List of Formula One circuits

Formula One, abbreviated to F1, is currently the highest class of open-wheeled auto racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body.[1] The "formula" in the name refers to a set of rules to which all participants and vehicles must conform.[2] The Formula One World Championship season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, usually held on purpose-built circuits, and in a few cases on closed city streets.[3] The results of each race are combined to determine two annual championships, one for drivers (World Drivers' Championship), and one for constructors (World Constructors' Championship).[4]

A map of the world showing the locations of the circuits that hosted or are scheduled to host a Grand Prix
Locations of the circuits that hosted or are scheduled to host a Grand Prix. Nations on the current year's schedule are highlighted in green, with circuit locations marked in black. Former host nations are shown in dark grey. Former host circuits are marked with a white dot. De facto status of territories is shown.

This list is for the circuits that hosted World Championship races from 1950 until now. The terms "Formula One race" and "World Championship race" were not always synonymous throughout history – see Formula One § Distinction between Formula One and World Championship races for a detailed explanation.

History edit

The first World Championship Grand Prix was held in 1950 at Silverstone; since then 77 circuits in total have hosted a Grand Prix. A lot of classic (older) circuits have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations throughout their history: Nürburgring, Spa-Francorchamps, Monza, etc. Taking Nürburgring as an example, the first World Championship race there used the 22.835 km (14.189 mi) configuration, but concerns over safety meant that more recent Grands Prix have used a shorter, safer circuit.[5] Formula One circuits were predominantly in Europe during the early years of the championship; as the sport has expanded, so has the location of its circuits. The expansion into Asia and America has been a recent occurrence. Of the 20 circuits that hosted a Grand Prix in 2012, nearly half were not on the calendar before 1999.[6] The Autodromo Nazionale Monza has hosted the most World Championship races; the only season it did not host a race was in 1980, when the Italian Grand Prix was held at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari.[7] The Las Vegas Strip Circuit became the 77th circuit to host a Grand Prix, when it held the Las Vegas Grand Prix in 2023; this is the latest addition to this list. The longest circuit to have hosted a Grand Prix is the Pescara Circuit, which hosted the 1957 Pescara Grand Prix: the 25.800 km (16.031 mi) long circuit in Pescara, Italy, held the annual Coppa Acerbo race, and in 1957 it was the only time that this race was included as part of the World Championship, a race which Stirling Moss won.[8]

As some circuits have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations, the most recent configuration used is listed in the table below.

Circuits edit

Key
* Current circuits (for the 2024 season)
  • The "Circuit" column uses the name contemporary to the last time the circuit was used in Formula One.
  • The "Map" column shows a diagram of the latest configuration on current tracks and the last configuration used on past tracks.
  • The "Type" column refers to the type of circuit: "street" is a circuit held on closed city streets, "road" refers to a mixture of public roads and a permanent track, and "race" is a permanent facility.
  • The "Last length used" shows the track length for the configuration that was used last time the Formula One race was held on a given track.
  • The "Direction" column shows the direction for the configuration that was used last time the Formula One race was held on a given track.
Formula One circuits
Circuit Map Type Direction Location Country Last length used Turns Grands Prix Season(s) Grands Prix held
Adelaide Street Circuit   Street circuit Clockwise Adelaide   Australia 3.780 km (2.349 mi) 16 Australian Grand Prix 19851995 11
Ain-Diab Circuit   Road circuit Clockwise Casablanca   Morocco 7.618 km (4.734 mi) 18 Moroccan Grand Prix 1958 1
Aintree Motor Racing Circuit   Road circuit Clockwise Aintree   United Kingdom 4.828 km (3.000 mi) 12 British Grand Prix 1955, 1957, 1959, 19611962 5
Albert Park Circuit *   Street circuit Clockwise Melbourne   Australia 5.278 km (3.280 mi) 16 Australian Grand Prix 19962019, 20222024 27
Algarve International Circuit   Race circuit Clockwise Portimão   Portugal 4.653 km (2.891 mi) 15 Portuguese Grand Prix 20202021 2
Autódromo do Estoril   Race circuit Clockwise Estoril   Portugal 4.360 km (2.709 mi) 13 Portuguese Grand Prix 19841996 13
Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez *   Race circuit Clockwise Mexico City   Mexico 4.304 km (2.674 mi) Mexican Grand Prix,
Mexico City Grand Prix
19631970, 19861992, 20152019, 20212023 23
Autódromo Internacional do Rio de Janeiro   Race circuit Anti-clockwise Rio de Janeiro   Brazil 5.031 km (3.126 mi) Brazilian Grand Prix 1978, 19811989 10
Autodromo Internazionale del Mugello   Race circuit Clockwise Scarperia e San Piero   Italy 5.245 km (3.259 mi) Tuscan Grand Prix 2020 1
Autodromo Internazionale Enzo e Dino Ferrari *   Race circuit Anti-clockwise Imola   Italy 4.909 km (3.050 mi) Italian Grand Prix,
San Marino Grand Prix,
Emilia Romagna Grand Prix
19802006, 20202022 30
Autodromo José Carlos Pace *   Race circuit Anti-clockwise São Paulo   Brazil 4.309 km (2.677 mi) Brazilian Grand Prix,
São Paulo Grand Prix
19731977, 19791980, 19902019, 20212023 40
Autodromo Nazionale di Monza *   Race circuit Clockwise Monza   Italy 5.793 km (3.600 mi) Italian Grand Prix 19501979, 19812023 73
Autódromo Oscar y Juan Gálvez   Race circuit Clockwise Buenos Aires   Argentina 4.259 km (2.646 mi) Argentine Grand Prix 19531958, 1960, 19721975, 19771981, 19951998 20
AVUS   Road circuit Anti-clockwise Berlin   Germany 8.300 km (5.157 mi) German Grand Prix 1959 1
Bahrain International Circuit *   Race circuit Clockwise Sakhir   Bahrain 5.412 km (3.363 mi) Bahrain Grand Prix,
Sakhir Grand Prix
20042010, 20122024[a] 21
Baku City Circuit *   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Baku   Azerbaijan 6.003 km (3.730 mi) European Grand Prix,
Azerbaijan Grand Prix
20162019, 20212023 7
Brands Hatch Circuit   Race circuit Clockwise West Kingsdown   United Kingdom 4.206 km (2.613 mi) British Grand Prix,
European Grand Prix
1964, 1966, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1980, 19821986 14
Buddh International Circuit   Race circuit Clockwise Greater Noida   India 5.141 km (3.194 mi) Indian Grand Prix 20112013 3
Bugatti Au Mans   Race circuit Clockwise Le Mans   France 4.430 km (2.753 mi) French Grand Prix 1967 1
Caesars Palace Grand Prix Circuit   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Paradise   United States 3.650 km (2.268 mi) Caesars Palace Grand Prix 19811982 2
Charade Circuit   Road circuit Clockwise Saint-Genès-Champanelle   France 8.055 km (5.005 mi) French Grand Prix 1965, 19691970, 1972 4
Circuit Bremgarten   Road circuit Clockwise Bern   Switzerland 7.208 km (4.479 mi) Swiss Grand Prix 19501954 5
Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya *   Race circuit Clockwise Montmeló   Spain 4.657 km (2.894 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 19912023 33
Circuit de Monaco *   Street circuit Clockwise Monte Carlo   Monaco 3.337 km (2.074 mi) 19 Monaco Grand Prix 1950, 19552019, 20212023 69
Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours   Race circuit Clockwise Magny-Cours   France 4.411 km (2.741 mi) French Grand Prix 19912008 18
Circuit de Pedralbes   Street circuit Clockwise Barcelona   Spain 6.316 km (3.925 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 1951, 1954 2
Circuit de Reims-Gueux   Road circuit Clockwise Gueux   France 8.302 km (5.159 mi) French Grand Prix 19501951, 19531954, 1956, 19581961, 1963, 1966 11
Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps *   Race circuit Clockwise Stavelot   Belgium 7.004 km (4.352 mi) 20 Belgian Grand Prix 19501956, 1958, 19601968, 1970, 1983, 19852002, 20042005, 20072023 56
Circuit Dijon-Prenois   Race circuit Clockwise Prenois   France 3.886 km (2.415 mi) French Grand Prix,
Swiss Grand Prix
1974, 1977, 1979, 19811982, 1984 6
Circuit Gilles-Villeneuve *   Street circuit Clockwise Montreal   Canada 4.361 km (2.710 mi) Canadian Grand Prix 19781986, 19882008, 20102019, 20222023 42
Circuit Mont-Tremblant   Race circuit Clockwise Mont-Tremblant   Canada 4.265 km (2.650 mi) Canadian Grand Prix 1968, 1970 2
Circuit of the Americas *   Race circuit Anti-clockwise Austin   United States 5.513 km (3.426 mi) United States Grand Prix 20122019, 20212023 11
Circuit Paul Ricard   Race circuit Clockwise Le Castellet   France 5.842 km (3.630 mi) French Grand Prix 1971, 1973, 19751976, 1978, 1980, 19821983, 19851990, 20182019, 20212022 18
Circuit Zandvoort *   Race circuit Clockwise Zandvoort   Netherlands 4.259 km (2.646 mi) Dutch Grand Prix 19521953, 1955, 19581971, 19731985, 20212023 33
Circuit Zolder   Race circuit Clockwise Heusden-Zolder   Belgium 4.262 km (2.648 mi) Belgian Grand Prix 1973, 19751982, 1984 10
Circuito da Boavista   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Porto   Portugal 7.775 km (4.831 mi) Portuguese Grand Prix 1958, 1960 2
Circuito de Monsanto   Street circuit Clockwise Lisbon   Portugal 5.440 km (3.380 mi) Portuguese Grand Prix 1959 1
Circuito Permanente de Jerez   Race circuit Clockwise Jerez de la Frontera   Spain 4.428 km (2.751 mi) Spanish Grand Prix,
European Grand Prix
19861990, 1994, 1997 7
Circuito Permanente del Jarama   Race circuit Clockwise San Sebastián de los Reyes   Spain 3.314 km (2.059 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 1968, 1970, 1972, 1974, 19761979, 1981 9
Dallas Fair Park   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Dallas   United States 3.901 km (2.424 mi) Dallas Grand Prix 1984 1
Detroit Street Circuit   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Detroit   United States 4.168 km (2.590 mi) Detroit Grand Prix 19821988 7
Donington Park   Race circuit Clockwise Castle Donington   United Kingdom 4.020 km (2.498 mi) European Grand Prix 1993 1
Fuji Speedway   Race circuit Clockwise Oyama   Japan 4.563 km (2.835 mi) Japanese Grand Prix 19761977, 20072008 4
Hockenheimring   Race circuit Clockwise Hockenheim   Germany 4.574 km (2.842 mi) German Grand Prix 1970, 19771984, 19862006, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016, 20182019 37
Hungaroring *   Race circuit Clockwise Mogyoród   Hungary 4.381 km (2.722 mi) Hungarian Grand Prix 19862023 38
Indianapolis Motor Speedway   Race circuit Clockwise Speedway   United States 4.192 km (2.605 mi) Indianapolis 500[b],
United States Grand Prix
19501960, 20002007 19
Intercity Istanbul Park   Race circuit Anti-clockwise Istanbul   Turkey 5.338 km (3.317 mi) Turkish Grand Prix 20052011, 20202021 9
Jeddah Corniche Circuit *   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Jeddah   Saudi Arabia 6.174 km (3.836 mi) Saudi Arabian Grand Prix 20212024 4
Korea International Circuit   Race circuit Anti-clockwise Yeongam   South Korea 5.615 km (3.489 mi) Korean Grand Prix 20102013 4
Kyalami Grand Prix Circuit   Race circuit Anti-clockwise Midrand   South Africa 4.261 km (2.648 mi) South African Grand Prix 19671980, 19821985, 19921993 20
Las Vegas Strip Circuit *   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Paradise   United States 6.201 km (3.853 mi) 17 Las Vegas Grand Prix 2023 1
Long Beach Street Circuit   Street circuit Clockwise Long Beach   United States 3.275 km (2.035 mi) United States Grand Prix West 19761983 8
Lusail International Circuit *   Race circuit Clockwise Lusail   Qatar 5.419 km (3.367 mi) Qatar Grand Prix 2021, 2023 2
Marina Bay Street Circuit *   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Marina Bay   Singapore 4.940 km (3.070 mi) Singapore Grand Prix 20082019, 20222023 14
Miami International Autodrome *   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Miami Gardens   United States 5.412 km (3.363 mi) Miami Grand Prix 20222023 2
Montjuïc circuit   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Barcelona   Spain 3.791 km (2.356 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975 4
Mosport International Raceway   Race circuit Clockwise Bowmanville   Canada 3.957 km (2.459 mi) Canadian Grand Prix 1967, 1969, 19711974, 19761977 8
Nivelles-Baulers   Race circuit Clockwise Nivelles   Belgium 3.724 km (2.314 mi) Belgian Grand Prix 1972, 1974 2
Nürburgring   Race circuit Clockwise Nürburg   Germany 5.148 km (3.199 mi) 15 German Grand Prix,
European Grand Prix,
Luxembourg Grand Prix,
Eifel Grand Prix
19511954, 19561958, 19611969, 19711976, 19841985, 19952007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2020 41
Pescara Circuit   Road circuit Clockwise Pescara   Italy 25.800 km (16.031 mi) Pescara Grand Prix 1957 1
Phoenix Street Circuit   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Phoenix   United States 3.720 km (2.312 mi) United States Grand Prix 19891991 3
Prince George Circuit   Race circuit Clockwise East London   South Africa 3.920 km (2.436 mi) South African Grand Prix 19621963, 1965 3
Red Bull Ring *   Race circuit Clockwise Spielberg   Austria 4.318 km (2.683 mi) Austrian Grand Prix,
Styrian Grand Prix
19701987, 19972003, 20142023[c] 37
Riverside International Raceway   Race circuit Clockwise Moreno Valley   United States 5.271 km (3.275 mi) United States Grand Prix 1960 1
Rouen-Les-Essarts   Road circuit Clockwise Orival   France 6.542 km (4.065 mi) French Grand Prix 1952, 1957, 1962, 1964, 1968 5
Scandinavian Raceway   Race circuit Clockwise Anderstorp   Sweden 4.031 km (2.505 mi) Swedish Grand Prix 19731978 6
Sebring Raceway   Road circuit Clockwise Sebring   United States 8.356 km (5.192 mi) United States Grand Prix 1959 1
Sepang International Circuit   Race circuit Clockwise Sepang   Malaysia 5.543 km (3.444 mi) Malaysian Grand Prix 19992017 19
Shanghai International Circuit *   Race circuit Clockwise Shanghai   China 5.451 km (3.387 mi) Chinese Grand Prix 20042019 16
Silverstone Circuit *   Race circuit Clockwise Silverstone   United Kingdom 5.891 km (3.660 mi) British Grand Prix,
70th Anniversary Grand Prix
19501954, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1985, 19872023[a] 58
Sochi Autodrom   Race circuit Clockwise Sochi   Russia 5.848 km (3.634 mi) Russian Grand Prix 20142021 8
Suzuka International Racing Course *   Race circuit Part clockwise and part anti-clockwise (figure eight) Suzuka   Japan 5.807 km (3.608 mi) Japanese Grand Prix 19872006, 20092019, 20222024 34
TI Circuit Aida   Race circuit Clockwise Mimasaka   Japan 3.703 km (2.301 mi) Pacific Grand Prix 19941995 2
Valencia Street Circuit   Street circuit Clockwise Valencia   Spain 5.419 km (3.367 mi) European Grand Prix 20082012 5
Watkins Glen International   Race circuit Clockwise Watkins Glen   United States 5.430 km (3.374 mi) United States Grand Prix 19611980 20
Yas Marina Circuit *   Race circuit Anti-clockwise Abu Dhabi   United Arab Emirates 5.281 km (3.281 mi) Abu Dhabi Grand Prix 20092023 15
Zeltweg Airfield   Road circuit Clockwise Zeltweg   Austria 3.186 km (1.980 mi) Austrian Grand Prix 1964 1

Footnotes edit

  1. ^ a b Silverstone Circuit and the Bahrain International Circuit held two races each in 2020.
  2. ^ From 1950 to 1960, the Indianapolis 500 was part of the World Championship.[9]
  3. ^ The Red Bull Ring held two races per season in both 2020 and 2021.

References edit

General

  • Hughes, Mark; Tremayne, David (2002). The Concise Encyclopedia of Formula 1. Parragon. pp. 70–93. ISBN 0-75258-766-8.
  • "Circuits". ESPN. Retrieved 17 June 2012.

Specific

  1. ^ "About FIA". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). Archived from the original on 28 June 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2008.
  2. ^ Williamson, Martin. "A brief history of Formula One". ESPN. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  3. ^ Hughes & Tremayne 2002, pp. 82–83
  4. ^ "2020 Formula One Sporting Regulations" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). 7 April 2020. pp. 3–4. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 April 2020. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  5. ^ Hughes & Tremayne 2002, p. 76
  6. ^ Gill, Pete (31 October 2011). "A truly global sport". Sky Sports. Archived from the original on 3 January 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  7. ^ "Facts and figures – Italian Grand Prix". Formula 1. 7 September 2006. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  8. ^ "Pescara Circuit". ESPN. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  9. ^ "United States Grand Prix history". Formula 1. 16 June 2004. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 5 July 2012.

See also edit

External links edit