Circuit of the Americas

Circuit of the Americas (COTA) is a Grade 1[2] FIA-specification 3.426-mile (5.514 km) motor racing track and facilities located in Austin, Texas, in the United States. The facility is home to the Formula One United States Grand Prix, NASCAR's Texas Grand Prix, and the Motorcycle Grand Prix of the Americas,[3] a round in MotoGP and the FIA World Endurance Championship with the Lone Star Le Mans.[4] It previously hosted the Australian V8 Supercars,[5] the Americas Rallycross Championship, the American Le Mans Series,[6] the Rolex Sports Car Series,[7] the IMSA SportsCar Championship and the IndyCar Classic.

Circuit of the Americas
Circuit of the Americas
Circuit of the Americas

Layout of the Grand Prix circuit
LocationAustin, Texas, United States
Time zoneUTC−6 / UTC−5 (DST)
Coordinates30°7′58″N 97°38′28″W / 30.13278°N 97.64111°W / 30.13278; -97.64111
FIA Grade1
OwnerCircuit of the Americas LLC
Broke groundDecember 31, 2010; 13 years ago (2010-12-31)
OpenedOctober 21, 2012; 11 years ago (2012-10-21)
ArchitectHermann Tilke
Miró Rivera Architects
Major events
Grand Prix Circuit (2012–present)
Length3.426 miles (5.513 km)
Race lap record1:36.169 (Monaco Charles Leclerc, Ferrari SF90, 2019, F1)
National Circuit (2012–present)
Length2.300 miles (3.792 km)
Race lap record1:33.284 (United States Johnny O'Connell, Cadillac CTS-V, 2013, PWC GT)

The circuit and Grand Prix were first proposed in the middle of 2010. The circuit was the first in the United States to be purpose-built for Formula One. The layout was conceived by promoter Tavo Hellmund and 1993 Motorcycle World Champion Kevin Schwantz[8] with the assistance of German architect and circuit designer Hermann Tilke, who has also designed the Sepang, Shanghai, Yas Marina, Istanbul, Bahrain, Yeongam, and Buddh circuits, as well as the reprofiling of the Hockenheimring and Fuji Speedway.

History edit

Construction edit

The 251-foot (77 m) observation tower under construction at Circuit of the Americas
Hairpin Turn 11 before completion

In a news conference on July 27, 2010, Tavo Hellmund announced plans to build the track on about 890 acres (3.6 km2) of undeveloped land in southeastern Travis County. The majority of the site had been planned to be developed into a residential subdivision called "Wandering Creek".[9] In the same news conference, Hellmund also revealed that Texas billionaire Red McCombs was the project's largest investor. The circuit homologation design was submitted to the FIA in Geneva for approval on December 17, 2010. HKS, Inc. and Tilke Engineers & Architects designed the track, and Austin Commercial, a subsidiary of Austin Industries, was the general contractor. Construction began on December 31, 2010,[10] and was due to be complete by June 2012.[11] Following a stop-work order in December 2011, the completion date was revised to August.[12] The first tasks were building the silt fences, taking core samples, and shredding existing vegetation.[13]

On January 21, 2011, a $900,000 check was posted with Travis County that permitted grading to begin. The money was to be used to restore the land if the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) declined to allow the project to move forward because part of the site lies in a floodplain.[14] FEMA issued a letter on June 28, 2011, stating the project meets its floodplain management criteria.

In January 2012, Travis County announced that Elroy Road—one of the two primary public access roads to the circuit—would receive an upgrade to handle the increased volume of incoming traffic, but not before the running of the 2012 race.[15] At the time of the announcement, the unstable clay soils under the road surface had caused Elroy Road to gradually buckle and shift, necessitating the upgrade.

On June 13, 2012, Charlie Whiting—the FIA-appointed Race Director for Formula 1—declared himself satisfied with the circuit's construction, scheduling a final pre-race inspection of the circuit for September 25, sixty days before the first race,[16] which the circuit later passed.[17] To ensure the demanding FIA specifications for the track were met, GPS-based 3D paving equipment was used on the asphalt paving and milling machines.[18] The first layer of asphalt was completed on August 3, 2012.[19] Construction began laying the final layer of asphalt on August 14,[20] and was finished on September 21.[21] The track was officially opened on October 21, with Mario Andretti running the ceremonial first laps in a Lotus 79, the car he drove when he became the last American to win the World Drivers' Championship in 1978.[22] The Grand Plaza, Observation Structure, Tower Amphitheater, and Main Grandstand were designed by Austin-based architectural firm Miró Rivera Architects.

Name edit

McCombs wished to call the site "Speed City",[23] but the owners originally anticipated selling the naming rights to various parts of the facility for $7 million.[24] On April 12, 2011, the track's name was announced as "Circuit of the Americas" at a press conference.[25] Red McCombs, later said: “One of the most inviting aspects of the name is the word ‘Americas’. It reflects Austin's ideal location at the crossroads of North America from north to south, east to west. Also, it speaks to our state as a centre of commerce and cultural exchange in this hemisphere. I look forward to meeting many fans and visitors who will be coming from every country.”[26] In December 2020 Red McCombs got a corner named after him called 'Big Red'.[27]

City endorsement and lawsuit edit

In order for the race to take place, the Austin city council was asked to be the sponsoring municipality for the event. Through being a sponsor, the city could apply for money from a state fund, the Major Events Trust Fund (METF), designed to attract major sporting events to Texas that would be used to pay the Formula One race sanctioning fee.[28] This matter was complicated by opponents of the project who filed a lawsuit against state comptroller Susan Combs, claiming that she had promised the funding to the circuit without having been legally authorized to do so,[29] though promoters have responded stating that all necessary guidelines had been followed.

In June 2011, the Austin city council agreed to allow the circuit to apply to the Texas Major Events Trust Fund but withheld its full endorsement requiring the circuit to pay the financial match normally borne by the local government sponsor. As a part of the endorsement, the sport will pay $15,000 in carbon offsets and $5 million to establish an on-site research project into environmentally friendly technologies.

On July 1, 2011, a state district court judge declined to enter a temporary restraining order against Combs preventing payments from the METF; nonetheless, Texas Comptroller Combs reconsidered and chose not to make the July 31 advance payment to FOMC/Bernard Ecclestone as previously agreed for the first year's sanctioning fee. The attorney for the project's opponents has stated that he is unsure if they will continue pursuing the lawsuit.[30]

Breach of contract and reinstatement edit

In November 2011, Bernie Ecclestone expressed what he called "minor" doubt over the future of the United States Grand Prix in Austin after "disagreements inside the [management] company".[31] These issues were later confirmed when construction of the circuit came to a halt because of a dispute between the circuit owners, promoter Full Throttle Productions, and Formula One Management.[32]

Promoter Tavo Hellmund admitted that his company had been in breach of its contract with Formula One Management since May 2011. The situation further escalated when state comptroller Susan Combs described the planned Grand Prix of America as a threat to the race in Texas, and said that the first $25 million payment from the state sports fund would only be made available after the first Grand Prix at the circuit, despite having previously promised to make the funds available in time for the inaugural event.[33] Bernie Ecclestone later issued an ultimatum to the owners and organizers: find a solution before the December 7 meeting of the FIA World Motor Sport Council or else risk being removed from the 2012 calendar. Ecclestone emphasized that if the Circuit of the Americas were removed from the calendar, it would not be added again at a later date.

On December 7, 2011, the World Motor Sport Council released the final calendar for the 2012 season, with the Circuit of the Americas retaining its November 18 date. Further details revealed that the race investors, McCombs and Epstein, had reached a new arrangement with Ecclestone, with work on the circuit scheduled to resume immediately.[34] As a part of the arrangement, organizers paid the sanctioning fee for the 2012 race one year in advance as a show of good faith.[35] At the time of the circuit's reinstatement, there were no reports supporting Tavo Hellmund's continued involvement under the new contract.

On March 4, 2012, The Austin American-Statesman reported that Hellmund had launched legal proceedings against investors Bobby Epstein and Red McCombs, with Hellmund claiming that he was still a part of the management company and had not been paid since September.[36] Further details emerged, reporting that Hellmund was in the process of attempting to acquire Epstein's interest in the company, describing the condition of the circuit as of March 4 as "teetering".[37] Epstein responded to the lawsuit by stating that Hellmund had been found to have been in breach of contract by Formula One Management.[37] In June 2012, the dispute between Hellmund and Epstein was reported to have been settled out of court.[38]

Formula One attendance records edit

A crowd of 117,429 spectators watched the United States Grand Prix in November 2012 after four years of Formula One not hosting a Grand Prix in the United States.[39] In October 2022, the three-day Formula One United States Grand Prix event drew a record number of fans. Roughly 440,000 people attended the event, breaking Formula One's attendance record of 400,000 set at the 2021 United States Grand Prix for an event held in North America.[40] Sunday's race final drew over 150,000 spectators to Circuit of the Americas breaking the inaugural Formula One race at the circuit attendance in 2012. This surge was due to the popularity of Formula 1: Drive to Survive in the United States and the honoring of the 2020 tickets as the 2020 United States Grand Prix was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[41]

Dispute over planned MotoGP race edit

In April 2011, plans were unveiled by Tavo Hellmund of Full Throttle Productions and Kevin Schwantz of 3fourTexas for the circuit to host a round of the 2013 MotoGP World Championship, with the race to be known as the Texas Grand Prix.[25] The race was the brainchild of Schwantz, the circuit co-designer, who would serve as event promoter with his company, 3fourTexas. However, following the settlement of the lawsuit between Tavo Hellmund and Bobby Epstein, Schwantz announced that he would be suing Steve Sexton. Schwantz claimed that upon the resolution of the dispute between Hellmund and Epstein, Sexton moved to negotiate directly with MotoGP's commercial rights holder, Dorna Sports, ignoring what he claimed was an existing contract between Dorna and 3fourTexas to hold the race.[42]

Circuit representatives denied that there was ever a contract between Schwantz and the Circuit of the Americas, and that his dispute was with Dorna Sports.[43] Dorna later claimed that although a contract for the race between Dorna and Schwantz had existed, the contract had been terminated in July 2012 as they believed Schwantz had failed to acquire the necessary rights from the circuit to hold the race.[44] Schwantz then accused Sexton and the Circuit of the Americas of "undermining" him, deliberately blocking his attempts to establish a race in order to have the contract terminated and allowing them to negotiate a more-favourable arrangement with Dorna.[45]

In October 2012, Dorna Sports announced that they had come to agreeable terms with organizers of the Texas motorcycle Grand Prix, including the race on the 2013 calendar as the Motorcycle Grand Prix of the Americas, but made no mention of the dispute with Schwantz or any outcome of it.[3] Prior to the 2014 Motorcycle Grand Prix of the Americas, the circuit announced that COTA and Schwantz had amicably settled their legal differences and reached an agreement to collaborate to promote motorcycling racing, with Schwantz taking the role as official ambassador for COTA.[46][47]

IndyCar Series edit

On September 4, 2018, IndyCar announced that it has reached a multi-year agreement to add the Circuit of the Americas to its calendar replacing Phoenix Raceway (then known as ISM Raceway), finalizing the IndyCar Series calendar. After hosting an IndyCar Spring Training test session, on February 12–13, COTA made its debut on the IndyCar Series schedule on Sunday, March 24, serving as the second race of the 2019 campaign, with the AutoNation IndyCar Challenge (IndyCar Classic), following the March 10 season-opener at St. Petersburg, FL. It was the first time since 2014 that two tracks in Texas would appear on the IndyCar Series calendar.

On February 11, 2020, (perhaps as a precursor of the season to come) the opening day of IndyCar Spring Training, cold temperatures and persistent showers severely limited track time for all competitors to slow installation laps and a few experimental runs on rain tires. With improved weather, on February 12, IndyCar concluded its first open test of the season. However, the 2020 race was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. On October 1, 2020, Indycar released the 2021 calendar with COTA dropped from the schedule unexpectedly to the surprise of many, after it was announced two years prior that they had a multi year deal in place between Indycar and COTA.


On September 30, 2020, it was announced that COTA would host a NASCAR Cup Series event for the first time on May 23, 2021.[48] The lower Xfinity and Camping World Truck Series were also added as support events.[49] On December 11, 2020, it was announced that NASCAR would run the full 3.426 miles (5.514 km) course.[50] EchoPark Automotive assumed naming rights for the Cup race, which dubbed it the EchoPark Texas Grand Prix. The Xfinity and Truck races were respectively named the Pit Boss 250 and Toyota Tundra 225 with title sponsorship from Pit Boss Grills and Toyota.[51][52]

The inaugural race weekend was marred by rain, with the Truck race on Saturday being in wet conditions while the Xfinity event later in the day was drier.[53] The Cup race the following day, won by Chase Elliott, was shortened as the weather worsened and caused low driver visibility.[54] On September 15, The Athletic has reported that NASCAR will return to the circuit for the 2022 season as Speedway Motorsports, the promoter of the race picked up the renewal on the contract. The race ran as scheduled on March 27, 2022.[55] The promoters announced on the week prior to the race that NASCAR will be returning to Austin as they renewed for one more year. It will mark the third time consecutively that NASCAR goes to Austin.[56]

Facilities edit

The Circuit of the Americas facilities in 2018

Racetrack edit

Main straight and turn 1 hill
Crowd at COTA on race day
Circuit of the Americas during the 2018 US Grand Prix

In an episode of Speed TV's Wind Tunnel program broadcast on August 22, 2010, Tavo Hellmund revealed that the circuit would be 3.426 miles (5.514 km) long and would be made up of twenty turns with an elevation change of 133 feet (41 m). The final plan of the circuit was released on September 1, 2010, showing a design inspired by the European tradition of sculpting the circuit to the contours of the land. The design draws from several European Formula One circuits, including a recreation of Silverstone's Maggotts–Becketts–Chapel sequence, Hockenheim's arena bends, and a replica of Istanbul's Turn Eight.[57] Other corners were loosely inspired by the Senna 'S' at Interlagos,[8] Turn 4 at the Buddh International Circuit and Turns 9-10 at Bahrain, the latter two tracks also designed by Tilke. A feature of the circuit is a deliberate widening of corners, to encourage drivers to follow multiple racing lines.[58] A similar feature was used at the Buddh International Circuit in India, where the circuit widens on the approach to certain corners.

The circuit was one of only a handful on the Formula One 2012 calendar to be run counter-clockwise, the others being Marina Bay, the Korea International Circuit, Yas Marina, and Interlagos. Because of this, the circuit contains more left-hand turns than right-hand ones, placing greater physical demands on the drivers whose bodies, particularly their necks, are more adapted to the lateral g-forces of clockwise circuits.

Pit lane

From the start line, the drivers climb a gradient of over 11% to the first corner called Big Red—the highest point of the circuit—with the apex of the corner positioned on the crest of the hill, similar to Turn 4 of India. They then take a downhill right-hander inspired by the Senna 'S' of Interlagos before climbing back up the side of the hill to navigate a series of fast sweepers modeled on Silverstone's Maggotts–Becketts–Chapel complex, which is turns 3-6 at COTA. These sweepers tighten through turns 7-9, while continuing the esses, but slowing the cars down substantially, requiring drivers to downshift to 4th gear and through a blind corner at Turn 10. This corner takes them to the far end of the circuit and a hairpin at Turn 11 where the drivers then follow a 0.62-mile (1.00 km) straight back towards the pit and paddock area. This straight leads to the final sector of the lap with a heavy braking zone and a sequence of corners inspired by the arena bends of Hockenheim, to Turns 9 and 10 of Bahrain, a corner that significantly tightens in the second part, requiring drivers to brake and turn at the same time. This is followed by a downhill, multi-apex corner with limited run-off modeled after turn 8 at Istanbul Park, before the final two corners of the circuit, a pair of left-hand bends that return the drivers to the main straight.

Reception edit

The reception from drivers ahead of the inaugural race was highly positive. Fernando Alonso and Lewis Hamilton both praised the circuit, suggesting that it would be considerably more difficult to learn than other recent additions to the Formula One calendar.[59] Jenson Button described the first sector as "spectacular", but remarked that he felt that starting second would be better than starting first as the placement of pole position put it on a steeper incline than the rest of the grid.[60] Kamui Kobayashi, on the other hand, was less complimentary, claiming that he did not feel intimidated by the steep climb to the first corner as it was no different from Eau Rouge at the Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, and accusing the media of hyping it up without precedent.[60] Mark Webber was also unimpressed, stating that while he enjoyed driving the first sector of the circuit, the second and third sectors were similar to other circuits on the calendar.[61]

Grand Plaza edit

COTA on race day
COTA on opening day – from Parking Lot A

Bordered by the track on three sides, the Grand Plaza is a 20-acre (0.081 km2) space designed by Miró Rivera Architects of Austin, Texas that includes a large reflecting pool, lawn, and varying landscape zones. A promenade along the north side of the Grand Plaza hosts concessions, retail, restroom facilities, and entrances to spectator seating. From the southeast end of the Grand Plaza, two pedestrian bridges cross over turns 16 and 3 to provide access for visitors to other areas of the circuit complex.[62]

Observation Tower edit

Tower at COTA

Circuit of the Americas features a 251-foot (77 m) observation tower designed by Miró Rivera Architects and built by Patriot Erectors as a landmark for the venue. The structure of the tower consists of an elevator hoist-way surrounded by a double helix staircase of 419 stairs, both of which lead to an observation platform 230 feet (70 m) above ground level. The platform provides a 360-degree panorama of the circuit, as well as views to downtown Austin, Texas. The observation platform, which is accessible to the public for an admission fee, can accommodate up to 70 visitors and features glass railings and a partial glass floor.[63] In addition, a "veil" consisting of 18 bright red steel tubes runs nearly the full height of the tower, acting as a canopy for both the observation platform and the stage below. The design of the observation tower was inspired by the visual imagery of sports cars and movement, and the red color was selected to mimic the streaks of lights trailing racecars at night.[64]

Germania Insurance Amphitheater edit

Collective Soul performing at the Tower Amphitheater
The Germania Insurance Amphitheater as seen from the top of the tower

On July 23, 2012, COTA announced a booking agreement with Live Nation to book major concerts at an open air amphitheater to be built at the base of the observation tower. Designed by Miró Rivera Architects, the venue opened in April 2013 with a concert by Kenny Chesney.[65] The amphitheater accommodates up to 14,000 people with 5,240 permanent reserved seats. Another 1,700 seats can be configured on the stage-front floor or there is standing room for 2,300. The remaining general admission spots are on a sloping grass area behind the reserved seats. The venue was originally going to be called Tower Amphitheater, but under a deal closed in March 2013, was renamed to Austin360 Amphitheater, with naming rights sold to the entertainment/events website associated with the Austin American-Statesman.[66] Beginning January 1, 2020, COTA renamed the venue the Germania Insurance Amphitheater under a seven-year deal with the Brenham, Texas based insurance company.[67]

Germania Insurance Super Stage edit

The Germania Insurance Super Stage is a temporary stage used for concerts that exceed the 14,000 capacity of the Germania Insurance Amphitheater. The Super Stage is mainly used for the F1 Concerts and the big acts. It is located in the infield of Circuit of the Americas between Turn 11 and Turn 12. ESPN built the Super Stage for the X Games Austin 2015. [68][69]

Main Grandstand edit

The primary permanent seating at Circuit of the Americas is located within the Main Grandstand, designed by Miró Rivera Architects.[70] Above-ground construction on the grandstand began in March 2012, and the "topping out" occurred in June 2012 with completion in time for the inaugural United States Grand Prix.

The Main Grandstand is 65 feet (20 m) tall, and has a total capacity of approximately 9,000 spectators. The seating is divided into three levels: lower level (capacity ~5400, including Loge Boxes), club level (capacity ~2900), and suite level (capacity ~750). The majority of seating is covered by a tensile fabric canopy. The primary structure is 500 feet (150 m) long, while the lower risers extend an additional 500 feet (150 m). The grandstand also contains concessions, restrooms, offices, and two lounge spaces located at the second and third levels. The Velocity Lounge on the second level is approximately 7,100 sq ft (660 m2), and contains a 36-screen video wall and the acrylic painting "Velocity" by Dallas-based artist Christopher Martin measuring 120 feet (37 m) in length.[71]

Both the Main Grandstand and the concessions buildings in the Grand Plaza were conceived as a modular system consisting of several components that can be arranged according to need. The concessions, with banners and deep canopies, can be expanded with restrooms, permanent seating or suites. Inherent to this “kit-of-parts” construction system is flexibility allowing the site to grow and change.[62]

Karting edit

The facility features a karting track that has 15 turns and is 0.63 miles long. It has wide turns, a set of S-turns and a new hairpin turn that comes off a sweeper turn. The Karting Track is located in front of the Main Grandstand. The karts can go up to speeds up to 55 MPH. [72]

Bold Stadium edit

Bold Stadium
AddressDel Valle, TX 78617
LocationAustin, Texas
Coordinates30°08′09″N 97°38′21″W / 30.1359°N 97.6393°W / 30.1359; -97.6393
Field shapeRectangular
Broke groundOctober 2018
Opened2019 (2019)
Austin Bold FC (USLC) (2019–2021)
Austin Gilgronis (MLR) (2020–2022)

In August 2017, a new soccer-specific stadium was announced to be built between the Amphitheater and the Grand Plaza. A professional soccer team known as Austin Bold FC began playing in the USL Championship in 2019 until 2021. The stadium seats 5,000 people.[73][74][75] The Austin Gilgronis of Major League Rugby was playing home games at the stadium in 2020.

Record lap times edit

Official record lap times are only set during the race. The unofficial lap record is 1:32.029 set by Valtteri Bottas in a Mercedes AMG F1 W10 EQ Power+ during qualifying at the 2019 United States Grand Prix. As of October 2023, the fastest official race lap records at the Circuit of the Americas are listed as:

World RX layout of Circuit of the Americas
Category Time Driver Car/Bike Event
Current Grand Prix Circuit: 5.513 km (2012–present)
F1 1:36.169 Charles Leclerc Ferrari SF90 2019 United States Grand Prix
LMP1 1:47.052[76] Loïc Duval Audi R18 2016 6 Hours of Circuit of the Americas
IndyCar 1:48.8953[77] Colton Herta Dallara DW12 2019 IndyCar Classic
Formula V8 1:51.437[78] René Binder Dallara T12 2017 Austin Formula V8 round
LMP2 1:52.545[79] Nyck de Vries Oreca 07 2020 Lone Star Le Mans
Indy Lights 1:56.5740[80] Oliver Askew Dallara IL-15 2019 Indy Lights Classic
DPi 1:57.198[81] Jordan Taylor Cadillac DPi-V.R 2017 IMSA Sportscar Showdown at COTA
DP 1:58.616[82] Joey Hand Riley Mk XXVI 2015 Lone Star Le Mans
LMPC 2:01.245[82] Renger van der Zande Oreca FLM09 2015 Lone Star Le Mans
LM GTE 2:02.522[79] Nicki Thiim Aston Martin Vantage AMR 2020 Lone Star Le Mans
Pro Mazda 2:03.116[83] Matthew Brabham Star Formula Mazda 'Pro' 2013 Austin Pro Mazda Championship round
MotoGP 2:03.126 Álex Rins Honda RC213V 2023 Motorcycle Grand Prix of the Americas
Super Lap Battle 2:03.850[84] Feras Qartoumy Chevrolet Corvette (C6) 2023 SLB at COTA
Formula Regional 2:04.698[85] Linus Lundqvist Ligier JS F3 2020 Austin FR Americas round
GT 2:05.053[86] Jonathan Bomarito SRT Viper GTS-R 2013 International Sports Car Weekend
GT3 2:05.329[87] Jan Heylen Porsche 911 (992) GT3 R 2023 Austin GT World Challenge America round
Trans-Am 2:05.654[88] Matthew Brabham Ford Mustang Trans-Am 2022 Austin Trans-Am round
Lamborghini Super Trofeo 2:07.033[89] Edoardo Piscopo Lamborghini Huracán LP 620-2 Super Trofeo 2015 Austin Lamborghini Super Trofeo North America round
Formula 4 2:08.107[90] Marta García Tatuus F4-T421 2023 Austin F1 Academy round
Porsche Carrera Cup 2:08.287[91] Riley Dickinson Porsche 911 (992) GT3 Cup 2023 Austin Porsche Carrera Cup North America round
Superbike 2:08.586[92] Jake Gagne Yamaha YZF-R1 2023 MotoAmerica Superbikes at Texas
Ferrari Challenge 2:08.976[93] Matt Kurzejewski Ferrari 488 Challenge Evo 2023 Austin Ferrari Challenge North America round
Grand-Am GT 2:09.009[94] Eric Curran Chevrolet Corvette C6.R GT2 2013 Grand-Am of The Americas
Moto2 2:09.312 Arón Canet Kalex Moto2 2022 Motorcycle Grand Prix of the Americas
MotoAmerica (Stock 1000) 2:09.456[95] Toni Elías Suzuki GSX-R1000 2016 MotoAmerica Championship of Texas
Supersport 2:12.616[96] J. D. Beach Yamaha YZF-R6 2016 MotoAmerica Championship of Texas
NASCAR Cup Series 2:12.706[97] Tyler Reddick Toyota Camry TRD 2023 EchoPark Automotive Grand Prix
USF Juniors 2:13.980[98] Nicolas Giaffone Tatuus JR-23 2023 Cooper Tires Circuit of The Americas Grand Prix
NASCAR Xfinity Series 2:15.210[99] A. J. Allmendinger Chevrolet Camaro SS NASCAR 2023 Pit Boss 250
NASCAR Truck Series 2:15.298[100] Kyle Busch Chevrolet Silverado NASCAR 2023 XPEL 225
GT4 2:15.530[101] Jeroen Bleekemolen McLaren Artura GT4 2023 Austin GT4 America round
Moto3 2:15.583 Arón Canet Honda NSF250RW 2017 Motorcycle Grand Prix of the Americas
Grand-Am GX 2:17.876[94] Spencer Pumpelly Porsche Cayman 2013 Grand-Am of The Americas
TCR Touring Car 2:18.404[102] Tyler Maxson Hyundai Veloster N TCR 2020 1st Austin TC America round
Formula Ford 2:18.845[103] James Weida Scorpion W1 2023 Lone Star Grand Prix
Mazda MX-5 Cup 2:31.0334[104] Selin Rollan Mazda MX-5 (ND) 2019 Austin Mazda MX-5 Cup round
North America Talent Cup 2:37.150[105] Jesse Shedden Aprilia RS250SP2 2022 Austin North America Talent Cup round
National Circuit: 3.792 km (2012–present)
Pirelli World Challenge GT 1:33.284[106] Johnny O'Connell Cadillac CTS-V 2013 Austin Pirelli World Challenge round
V8 Supercars 1:33.5415[107] Jason Bright Holden Commodore (VF) 2013 Austin 400
Porsche Carrera Cup 1:35.3252[108] Madison Snow Porsche 911 (997 II) GT3 Cup 2013 Austin GT3 Cup Trophy USA West round
Pirelli World Challenge GTS 1:40.720[106] Andy Lee Chevrolet Camaro 2013 Austin Pirelli World Challenge round
Pirelli World Challenge TC 1:46.244[109] Remo Ruscitti Honda Civic Si 2013 Austin Pirelli World Challenge round
Pirelli World Challenge TCB 2:00.908[110] Ernie Francis Jr. Mazda 2 2013 Austin Pirelli World Challenge round

Events edit

Current events edit

Minor events edit

The circuit hosts minor completions like the Formula Regional Americas Championship, Formula 4 United States Championship and the Ferrari Challenge North America.

Minor events
Completion Race Name Duration
Sportscar Vintage Racing Association U.S. Vintage Racing National Championship 2013–present
Ferrari Challenge North America Ferrari Challenge at COTA 2013–2014, 2016–2020, 2022–present
Lamborghini Super Trofeo North America Lamborghini Super Trofeo North America at COTA 2015–2017, 2021, 2024
FIA Masters Historic Formula One Championship MASTERS RACING LEGENDS @ COTA 2015, 2017, 2019, 2021-present
World Racing League WRL at COTA 2015–present
Porsche Pirelli GT3 Cup Trophy USA Porsche Pirelli GT3 Cup Trophy at COTA 2017
Radical North American Masters Radical North American Masters at COTA 2017
Formula 4 United States Championship F4 at COTA 2017–present
Formula Regional Americas Championship FR Americas at COTA 2018, 2020–present
GT4 America Series GT4 America at COTA 2019–2021, 2023–present
TC America Series TC America at COTA 2019–2021, 2023–present
Super Lap Battle USA SLB at COTA 2020–present
GT Celebration Masters @ GT Celebration 2021–present
GT America Series GT America at COTA 2021, 2023–present
Porsche Carrera Cup North America Porsche Carrera Cup North America at COTA 2021, 2023–present
Porsche Sprint Challenge North America Porsche Sprint Challenge North America at COTA 2021, 2023–present
Toyota Gazoo Racing Gazoo Racing Cup North America 2023–present
Mustang Challenge Mustang Challenge at COTA 2024

Former events edit

The track has hosted various events like the IMSA WeatherTech SportsCar Championship, INDYCAR and the X Games.

Former events
Completion Race Name Duration
Sports Car Club of America The Lone Star Grand Prix 2013, 2017–2023
American Le Mans Series International Sports Car Weekend 2013
Rolex Sports Car Series Grand-Am of the Americas 2013
Michelin Pilot Challenge Lone Star Le Mans 2013–2017
USF Pro 2000 Championship USF Pro 2000 at COTA 2013, 2023
V8 Supercars Austin 400 2013
Porsche Supercup Austin Race 2014–2016
Summer X Games X Games Austin 2014–2016
IMSA WeatherTech SportsCar Championship Lone Star Le Mans 2014–2017
Global Rallycross X Games Austin 20142015
Stadium Super Trucks X Games Austin, SST at COTA 20142015, 2019
IMSA GT3 Cup Challenge Yokohama Drivers Cup USA 2015–2016, 2018–2020
NACAM Formula 4 Championship F4 NACAM at COTA 2016
ChampCar Endurance Series The Dual at COTA 2016–2017, 2020
American Flat Track Flat Track at COTA 2016
World Series Formula V8 3.5 Austin Race 2017
24H Series Hankook 24H COTA 2017–2019
SprintX GT Championship Series SprintX at COTA 2017–2018
FIA World Rallycross Championship World RX of the United States 2018
National Auto Sport Association NASA Championships at COTA 2018, 2021
Americas Rallycross Championship ARX of Austin 2018–2019
IndyCar Series IndyCar Classic 2019
Indy Lights IndyLights Classic 2019
Global MX-5 Cup Global MX-5 Cup at COTA 2019
GT Sports Club America GT Sports Club at COTA 2020
W Series Austin W Series round 2021
North America Talent Cup North America Talent Cup at COTA 2022
USF Juniors Cooper Tires Circuit of the Americas Grand Prix Finale 2022–2023
F1 Academy F1 Academy Season Finale 2023

Cancelled events edit

COTA would have hosted the inaugural Intercontinental GT Challenge and the AutoNation INDYCAR Challenge.

Cancelled events
Completion Race Name Duration
V8 Supercars Austin 400 2014
Intercontinental GT Challenge 6 Hours of the Americas 2016
Blancpain GT Series Blancpain GT Series at COTA 2016
IndyCar Series AutoNation Indycar Challenge 2020
Formula One United States Grand Prix 2020
MotoAmerica Championship of Texas 2020
MotoAmerica Championship of Texas 2021
FIA Formula 3 Championship F3 at COTA 2021
W Series Austin W Series round 2022

References edit

  1. ^ "Formula 1 Lenovo United States Grand Prix 2023 – Media Kit" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. Retrieved October 19, 2023.
  2. ^ "LIST OF FIA LICENSED CIRCUITS" (PDF). FIA. February 6, 2015. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  3. ^ a b "MotoGP to race in Texas in 2013 at the Circuit of The Americas". Dorna Sports. October 3, 2012. Archived from the original on October 14, 2014. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  4. ^ Dagys, John (September 28, 2012). "LE MANS: 2013 WEC Schedule Release". Speed Channel. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved September 28, 2013.
  5. ^ "V8 Supercar Series coming to Austin in 2013".
  6. ^ "ALMS: Series to Race at COTA in 2013". SPEED. June 1, 2012. Archived from the original on June 5, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
  7. ^ "GRAND-AM: 12-Race 2013 Rolex Series Calendar Revealed". Speed Channel. September 28, 2012. Archived from the original on September 30, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
  8. ^ a b Maher, John (April 23, 2012). "Turn for turn, Austin track's design, layout should look familiar to F1 drivers". Austin-American Statesman. Archived from the original on April 26, 2012. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  9. ^ Novak, Shonda (July 27, 2010). "Future F1 site revealed". Austin American-Statesman. Archived from the original on June 19, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
  10. ^ Noble, Jonathan (December 31, 2010). "Construction begins at new US GP venue". Haymarket Publications. Retrieved January 1, 2011.
  11. ^ Hinkle, Josh (July 19, 2010). "Formula 1 groundbreaking date released". KXAN. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved August 14, 2010.
  12. ^ "Austin F1 track set for August completion". Autosport. January 19, 2012. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  13. ^ "Work starts on Austin track". December 31, 2010. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved January 30, 2011.
  14. ^ Dexheimer, Eric (January 24, 2011). "F1 to start moving dirt soon". Austin American-Statesman. Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved January 30, 2011.
  15. ^ Wear, Ben (January 9, 2012). "Elroy Road to be widened, but not before first F1 race". Austin-American Statesman. Archived from the original on January 13, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
  16. ^ "Charlie Whiting happy with Circuit de the Americas' progress". Haymarket Publications. June 13, 2012. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
  17. ^ Cooper, Adam (September 26, 2012). "Whiting Says COTA Ready For Formula One". SPEED Channel. Fox Sports. Archived from the original on September 27, 2012. Retrieved September 26, 2012.
  18. ^ Ross, T. Carter (March–April 2013). "Young Leaders See Future in Austin". Asphalt Pavement (digital magazine). Vol. 18, no. 2. pp. 49–53. Archived from the original on January 17, 2019. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  19. ^ "First lap of tarmac laid at COTA". GP Update. August 3, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
  20. ^ "COTA begins final paving process". GP Update. August 14, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
  21. ^ "COTA Completes Track Pavement With Success". Circuit of the Americas. September 21, 2012. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  22. ^ "Circuit of the Americas. The first lap". Circuit of the Americas. Archived from the original on May 17, 2014. Retrieved October 23, 2012.
  23. ^ Maher, John (July 27, 2010). "Red McCombs named investor in Austin Formula One project". Austin American-Statesman. Archived from the original on September 30, 2010. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
  24. ^ Dexheimer, Eric (August 23, 2010). "How much would Austin F1 track be worth in naming rights?". Austin American-Statesman. Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved January 30, 2011.
  25. ^ a b "Texas lands MotoGP from 2013". Dorna Sports. April 12, 2011. Archived from the original on September 24, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
  26. ^ "Work starts on Austin track". April 12, 2011. Retrieved October 23, 2022.
  27. ^ Circuit of the Americas Renames Iconic Turn One to Celebrate One of Its First Investors, Red McCombs
  28. ^ Toohey, Marty (June 23, 2011). "Austin council delays vote on whether to endorse F1". American Statesman. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
  29. ^ Saward, Joe (June 23, 2011). "A lawsuit in America... how predictable". Joe Saward blogs about the world of F1. Joe Saward. Retrieved June 23, 2011.
  30. ^ Dexheimer, Eric (July 1, 2011). "Judge Rules against Formula One subsidy opponents". Austin-American Statesman. Archived from the original on July 5, 2011. Retrieved July 4, 2011.
  31. ^ Noble, Jonathan (November 1, 2011). "Formula 1 chiefs to discuss 2012 calendar amid concerns over some races". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  32. ^ "Circuit of the Americas halts construction in contract dispute". F1 Fanatic. November 15, 2011. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
  33. ^ "Texas finance chief confirms New Jersey race threatens Austin event James Allen on F1 – The official James Allen website on F1". Archived from the original on October 23, 2018. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
  34. ^ "News". The Austin Grand Prix. Archived from the original on February 8, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
  35. ^ "Formula One to return to U.S. at U.S. Grand Prix in Texas" USA Today. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
  36. ^ Maher, John (March 3, 2012). "F1 promoter sues other race investors". The Austin Statesman. Archived from the original on March 7, 2012. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
  37. ^ a b Noble, Jonathan (March 4, 2012). "Tavo Hellmund in legal dispute with Austin Grand Prix". Haymarket Publications. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
  38. ^ Benz, Kevin (June 9, 2012). "Austin's Grand Prix lawsuit settled: Race day drama averted". Culturemap Austin. Archived from the original on June 13, 2012. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
  39. ^ Spurgeon, Brad (November 18, 2012). "Formula One Makes Successful Return to U.S." The New York Times. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  40. ^ "Why COTA remains a favourite for drivers and fans as it prepares for its 10th US Grand Prix". Formula1.come. October 20, 2022. Retrieved October 23, 2022.
  41. ^ "F1 United States Grand Prix canceled; COTA chairman calls 2020 'a complete loss'". Archived from the original on November 28, 2020. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  42. ^ Maher, John (September 7, 2012). "Former MotoGP champ sues over rights to events". Austin-American Statesman. Archived from the original on September 12, 2012. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
  43. ^ Maher, John (September 8, 2012). "Circuit of the Americas claims Schwantz lawsuit baseless". Austin-American Statesman. Archived from the original on September 11, 2012. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
  44. ^ "MotoGP rights holder Dorna says it terminated contract with Schwantz in July". Austin-American Statesman. September 12, 2012. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
  45. ^ Maher, John (September 13, 2012). "Schwantz fires back at COTA, Dorna". Austin-American Statesman. Archived from the original on December 10, 2015. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
  46. ^ "Kevin Schwantz joins Circuit of The Americas™ as motorcycle racing ambassador". Circuit Of the Americas. March 27, 2014. Archived from the original on May 6, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
  47. ^ "Kevin Schwantz, COTA reach settlement ahead of MotoGP event". March 28, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
  48. ^ Long, Dustin. "Circuit of the Americas to host Cup for first time in 2021". Retrieved September 30, 2020.
  49. ^ Crandall, Kelly (October 24, 2020). "Xfinity and Trucks to join Cup Series at COTA". Racer. Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  50. ^ Utter, Jim (December 11, 2020). "NASCAR opts for F1 track layout for Circuit of the Americas round". Racer. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  51. ^ "Speedway Motorsports Announces Entitlement Partners for Inaugural NASCAR at Circuit of The Americas Race Weekend". NASCAR at COTA. February 25, 2021. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  52. ^ "Speedway Motorsports Names Toyota the Official Vehicles of NASCAR at COTA and Entitlement Partner for the Toyota Tundra 225". NASCAR at COTA. April 19, 2021. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
  53. ^ Pockrass, Bob (May 22, 2021). "Cup Series drivers prepare to race in treacherous rain at COTA on Sunday". Fox Sports. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
  54. ^ Estrada, Chris (May 23, 2021). "Chase Elliott wins rain-shortened inaugural COTA Cup race". NBC Sports. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
  55. ^ Bianchi, Jordan. "NASCAR's 2022 schedule shakes up playoff tracks, adds Gateway in June: Sources". The Athletic. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  56. ^ Lyttle, Kevin. "NASCAR road race to return to COTA in 2023". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  57. ^ "Austin circuit layout revealed". Formula One Administration. September 1, 2010. Retrieved September 1, 2010.
  58. ^ Sutton, Mark (June 20, 2011). "F1 Texan style". ESPN F1. ESPN Emea Ltd. Retrieved June 22, 2011.
  59. ^ Collantine, Keith (November 16, 2012). "F1 drivers have positive first impression of COTA". F1 Fanatic. Keith Collantine. Retrieved November 16, 2012.
  60. ^ a b Noble, Jonathan; Elizale, Pablo (November 15, 2012). "United States GP: Jenson Button says Austin perfect showcase for F1". Haymarket Publications.
  61. ^ Collantine, Keith (November 17, 2012). "Drivers praise COTA but race prospects aren't good". F1 Fanatic. Keith Collantine. Retrieved November 17, 2012. But fellow Australian Mark Webber was not quite as fulsome in praise, pointing out that after the first sector it became much like any other modern circuit: "It's a pretty good track, it's quick, especially the first sector which is quite full on, although sectors two and three are more traditional and similar to other tracks."
  62. ^ a b "Formula 1 Facilities Look Fast and Fresh". EYES IN Architecture. November 17, 2012. Archived from the original on January 22, 2013. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  63. ^ "Scarlet cascade for observation tower". World Architecture News. November 16, 2012. Archived from the original on November 19, 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  64. ^ Bernstein, Fred A. (November 15, 2012). "A Towering Landmark for Formula One Track". The New York Times "Wheels" Blog. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  65. ^ Doolittle, Dave (July 23, 2012). "Live Nation to book national touring concerts at circuit amphitheater". Austin-American Statesman. Archived from the original on July 27, 2012. Retrieved September 6, 2012.
  66. ^ "Austin360 Amphitheater at racetrack set to be Austin area's largest outdoor venue". Austin-American Statesman. March 6, 2013. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved March 6, 2013.
  67. ^ "Insurance Company Buys Naming Rights to COTA's Amphitheater". Spectrum News. Charter Communications. Retrieved January 3, 2020.
  68. ^ Coryell, Grace (January 20, 2015). "Games Austin 2015 Reveals Sports Lineup and Nicki Minaj Performance". ESPNPressRoom. ESPN. Retrieved December 15, 2023.
  69. ^ "P!NK, Imagine Dragons to Headline Formula 1 US Grand Prix Concerts". SpectrumLocalNews. Charter Communications. Retrieved December 15, 2023.
  70. ^ Maher, John (January 12, 2012). "Austin firm pushes to finish F1 track work". Austin-American Statesman. Archived from the original on June 15, 2012. Retrieved September 6, 2012.
  71. ^ Morgan, Kendall (November 8, 2012). "Dallas artist Christopher Martin adds epic accent to Austin's Circuit of the Americas". CultureMap Dallas. Archived from the original on November 11, 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  72. ^ Martin, Bruce. "Formula One Promoter Bobby Epstein Explains F1 Success, And Why IndyCar Is Not At COTA". Forbes. Forbes Media. Retrieved December 29, 2023.
  73. ^ "USL Announces Return to Austin in 2019". Retrieved August 9, 2017.
  74. ^ "Austin pro soccer franchise will roll in 2019 in 5,000-seat COTA venue". Archived from the original on June 30, 2018. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
  75. ^ "Stadium". Archived from the original on March 7, 2019. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  76. ^ "2016 FIA WEC 6 Hours of Circuit of the Americas Results Final Classification by Class" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). September 18, 2016. Retrieved September 18, 2022.
  77. ^ "2019 IndyCar Classic Official Lap Report" (PDF). March 24, 2019. Retrieved May 7, 2022.
  78. ^ "2017 World Series Formula V8 3.5 Americas Race 2 Statistics". Retrieved January 2, 2023.
  79. ^ a b "2020 FIA WEC Lone Star Le Mans Results Final Classification" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). February 23, 2020. Retrieved September 18, 2022.
  80. ^ "2019 Indy Lights Classic Race 1 Statistics". Retrieved January 2, 2023.
  81. ^ "2017 IMSA Sportscar Showdown at COTA results" (PDF). International Motor Sports Association (IMSA). May 11, 2017. Retrieved January 2, 2023.
  82. ^ a b "United SportsCar Championship Austin 2015". Retrieved January 2, 2023.
  83. ^ "2013 Pro Mazda Championship Austin Statistics". Retrieved January 2, 2023.
  84. ^ "SLB COTA 2023 Results". Retrieved April 17, 2023.
  85. ^ "2020 Circuit of the Americas - Round 15 Official Race Result Revised" (PDF). October 25, 2020. Retrieved May 7, 2022.
  86. ^ "American Le Mans Sereis Austin 2013". Retrieved February 6, 2023.
  87. ^ "Circuit of the Americas 2023 GT World Challenge America Race 1 Top Ten Laps". Retrieved May 26, 2023.
  88. ^ "Trans Am Series Presented by Pirelli Mission Foods Austin SpeedTour Circuit of The Americas November 3 - 6 2022 TA TAH XGT SGT GT Round 11 Race Results" (PDF). November 6, 2022. Retrieved March 14, 2023.
  89. ^ "2021 Texas Grand Prix Lamborghini Super Trofeo Race 2 Official Results" (PDF). May 25, 2021. Retrieved February 8, 2023.
  90. ^ "2023 F1 Academy Austin Race 1 Final Results". October 21, 2023. Retrieved October 21, 2023.
  91. ^ "Formula 1 Lenovo Grand Prix of United States 2023 - Austin - Porsche Deluxe Carrera Cup North America - Race 2 Unofficial Classification after 14 Laps" (PDF). October 22, 2023. Retrieved October 22, 2023.
  92. ^ "2023 MotoAmerica Superbikes at Texas Superbike Race 1 Results" (PDF). September 9, 2023. Retrieved September 10, 2023.
  93. ^ "2023 Ferrari Challenge North America Trofeo Pirelli COTA Race 2 Official Results (30 Minutes)" (PDF). April 25, 2023. Retrieved April 28, 2023.
  94. ^ a b "Grand-Am Austin 2013". Retrieved February 6, 2023.
  95. ^ "2016 MotoAmerica Championship of Texas Stock 1000 Race 2 Results" (PDF). April 10, 2016. Retrieved May 7, 2022.
  96. ^ "2016 MotoAmerica Championship of Texas Supersport Race 2 Results" (PDF). April 9, 2016. Retrieved May 7, 2022.
  97. ^ "2023 NASCAR Cup Series EchoPark Texas Grand Prix Race Statistics". Retrieved March 27, 2023.
  98. ^ "2023 USF Juniors Circuit of the Americas Race 2 Statistics". Retrieved August 27, 2023.
  99. ^ "2023 NASCAR Xfinity Series Pit Boss 250 Race Statistics". Retrieved March 26, 2023.
  100. ^ "2023 NASCAR Truck Series XPEL 225 Race Statistics". Retrieved March 26, 2023.
  101. ^ "Circuit of the Americas 2023 GT4 Challenge America Race 2 Top Ten Laps". Retrieved May 26, 2023.
  102. ^ "2020 TC America COTA Race 2 Results" (PDF). March 8, 2020. Retrieved September 18, 2022.
  103. ^ "2023 Lone Star GP - SCCA Hoosier Super Tour Grp6 - FF/FV/F6 Sat Revised Official Race Results Race (25:00 or 10 Laps) started at 15:57:36". February 11, 2023. Retrieved August 5, 2023.
  104. ^ "2019 Global MX-5 Cup at COTA Race 2" (PDF). March 24, 2019. Retrieved August 5, 2023.
  105. ^ "2022 North America Talent Cup: Race Two Results from COTA". April 10, 2022. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  106. ^ a b "V8 Supercars Weekend at Circuit of the Americas on May 16–19 2013 - Final Race Results - Pirelli World Challenge GT/GTS Round 5" (PDF). May 21, 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 31, 2015. Retrieved September 20, 2023.
  107. ^ "Austin 400 - 2013 V8 Supercar Championship - Races 13-16 Circuit of the Americas V8 Supercars - Race 16 Official Result". May 19, 2013. Archived from the original on February 7, 2023. Retrieved September 20, 2023.
  108. ^ "Austin 400 - 2013 V8 Supercar Championship - Races 13-16 Circuit of the Americas Pirelli GT3 Cup Trophy USA West - Race 2 Official Result". May 19, 2013. Archived from the original on February 7, 2023. Retrieved September 20, 2023.
  109. ^ "V8 Supercars Weekend at Circuit of the Americas on May 16–19 2013 - Final Race Results for TC - Pirelli World Challenge TC/TCB Round 1" (PDF). May 19, 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 29, 2016. Retrieved September 20, 2023.
  110. ^ "V8 Supercars Weekend at Circuit of the Americas on May 16–19 2013 - Final Race Results for TCB - Pirelli World Challenge TC/TCB Round 3" (PDF). June 21, 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 29, 2016. Retrieved September 20, 2023.

External links edit