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List of Formula One circuits

A map of the world showing the locations of the circuits to host a Grand Prix in the 2017 FIA Formula One World Championship
Locations of the circuits that hosted a Grand Prix. Nations that are scheduled to host a Grand Prix in 2017 are highlighted in green, with circuit locations marked in black. Former host nations are shown in dark grey. Former host circuits are marked with a white dot.

Formula One, abbreviated to F1, is the highest class of open-wheeled auto racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body.[1] The "formula" in the name refers to a set of rules to which all participants and vehicles must conform. The Formula One World Championship season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, usually held on purpose-built circuits, and in a few cases on closed city streets. The results of each race are combined to determine two annual Championships, one for drivers and one for constructors.

The first World Championship Grand Prix was held in 1950 at Silverstone; since then 71 circuits have hosted a Grand Prix. Circuits such as the Nürburgring have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations. The first race at the Nürburgring used the 22.835 km (14.189 mi) configuration, but concerns over safety meant that more recent Grands Prix have used a shorter, safer circuit.[2] F1 circuits were predominantly in Europe during the early years of the championship, as the sport has expanded so has the location of its circuits. The expansion into Asia and America has been a recent occurrence. Of the 20 circuits that hosted a Grand Prix in 2012, nearly half were not on the calendar before 1999.[3]

The Autodromo Nazionale Monza has hosted the most Grands Prix; it has been used as the circuit for the Italian Grand Prix 67 times. The only season it did not host a race was in 1980, when the Italian Grand Prix was held at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari.[4] The Baku City Circuit became the 71st circuit to host a Grand Prix, when it held the European Grand Prix in 2016. The longest circuit to have hosted a Grand Prix is the Pescara Circuit, which hosted the 1957 Pescara Grand Prix. The 25.800 km (16.031 mi) long circuit in Pescara, Italy, held the annual Coppa Acerbo race; in 1957 it was included as part of the World Championship, a race which Stirling Moss won.[5]

As some circuits have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations, the most recent configuration used is listed in the table below.

Contents

CircuitsEdit

Key
  Current circuits (for the 2017 season)
  • The "Map" column shows a diagram of the latest configuration on current tracks and the last configuration used on past tracks.
  • The "Type" column refers to the type of circuit: "street" is a circuit held on closed city streets, "road" refers to a mixture of public roads and a permanent track, and "race" is a permanent facility.
  • The "Last length used" shows the track length for the configuration that was used last on a given track.
Formula One circuits
Circuit Map Type Direction Location Last length used Grands Prix Season(s) Grands Prix held
Adelaide Street Circuit   Street circuit Clockwise Adelaide, Australia 3.780 km (2.349 mi) Australian Grand Prix 19851995 11
Ain-Diab Circuit   Road circuit Clockwise Casablanca, Morocco 7.618 km (4.734 mi) Moroccan Grand Prix 1958 1
Aintree Motor Racing Circuit   Road circuit Clockwise Aintree, United Kingdom 4.828 km (3.000 mi) British Grand Prix 1955, 1957, 1959, 19611962 5
Autódromo do Estoril   Race circuit Clockwise Cascais, Portugal 4.360 km (2.709 mi) Portuguese Grand Prix 19841996 13
Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari   Race circuit Anti-clockwise Imola, Italy 4.933 km (3.065 mi) Italian Grand Prix 1980 1
San Marino Grand Prix 19812006 26
Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez    Race circuit Clockwise Mexico City, Mexico 4.313 km (2.680 mi) Mexican Grand Prix 19631970, 19861992, 20152017 18
Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet   Race circuit Anti-clockwise Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 5.031 km (3.126 mi) Brazilian Grand Prix 1978, 19811989 10
Autódromo José Carlos Pace    Race circuit Anti-clockwise São Paulo, Brazil 4.309 km (2.677 mi) Brazilian Grand Prix 19731977, 19791980,
19902017
35
Autódromo Juan y Oscar Gálvez   Race circuit Clockwise Buenos Aires, Argentina 4.259 km (2.646 mi) Argentine Grand Prix 19531958, 1960, 19721975, 19771981, 19951998 20
Autodromo Nazionale Monza    Race circuit Clockwise Monza, Italy 5.793 km (3.600 mi) Italian Grand Prix 19501979, 19812017 67
AVUS   Road circuit Anti-clockwise Berlin, Germany 8.300 km (5.157 mi) German Grand Prix 1959 1
Bahrain International Circuit    Race circuit Clockwise Sakhir, Bahrain 5.412 km (3.363 mi) Bahrain Grand Prix 20042010, 20122017 13
Baku City Circuit    Street circuit Anti-clockwise Baku, Azerbaijan 6.003 km (3.730 mi) European Grand Prix 2016 1
Azerbaijan Grand Prix 2017 1
Brands Hatch   Race circuit Clockwise West Kingsdown, United Kingdom 3.703 km (2.301 mi) British Grand Prix 1964, 1966, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1980, 1982, 1984, 1986 12
European Grand Prix 1983, 1985 2
Buddh International Circuit   Race circuit Clockwise Greater Noida, India 5.141 km (3.194 mi) Indian Grand Prix 20112013 3
Bugatti Circuit   Race circuit Clockwise Le Mans, France 4.430 km (2.753 mi) French Grand Prix 1967 1
Caesars Palace Grand Prix Circuit   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Las Vegas, United States 3.650 km (2.268 mi) Caesars Palace Grand Prix 19811982 2
Charade Circuit   Road circuit Clockwise Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France 8.055 km (5.005 mi) French Grand Prix 1965, 19691970, 1972 4
Circuit Bremgarten   Road circuit Clockwise Bern, Switzerland 7.208 km (4.479 mi) Swiss Grand Prix 19501954 5
Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya    Race circuit Clockwise Montmeló, Spain 4.655 km (2.892 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 19912017 27
Circuit de Monaco    Street circuit Clockwise Monaco 3.337 km (2.074 mi) Monaco Grand Prix 1950, 19552017 64
Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps    Race circuit Clockwise Stavelot, Belgium 7.004 km (4.352 mi) Belgian Grand Prix 19501956, 1958, 19601968, 1970, 1983, 19852002, 20042005, 20072017 50
Circuito de Monsanto   Street circuit Clockwise Lisbon, Portugal 5.440 km (3.380 mi) Portuguese Grand Prix 1959 1
Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours   Race circuit Clockwise Magny-Cours, France 4.411 km (2.741 mi) French Grand Prix 19912008 18
Circuit Gilles Villeneuve    Street circuit Clockwise Montreal, Quebec, Canada 4.361 km (2.710 mi) Canadian Grand Prix 19781986, 19882008, 20102017 38
Circuit Mont-Tremblant   Race circuit Clockwise Mont-Tremblant, Canada 4.265 km (2.650 mi) Canadian Grand Prix 1968, 1970 2
Circuit of the Americas    Race circuit Anti-clockwise Elroy, Texas, United States 5.470 km (3.399 mi) United States Grand Prix 20122017 6
Circuit Park Zandvoort   Race circuit Clockwise Zandvoort, Netherlands 4.252 km (2.642 mi) Dutch Grand Prix 19521953, 1955, 19581971, 19731985 30
Circuit Paul Ricard   Race circuit Clockwise Le Castellet, France 5.800 km (3.604 mi) French Grand Prix 1971, 1973, 19751976, 1978, 1980, 19821983, 19851990 14
Circuit Zolder   Race circuit Clockwise Heusden-Zolder, Belgium 4.262 km (2.648 mi) Belgian Grand Prix 1973, 19751982, 1984 10
Circuito da Boavista   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Porto, Portugal 7.775 km (4.831 mi) Portuguese Grand Prix 1958, 1960 2
Circuito de Jerez   Race circuit Clockwise Jerez de la Frontera, Spain 4.428 km (2.751 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 19861990 5
European Grand Prix 1994, 1997 2
Circuito del Jarama   Race circuit Clockwise San Sebastián de los Reyes, Spain 3.404 km (2.115 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 1968, 1970, 1972, 1974,
19761979, 1981
9
Dallas Grand Prix Circuit   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Dallas, United States 3.901 km (2.424 mi) Dallas Grand Prix 1984 1
Detroit street circuit   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Detroit, United States 4.168 km (2.590 mi) Detroit Grand Prix 19821988 7
Dijon-Prenois   Race circuit Clockwise Prenois, France 3.886 km (2.415 mi) French Grand Prix
Swiss Grand Prix
1974, 1977, 1979, 19811982, 1984 6
Donington Park   Race circuit Clockwise Castle Donington, United Kingdom 4.020 km (2.498 mi) European Grand Prix 1993 1
Fuji Speedway   Race circuit Clockwise Oyama, Japan 4.563 km (2.835 mi) Japanese Grand Prix 19761977, 20072008 4
Long Beach Street Circuit   Street circuit Clockwise Long Beach, United States 3.275 km (2.035 mi) United States Grand Prix West 19761983 8
Hockenheimring   Race circuit Clockwise Hockenheim, Germany 4.574 km (2.842 mi) German Grand Prix 1970, 19771984, 19862006,
2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016
35
Hungaroring    Race circuit Clockwise Mogyoród, Hungary 4.381 km (2.722 mi) Hungarian Grand Prix 19862017 32
Indianapolis Motor Speedway   Race circuit Anti-clockwise Speedway, United States 2.500 mi (4.023 km) Indianapolis 500[A] 19501960 11
Clockwise 4.192 km (2.605 mi) United States Grand Prix 20002007 8
Istanbul Park   Race circuit Anti-clockwise Istanbul, Turkey 5.338 km (3.317 mi) Turkish Grand Prix 20052011 7
Korea International Circuit   Race circuit Anti-clockwise Yeongam, South Korea 5.615 km (3.489 mi) Korean Grand Prix 20102013 4
Kyalami Racing Circuit   Race circuit Clockwise(1967—85); Anti-clockwise(1992—93) Midrand, South Africa 4.200 km (2.610 mi) South African Grand Prix 19671980, 19821985, 19921993 20
Marina Bay Street Circuit    Street circuit Anti-clockwise Singapore 5.065 km (3.147 mi) Singapore Grand Prix 20082017 10
Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit    Street circuit Clockwise Melbourne, Australia 5.303 km (3.295 mi) Australian Grand Prix 19962017 22
Montjuïc circuit   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Barcelona, Spain 3.791 km (2.356 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975 4
Mosport International Raceway   Race circuit Clockwise Bowmanville, Canada 3.957 km (2.459 mi) Canadian Grand Prix 1967, 1969, 19711974, 19761977 8
Nivelles-Baulers   Race circuit Clockwise Nivelles, Belgium 3.724 km (2.314 mi) Belgian Grand Prix 1972, 1974 2
Nürburgring   Race circuit Clockwise Nürburg, Germany 5.148 km (3.199 mi) German Grand Prix 19511954, 19561958, 19611969, 19711976, 1985, 2009, 2011, 2013 26
European Grand Prix 1984, 19951996, 19992007 12
Luxembourg Grand Prix 19971998 2
Pedralbes Circuit   Street circuit Clockwise Barcelona, Spain 6.316 km (3.925 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 1951, 1954 2
Pescara Circuit   Road circuit Clockwise Pescara, Italy 25.800 km (16.031 mi) Pescara Grand Prix 1957 1
Phoenix street circuit   Street circuit Anti-clockwise Phoenix, United States 3.720 km (2.312 mi) United States Grand Prix 19891991 3
Prince George Circuit   Race circuit Clockwise East London, South Africa 3.920 km (2.436 mi) South African Grand Prix 19621963, 1965 3
Red Bull Ring  (formerly A1-Ring and Österreichring)   Race circuit Clockwise Spielberg bei Knittelfeld, Austria 4.326 km (2.688 mi) Austrian Grand Prix 19701987, 19972003, 20142017 29
Reims-Gueux   Road circuit Clockwise Gueux, France 8.302 km (5.159 mi) French Grand Prix 19501951, 19531954, 1956,
19581961, 1963, 1966
11
Riverside International Raceway   Race circuit Clockwise Moreno Valley, United States 5.271 km (3.275 mi) United States Grand Prix 1960 1
Rouen-Les-Essarts   Road circuit Clockwise Orival, France 6.542 km (4.065 mi) French Grand Prix 1952, 1957, 1962, 1964, 1968 5
Scandinavian Raceway   Race circuit Clockwise Anderstorp, Sweden 4.031 km (2.505 mi) Swedish Grand Prix 19731978 6
Sebring International Raceway   Road circuit Clockwise Sebring, United States 8.356 km (5.192 mi) United States Grand Prix 1959 1
Sepang International Circuit    Race circuit Clockwise Sepang, Malaysia 5.543 km (3.444 mi) Malaysian Grand Prix 19992017 19
Shanghai International Circuit    Race circuit Clockwise Shanghai, China 5.451 km (3.387 mi) Chinese Grand Prix 20042017 14
Silverstone Circuit    Race circuit Clockwise Silverstone, United Kingdom 5.891 km (3.660 mi) British Grand Prix 19501954, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1985, 19872017 51
Sochi Autodrom    Road circuit Clockwise Sochi, Russia 5.848 km (3.634 mi) Russian Grand Prix 20142017 4
Suzuka Circuit     Race circuit Clockwise and Anti-clockwise (figure eight) Suzuka, Japan 5.807 km (3.608 mi) Japanese Grand Prix 19872006, 20092017 29
Okayama International Circuit   Race circuit Clockwise Mimasaka, Japan 3.703 km (2.301 mi) Pacific Grand Prix 19941995 2
Valencia Street Circuit   Street circuit Clockwise Valencia, Spain 5.419 km (3.367 mi) European Grand Prix 20082012 5
Watkins Glen   Race circuit Clockwise Watkins Glen, United States 5.430 km (3.374 mi) United States Grand Prix 19611980 20
Yas Marina Circuit    Race circuit Anti-clockwise Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 5.554 km (3.451 mi) Abu Dhabi Grand Prix 20092016 8
Zeltweg Airfield   Road circuit Clockwise Zeltweg, Austria 3.186 km (1.980 mi) Austrian Grand Prix 1964 1

FootnotesEdit

A. ^ From 1950 to 1960, the Indianapolis 500 was part of the F1 World Championship.[6]

ReferencesEdit

General

  • Hughes, Mark; Tremayne, David (2002). The Concise Encyclopedia of Formula 1. Parragon. pp. 70–93. ISBN 0-75258-766-8. 
  • "Circuits". ESPN. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 

Specific

  1. ^ "About FIA". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). Archived from the original on 28 June 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2008. 
  2. ^ Hughes & Tremayne 2002, p. 76
  3. ^ Gill, Pete (31 October 2011). "A truly global sport". Sky Sports. Archived from the original on 3 January 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  4. ^ "Facts and figures – Italian Grand Prix". Formula 1. 7 September 2006. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "Pescara Circuit". ESPN. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  6. ^ "United States Grand Prix history". Formula 1. 16 June 2004. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 

External linksEdit