Estoril (Portuguese pronunciation: [(ɨ)ʃtuˈɾiɫ]) is a town in the Municipality of Cascais, Portugal, on the Portuguese Riviera. It is famed as a major international luxury tourist entertainment destination, and is known for its luxury hotels, beaches, and the Casino Estoril. Famed for having been home to numerous royal families and famous personalities, the town is also known for hosting numerous notable events, such as the Estoril Open and the Lisbon & Estoril Film Festival.
Clockwise: Casino Estoril; Praia da Poça; Hotel Palacio Estoril; Tamariz Beach; Casino Gardens.
The beach of Tamariz, in the central coastal area of Estoril
|Localities||Alapraia, Alto dos Gaios, Areias, Atibá, Galiza, Bairro da Martinha, Bairro Sto António, Bairro Fausto Figueiredo, Estoril, Livramento, Monte Estoril, Monte Leite, São João do Estoril, São Pedro do Estoril|
|Time zone||UTC0 (WET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (WEST)|
|Area code(s)||(+351) 214 XX XX XX|
|Geographic detail from CAOP (2010) produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)|
Estoril is one of the most expensive places to live in Portugal and the Iberian Peninsula. It is home to a sizable foreign expat community and known for its luxury restaurants, hotels, and entertainment. Cascais is consistently ranked for its high quality of living, making it one of the most livable places in Portugal.
From Old Portuguese estorga (heather) - a common plant in the area – with the final meaning of "place where heather grows or is abundant"; alternatively, from Old Portuguese astor (Northern goshawk), meaning a place where such birds live.
The territory of Estoril has been inhabited for centuries, owing to its climatic conditions and favourable environment. Throughout the civil parish there are scattered remains of these early communities — Phoenicians, Romans and Arabs selected this area for its strategic place in Western Europe. There are remains of Roman villas in the parish that push back the history of the region to the first millennium, when the settlements of the coast were dependent on the fishing ports. From these settlements, Estoril inherited a rich cultural heritage, architecture, toponymy, habits and customs.
Its solid fortifications are a testament to the innumerable attacks by Spanish, French and English pirates and privateers. The many forts that dot the coastline are symbols of the resistance and battles that secured Portuguese independence and national interests.
At the end of the monarchy, it was in the waters of Estoril that many sought refuge and escape. Aristocrats, nobles and others escaped through the ports along the Estoril coast to flee from the Republican forces.
In the hilltop enclave of Monte Estoril (situated between Estoril and Cascais), is the Verdades-Faria Museum, built in 1917 by Jorge O'Neil. In 1942, the building was bought by Mantero Belard[who?] and dedicated to the support of the arts and artists. Following his death, the building was donated to Cascais Council under the name of Verdades Faria and now houses the regional Museum of Portuguese Music.
During the Second World War, the region was a centre of spies and diplomatic secrecy, situations that provided the region with a cosmopolitan atmosphere and sophistication. Due to the vision of Fausto Cardoso de Figueiredo and his business partner Augusto Carreira de Sousa, it became an international tourist destination both during and after the Second World War.
During that time, several dignitaries and exiles came to Estoril: Miklós Horthy, the regent of Hungary (lived and died in exile after the Second World War); the Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona (father of Juan Carlos I of Spain) and the King resided in the territory, as did Umberto II of Italy and Carol II of Romania. Former King Edward VIII the Duke of Windsor, briefly resided in an Estoril villa as more direct and reliably safe routes to London from France for his escape from France were cut off by Blitzkrieg during the invasion.
It was also in this location that former Portuguese dictator António de Oliveira Salazar had a summer house. It was Salazar who ordered the construction of the E.N.6 motorway, more commonly referred to as the Avenida Marginal, in order for him to quickly travel by car between Cascais and Lisbon (until then the accessway was nothing more than a dirt road, where traffic could only circulate at low speed and make frequent stops). The roadway permitted the dictator to travel rapidly, and with fewer stops, it wasn't possible for him to be recognized easily in transit.
The engineer John Tojeiro was born in Estoril.
The Estoril coast is relatively close to Lisbon, the Portuguese capital; it extends from Carcavelos, 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the capital, and stretches as far as the beach of Guincho (sometimes referred colloquially as the Costa de Estoril-Sintra or Costa de Lisboa). Estoril includes several smaller boroughs and localities along the coastline, namely (from east to west): São Pedro do Estoril, São João do Estoril, Santo António do Estoril (or simply Estoril) and Monte Estoril, as well as other to the interior.
|Climate data for Monte Estoril, 1931-1960|
|Record high °C (°F)||22.0
|Average high °C (°F)||14.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||11.8
|Average low °C (°F)||8.6
|Record low °C (°F)||−0.3
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||97.0
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||14||11||14||9||9||4||2||2||5||10||13||13||106|
|Average relative humidity (%)||82||77||78||73||74||74||71||73||75||76||79||81||76|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||161.1||183.0||209.1||275.7||315.6||342.8||383.7||356.6||279.1||234.9||184.2||162.8||3,088.6|
|Percent possible sunshine||53||60||56||70||71||77||85||84||75||68||61||55||68|
|Source: Instituto de Meteorologia|
The Museum of Portuguese Music- Casa Verdades de Faria hosts an important collection of musical instruments related to popular music, assembled by Michel Giacometti.
Motorsport events are frequent at the Estoril Circuit, although Formula One is no longer on the circuit's calendar. This was due to the circuit not coming up to FIA safety standards, leading to the 1997 event being canceled. Following a review on safety, Estoril was reshaped in 1999, the first two corners being affected the most. Today's circuit is 4.183 km (2.599 mi) in length and is run in a clockwise fashion. The circuit currently hosts international motorcycling events (MotoGP), among other lower formula events.
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There are numerous education opportunities in and near Estoril, including a number of private schools for expats. The German community hosts a kindergarten and elementary school campus of the German School of Lisbon. True to the high-end living in the area, there are schools for tennis , art , and intensive acasdemic training from age 5 through college  . There are dozens of schools in the area. Most appear to be private, though six of the public schools can be reviewed at Agrupamento de Escolas de Parede. Retrieved on March 16, 2021.
- IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, archived from the original on July 3, 2014, retrieved 1 July 2011
- "Jornal Economico - Lisboa, Cascais e Sintra são os municípios que mais encaixam com IMI". Archived from the original on 2019-03-27. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
- RTP - Seis dos quinze concelhos mais ricos situam-se na Região de Lisboa
- Publico - Grande Lisboa e a Regiao Iberica Mais Rica em Poder de Compra
- Folha de S. Paulo - Mercado imobiliário em alta dá apelido de nova Miami a Lisboa
- Sapo Economia - Investir 1,3 milhões de euros para vender imóveis de luxo em Lisboa
- Diario de Noticias - Portugal é a nova Miami para os brasileiros ricos
- Expresso - O negócio milionário das casas de luxo em Portugal
- "Cascais é a terceira melhor cidade do país". Observador. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
- Eurodicas - Melhores Cidades de Portugal
- Correia, J.Diogo (1964). «Toponimia do Concelho de Cascais» (PDF). Camara Municipal de Cascais. Consultado em 5 de novembro de 2018.
- Junta Freguesia, ed. (2011). "História" (in Portuguese). Estoril (Cascais), Portugal: Junta Freguesia de Estoril. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
- O Clima de Portugal: Normais climatológicas do Continente, Açores e Madeira correspondentes a 1931-1960. Serviço Meteorológico Nacional, Observatório do Infante D. Luís (Lisboa). 1965. p. 108. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
- O Clima de Portugal: Normais climatológicas do Continente, Açores e Madeira correspondentes a 1931-1960. Serviço Meteorológico Nacional, Observatório do Infante D. Luís (Lisboa). 1965. p. 109. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
- "Estoril, a war novel by Dejan Tiago-Stanković — Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists". goodreads.com. Retrieved 2017-06-09.
- "Kontakt"/"Contactos Archived 2017-12-17 at the Wayback Machine." German School of Lisbon. Retrieved on May 5, 2016. German: "Deutsche Schule Lissabon Kindergarten, Grundschule, Gymnasium Rua Prof. Francisco Lucas Pires 1600-891 Lisboa Portugal" and "Deutsche Schule Lissabon - Standort Estoril Kindergarten, Grundschule Rua Dr. António Martins, 26 2765-194 Estoril Portugal" ; Portuguese: "Escola Alemã de Lisboa Jardim Infantil, Escola Primária e Liceu Rua Prof. Francisco Lucas Pires 1600-891 Lisboa Portugal" and "Escola Alemã de Lisboa - Dependência do Estoril Jardim de Infância, Escola Primária Rua Dr. António Martins, 26 2765-194 Estoril Portugal"
- "" (Schools - Grouping of Walls Schools