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
  Jody Scheckter 9 0
  Rolf Stommelen 13 Ret 10 11 16 10 Ret 15 0
  Reine Wisell Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret 10 0
  Sam Posey 12 0
  Nanni Galli Ret 13 Ret NC Ret 0
  Skip Barber NC 16 0
  John Love 16 0
  Dave Charlton Ret DNQ Ret Ret 0
  Derek Bell DNS Ret DNQ DNS Ret 0
  Alex Soler-Roig Ret Ret 0
  Jackie Oliver Ret 0
  François Migault DNS Ret 0
  John Surtees Ret DNS 0
  Bill Brack Ret 0
  William Ferguson DNS 0
  Vern Schuppan DNS 0
Pos Driver ARG
 
RSA
 
ESP
 
MON
 
BEL
 
FRA
 
GBR
 
GER
 
AUT
 
ITA
 
CAN
 
USA
 
Points
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver Second place
Bronze Third place
Green Other points position
Blue Other classified position
Not classified, finished (NC)
Purple Not classified, retired (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrawn (WD)
Did not enter (cell empty)
Text formatting Meaning
Bold Pole position
Italics Fastest lap


International Cup for F1 Manufacturers standingsEdit

 
Lotus-Ford won the International Cup for F1 Manufacturers

Points for the 1972 International Cup for F1 Manufacturers were awarded on a 9–6–4–3–2–1 basis to the top six finishers in each race. Only the best placed car from each manufacturer was eligible to score points. For classification, only the best five results from the first half of the season and the best five results from the second half of the season could be retained.

Pos. Manufacturer ARG
 
RSA
 
ESP
 
MON
 
BEL
 
FRA
 
GBR
 
GER
 
AUT
 
ITA
 
CAN
 
USA
 
Pts.[4]
1   Lotus-Ford Ret 2 1 3 1 2 1 Ret 1 1 11 10 61
2   Tyrrell-Ford 1 9 Ret 4 2 1 2 10 7 Ret 1 1 51
3   McLaren-Ford 2 1 5 5 3 7 3 (5) 2 3 2 3 47 (49)
4   Ferrari 3 4 2 2 Ret 11 6 1 Ret 7 5 5 33
5   Surtees-Ford 5 16 4 7 4 6 Ret 13 4 2 7 12 18
6   March-Ford 6 5 6 11 5 5 7 3 10 9 9 4 15
7   BRM 9 14 Ret 1 8 15 11 4 6 6 10 Ret 14
8   Matra DNS 15 Ret 6 6 3 4 15 5 Ret 6 15 12
9   Brabham-Ford 7 6 7 9 13 8 8 6 Ret 5 4 11 7
  Eifelland-Ford 13 Ret 10 11 16 10 Ret 15 0
  Tecno Ret DNS Ret Ret NC Ret DNS Ret 0
  Politoys-Ford Ret 0
  Connew-Ford DNS Ret 0
Pos. Manufacturer ARG
 
RSA
 
ESP
 
MON
 
BEL
 
FRA
 
GBR
 
GER
 
AUT
 
ITA
 
CAN
 
USA
 
Pts.
  • Bold results counted to championship totals.

Non-championship racesEdit

Other Formula One races were also held in 1972, which did not count towards the World Championship.

Race name Circuit Date Winning driver Constructor Report
  VII Race of Champions Brands Hatch 19 March   Emerson Fittipaldi   Lotus-Cosworth Report
  I Brazilian Grand Prix Interlagos 30 March   Carlos Reutemann   Brabham-Cosworth Report
  XXIV BRDC International Trophy Silverstone 23 April   Emerson Fittipaldi   Lotus-Cosworth Report
  XIX International Gold Cup Oulton Park 29 May   Denny Hulme   McLaren-Cosworth Report
  I Italian Republic Grand Prix Vallelunga 18 June   Emerson Fittipaldi   Lotus-Cosworth Report
  II World Championship Victory Race Brands Hatch 22 October   Jean-Pierre Beltoise   BRM Report

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The Canadian Grand Prix was supposed to be held at Circuit Mont-Tremblant was due to host the race in rotation with Mosport Park but the Mont-Tremblant circuit had safety concerns regarding the bitter winters seriously affecting the track surface and a dispute with the local racing authorities there in 1972. Mosport would host the race in 1972 on its intended date.
  2. ^ The United States Grand Prix West was originally scheduled for 9 April but was cancelled due to the FIA’s insistence on circuits holding a test event first.
  3. ^ The Dutch Grand Prix was originally scheduled for 18 June but was cancelled due to safety upgrades that were not completed at the Zandvoort Circuit in time for the race.
  4. ^ The Mexican Grand Prix was originally scheduled for 22 October but was cancelled due to interest in the Grand Prix waning following the death of Pedro Rodríguez in a sportscar crash in July 1971.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ FIA Yearbook, 1974, pages 119 & 121
  2. ^ "Grand Prix Cancelled". Autosport. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  3. ^ David Hayhoe, Formula 1: The Knowledge records and trivia since 1950 – 2nd Edition, 2021, page 35.
  4. ^ Only the best 5 results from the first 6 rounds and the best 5 results from the last 6 rounds counted towards the championship. Numbers without parentheses are championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.

External linksEdit