Indian Grand Prix

The Indian Grand Prix was a Formula One race in the calendar of the FIA Formula One World Championship, which was held at the Buddh International Circuit in Sector 25 along Yamuna Expressway in Gautam Buddh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh State from 2011 until 2013.

Indian Grand Prix
Buddh International Circuit
Buddh Circuit.svg
Race information
Number of times held3
First held2011
Last held2013
Most wins (drivers)Germany Sebastian Vettel (3)
Most wins (constructors)Austria Red Bull Racing (3)
Circuit length5.125 km (3.185 miles)
Race length307.249 km (190.916 miles)
Laps60
Last race (2013)
Pole position
Podium
Fastest lap

The first edition took place on 30 October 2011, as the 17th race of the 2011 Formula One season.[1] The inaugural race was won by Germany's Sebastian Vettel. Jaypee Sports International Limited is the organizer of Formula One racing in India and has signed a five-year contract with Formula One Management (FOM) to host the championship in India.

In August 2013, FIA announced that the Indian Grand Prix would be missing in 2014 before returning to an early-season slot in 2015. Subsequently, because of a tax dispute with the Uttar Pradesh government, that too was ruled out and the race did neither return for the 2016 season,[2] nor has it ever since.

HistoryEdit

As early as 1997, there were plans to host an Indian Grand Prix at Calcutta.[3] In 2003, India had only two permanent raceways, one in Chennai (Irungattukottai), and the Kari Motor Speedway in Coimbatore.[4] At that time two 600-acre (240 ha) sites in the vicinity of the Bangalore airport were examined. Also, in the state of Andhra Pradesh, Chief Minister Chandrababu Naidu reserved 1,500 acres (610 ha) of land near the airport at Hyderabad. Vicky Chandhok, father of Karun Chandhok, stated in an interview: "Andhra Pradesh is really pushing it like no other state! It is great to see a Chief Minister pushing so hard. Bangalore is a great location, mainly because of the weather".[3] In December 2003, a seven-year pre-agreement to host the GP in Hyderabad in 2007 was signed. The track was to be built near Gopanapally village, near the outskirts of Hyderabad, and consisted of 1,367 acres (553 ha) of land.[5]

However, in 2004 competition arose from Mumbai, to change the location from Hyderabad to Mumbai.[6] Formula One commercial rights holder Bernie Ecclestone expected India to host a Grand Prix within three years, aiming for locating at either Hyderabad or Mumbai.[7] In the end these projects were never realised, possibly owing to anti-tobacco legislation,[5] and a change in government policy.[8][9] Both projects then were declared "dead" in the second half of 2004, when Mumbai's government decided "not to waste money on car fumes while there are more serious issues",[10] and the Hyderabad location was converted to an IT park for technology companies.[11] However, sites at Mumbai were still being investigated (Gorai and Navi Mumbai). In 2005, Narain Karthikeyan was due to demonstrate a Jordan Grand Prix car in Mumbai, but the road proved to be too bumpy.[12]

In 2007, five locations remained in the running for hosting the Indian Grand Prix: Bangalore; the Gurgaon district in the state of Haryana; a permanent track somewhere near New Delhi; a street circuit in New Delhi, as proposed by Vijay Mallya;[13][14] and a site in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.[15]

Following months of negotiations, the Indian Olympic Association (IOA) and Ecclestone announced in June 2007 a provisional agreement for India to host its first Grand Prix as a part of the 2009 Formula One season.[16][17] The track would be built in Gurgaon, in consultation with architect Hermann Tilke.[3][18][19]

 
Felipe Massa at Indian Grand Prix 2013

However, in September 2007 it was announced that the debut race would take place in 2010 on the Buddh International Circuit in Greater Noida.[20][21] After further assessments of the timeframe involved, Ecclestone announced in September 2008 that the Indian Grand Prix had been delayed to 2011.[22]

In October 2008, the Renault F1 team showcased their car on a tour across all the sites which were previously linked to a Formula One circuit in India, except Mumbai: Gurgaon, Lucknow, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Kolkata.[23] In November 2008 they also performed a street demonstration on Rajpath at the India Gate end, New Delhi; the car was driven by Nelson Piquet, Jr.[24][25] In August 2009, the McLaren team showcased their car in Lucknow.[26] On 11 October 2009, the Red Bull Racing team gave a demonstration in Mumbai. David Coulthard drove the Red Bull car across Mumbai's Bandra–Worli Sea Link.[27]

The Indian Grand Prix had the potential to generate around $170 million in revenue and employ as many as 10,000 people.[28][29] The opportunity in advertising tie-ups between manufacturers and Formula One were also a consideration.[30] The race coincided with the important Diwali holiday, when consumer spending is typically at its highest and many people are traveling, which further improved economic prospects. It was one of the few F1 races at the time that were not subsidized by government, and the venue had to pay $40 million per year to Formula One Holdings to host the event.[31]

CircuitEdit

 
"The Circuit Official Logo"

The race was held at the Buddh International Circuit in Greater Noida near New Delhi between 2011 and 2013. The 5.125 km circuit has been designed by German architect Hermann Tilke. Four million cubic tons of earth were moved to achieve the rise and fall through the lap. The track is spread across an area of 875 acres,[32] and is a part of Jaypee Green Sports city.

WinnersEdit

All Indian Grands Prix were held at Buddh International Circuit.[33]

Year Driver Constructor Report
2011   Sebastian Vettel Red Bull Racing-Renault Report
2012   Sebastian Vettel Red Bull Racing-Renault Report
2013   Sebastian Vettel Red Bull Racing-Renault Report
Source:[34]

Tax issues and absence (2014 onwards)Edit

The Indian Grand Prix was set to have a one-year hiatus and then return on the 2015 calendar as confirmed by the FIA. Bernie Ecclestone later cast doubt on this, suggesting the race would be delayed until 2016,[35] and this doubt was later confirmed by Ecclestone in August 2014 in Belgium. The Indian Grand Prix was cancelled for the second consecutive year following tax disputes between the FIA and the Uttar Pradesh government.[36][37][38] The circuit, despite the placards saying "New Delhi"[39] is not located in the union territory of Delhi, but in the neighbouring state of Uttar Pradesh.[31] The government of Uttar Pradesh, led by the then Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav said that F1 is not a sport, but entertainment and levied taxes on the event.[31]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "FIA announces 20-race calendar for 2011". Formula1.com. 8 September 2010. Archived from the original on 11 September 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  2. ^ "Ecclestone rules out 2015 Indian GP". The Hindu. 22 August 2014. Archived from the original on 20 January 2016. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "F1 in India not before 2007–2008". Rediff. 28 July 2003. Archived from the original on 2 November 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2010.
  4. ^ "Kari Memorial Speedway at". Etracksonline.co.uk. Archived from the original on 3 December 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  5. ^ a b "India Times, Dec 23, 2003". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 23 December 2003. Archived from the original on 2 May 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  6. ^ "India Times, Jan 26, 2004". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 26 January 2004. Archived from the original on 2 November 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  7. ^ "BBC, 11 February 2005". BBC News. 11 February 2005. Archived from the original on 2 February 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  8. ^ "gpupdate.net, 17 May 2004". F1.gpupdate.net. 17 May 2004. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  9. ^ "gpupdate.net, 07 June 2004". F1.gpupdate.net. 7 June 2004. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  10. ^ "gpupdate.net, 22 July 2004". F1.gpupdate.net. 22 July 2004. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  11. ^ "gpupdate.net, 27 September 2004". F1.gpupdate.net. 27 September 2004. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  12. ^ "gpupdate.net, 20 October 2005". F1.gpupdate.net. 20 October 2005. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  13. ^ "New Delhi GP on". Dancewithshadows.com. 15 May 2007. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  14. ^ "New Delhi GP on gpupdate.net". F1.gpupdate.net. 28 March 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  15. ^ Agencies (8 October 2007). "Express India, Oct 08, 2007". Expressindia.com. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  16. ^ "Indian Grand Prix 2009". 14 June 2007. Archived from the original on 11 July 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2007.
  17. ^ "India agree deal on Grand Prix". BBC News. 17 June 2007. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2007.
  18. ^ "Haryana GP on". Dnaindia.com. 11 September 2007. Archived from the original on 3 November 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  19. ^ "Haryana on gpupdate.net". F1.gpupdate.net. 15 November 2006. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  20. ^ "2010 GP on gpupdate.net". F1.gpupdate.net. 17 September 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  21. ^ "India to host its first Formula One race in 2010". The Bangkok Post. 17 September 2007. Retrieved 17 September 2007.
  22. ^ "Indian Grand Prix debut pushed back to 2011". The Daily Telegraph. London. 30 September 2008. Archived from the original on 5 November 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2008.
  23. ^ "Renault F1 tour at". Reachouthyderabad.com. Archived from the original on 28 November 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  24. ^ "F1 Rajpath at". Youtube.com. Archived from the original on 1 February 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  25. ^ adityatakiar. "F1 India gate at". Youtube.com. Archived from the original on 31 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  26. ^ "Vodafone India - Prepaid | Postpaid | International Roaming | Buy New Connection". www.vodafone.in.
  27. ^ "F1 mumbai lap at". Youtube.com. Archived from the original on 14 January 2014. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  28. ^ "F1 turns to India as a force for the future". CNN. 6 January 2009. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
  29. ^ "India on course for 2011 F1 Grand Prix". The Financial Express. 16 January 2009. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
  30. ^ Jainani, Deepa (16 January 2009). "India on course for 2011 F1 Grand Prix". The Financial Express. The Indian Express Limited. Archived from the original on 19 June 2009. Retrieved 6 May 2009.
  31. ^ a b c "Why India's Formula 1 Grand Prix is under threat". BBC News. 24 October 2013. Archived from the original on 27 October 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  32. ^ "Jaypee". The Times of India. 4 December 2009. Archived from the original on 20 January 2016. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
  33. ^ "Buddh International Circuit". Motorsport Stats. Retrieved 3 September 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  34. ^ "Indian GP". ChicaneF1. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  35. ^ "Indian Grand Prix must wait until at least 2016, says Bernie Ecclestone". The Guardian. 6 March 2014. Archived from the original on 18 March 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  36. ^ India F1 hopes dashed Archived 22 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  37. ^ Formula1Onlive Huge reaction for 2012 Indian F1 Grand Prix Archived 1 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine, India. Retrieved on 27 August 2012.
  38. ^ 2012 Indian Grand Prix Preparations in Pictures Archived 27 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine, India,. Retrieved on 24 October 2012.
  39. ^ "Formula 1 in India". Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2013.

External linksEdit