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Greater Noida City is a north Indian city with a population in excess of 100,000, located in the Gautam Budh Nagar district of the northern state of Uttar Pradesh.[2] It comes under the purview of the National Capital Region (NCR) of India. Situated 30 km south-east of capital city of New Delhi, it takes around 30 minutes to travel between the cities via the Noida-Greater Noida Expressway.

Greater Noida City
Town
Aerial view of Greater Noida City
Aerial view of Greater Noida City
Nickname(s): GreNo, Greater Noida, Business Hub, Commercial Hub & Education Hub
Greater Noida City is located in Uttar Pradesh
Greater Noida City
Greater Noida City
Location of Greater Noida City in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 28°28′N 77°31′E / 28.47°N 77.51°E / 28.47; 77.51Coordinates: 28°28′N 77°31′E / 28.47°N 77.51°E / 28.47; 77.51
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Gautam Buddh Nagar
Established 1997
Government
 • Type Greater Noida Industrial Development Authority
 • Body GNIDA
 • Chairman Sanjay Aggarwal (IAS)
 • CEO Deepak Aggarwal (IAS)
 • District Magistrate brijesh narayan singh (IAS)
Population (2011)
 • Total 107,676[1]
Languages
 • Official Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 201308
Telephone code 0120
Vehicle registration UP-16
Nearest city Noida
Literacy 87%
Lok Sabha Constituency Gautam Buddh Nagar
Highways Noida-Greater Noida Expressway and Yamuna Expressway
Sports Buddh International Circuit, Jaypee Sports City, Jaypee Sports Complex and Greater Noida Cricket Stadium
Golf Course Jaypee Greens Golf Course
Website greaternoida.com

Contents

HistoryEdit

In the early 1980s, the government of India realised that the rapid rate at which Delhi was expanding would result in chaos, so they planned to develop residential and industrial areas around the capital to reduce the demographic burden. Before Greater Noida City, there were two areas that had been developed—Gurgaon, across the border from Haryana, and Noida, across the border with Uttar Pradesh.

 
Bisrakh, Uttar Pradesh; the birthplace of Demon king Ravana[3]

Greater Noida Notified Area - 38000 Ha Comprising 124 villages (308 sq km) Noida's infrastructure was carefully laid out, but the 1990s saw huge growth in the Indian economy. Migration to cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, and Bangalore exceeded planning estimates. Noida was developed to accommodate population growth for 20–25 years. The massive population influx to Delhi, however, caused it to overload in a mere 15 years, although intake is not complete and illegal mining remains a problem.[4]

 
Shaheed Bismil Park, Sector-Beta 1 in Greater Noida City

The government of Uttar Pradesh decided to develop another city as an extension to Noida with better planning. The idea was to create a world-class city approximately 25 km from Noida. A railway station near Boraki and an international airport were included later in the plan intending to develop Greater Noida as an independent city; the airport was however scrapped in early 2012, owing to environmental concerns.[5][6]

During the 1990s, the Noida extension (now a part of Gautam Buddh Nagar) became what is today known as Greater Noida. The development of the city is managed by the Greater Noida Industrial Development Authority (GNIDA).[7] Greater Noida is connected to Agra by the six-lane Yamuna Expressway. The annual Indian Grand Prix is held at the Buddh International Circuit. Roads are wide with service lanes for every major road. The sectors are named by letters of the Greek alphabet. All cabling and utilities have been built underground. Alpha, Beta, and Gamma are the oldest sectors. The other emerging sectors include Xu, Delta, Mu, Omicron and Tau. The present GNIDA office is in Gamma II sector just opposite the historical village Rampur Jagir/Jahangir where the revolutionary Pandit Ram Prasad Bismil lived in 1919 when he was hidden underground after the Mainpuri conspiracy. A park has been named "Amar Shaheed Pt. Ram Prasad Bismil Udyan" by the Uttar Pradesh Government.[8]

The 12th and 14th Auto Expos (The Motor Show) were held at India Expo Mart, Greater Noida, in February 2014 and 2016 respectively.

Greater Noida WestEdit

Greater Noida West, previously known as Noida extension, is a part of Greater Noida and consists of 16 villages: Khairpur Gurjar, Shahberi, Devla, Patwari, Ghanghola, Bisrakh, Roza-Yakubpur, Haibatpur, Itaida, Patwari, Noida, Aminabad, Asadallapur, Maincha and Chipyana Buzurg.[9][10] All sectors under Noida Extension (Sector 1 to 4) are very much a part of the Greater Noida Industrial Development Authority (GNIDA).[11]

As of late 2012, plans were being formed to rename it to Greater Noida (West). Planners intended the area to provide NCR region housing.[12]

DemographicsEdit

As per provisional data of the 2011 census, Greater Noida had a population of 107,676, with 58,662 males and 49,014 females. The literacy rate was 86.54%, 91.48% of males and 80.65% of females.[13] The demographics of Greater Noida mainly consist of students, corporate employees, and labourers. Students are often temporary residents from other parts of India and abroad. Greater Noida and Noida combined have approximately 300 villages, out of which 250 have a Gurjar majority and 10 villages have yadav as a majority.[citation needed]

ClimateEdit

Greater Noida has a similar climate to Delhi: very hot and dry during summer, hot and humid during monsoons, pleasant and dry during spring and autumn, and cool to cold during winters.

According to the Bureau of Indian Standards, the town falls under seismic zone-III, on a scale of I to V (in order of increasing proneness to earthquakes) while the wind and cyclone zoning is a "very high damage risk", according to the UNDP report. Greater Noida has a Tropical Savanna Climate with three main seasons: summer, monsoon and winter. Aside from monsoon weather, it mainly remains dry.

In summer, i.e. from March to June, the temperature ranges from a maximum of 45 °C (i.e. 113 °F) to a minimum of 23 °C (73 °F). Monsoon season prevails during mid-June to mid-September with an average rainfall of 93.2 cm (36.7 inches). The cold waves from the Himalayan region make the winters in Greater Noida very chilly. Temperatures fall down to as low as 3 to 4 °C at the peak of winter. In January, a dense fog envelopes the city, reducing visibility on the streets.[citation needed]

Climate data for Greater Noida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21
(70)
24
(75)
30
(86)
36
(97)
41
(106)
40
(104)
35
(95)
34
(93)
34
(93)
35
(95)
29
(84)
23
(73)
31.8
(89.3)
Average low °C (°F) 7
(45)
10
(50)
15
(59)
21
(70)
27
(81)
29
(84)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
19
(66)
12
(54)
08
(46)
18.8
(66)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25
(0.98)
22
(0.87)
17
(0.67)
7
(0.28)
8
(0.31)
65
(2.56)
211
(8.31)
173
(6.81)
150
(5.91)
31
(1.22)
1
(0.04)
5
(0.2)
715
(28.16)
Source: Greater Noida Weather

District AdministrationEdit

The District Administration is headed by the District Magistrate, an Indian Administrative Service officer. S/he is assisted by one Chief Development Officer, three Additional District Magistrates (Executive,Finance/Revenue and Land Acquisition), and one City Magistrate. The district is divided into three Tehsils named as Sadar, Dadri & Jewar each headed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate who reports to the district magistrate. Police Administration is headed by Senior Superintendent of Police, who is an IPS officer and is accountable to District Magistrate for Law and Order enforcement. S/he is assisted by four Superintendents of Police (City, Rural, Traffic and Crime) and eight Deputy Superintendents of Police. The current District Magistrate is Shri Nagendra Prasad Singh.

Places of interestEdit

The major hospitals located in the city include Kailash Hospital, Naveen Hospital, Aastha Hospital, and Sharda Hospital.

  • Amar Shaheed Pt. Ram Prasad Bismil Udyan, Sector-Beta 1
  • Shri Chandraprabhu Digambar Jain Mandir, Sector-Beta 2
  • Shri Gauri Shankar Temple, Sector-Gamma 1
  • Grand Venice Mall
  • Yamuna Expressway
  • Pari Chowk
  • Jagat Farms Commercial Belt
  • SNG PLAZA
  • Tugalpur market

Educational InstitutionsEdit

Schools

UniversitiesEdit

Colleges and institutesEdit

Local mediaEdit

SportsEdit

Located on Yamuna Expressway, Jaypee Sports City is a planned city aimed for sports, complete with various sports venues like an international standard cricket stadium, a hockey stadium, and an international Formula 1 racing circuit.[14]

On 30 October 2011, Greater Noida hosted the inaugural Formula One Indian Grand Prix at the Buddh International Circuit constructed by Jaypee Group. It was the seventeenth round of the 2011 Formula One season, and the first Formula One Grand Prix to take place on the Indian subcontinent and even the circuit is the first of its kind in South Asia. The second and third Formula One Airtel Indian Grands Prix, held in October 2012 and 2013, were won by Red Bull Racing Driver Sebastian Vettel, his second and third consecutive wins in India.

Greater Noida Cricket Stadium, also known as "Shaheed Vijay Singh Pathik Stadium", is located near Jaypee Green Golf Course. The stadium hosted its first Ranji Trophy match between Uttar Pradesh and Baroda from December 1–4, 2015.[15] The ground would now be used by the national cricket team of Afghanistan as its home ground.[16]

National badminton coach Pullela Gopichand has opened a badminton academy in Greater Noida Stadium.[17]

Jaypee Greens Golf Course, an 18-hole, par-72 course designed by Greg Norman, is situated in Greater Noida.[18] The course opened in June 2000 and received a "Tourism Friendly Golf Course" award from India's Ministry of Tourism in 2011.[19][20] It is the longest course in India, and has been ranked fifth best Golf Course of India by the website Top100[21]

There will also be a hockey stadium which is under construction and has a sports training academy and infrastructure for other sports.[citation needed]

The Time Trial cycling event for the 2010 Commonwealth Games was held at Noida–Greater Noida Expressway.Greater Noida Sports Complex Ground is also the Home Ground of Afghanistan Cricket Team

IndustriesEdit

Of late, Greater Noida has attracted a lot of interest from major corporate houses for setting up their businesses in the city. In November 2016, Patanjali Ayurved announced that it would be investing Rs. 2,000 Crore in a greenfield investment in Greater Noida. The project has been approved by Uttar Pradesh Cabinet.[22] A clutch of mobile manufacturers have also shown interest in investing in Greater Noida.[23] Taiwan Electrical and Electronics Manufacturers' Association will develop a 210-acre greenfield electronic manufacturing cluster in Greater Noida with an investment of USD 200 million.[24][25]

Metro ConnectivityEdit

The construction of metro is underway in the twin cities of Noida and Greater Noida.[26] This project was announced in 2013.[27] The metro would primarily run across the Noida-Greater Noida Expressway. Delhi Metro already connects some parts of Noida. By April 2018, a 30 km metro link is expected to become operational between Noida and Greater Noida.[28] This link will be operated and managed by an independent entity called Noida Metro Rail Corporation. Keeping in mind the commuter convenience and to provide the last mile connectivity to commuters in Noida and Greater Noida, NMRC launched bus services in December 2016.[29] Another metro link to Greater Noida has also been approved which will connect Greater Noida (West) with Noida.[30]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011, Urban Agglomeration/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Government of India. Retrieved 19 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "City Population Census 2011 -". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  3. ^ Sarah Hafeez (4 October 2014). "Only the elderly come to mourn Ravana in ‘birthplace’ Bisrakh". Indian Express. 
  4. ^ "Police, mining mafia exchange fire in Noida". the Times of India. 1 May 2014. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "Greater Noida realty rates down by 30 per cent after scrapping of Jewar airport project". Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "SP scraps Mayawati's Gr Noida airport project". Zee News. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  7. ^ "Investment Opportunities | Greater Noida: Welcome to the Future"
  8. ^ "वतन की ख्वाहिशों पे जिंदगानी कुर्बान(en:Sacrifice of life for homeland)". Dainik Jagran (Hindi Jagran City-Greater Noida) New Delhi. 12 August 2012. p. 24. 
  9. ^ The number game at Noida Extension property. The Talking Brick (2013-03-28). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  10. ^ Noida Extension: On track. Indian Express (2012-09-15). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  11. ^ Noida Extension: On track. Indian Express (2012-09-15). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  12. ^ Vandana Keelor. "Noida Extension to now be called Greater Noida (West)". Times of India. 
  13. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  14. ^ "Jaypee Greens, Sports City promises destination of the future". The Economic Times. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  15. ^ "Ranji Trophy: UP, Baroda end campaign with a draw". The Times of India. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  16. ^ "Soon a Noida home for Afghan cricketers". Retrieved 2 December 2015. 
  17. ^ "Residents waiting eagerly for Pullela Gopichand Academy in Greater Noida". HT Media Ltd. Hindustan Times. 24 August 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  18. ^ "Avantha Masters shifted from Gurgaon to Jaypee Greens". NDTV. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2015. 
  19. ^ "Jaypee Greens Golf Course, Greater Noida Awarded as "Best Tourism Friendly Golf Course"". India Infoline Ltd. 30 March 2011. Retrieved 23 June 2015. 
  20. ^ "National Tourism Awards 2009–10" (pdf). Ministry of Tourism (India). Retrieved 23 June 2015. 
  21. ^ Top 100 Golf courses
  22. ^ "UP Cabinet greenlights Patanjali's Rs 2,000-cr investment". Benette, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Economic Times. 6 November 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  23. ^ "Mobile phone firms to invest Rs 3,000 cr in UP". Indian Express Group. The Financial Express. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  24. ^ "Taiwanese firms ink MoU for electronic cluster in Gr Noida". Benette, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Times of India. 14 August 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  25. ^ "Taiwanese firms plan to invest $200 mn in Greater Noida". Business Standard. Business Standard. 10 June 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  26. ^ "NMRC modifies 1 of 3 bus routes". Benette, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Times Of India. 21 December 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  27. ^ "Metro rail between Noida, Greater Noida by 2017". NDTV. NDTV. 3 October 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  28. ^ "Noida Metro links may be ready before deadline". The Hindu. The Hindu. 23 January 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  29. ^ "Noida bus service to start on six routes from December 14". HT Media Ltd. Hindustan Times. 13 December 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  30. ^ "UP approves 15-km metro link to realty hub Greater Noida West". HT Media Ltd. Hindustan Times. 8 December 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 

External linksEdit