Hermann Tilke

Hermann Tilke (born 31 December 1954) is a German engineer, racing driver and circuit designer, who has designed numerous Formula One motor racing circuits.

Hermann Tilke
Hermann tilke.jpg
Tilke in 2009
Hermann Tilke

(1954-12-31) 31 December 1954 (age 65)
Olpe, Germany
  • Engineer
  • racing driver
  • circuit designer
ChildrenCarsten Tilke

Early lifeEdit

Tilke was born on 31 December 1954 in Olpe, Germany.[1]


During the 1980s, Tilke competed in touring car racing, mainly on the old Nürburgring Nordschleife circuit.[1] He also competed in VLN endurance racing and 24 Hours Nürburgring. He and Dirk Adorf won some VLN races with a V8Star Series in 2003 and 2004.

Civil EngineeringEdit

After completing his Civil Engineering Degree Program with specialization in Transport and Traffic Management at FH Aachen, Tilke established Tilke Engineering in 1984,[1] combining skills in architecture, civil engineering and electronic engineering to provide complete solutions for motor racing and waste disposal projects.

Formula OneEdit

Tilke is one of four designers recognised by the FIA but has predominantly been the only one to be commissioned to design Formula One tracks.[1] One of his first minor tasks was to design and build a short access road at the Nürburgring,[1] earned due to contacts made by his racing efforts there. His first major job was the transformation of the fast Österreichring to the much shorter A1-Ring in Austria, in the 1990s.[1]

Tilke was involved in the radical overhauls of European circuits, such as Hockenheimring, Circuit de Catalunya, Nürburgring, as well as Fuji Speedway in Japan.[1]

Tilke secured the contracts to design many high-profile new world circuits from scratch, mainly in Asia but also in eastern Europe. He designed Sepang International Circuit, Bahrain International Circuit, Shanghai International Circuit, Istanbul Park Racing Circuit, Valencia Street Circuit, Marina Bay Street Circuit, Yas Marina Circuit, Korea International Circuit and the Buddh International Circuit.[1] Tilke has also designed the new Circuit of the Americas in Austin, Texas, where F1 made its return to the United States in 2012. Tilke's latest designs include Sochi Autodrom which hosted its first race in 2014 with the debut of Russia in F1, Kuwait Motor Town (Kuwait) which opened officially in 2019 and the Hanoi Street Circuit, set to host the inaugural Vietnamese Grand Prix in 2020.

Tilke has designed every track with several other engineers from Tilke Engineering, as well as F1's commercial rights holder Bernie Ecclestone. After viewing the track site and "once factors such as topography, wind direction, infrastructure and soil quality are known" the design work can begin.[1] Tilke focuses on "conceiving dramatic architecture that reflects the host country, like Sepang's lotus-leaf grandstands in Malaysia," while also aiming for spectator comfort and clear viewing.[1] He "build[s] corners that promise a fast and interesting race but avoid pulling the field apart."[1]


Tilke's track designs have been the subject of criticism. A 2009 profile in The Guardian noted that Tilke "has been accused of penning boring tracks and, even worse, of butchering legendary ones like Hockenheim."[1] Russian Formula One commentator Alexey Popov even coined in a term "Tilkedrome" to emphasize the characteristic ennui of tracks designed by Tilke.[2]

Former driver and team owner Jackie Stewart was critical of Tilke in a 2011 piece in The Daily Telegraph, blaming his designs for the lack of overtaking and excitement at many Formula One races, saying they "are largely carbon copies of each other". Stewart, while praising the vast improvement the designs have brought to the sport's safety as well as "bringing fantastic amenities and luxuries to the sport", argued that the tracks have "gone too far the other way" in terms of safety. His primary complaint was that the large tarmac run-off areas fail to "penalise mistakes"; he cited the 2010 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, where Mark Webber was unable to pass Fernando Alonso, despite the latter running wide on four occasions, because the track's run-off areas did not impede him. Stewart suggested that the run-offs be made of a substance that slowed the cars down and thus punished drivers' mistakes.[3] Webber echoed Stewart's views, stating that he was "spot on".[4][5] 1980 world champion Alan Jones described Tilke's designs as "just one constant-radius corner after another" and "boring".[6]

Others have defended him. Driver and commentator Anthony Davidson said that Tilke "understands the demands of the modern cars...he gives us run-off areas and it's all well thought out. They are enjoyable to race on because they suit modern F1 cars. At a track like Silverstone you do not get as much overtaking because it was designed for cars that were slower and did not depend on downforce for speed. But the circuits designed in recent years have a long straight and bigger braking zone." He particularly praised Turn Eight of Istanbul Park.[1] Similar praise has come from Clive Bowen, the managing director of Apex Circuit Design (Tilke's business partner in several large projects including Sepang International Circuit and Bahrain International Circuit),[7] who called Istanbul "a technical and aesthetic tour de force". He also defended Tilke's safety-enforced changes to existing tracks, noting: "By cutting off that long blast down through the woods at Hockenheim he was just joining the dots – he did not have much room for manoeuvre."[1]

List of circuitsEdit

Tilke has secured contracts to design many new circuits.

Colour Meaning
Blue Circuit was not developed
Red Circuit abandoned
Year Circuit Location
1995   A1 Ring (renovation) Spielberg, Styria, Austria
1999   Sepang International Circuit Sepang District, Selangor, Malaysia
2004   Bahrain International Circuit Sakhir, Southern Governorate, Bahrain
  Shanghai International Circuit Jiading District, Shanghai, China
2005   Fuji Speedway (renovation) Oyama, Suntō District, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan
  Intercity Istanbul Park Tuzla, Istanbul, Marmara Region, Turkey
2006   Cancún Cancún, Quintana Roo, Mexico
  Jingkai Street Circuit Yizhuang, Beijing, China
2007   Bucharest Ring Bucharest, Romania
  Colorado Motorsports Country Club Circuit Colorado, United States
2008   Marina Bay Street Circuit Marina Bay, Singapore
  Kandavas Kartodroms Kandava, Latvia
  Valencia Street Circuit Valencia, Spain
  Lippo Village International Formula Circuit Lippo Karawaci, Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia
2009   Yas Marina Circuit Yas Island, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
  Ciudad del Motor de Aragón Alcañiz, Aragon, Spain
2010   Dublin Street Circuit Dublin, Ireland
  Korea International Circuit Yeongam, South Jeolla Province, Honam, South Korea
  Moscow Raceway Volokolamsk, Moscow Oblast, Russia
  Kazakhstan Motorcity Kazakhstan
  Atlanta Motorsports Park Dawson County, Georgia, United States
  Oslofjord Panoramic Racepark Oslofjord, Oslo, Eastern Norway, Norway
2011   Rudskogen Motorpark (renovation) Rakkestad, Østfold, Norway
  Buddh International Circuit Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
2012   Circuit of the Americas Elroy, Texas, United States
  Sibirian Ring Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia
2013   Port Imperial Street Circuit New Jersey, United States
  Autodromo y Centro Cultural Motorpark Chile
2014   Sochi Autodrom Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia
  Osijek - Tvrđa Osijek and Tvrđa, Croatia
  Bistra - Zagreb Bistra and Zagreb, Croatia
  Chang International Circuit Buriram, Thailand
2015   Mercedes-Benz Arena Temporary Track Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
2016   Vancouver Island Racetrack Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  Baku City Circuit Azadliq Square, Baku, Azerbaijan
2017   Kuwait Motor Town Ali Sabah Al Salem, Ahmadi Governorate, Kuwait
2018   Pradera Verde Racing Circuit Lubao, Pampanga, Central Luzon, Philippines
  V1 Auto World Tianjin, China
  Hanoi Street Circuit Nam Từ Liêm, Hanoi, Vietnam
2019   Igora Drive Priozersk, Leningrad Oblast, Russia
2020   Jakarta Monument Street Circuit[8] Jakarta, Indonesia


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Briggs, Gemma (21 March 2009). "Tilke, tailor, circuit maker". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
  2. ^ "Дьявол в деталях. Как «Формула-1» намерена изменить гонки - Авто/мото - Sports.ru".
  3. ^ Stewart, Sir Jackie (26 February 2011). "Sir Jackie Stewart: want more overtaking in F1? Make circuits punish drivers for their mistakes". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
  4. ^ Webber, Mark (28 February 2011). "Jackie Stewart spot on today re track designs.tilke's best track=sepang". Twitter. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
  5. ^ "F1: Mark Webber backs Jackie Stewart's criticism of Hermann Tilke". Auto123.com. 1 March 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
  6. ^ "» EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: Alan Jones – Richard's F1". Archived from the original on 23 February 2014.
  7. ^ "Apex Circuit Design - Race and Kart Circuit/Track Design".
  8. ^ "Jakarta National Monument". RacingCircuits.info. Retrieved 3 December 2019.

External linksEdit