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The TCR International Series was an international touring car championship. The championship was promoted by World Sporting Consulting (WSC), founded by former World Touring Car Championship manager Marcello Lotti.[1] It was marketed as a cost-effective spin-off of the WTCC, targeted at C-segment hatchbacks production-based touring cars. The title TCR follows the naming convention now used by the FIA to classify the cars that compete in touring car racing, with TC1 referring to the top tier as used by the FIA WTCC and TC2 referring to the legacy cars which principally compete in the FIA ETCC.

TCR International Series
TCR International Series logo.jpg
CategoryTouring cars
RegionInternational
Inaugural season2015
Folded2017
Tyre suppliersMichelin
Last Drivers' championFrance Jean-Karl Vernay
Last Teams' championHungary M1RA

On 6 December 2017, FIA's World Motorsport Council announced that the series will merge with World Touring Car Championship and European Touring Car Cup starting in 2018.

Contents

HistoryEdit

On 15 July 2014, Lotti revealed further details on the TCR series.[2] On the same day it was announced that the TCR series will award a Drivers' Championship title and a Teams' Championship title. The number of teams will be limited to eight and the number of competitors to twenty-four. It was also announced that the series will run alongside Formula One at selected events.

On 21 July 2014, more details about the series became available:[3] the race weekend format will be structured like the WTCC, with two free practice sessions and a two part qualifying session, followed by two races on Sunday. The first event would take place in Italy in March, but when a provisional calendar for the 2015 season was released on 31 October,[4] it became clear that the first event will take place at the Sepang International Circuit on 29 March. Lotti confirmed the technical principles of the SEAT León Cup Racer, which is also set to be adopted in the Single-Make Trophy category of the European Touring Car Cup in 2015, will be used by the TCR Series.

On 29 July 2014, former WTCC driver Pepe Oriola said in an interview with TouringCarTimes that he hopes to compete in the new series, because he was set to drive for the Onyx Race Engineering team in the 2014 WTCC season with their new Ford Fiesta TC1 car for the last part of the season, before the project was abandoned with no support for homologation from Ford.[5]

On 15 September 2014, the TCR organisation announced the first cars, teams, regulations and events of its inaugural season in 2015.[6] Target Competition became the first team to confirm entry in the series and will run SEAT León Eurocup cars in 2015. Onyx Race Engineering has also confirmed they are developing the Ford Focus for the championship.
A week later Paolo Coloni Racing announced plans to enter the championship in 2015.[7] Team principal Paolo Coloni, son of F1-team founder Enzo Coloni, is known for its accomplishments in the GP2 Series in 2005 and in 2009 to 2012. The team will confirm at a later date their planned car and driver line-up.

On 31 October 2014, a provisional calendar for its inaugural season was released.[4] It will consist of twelve weekends, four in Asia, five in Europe, two in South America and one to be announced.

On 7 November 2014, the fourth team was announced: the Swedish STCC team WestCoast Racing will join the series with three Honda Civics build by JAS Motorsport. On 20 November Liqui Moly Team Engstler announced they will participate with Volkswagen Golfs and Franz Engstler will be driving one of the VWs.

On 5 December 2014, the series was approved by the FIA and renamed TCR International Series instead of using the original TC3 International Series name.

On 27 January 2015, Marcello Lotti announced three new teams for the inaugural season: Zengő Motorsport, Proteam Racing and Campos Racing.[8] On 13 February Jordi Oriola announced he will be driving a Target Competition SEAT at Valencia and Monza[9] and Mikhail Grachev was confirmed on 17 February at Engstler Motorsport.[10] In the end of February and in March almost half of all the drivers were confirmed, but just one week from the first round in Sepang Onyx Race Engineering, Paolo Coloni Racing and Proteam Racing have not confirmed a single driver. On 20 March the TCR International Series organisation announced the first TV deals for the inaugural season.[11] On 29 May 2015, David Sonenscher announces the TCR Thailand Series, starting from 2016.[12]

SeasonsEdit

Technical regulationsEdit

 
An Audi TT Cup, which was allowed in the first season of the TCR International Series.
 
A 2015 spec Honda Civic TCR in the TCR International Series.
 
A Hyundai i30 N TCR, in the TCR Europe Series pits at Spa-Francorchamps.
 
An Opel Astra OPC, which was allowed in the first season of the TCR International Series.
 
A SEAT León Cup Racer in the 2015 24 Hours of Barcelona in the 24H Series.
 
A Cupra León TCR in the TCR Europe Series pits at Spa-Francorchamps.

On 15 September 2014, technical regulations for the category were announced.[13] On 22 January 2016, minor changes were applied.[14]

Eligible cars: 4/5-door vehicles
Body shell: Reinforced production body shell; wheel arch modifications allowed to accommodate tyres
Minimum weight: 1250 kg for cars with production gearbox, 1285 kg for cars with racing gearbox (both including the driver)
Minimum overall length: 4.20 metres
Maximum overall width: 1.95 metres
Engine: Turbo-charged petrol or diesel up to 2.0-litre
Torque: 420 Nm
Power: 350 PS
Lubrication: Wet sump
Exhaust: Homologated catalytic converter using production parts
Traction: On two wheels
Gearbox: Production or TCR International Series sequential; production paddle shift accepted
Front Suspension: Production lay-out; parts free design
Rear Suspension: Original design of production car with reinforced components
Brakes:

  • Front: max 6 piston calipers, brake discs max diameter 380mm
  • Rear: max 2 piston callipers; production ABS accepted

Wheels: Maximum dimensions of rim: 10″ x 18″
Aerodynamics:

  • Front splitter: 2014 SEAT León Eurocup
  • Rear wing: FIA Appendix J Art. 263 2014
  • Ground clearance: Minimum 80 mm
  • Power/Weight Ratio: Subject to the Balance of Performance (changing between +70 and −20 kg from the minimum car weight)

Eligible carsEdit

Make Model Engine Developer Note
Alfa Romeo[15] Giulietta TCR[15] Alfa Romeo 1750 TBi I4 Romeo Ferraris[16]
Giulietta Veloce TCR[17]
Audi[18] RS3 LMS TCR[18] Volkswagen EA888 2.0 R4 TSI I4 Audi Sport[18] [N 1]
CUPRA[19] León TCR Volkswagen EA888 2.0 R4 TSI I4 SEAT Sport[16] [N 2]
Ford Focus TCR[20] Ford EcoBoost 2.0 litre I4 Formula Racing Development Limited[16]
Honda[21] Civic TCR (FK2)[21] Honda K20C1 i-VTEC DOHC Turbo I4 JAS Motorsport[16]
Civic Type-R TCR (FK2)[21]
Civic Type-R TCR (FK8)[22]
Hyundai[23] i30 N TCR[23] Hyundai Theta II G4KD I4 Hyundai Motorsport[23] [N 3]
Veloster N TCR[24][25]
Kia[26] Cee'd GT TCR[26] Hyundai Theta II G4KD I4 STARD[26]
Lada[27] Vesta TCR[28] Renault F4RT I4[28] Lada Sport [N 4]
Opel Astra TCR[29] GM Ecotec LDK A20NFT I4 Opel Performance Center[16]
Kissling Motorsport[29]
Peugeot[30] 308 Racing Cup[30] Prince EP6FDTR 1.6l THP I4 Peugeot Sport[16] [N 5]
308 TCR[31]
Renault Mégane TCR[32] 1.8 Energy TCe I4 Vuković Motorsport[32]
Mégane R.S TCR[17]
SEAT León Cup Racer Volkswagen EA888 2.0 R4 TSI I4 SEAT Sport[16]
León TCR [N 2]
Subaru[33] WRX STi TCR[33] Subaru EJ20 H4 Top Run Motorsport[16]
Volkswagen[34] Golf GTI TCR[34] Volkswagen EA888 2.0 R4 TSI I4 Volkswagen Motorsport[16] [N 6]
Announced projects and cars having taken part in races while not complying to TCR requirement
Make Model Engine Developer Note
Audi TT Cup Volkswagen EA888 2.0 R4 TSI I4 Audi Sport [N 7]
BAIC Senova[35] D50 TCR[35] SAAB B205R Turbo 2.0L R4 16V DOHC BAIC Motor Beijing Senova Racing Team[35] [N 8]
Citroën C3 Max TCT Prince EP6FDTR 1.6l THP I4 2T Course & Reglage [N 9]
Fiat Tipo TCR[36] Alfa Romeo 1750 TBi I4[37] Tecnodom Sport[36] [N 10]
Ford Focus ST Ford EcoBoost 2.0 litre I4 Onyx Grand Prix
Lynk & Co[38] 03 TCR TBA Cyan Racing[38]
Mercedes-Benz A45 AMG TCR[39] Mercedes M133DE20AL 2.0T I4 LEMA Racing[40]
Prigo
[N 11]
A250 Turbo[41] Mercedes M270DE20AL 2.0T I4 Vuik Motorsport[41] [N 12]
MG MG6 XPOWER[42] TBA MG
Mini[43] Cooper 5 Door JCW
or Clubman JCW[43]
BMW B48 LAP Motorsports[43]
MINI USA[43]
[N 13]
Opel Astra OPC GM Ecotec LDK A20NFT I4 Opel Performance Center[16]
Kissling Motorsport[29]
[N 14]
Renault Mégane RS Renault F4RT I4 Renault Dealer Team Saint Petersburg
Ralf-Car Team
[N 15]
Škoda[44] Octavia RS[44] Volkswagen EA888 2.0 R4 TSI I4 Škoda Motorsport [N 16]
Volvo[45] TBA TBA Polestar Cyan Racing[45]

Regional or national competitions utilising the TCR regulations as their main classEdit

TCR Asia SeriesEdit

TCR Asia Series was announced on 14 August 2014 by the organisation behind the TCR series under the name TC3 Asia Series – later changed to TCR Asia Series along with the other announced series.[46] David Sonenscher, boss of the company Motorsport Asia, will be maintaining the series. He has previously run the Asian Touring Car Series and the Porsche Carrera Cup Asia. Initially seven races were planned for 2015, but later were reduced to 5 and the final calendar was with 4.[47][48] The Singapore and Thailand rounds were run together with the TCR International Series, while the rest supported the GT Asia Series calendar.

TCR Benelux Touring Car ChampionshipEdit

In December 2014 the Royal Automobile Club of Belgium (RACB) and Kronos Events announced the formation of the TCR Benelux Touring Car Championship.[49] The inaugural season is set for 2016 with one-off event planned for 15 October 2015 at the Circuit Jules Tacheny Mettet.[50][51] The schedule consists of seven rounds in the Benelux region, across Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg. Each round includes five races: a 60 minutes endurance race, with mandatory pit stop, and four 20 minutes sprint races. The starting grid for the endurance race is established by a popular vote via Facebook, through the Making the Grid application (later changed to aggregate score from the votes and the fast lap practice session with fan voting having bigger weight); sprint race 1 uses the best lap of after pit during long race to determine the starting grid, race 3 uses the best lap of before pit during long race; races 2 and 4 include a rolling start using the finishing order, respectively, of race 1 and 3.[52]

For the 2017 season the fan voting was dropped and the starting grid for the endurance race was determined by a qualifying session instead. All races were held alongside Clio Cup Benelux, but with standalone classifications for both. At the end of the season Kronos Events withdrew their support for the series.[53]

TCR China SeriesEdit

On 12 January 2015, Marcello Lotti announced also a Chinese series planned for 2016.[54] As for December 2015, a TCR class is confirmed as a category of the Chinese Touring Car Championship in 2016.[55] The series was officially launched in December 2016, ahead of a five-round 2017 championship season, with the slight name change from Chinese to China.[56][57]

TCR Italian SeriesEdit

On 31 January 2015, Automobile Club d'Italia announced the TCR category as the third division of the Campionato Italiano Turismo Endurance, also competing for the general classification of the championship.[58] On 12 September 2015, the TCR Italian Series was relaunched as a stand-alone category for 2016.[59]

TCR Portuguese SeriesEdit

On 6 September 2014 FullEventos announced the TC3 Portuguese Series, later renamed TCR Portuguese Series along with the rest of the series announced at the time[60] The series will be one of the six categories of the touring class in the Campeonato Nacional de Velocidade.

TCR USAEdit

On 20 December 2014 it has been announced there will be a US-based series launched in 2015 as part of the California-based United States Touring Car Championship as a promotional category, with a view to moving to a full season in 2016.[61] There were no entries during the 2015 season.

TCR Thailand SeriesEdit

On 5 July 2015 the Thailand series was presented to the local media. The promoter is Racing Spirit Co. Ltd., organiser of the Thailand Super Series, and the championship is planned to start in 2016.[62]

ADAC TCR Germany Touring Car ChampionshipEdit

On 16 September 2015, the German Series was launched by ADAC and Engstler Motorsport, who already run in the International Series. The new category will run in the same events as ADAC GT Masters and ADAC Formula 4 as well as Deutscher Tourenwagen Cup (formerly ADAC Procar).[63]

TCR Trophy Europe/TCR Europe SeriesEdit

On 15 October 2015, Marcello Lotti revealed plans for a European Series including one round from each TCR European championship (Italy, Spain, Germany, Portugal, Russia and Benelux), starting from 2016.[64] On 26 February 2016, the European Trophy was launched, with six rounds (Spanish championship was excluded for not having an own series and Benelux series had two rounds).[65] Subsequent change was made during the course of the season to include additional round from German series.

For the 2017 edition was adopted the one-off event format with two races. For 2018 it was upgraded to TCR Europe Series with 6 events, five of which would support International GT Open.

TCR Spanish SeriesEdit

On 15 February 2016, the Campeonato de España de Resistencia confirmed that they would introduce a TCR class in their championship.[66] The championship calendar included five race weekends held across Spain.[67]

TCR Las Américas SeriesEdit

On 4 May 2016, Marcello Lotti launched the TCR Las Américas Series. The series would begin in Mexico in October supporting the 2016 Mexican Grand Prix and then go on to visit the United States in November, the Dominican Republic in December, Guatemala in January 2017, Costa Rica in February, with both Colombia and the season finale in Venezuela being visited in March.[68][69] However, no races were held in neither 2016 or 2017.

On 28 November 2017 the series promoters announced a re-launch, with the series set for a 2018 début. With races scheduled to be held in the Dominican Republic and Mexico.[70][71]

STCC TCR ScandinaviaEdit

On 9 June 2016, the Scandinavian Touring Car Championship confirmed that they would switch to the TCR regulations for 2017 after racing with Silhouette cars since 2013. In 2017 the series will only race in Sweden, but a future expansion into the other Scandinavian countries is possible in the near future.[72][73]

TCR Baltic TrophyEdit

On 23 July 2016, the organizers of the 1000 kilometrų lenktynės held on the Lithuanian Palanga circuit confirmed that they would add a TCR class to the event. With the ambition of establishing a proper championship beyond 2017, racing in the Baltic countries and Poland.[74][75] The TCR Baltic Trophy was then introduced as part of the Baltic Touring Car Championship.

TCR Ibérico SeriesEdit

On 8 November 2016, it was announced that the TCR Portuguese Series and TCR Spanish Series would merge, creating the TCR Ibérico Touring Car Series. The series will visit Portugal four times and Spain three times. Along with an overall title, two national titles will also be awarded.[76]

TCR Middle East SeriesEdit

On 15 November 2016, WSC announced that the creation of the TCR Middle East Series. The series will be officially launched on 2 December 2016 at the Bahrain International Circuit, where a media and test day will be held. The series will visit the Dubai Autodrome, Yas Marina Circuit and the Bahrain International Circuit.[77][78] From 2019 onwards, this series is run by Creventic, the organisers of the 24H Endurance series.

TCR UK SeriesEdit

On 6 April 2017, initial discussion about a TCR UK Series started between WSC and MSA.[79] The series was given the go-ahead by the MSA on 7 July 2017, the series promoter will be BRSCC.[80] The promoter is expecting about six or seven events for 2018, also confirming that there will be no grid limit.[81] The 2018 seven round calendar was confirmed on 13 September 2017, with the series starting at the Silverstone Circuit, before going on the visit, Knockhill, Brands Hatch, Castle Combe, Oulton Park, Croft and Donington Park.[82]

TCR Korea SeriesEdit

On 30 November 2017, WSC Asia and J's Consulting announced the creation of the TCR Korea Series. The series will host a test day in June 2018 before beginning the season in July 2018, the series will conclude in October 2018.[83]

FIA WTCR World Touring Car CupEdit

On 6 December 2017, FIA's World Motorsport Council announced the creation of the FIA World Touring Car Cup. The new series has been officially confirmed after a deal was reached to bring the World Touring Car Championship, the TCR International Series and the European Touring Car Cup together.[84][85]

TCR Australia SeriesEdit

On 24 January 2018, WSC Ltd. announced that an agreement had been made with Confederation of Australian Motor Sport (CAMS) for TCR Australia to begin in 2019, running on the Shannons Nationals Motor Racing Championships support bill.[86][87]

TCR Swiss TrophyEdit

In 2018, Auto Sport Switzerland will organize the TCR Swiss Trophy. It will comprise five rounds, held together with TCR Europe (Zandvoort, Assen and Monza), TCR Italy (Imola), and ADAC TCR Germany (Red Bull Ring).[88]

TCR MalaysiaEdit

It was announced by Motorsport Asia Limited that on October 10, 2018, the creation of TCR Malaysia for the beginning of the year 2019. The championship served as preparation for other championships as the TCR Asia. There are scheduled 3 rounds with 6 races in Sepang International Circuit, in supporting of GT Masters/Formula 3 Asia Winter Series and Asian Le Mans Series.[89]

TCR Japan SeriesEdit

In an agreement between WSC Ltd and Japan TCR Management, will begin in 2019, the TCR Japan Series. The competition will take advantage of the success of the class in the Super Taikyu endurance series and will run on the same weekends as the Super Formula, the most important single-seater category in Japan. The agreement is valid for the next 6 years, until 2024. One of the expectations is to attract other Japanese car manufacturers for the TCR project.[90]

TC America SeriesEdit

With the separation of classes from the Pirelli World Challenge, WC Vision and the SRO Motorsport Group created the TC America Series, for cars that previously competed in the TC / TCA / TCR categories. For the initial season of 2019, there will be 8 events with 2 40-minute races.[91] A DSG Cup was also announced for cars equipped with DSG transmission.[92]

TCR Spa 500Edit

Competitions that use TCR regulations as one of their classesEdit

European Touring Car CupEdit

In 2015 the FIA designated the TCN-2 nomenclature to the TCR regulations. This allowed the TCR-spec cars to compete in the Super 2000 class of the European Touring Car Cup alongside the older TC2 and TC2T cars used by the World Touring Car Championship. From the 2017 season ETCC began using the TCR technical rules instead of the FIA ones.

24 Hours NürburgringEdit

On 23 September 2015 ADAC Nordrhein and TCR Series announced that the 2016 Nürburgring 24h Race will feature a class for TCR vehicles.[93]

24H Series and Touring Car Endurance SeriesEdit

TCR cars are allowed to compete in 24H Series. Previous years this was alongside the GT cars, but from 2017 onwards a separate 24H Touring Car Endurance series was set up, which often (but not always) races alongside the 24H GT Endurance Series. Each within their own championship and their own podiums.

TC OpenEdit

17 January 2017 confirmed that the TCR will be the main class in the new racing series TC Open from the organizers of GT Open and Euroformula Open.[94] 1 June 2017 confirmed that GT Sport postpones the TC Open for a certain period due to low number of entries.[95] However, the championship never materialized.

VLNEdit

Since 2017, the organizers of the VLN brought TCR cars separate from the SP3 class.

Super Taikyu SeriesEdit

TCR cars are eligible to compete in the Super Taikyu Series starting from the 2017 season.[96]

Pirelli World ChallengeEdit

The Pirelli World Challenge allowed TCR-based cars in their TC class for the 2017 season, and will introduce a TCR-only class in 2018.[97] For 2019, the Pirelli World Challenge classes were divided into 3 different championships. The TC/TCA/TCR classes will compete in the TC America Series.

Continental Tire SportsCar Challenge/Michelin Pilot ChallengeEdit

In June 2017, Officials from IMSA and World Sporting Consulting (WSC) as the rights holder for TCR today confirmed plans for the TCR class to begin competing in the IMSA Continental Tire SportsCar Challenge beginning in 2018. The class will run in addition to the two existing Continental Tire Challenge classes, Grand Sport (GS) and Street Tuner (ST) in the 2018 season.[98][99]

Britcar EnduranceEdit

Since 2017 Britcar Endurance, a UK based Endurance Championship running the Dunlop Endurance Championship have accepted TCR Cars. The current specification Cars run in class 4 and are highly competitive with TCR Cars finishing on the class podium every time they have raced.

NGK UAE Touring Car ChampionshipEdit

From the season 2018–19, the national championship happens to have a TCR class in its races. The sporting format will provide two 20-minute Qualifying sessions and two 30-minute races at each of the seven events that form the calendar; the first of them will be held at Abu Dhabi's Yas Marina Circuit and the others in Dubai. The addition of the TCR class is one of the measures to popularize TCR in the Middle East.

ChampionsEdit

Scoring systemEdit

These points have been based on the FIA's points system used in the FIA Formula One Championship.[6]

Position  1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th 
Points 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 2 modifications of SEQ and DSG.
  2. ^ a b Two modifications of SEQ 2016 and 2017 and two DSG 2016 and 2017.
  3. ^ The Hyundai i30 N TCR was allowed to race in 2017, but was ineligible to score points, because the car hadn't received its final homologation.
  4. ^ The Lada was created by Lada Sport for the 2017 TCR Russian Series, with the option for full TCR homologation in 2018.
  5. ^ The Cup version of the Peugeot 308 Racing Cup does not comply with the TCR regulations for the splitter, wing, power and engine volume, but is admitted to the TCR class with the ability to score points in any TCR competition with individual BoP parameters and lower weight.
  6. ^ 4 modifications of 2016, 2017, 2018 and version of DSG.
  7. ^ The Audi TT Cup car was allowed to race and score points for the inaugural season in 2015, while Audi Sport evaluated a future TCR car.
  8. ^ The car is built according to TCR rules, but homologation is not planned by the manufacturer. Takes part in the race of own class together with other TCR cars in Macau.
  9. ^ The Citroën was allowed to race and score points in the TCR class of the TCR Italian Series, for the 2016 season, before the TCT class was created late on in the 2016 season.
  10. ^ The Fiat is build to TCR spec, but had not yet received an official TCR homologation.
  11. ^ The car was built but did not receive homologation, did not take part in the races.
  12. ^ The Mercedes A250 Turbo was not allowed to participate in the European Cup in the TCN-2 class since it does not have national homologation.
  13. ^ Work had begun on the car, but ultimately the project was never finished.
  14. ^ The Opel Astra OPC was allowed to race and score points for the inaugural season in 2015, while Opel and Kissling Motorsport evaluated a future TCR car.
  15. ^ The Renault was built to semi TCR spec by Ralf-Car Team for the 2015 TCR Russian Series, it was allowed to score points in the TCR class.
  16. ^ A Škoda project was announced by the promoters behind the Škoda Octavia Cup, but a car was never made.

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit