Circuito do Estoril
The Circuito do Estoril or Autódromo do Estoril (Estoril Circuit), officially known as Autódromo Fernanda Pires da Silva, is a motorsport race track on the Portuguese Riviera, outside of Lisbon, owned by state-run holding management company Parpública. Its length is 4.182 km (2.599 mi). It was the home of the Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix from 1984 to 1996. The capacity of the motorsport stadium is 45,000. The circuit has an FIA Grade 1 license.
|Location||Estoril, Cascais, Portugal|
|Time zone||UTC+0, UTC+1 (DST)|
Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix (2000-2012)
Portuguese Grand Prix (1984-1996)
World Superbike (1988, 1993, 2020-present)
FIA WTCR Race of Portugal (2008, 2021)
FIM Endurance World Championship (1987, 2000, 2020-present)
4 Hours of Estoril (ELMS), Superleague Formula (2008-2009), A1 Grand Prix (2005)
|Grand Prix Circuit (2000–present)|
|Length||4.182 km (2.599 mi)|
|Race lap record||1:26.711 ( Andy Soucek, Atlético Madrid Panoz DP09, 2008, Superleague Formula)|
|Grand Prix Circuit (1994–1999)|
|Length||4.360 km (2.725 mi)|
|Race lap record||1:22.446 ( David Coulthard, Williams-Renault FW16B, 1994, F1)|
|Grand Prix Circuit (1972–1993)|
|Length||4.349 km (2.703 mi)|
|Race lap record||1:14.859 ( Damon Hill, Williams-Renault FW15C, 1993, F1)|
Estoril, a vacation-destination beach town located 20 miles west of the Portuguese capital city of Lisbon has had a motor racing dating back to the 1930s, with a 2.8 km (1.7 mi) street circuit used in 1937 for a local race. The current Estoril circuit was built and completed in 1972 on a rocky plateau near the village of Alcabideche, 9 km (5.6 mi) from Estoril, the town lending its name to the circuit. The course has two hairpin turns, noticeable elevation changes, and a long (986 metre) start/finish straight. Its original perimeter was 4.350 km (2.703 mi), and the maximum gradient is nearly 7%. Monsanto Park, another street circuit in Lisbon hosted a variety of motor racing events in the 1950s, including the 1959 Portuguese Grand Prix, an event it shared briefly with the Boavista street circuit in Porto.
Its first years saw many national races, as well as an occasional Formula 2 race. However, the course soon fell into disrepair due to the owning company having been taken over by the state between 1975 and 1978, and a significant redevelopment effort was needed before international motorsport returned in 1984.
Estoril became a popular event on the F1 calendar, the setting for many well-known moments including Niki Lauda winning the 1984 championship, his third and final, from McLaren teammate Alain Prost by just half a point by finishing second to Prost at the 1984 Portuguese Grand Prix; three-time world champion Ayrton Senna's first F1 win in 1985; Nigel Mansell's notorious black flag incident and subsequent collision with Senna in 1989; Riccardo Patrese being launched airborne in a near-backward flip after colliding with Gerhard Berger on the main straight in 1992; and Jacques Villeneuve overtaking Michael Schumacher around the outside of the final turn in 1996.
Throughout the years, Estoril has had numerous problems with safety, failing safety inspections on more than one occasion. After the death of Ayrton Senna at the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix, a chicane was added which increased the circuit length to 4.360 km (2.709 mi). Estoril sometimes has strong winds. Many teams were fond of using Estoril for winter testing.
Estoril was dropped from the F1 calendar for the 1997 season, though it continued to play host to top-level single-seater, sports car and touring car events, including the FIA GT Championship, the DTM and the World Series by Renault. A new redesign of the parabolica turn which saw its length reduced to 4.182 km (2.599 mi) was implemented in 2000 in order to obtain FIM homologation.
On 3 September 2000, the Autódromo do Estoril held its first Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix, an event held annually. On 23 October 2005, the circuit hosted the third round of the first ever A1 Grand Prix racing season, with both races in the event being won by the French team.
The track hosted Superleague Formula series events in 2008 and 2009.
In 2020, due to rescheduling of major international sport series due to COVID-19 pandemic, Estoril hosted the final race of 2020 Superbike World Championship (after hosting the series in 1988 and 1993) and the final race of 2019–20 FIM Endurance World Championship (after hosting the series in 1987 and 2000).
The official race lap records at the Circuito do Estoril are listed as:
Major event winnersEdit
Motorcycling - Portuguese Grand PrixEdit
- "StadiumZone". StadiumZone.
- "LIST OF FIA LICENSED CIRCUITS" (PDF). FIA. 6 February 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
- "The New Tracks". race-game.org. 2006. Retrieved 16 November 2009.
- Seara.com. "TRACK DATA - Circuito Estoril - Portugal". www.circuito-estoril.pt.
- "Estoril". RacingCircuits.info.
- Seara.com. "History - Circuito Estoril - Portugal". www.circuito-estoril.pt.
- "2007 Formula Renault 3.5 Estoril Session Facts". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
- "2014 Auto GP World Series Estoril". Retrieved 14 June 2021.
- "2011 6 Hours of Estoril Race Final Classification by Class" (PDF). elms.alkamelsystems.com. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
- "FIA Sportscar Championship Estoril 2002". Retrieved 5 April 2021.
- "2003 Estoril Formula Renault V6 - Round 15". Retrieved 14 June 2021.
- "2004 F3 Euro Series Estoril Session Facts". Retrieved 5 April 2021.
- "2017 Estoril Euroformula Open Race 2 Results" (PDF). Retrieved 5 April 2021.
- "2004 Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters Estoril Session Facts". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
- "2020 Superbike World Championship Estoril Session Facts". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
- "2016 4 Hours of Estoril Race Final Classification by Class" (PDF). elms.alkamelsystems.com. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
- "FIA GT Championship Estoril 2003". Retrieved 5 April 2021.
- "2008 Formula Renault 2.0 Euro Estoril". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
- "GT Open Estoril 2018". Retrieved 29 May 2021.
- "12 Hours of Estoril 2021 Race - Dinal Ranking". Retrieved 20 July 2021.
- "2014 4 Hours of Estoril Race Final Classification by Class" (PDF). elms.alkamelsystems.com. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
- "World SSP Pirelli Estoril Round, 16-18 October 2020 Results Race 1" (PDF). Retrieved 29 May 2021.
- "F4 Spain ESTORIL RACING FESTIVAL - 10 a 12 Novembro 2017 Race 1 (25' +1 lap) Final Classification" (PDF). Retrieved 11 April 2021.
- "2001 Estoril ETCC". Retrieved 14 June 2021.
- "WTCR Race of Portugal 2021". Retrieved 17 July 2021.
- "2008 WTCC Race Of Portugal Session Facts". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
- "Supersport 300 Pirelli Estoril Round, 16-18 October 2020 Results Race 1" (PDF). Retrieved 29 May 2021.
- "1994 F3000 International Championship Estoril Session Facts". Retrieved 4 May 2021.
- "1995 Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft Estoril Session Facts". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
- "1985 F3000 International Championship Estoril Session Facts". Retrieved 4 May 2021.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Autódromo do Estoril.|
- Satellite picture at Google Maps.
- Official website
- Audio walkthrough of the track, for use with games.