Suzuka (鈴鹿市, Suzuka-shi) is a city in Mie Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 July 2021, the city had an estimated population of 197,977 in 87,680 households and a population density of 1000 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city is 194.46 square kilometres (75.08 square miles).

Suzuka
鈴鹿市
Suzuka City Office
Suzuka City Office
Flag of Suzuka
Official seal of Suzuka
Location of Suzuka in Mie Prefecture
Location of Suzuka in Mie Prefecture
Suzuka is located in Japan
Suzuka
Suzuka
 
Coordinates: 34°52′55.1″N 136°35′3″E / 34.881972°N 136.58417°E / 34.881972; 136.58417Coordinates: 34°52′55.1″N 136°35′3″E / 34.881972°N 136.58417°E / 34.881972; 136.58417
CountryJapan
RegionKansai
PrefectureMie
Government
 • MayorNoriko Suematsu (since May 2011)
Area
 • Total194.46 km2 (75.08 sq mi)
Population
 (August 2021)
 • Total197,977
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeJapanese zelkova
- FlowerSatsuki azalea
Phone number059-382-1100
Address1-18-18 Kanbe, Suzuka-shi, Mie-ken 513-8701
WebsiteOfficial website

GeographyEdit

Suzuka is in northeastern Mie Prefecture, in northern Kii Peninsula, bordered by Ise Bay to the east. Parts of the city are within the borders of the Ise-no-Umi Prefectural Natural Park and the Suzuka Quasi-National Park.

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

Mie Prefecture

Shiga Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Suzuka has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Suzuka is 15.6 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1737 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around 4.7 °C.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Suzuka has increased slowly over the past 50 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 96,822—    
1970 121,185+25.2%
1980 156,250+28.9%
1990 174,105+11.4%
2000 186,151+6.9%
2010 199,184+7.0%

HistoryEdit

Suzuka, as a place name, is mentioned in the Nara period chronicle Nihon Shoki. The ancient Tōkaidō passed through Suzuka, and the Nara-period provincial capital was within its borders. During the Sengoku period, the area was controlled by Oda Nobutaka, the third son of Oda Nobunaga, who ruled from Kanbe Castle. During the Edo period, much of the area was under the control of the 15,000 koku Kanbe Domain, ruled by the Honda clan from 1732 until the Meiji restoration in 1871. During this period, two post stations were within the modern city limits: Ishiyakushi-juku and Shōno-juku, which prospered due to pilgrimage traffic to the Ise Grand Shrine.

After the start of the Meiji period, the area was organized as part of Suzuka District in 1889 and the town of Kanbe was established with the creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. On December 1, 1942, Kanbe merged with the villages of Shirako, Inau, Iino, Kawano, Ichinomiya, Mida, Tanagaki, Wakamatsu, Ko, Shono, Takatsuse, Makita, and Ishiyakushi to form the city of Suzuka. The city further expanded in 1954 by annexing the villages of Sakae, Amana and Aikawa and portions of neighboring Kameyama.

GovernmentEdit

Suzuka has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 32 members. Suzuka contributes four members to the Mie Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Mie 2nd district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

Suzuka boasts a significant industrial market, having major factories for Sharp and Honda in its bounds. These companies outsource part of their labor to South American nationals to secure a contract-based workforce.

Although the Japanese government encourages mandatory English-language education across the nation, in Suzuka many courses are offered by private cram schools (juku) and by publicly funded institutions supporting Portuguese and Spanish. In a controversial move, the city's governing body, from April 2004, requires all garbage information and local signage to be in Japanese and Portuguese (but not English).

EducationEdit

Colleges and universitiesEdit

Primary and secondary educationEdit

  • Suzuka has 30 public elementary schools and ten public middle school operated by the city government, and five public high schools operated by the Mie Prefectural Department of Education. There are also one private middle school and one private high school, and the prefecture also operates one special education school for the handicapped.

International schoolsEdit

TransportEdit

RailwayEdit

  JR TōkaiKansai Main Line

Ise RailwayIse Line

  Kintetsu Railway - Nagoya Line

  Kintetsu Railway - Suzuka Line

HighwayEdit

Local attractionsEdit

SportsEdit

Motor racing circuitEdit

 
Suzuka Circuit map

Suzuka Circuit is a Honda-owned racetrack. It has been the home of the Japanese Grand Prix from 1987, except in 2007 and 2008. It is the only figure-eight circuit in the championship, and is very popular with the drivers, in spite of its numerous difficult bends. Located next to the circuit is the Honda Safety Riding/Driving School, where thousands of car and motorcycle drivers have been trained, including many police officers and instructors throughout the world.

Sister city relationsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Suzuka city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Suzuka climate data
  3. ^ Suzuka population statistics
  4. ^ "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.
  5. ^ "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. February 7, 2008. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.
  6. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 21 November 2015.

External linksEdit