Sochi Autodrom

The Sochi Autodrom (Russian: Сочи Автодром),[2] previously known as the Sochi International Street Circuit[3] and the Sochi Olympic Park Circuit, is a 5.848 km Formula One permanent race track in the settlement of Sirius next to the Black Sea resort town of Sochi in Krasnodar Krai, Russia.[4][5]

Sochi Autodrom
Sochi Autodrom logo.png
Circuit Sochi.svg
LocationSirius, Krasnodar Krai, Russia
Time zoneMSK+0 (UTC+3)
Coordinates43°24′37″N 39°58′06″E / 43.410278°N 39.968271°E / 43.410278; 39.968271Coordinates: 43°24′37″N 39°58′06″E / 43.410278°N 39.968271°E / 43.410278; 39.968271
Capacity55,000
FIA Grade1
Broke groundJuly 2011; 10 years ago (2011-07)
Opened21 September 2014; 7 years ago (2014-09-21)[1]
ArchitectHermann Tilke
Major eventsFormula One
Russian Grand Prix (2014–2022)
FIA Formula 2 Championship (from 2018)
FIA Formula 3 Championship (from 2019)

World Touring Car Cup (2021–)
FIA WTCR Race of Russia

TCR International Series (20152016)
Russian Touring Car Championship (from 2014)
GP2 Series (20142015)
GP3 Series (20142015, 2018)
SMP F4 Championship (2015–2017)
Grand Prix circuit
Length5.848 km (3.634 mi)
Turns18
Race lap record1:35.761 (United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton, Mercedes, 2019, F1)
Short Circuit
Length2.313 km (1.437 mi)
Websitesochiautodrom.ru

The circuit is similar to the Beijing Olympic Green Circuit and the Sydney Olympic Park Circuit in that it runs around a former Olympic complex; in this case, the Sochi Olympic Park site, scene of the 2014 Winter Olympic Games. The inaugural World Championship Russian Grand Prix took place in 2014, beginning a seven-year contract.

Also, the TCR International Series raced at Sochi in June 2015, with the TCR Russian Series and SMP F4 Championship as support series.

DevelopmentEdit

 
The circuit and the Olympic Park, as it appeared in 2018

Earlier the International Olympic Committee was given the power to delay the race until 2015 if preparations for the race interfered with the Winter Olympics,[6] though the Games started without interruption. In October 2011, the Russian government set aside US$195.4 million for the construction of the circuit.[7]

The construction of the Sochi Olympic Park Circuit marked the end of a thirty-year campaign for a Russian Grand Prix, with plans for a "Grand Prix of the Soviet Union" originating as early as 1983 before being abandoned for "bureaucratic reasons"[8] and several failed attempts[9][10][11] in the intervening years.

The circuit received its final approval from the FIA in August 2014.[12]

The circuitEdit

 
The start of the 2014 Russian Grand Prix

The 5.848-kilometre (3.634 mi) circuit is the fourth-longest circuit on the Formula One calendar, behind Spa-Francorchamps in Belgium, Baku City Circuit in Azerbaijan and Silverstone in the UK.[13] The circuit is built around the Sochi Olympic Park, that is the coastal cluster of Olympic venues built for the 2014 Winter Olympics that have hosted competitions in ice hockey, speed skating, curling, figure skating, short track etc., and Fisht Olympic Stadium where Opening and Closing ceremonies were held. The surface was not laid until after the Closing Ceremony of the Olympics.[14]

 
Aerial view of the Sochi Autodrome from the final corner

The circuit, designed by German architect Hermann Tilke, has the start grid on the northern edge of the Olympic Park next to the railway station, heading southwest towards the Black Sea coast. Then it runs along the outer edge of the central Sochi Medals Plaza, that is the podium for Olympic medal ceremonies. The long Turn 3 is one of the most notable on the circuit, and has been compared to the famous Turn 8 in Istanbul Park.[15] Then, the track circles the plaza counterclockwise and makes three turns around the Bolshoy Ice Dome. Then follow series of tight corners before turning north where the track skirts the edge of the Olympic Park, above the main Olympic Village and the Adler Arena Skating Center. Then it passes the skating and curling centres, before funneling up behind the pit paddock toward the train station, and completing a circuit with two ninety-degree right turns.

Lap recordsEdit

Class/Category Time Driver Vehicle Event
Grand Prix Circuit: 5.848 km
Formula One 1:35.761 Lewis Hamilton Mercedes AMG F1 W10 EQ Power+ 2019 Russian Grand Prix
GP2 1:46.407 Stoffel Vandoorne Dallara GP2/11 2014 Sochi GP2 round
FIA F2 1:50.501 George Russell Dallara F2 2018 2018 Sochi Formula 2 round[16]
GP3 1:52.459 Esteban Ocon Dallara GP3/13 2015 Sochi GP3 round
FIA F3 1:55.513 Jake Hughes Dallara F3 2019 2019 Sochi Formula 3 round[17]
Ferrari Challenge 2:13.849 Bjorn Grossmann Ferrari 458 Challenge Evo 2016 Ferrari Challenge Europe Sochi round[18]
RCRS 2:20.375 Ivan Lukashevich Hyundai i30 N TCR 2019 Sochi RCRS round[19]
TCR International 2:21.115 Pepe Oriola SEAT León Cup Racer 2015 TCR International Series Sochi round[20]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sochi Autodrom officially opened in Russia". Formula1.com. Formula One Administration. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  2. ^ "2014 Formula 1 Russian Grand Prix". Formula 1.com. Formula One Administration. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  3. ^ Kabanovsky, Aleksander (22 April 2013). "Vettel impressed by Russian circuit after first visit". Autosport.com. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  4. ^ Collantine, Keith (14 October 2010). "Russia to join F1 calendar in 2014". F1 Fanatic. Keith Collantine. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  5. ^ "OMEGA". OMEGA (Developer). Archived from the original on 10 September 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
  6. ^ "IOC threatens to postpone Russian Grand Prix". GP Update. 13 January 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  7. ^ Elizalde, Pablo (26 October 2012). "Russia to spend $200m on F1 track". Autosport.com. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  8. ^ "Формула нелюбви". nevasport.ru. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  9. ^ "Москва возвращается к проекту трассы "Формулы-1"". lenta.ru. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  10. ^ Joseph, Noah. "Formula Onovich: Russian Grand Prix gears up again". autoblog.com. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  11. ^ "Время новостей: N°100, 08 июня 2001". vremya.ru. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  12. ^ Baldwin, Alan (20 August 2014). "New Sochi circuit wins FIA seal of approval". reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
  13. ^ Collantine, Keith (24 October 2014). "India's F1 track: Another cookie-cutter circuit?". F1 Fanatic. Keith Collantine. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  14. ^ Saward, Joe (23 January 2012). "Meanwhile, on the Russian Riviera". Joe Saward blogs about the world of F1. WordPress. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
  15. ^ "Sochi uncovered - the inside track on Russia's first F1 circuit". Formula 1® - The Official F1® Website. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  16. ^ "Database Homepage". Motor Sport Magazine. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  17. ^ "FIA F3 2019 Sochi Results | FIA F3 Race Results". www.motorsport.com. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  18. ^ "Trofeo Pirelli Sochi Race 2 (30') Final Classification" (PDF). Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  19. ^ "2019 RCRS Sochi Touring Race 1 Results" (PDF). Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  20. ^ "TCR 2015 Sochi Results Race 1" (PDF). international.tcr-series.com. Retrieved 10 March 2021.

External linksEdit