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1953 Formula One season

1953 Formula One season
Drivers' Champion: Alberto Ascari
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The 1953 Formula One season was the seventh season of the FIA's Formula One racing. It consisted only of a number of non-championship motor races. As in 1952, all races counting towards the World Championship of Drivers, apart from the Indianapolis 500, were held for cars complying with Formula Two regulations rather than with Formula One, with the Indianapolis 500 held to AAA regulations.

The 4th FIA World Championship of Drivers,[1] which commenced on 18 January and ended on 13 September after nine races,[2] was won by Alberto Ascari,[1] driving for a Scuderia Ferrari.[3] Ascari became the first driver to successfully defend his title.

In addition to the non-championship Formula One races and the World Championship Formula Two races, numerous other non-championship Formula Two races were also held during the year.

World Championship season summaryEdit

Ferrari drivers again dominated the championship, taking seven of the eight grands prix, although Juan Manuel Fangio's challenge in his more fragile Maserati took him to second place in the championship and a win at Monza. Ascari extended his unbeaten run to nine consecutive World Championship grand prix wins before his teammate Mike Hawthorn broke the sequence in becoming the first ever British winner in the French Grand Prix at Reims after a thrilling battle with Fangio.

In 1953, all but one of the races counting towards the World Championship of Drivers were run under Formula 2 regulations, while the remaining one, the Indianapolis 500, was run under AAA Championship Car regulations. The 1953 championship was the first truly global World Championship of Drivers, with a championship event being staged outside of Europe or the United States for the first time. That race, the 1953 Argentine Grand Prix, was marred by an accident involving the Ferrari of Giuseppe Farina, which crashed into an unprotected crowd, killing nine spectators.

World Championship season reviewEdit

 
Ferrari won seven of the nine championship races with its Tipo 500 model

The 1953 World Championship of Drivers was contested over a nine race series.

Rnd Race Circuit Date Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Constructor Tyre Report
1   Argentine Grand Prix Buenos Aires 18 January   Alberto Ascari   Alberto Ascari   Alberto Ascari   Ferrari P Report
2   Indianapolis 500 Indianapolis 30 May   Bill Vukovich   Bill Vukovich   Bill Vukovich   Kurtis Kraft-Offenhauser F Report
3   Dutch Grand Prix Zandvoort 7 June   Alberto Ascari   Luigi Villoresi   Alberto Ascari   Ferrari P Report
4   Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps 21 June   Juan Manuel Fangio   José Froilán González   Alberto Ascari   Ferrari P Report
5   French Grand Prix Reims 5 July   Alberto Ascari   Juan Manuel Fangio   Mike Hawthorn   Ferrari P Report
6   British Grand Prix Silverstone 18 July   Alberto Ascari   Alberto Ascari
  José Froilán González
  Alberto Ascari   Ferrari P Report
7   German Grand Prix Nürburgring 2 August   Alberto Ascari   Alberto Ascari   Giuseppe Farina   Ferrari P Report
8   Swiss Grand Prix Bremgarten 23 August   Juan Manuel Fangio   Alberto Ascari   Alberto Ascari   Ferrari P Report
9   Italian Grand Prix Monza 13 September   Alberto Ascari   Juan Manuel Fangio   Juan Manuel Fangio   Maserati P Report

The Spanish Grand Prix, scheduled to be staged on 26 October, was cancelled.[2] The Indianapolis 500 also counted towards the 1953 AAA Championship.

Teams and driversEdit

 
Italian Alberto Ascari won the 1953 World Championship of Drivers, his second championship victory and the most recent by an Italian driver

The following teams and drivers competed in the 1953 FIA World Championship of Drivers.

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Driver Rounds
  Officine Alfieri Maserati Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P   Juan Manuel Fangio 1, 3–9
  José Froilán González 1, 3–6
  Felice Bonetto 1, 3, 5–9
  Oscar Gálvez 1
  Johnny Claes 4
  Onofre Marimón 4–9
  Hermann Lang 8
  Sergio Mantovani 9
  Luigi Musso 9
  Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500
553
Ferrari 500 2.0 L4
Ferrari 553 2.0 L4
P   Alberto Ascari 1, 3–9
  Nino Farina 1, 3–9
  Luigi Villoresi 1, 3–9
  Mike Hawthorn 1, 3–9
  Umberto Maglioli 9
  Piero Carini 9
  Cooper Car Company Cooper-Bristol
Cooper-Alta
T20
T23
Special
T24
Bristol BS1 2.0 L6
Alta GP 2.5 L4
D   Alan Brown 1
  John Barber 1
  Adolfo Schwelm Cruz 1
  Stirling Moss 5, 7, 9
  Equipe Gordini Gordini
Simca-Gordini
Type 16
Type 15
Gordini 20 2.0 L6
Gordini 1500 1.5 L4
E   Robert Manzon 1
  Harry Schell 1, 3–7, 9
  Maurice Trintignant 1, 3–9
  Jean Behra 1, 4–8
  Carlos Menditeguy 1
  Pablo Birger 1
  Roberto Mieres 3, 5, 9
  Fred Wacker 3–4, 8
  Ecurie Rosier Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 D   Louis Rosier 3–7, 9
E 8
  Enrico Platé Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P   Toulo de Graffenried 3
  Connaught Engineering Connaught-Lea-Francis Type A Lea-Francis 2.0 L4 D   Roy Salvadori 3, 5–7, 9
  Kenneth McAlpine 3, 6–7, 9
  Stirling Moss 3
  Prince Bira 5–7
  Jack Fairman 9
  Ecurie Belge Connaught-Lea-Francis Type A Lea-Francis 2.0 L4 E   Johnny Claes 3, 5, 7, 9
  André Pilette 4
  Ken Wharton Cooper-Bristol T23 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D   Ken Wharton 3, 5–6, 8–9
  HW Motors HWM-Alta 53 Alta GP 2.5 L4 D   Peter Collins 3–6
  Lance Macklin 3–6, 8–9
  Paul Frère 4, 8
  Yves Giraud-Cabantous 5, 9
  Duncan Hamilton 6
  Jack Fairman 6
  Albert Scherrer 8
  John Fitch 9
  Emmanuel de Graffenried Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P   Toulo de Graffenried 4–9
  Georges Berger Simca-Gordini Type 15 Gordini 1500 1.5 L4 E   Georges Berger 4
  Arthur Legat Veritas Meteor Veritas 2.0 L6 E   Arthur Legat 4
  Ecurie Francorchamps Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 E   Jacques Swaters 4, 7–8
  Charles de Tornaco 4
  Louis Chiron OSCA 20 OSCA 2000 2.0 L6 P   Louis Chiron 5–6, 8–9
  Élie Bayol OSCA 20 OSCA 2000 2.0 L6 P   Élie Bayol 5, 8
  Bob Gerard Cooper-Bristol T23 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D   Bob Gerard 5–6
  R.R.C. Walker Racing Team Connaught-Lea-Francis Type A Lea-Francis 2.0 L4 D   Tony Rolt 6
  Ecurie Ecosse Connaught-Lea-Francis
Cooper-Bristol
Type A
T20
Lea-Francis 2.0 L4
Bristol BS1 2.0 L6
D   Ian Stewart 6
  Jimmy Stewart 6
  R.J. Chase Cooper-Bristol T23 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D   Alan Brown 6
  Atlantic Stable Cooper-Alta T24 Alta GP 2.5 L4 D   Peter Whitehead 6
  Tony Crook Cooper-Bristol T20 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D   Tony Crook 6
  Hans Stuck AFM-Bristol 6 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D   Hans Stuck 7, 9
  Wolfgang Seidel Veritas RS Veritas 2.0 L6 D   Wolfgang Seidel 7
  Willi Heeks Veritas Meteor Veritas 2.0 L6 D   Willi Heeks 7
  Theo Helfrich Veritas RS Veritas 2.0 L6 D   Theo Helfrich 7
  Oswald Karch Veritas RS Veritas 2.0 L6 D   Oswald Karch 7
  Helmut Niedermayr AFM-BMW U8 BMW 328 2.0 L6 D   Theo Fitzau 7
  Ernst Loof Veritas Meteor Veritas 2.0 L6 D   Ernst Loof 7
  Hans Herrmann Veritas Meteor Veritas 2.0 L6 D   Hans Herrmann 7
  Erwin Bauer Veritas RS Veritas 2.0 L6 D   Erwin Bauer 7
  Ecurie Espadon Ferrari 500
212
Ferrari 500 2.0 L4
Ferrari 166 2.0 V12
P   Kurt Adolff 7
  Peter Hirt 8
  Max de Terra 8
  Rennkollektiv EMW EMW R2 EMW 6 2.0 L6 D   Edgar Barth 7
  Dora Greifzu Greifzu-BMW Eigenbau BMW 328 2.0 L6 D   Rudolf Krause 7
  Ernst Klodwig Heck-BMW Eigenbau BMW 328 2.0 L6 D   Ernst Klodwig 7
  Equipe Anglaise Cooper-Bristol T23 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D   Alan Brown 7, 9
  Helmut Glöckler 7
  Rodney Nuckey Cooper-Bristol T23 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D   Rodney Nuckey 7
  Günther Bechem AFM-BMW 50–5 BMW 328 2.0 L6 D   Günther Bechem 7
  Escuderia Bandeirantes Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P   Chico Landi 8
  OSCA Automobili OSCA 20 OSCA 2000 2.0 L6 P   Élie Bayol 9
  Scuderia Milano Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P   Chico Landi 9
  Prince Bira 9

1953 World Championship of Drivers – final standingsEdit

Championship points were awarded to first five finishers in each race on an 8-6-4-3-2 basis. Points for shared drives were divided equally between the drivers, regardless of the number of laps driven by each. One point was also awarded for the fastest lap in each race. The point was shared equally between drivers sharing the fastest lap. Only the best four results from the nine races counted towards a driver's total points in the World Championship. Numbers without parentheses are retained championship points and numbers within parentheses are total points scored.

Pos. Driver ARG
 
500
 
NED
 
BEL
 
FRA
 
GBR
 
GER
 
SUI
 
ITA
 
Pts.
1   Alberto Ascari 1 1 (1) (4) 1 8† / (Ret)† 1 Ret 34.5 (46.5)
2   Juan Manuel Fangio Ret Ret Ret / Ret† 2 2 2 (4)† / Ret† 1 28 (29.5)
3   Nino Farina Ret 2 Ret (5) (3) 1 2 2 26 (32)
4   Mike Hawthorn 4 (4) 6 1 (5) 3 3 (4) 19 (27)
5   Luigi Villoresi 2 Ret 2 6 Ret 8† / Ret† 6 3 17
6   José Froilán González 3 3† (Ret) 3 4 13.5 (14.5)
7   Bill Vukovich 1 9
8   Toulo de Graffenried 5 4 7 Ret 5 Ret Ret 7
9   Felice Bonetto Ret 3† Ret 6 4 4† / Ret† Ret 6.5
10   Art Cross 2 6
11   Onofre Marimón 3 9 Ret Ret Ret Ret 4
12   Maurice Trintignant 7† 6 5 Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 4
13   Sam Hanks 3† 2
14   Duane Carter 3† 2
15   Óscar Alfredo Gálvez 5 2
16   Jack McGrath 5 2
17   Hermann Lang 5 2
18   Fred Agabashian 4† 1.5
19   Paul Russo 4† 1.5
  Stirling Moss 9 Ret 6 13 0
  Jean Behra 6 Ret 10 Ret Ret Ret 0
  Roberto Mieres Ret Ret 6 0
  Jimmy Daywalt 6 0
  Harry Schell 7† Ret 7 Ret Ret Ret 9 0
  Louis Rosier 7 8 8 10 10 Ret 16 0
  Ken Wharton Ret Ret 8 7 NC 0
  Prince Bira Ret 7 Ret 11 0
  Jacques Swaters DNS 7 Ret 0
  Jim Rathmann 7 0
  Sergio Mantovani 7† 0
  Luigi Musso 7† 0
  Peter Collins 8 Ret 13 Ret 0
  John Barber 8 0
  Ernie McCoy 8 0
  Max de Terra 8 0
  Umberto Maglioli 8 0
  Alan Brown 9 Ret Ret 12 0
  Fred Wacker DNS 9 DNS 0
  Tony Bettenhausen 9 0
  Peter Whitehead 9 0
  Hans Herrmann 9 0
  Albert Scherrer 9 0
  Louis Chiron 15 DNS DNS 10 0
  Paul Frère 10 Ret 0
  Jimmy Davies 10 0
  Duke Nalon 11 0
  André Pilette 11 0
  Bob Gerard 11 Ret 0
  Rodney Nuckey 11 0
  Johnny Claes NC Ret† 12 Ret Ret 0
  Carl Scarborough 12 0
  Theo Helfrich 12 0
  Kenneth McAlpine Ret Ret 13 NC 0
  Manny Ayulo 13 0
  Yves Giraud Cabantous 14 15 0
  Hans Stuck Ret 14 0
  Jimmy Bryan 14 0
  Rudolf Krause 14 0
  Bill Holland 15 0
  Ernst Klodwig 15 0
  Rodger Ward 16 0
  Wolfgang Seidel 16 0
  Walt Faulkner 17 0
  Jack Fairman Ret NC 0
  Lance Macklin Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
  Roy Salvadori Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
  Élie Bayol Ret DNS Ret 0
  Chico Landi Ret Ret 0
  Robert Manzon Ret 0
  Carlos Menditeguy Ret 0
  Pablo Birger Ret 0
  Adolfo Schwelm Cruz Ret 0
  Marshall Teague Ret 0
  Spider Webb Ret 0
  Bob Sweikert Ret 0
  Mike Nazaruk Ret 0
  Pat Flaherty Ret 0
  Jerry Hoyt Ret 0
  Johnnie Parsons Ret 0
  Don Freeland Ret 0
  Gene Hartley Ret 0
  Chuck Stevenson Ret 0
  Cal Niday Ret 0
  Bob Scott Ret 0
  Andy Linden Ret 0
  Johnny Thomson Ret 0
  Georges Berger Ret 0
  Arthur Legat Ret 0
  Jimmy Stewart Ret 0
  Tony Rolt Ret 0
  Ian Stewart Ret 0
  Duncan Hamilton Ret 0
  Tony Crook Ret 0
  Edgar Barth Ret 0
  Oswald Karch Ret 0
  Willi Heeks Ret 0
  Theo Fitzau Ret 0
  Kurt Adolff Ret 0
  Günther Bechem Ret 0
  Ernst Loof Ret 0
  Erwin Bauer Ret 0
  Peter Hirt Ret 0
  Piero Carini Ret 0
  John Fitch Ret 0
  Charles de Tornaco DNS 0
  Helmut Glöckler DNS 0
Pos. Driver ARG
 
500
 
NED
 
BEL
 
FRA
 
GBR
 
GER
 
SUI
 
ITA
 
Pts.
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Other points position
Blue Other classified position
Not classified, finished (NC)
Purple Not classified, retired (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrawn (WD)
Text formating Meaning
Bold Pole position
Italics Fastest lap
  • * Italics indicate fastest lap
  • Bold indicates pole position
  • † Position shared between more drivers of the same car
  • ‡ Several cars were shared in this race. See the race page for details.

Non-championship race resultsEdit

The following Formula One/Formula Two races, which did not count towards the World Championship of Drivers, were held during 1953.

Race Name Circuit Date Winning driver Constructor Report
  III Gran Premio di Siracusa Syracuse 22 March   Toulo de Graffenried   Maserati Report
  XIV Pau Grand Prix Pau 6 April   Alberto Ascari   Ferrari Report
  V Lavant Cup Goodwood 6 April   Toulo de Graffenried   Maserati Report
  II Aston Martin Owners Club F2 Race Snetterton 18 April   Eric Thompson   Connaught-Lea Francis Report
  III Grand Prix de Bordeaux Bordeaux 3 May   Alberto Ascari   Ferrari Report
  I Strassen-Rennen Karl-Marx-Stadt Karl-Marx-Stadt 3 May   Rudolf Krause   BMW-Reif Report
  V BRDC International Trophy Silverstone 9 May   Mike Hawthorn   Ferrari Report
  XV Eläintarhanajot Eläintarharata 10 May   Rodney Nuckey   Cooper-Bristol Report
  VI Gran Premio di Napoli Posillipo 10 May   Giuseppe Farina   Ferrari Report
  VII Ulster Trophy Dundrod 16 May   Mike Hawthorn   Ferrari Report
  I Winfield JC Formula 2 Race Charterhall 23 May   Ken Wharton   Cooper-Climax Report
  III Coronation Trophy Crystal Palace 23 May   Tony Rolt   Connaught-Lea Francis Report
  XXIII Grand Prix des Frontières Chimay 24 May   Maurice Trintignant   Gordini Report
  I Snetterton Coronation Trophy Snetterton 30 May   Tony Rolt   Connaught-Lea Francis Report
  XVII Internationales ADAC Eifelrennen Nürburgring 31 May   Toulo de Graffenried   Maserati Report
  XV Grand Prix de l'Albigeois Albi 31 May   Louis Rosier   Ferrari Report
  I Coupe de Printemps Montlhéry 31 May   Marcel Balsa   BMW Report
  I Paul Greifzu Gedachtnisrennen Dessau 7 June   Edgar Barth   EMW Report
  II West Essex CC Race Snetterton 27 June   Kenneth McAlpine   Connaught-Lea Francis Report
  I Midlands MECC Race Silverstone 27 June   Tony Crook   Cooper-Alta Report
  III Grand Prix de Rouen-les-Essarts Rouen-les-Essarts 28 June   Giuseppe Farina   Ferrari Report
  IV Strassen-rennen Halle-Saale-Schleife Halle-Saale-Schleife 5 July   Edgar Barth   EMW Report
  I Crystal Palace Trophy Crystal Palace 11 July   Tony Rolt   Connaught-Lea Francis Report
  IX Internationales Avusrennen AVUS 12 July   Jacques Swaters   Ferrari Report
  II United States Air Force Trophy Snetterton 25 July   Tony Rolt   Connaught-Lea Francis Report
  V Circuit du Lac Aix-les-Bains 26 July   Élie Bayol   OSCA Report
  I Dresden Autobahnspinne Dresden-Hellerau 26 July   Edgar Barth   EMW Report
  I Bristol MC & LCC Race Thruxton 3 August   Tony Rolt   Connaught-Lea Francis Report
  I Mid-Cheshire MC Race Oulton Park 8 August   Tony Rolt   Connaught-Lea Francis Report
  III Grand Prix de Sables d'Olonne Les Sables-d'Olonne 9 August   Louis Rosier   Ferrari Report
  II Newcastle Journal Trophy Charterhall 15 August   Ken Wharton   Cooper-Bristol Report
  V Circuit de Cadours Cadours 30 August   Maurice Trintignant   Gordini Report
  V Sachsenringrennen Sachsenring 6 September   Edgar Barth   EMW-BMW Report
  I RedeX Trophy Snetterton 12 September   Eric Thompson   Connaught-Lea Francis Report
  III Skarpnäcksloppet Skarpnäck 13 September   Erik Lundgren   Ford Report
  I London Trophy Crystal Palace 19 September   Stirling Moss   Cooper-Alta Report
  IV Gran Premio di Modena Modena 20 September   Juan Manuel Fangio   Maserati Report
  VI Madgwick Cup Goodwood 26 September   Roy Salvadori   Connaught-Lea Francis Report
  II Bernau Autobahnschleife Bernau 27 September   Arthur Rosenhammer   EMW Report
  II Joe Fry Memorial Trophy Castle Combe 3 October   Bob Gerard   Cooper-Bristol Report
  I Curtis Trophy Snetterton 17 October   Bob Gerard   Cooper-Bristol Report

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b World Championship of Drivers, 1974 FIA Yearbook, Grey section, pages 118 & 119
  2. ^ a b Mike Lang, Grand Prix! Volume 1: 1950 to 1965, pages 53 to 66
  3. ^ Steve Small, The Guinness Complete Grand Prix Who's Who, 1994, page 37