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1952 Formula One season
Drivers' Champion: Alberto Ascari
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The 1952 Formula One season was the sixth season of FIA Formula One motor racing. In comparison to previous seasons, the 1952 season consisted of a relatively small number of Formula One races, following the decision to run all the Grand Prix events counting towards the World Championship of Drivers to Formula Two regulations rather than Formula One. The Indianapolis 500 was still run to AAA regulations as in previous seasons.

The 3rd FIA World Championship of Drivers, which began on 18 May and ended on 7 September after eight races, was won by Alberto Ascari, driving for Scuderia Ferrari.

In addition to the Formula One races and the World Championship Formula Two races, numerous other Formula Two races, which did not count towards the Championship, were held during the year.

Contents

World Championship season summaryEdit

Alfa Romeo, unable to fund a new car, withdrew from racing, while BRM had been preparing two V16-powered cars for the season but withdrew them before an April race at Valentino Park, Turin, whilst attempting to enlist Juan Manuel Fangio as teammate to Stirling Moss, leaving Ferrari as the only serious Formula One contender. This led World Championship organizers to run their races for Formula Two,[1] utilising 2-litre naturally aspirated engines, which meant larger fields and a greater variety of cars, even if the victories all went to Ferrari. Ascari won the six Grands Prix he entered, missing the Swiss race because he was at Indianapolis qualifying for the Indianapolis 500 – the first European to do so in the World Championship era. Maserati and Gordini offered little challenge, but Mike Hawthorn's drives in his Cooper would earn him a works Ferrari drive in 1953. Reigning champion Fangio, badly injured in an early season crash at Monza, took no part in the championship, but was to go on to drive for BRM.

World Championship season reviewEdit

Teams and driversEdit

 
Italian Alberto Ascari won the 1952 World Championship of Drivers

The following teams and drivers competed in the 1952 FIA World Championship of Drivers. The list does not include those that contested only the Indianapolis 500 event.

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Driver Rounds
  AFM AFM-Küchen AFM Küchen 2.0 V8 E   Hans Stuck 1
  Toni Ulmen Veritas Meteor Veritas 2.0 L6 D   Toni Ulmen 1, 6
  Equipe Gordini Gordini 16
16S
15
Gordini 20 2.0 L6
Gordini 1500 1.5 L4
E   Jean Behra 1, 3–4, 6–8
  Robert Manzon 1, 3–8
  B. Bira 1, 3–5
  Johnny Claes 3
  Maurice Trintignant 4–8
  Ecurie Rosier Ferrari 500
166/F2
Ferrari 500 2.0 L4
Ferrari 166 2.0 V12
D
P
  Louis Rosier 1, 3–4, 8
  Maurice Trintignant 1
  HW Motors HWM-Alta 52
51/52
Alta F2 2.0 L4 D   George Abecassis 1
  Peter Collins 1, 3–6, 8
  Lance Macklin 1, 3–5, 7–8
  Stirling Moss 1
  Paul Frère 3, 6
  Roger Laurent 3
  Yves Giraud-Cabantous 4
  Duncan Hamilton 5, 7
  Johnny Claes 6
  Dries van der Lof 7
  Scuderia Franera Frazer-Nash-Bristol FN48 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D   Ken Wharton 1, 3, 7–8
  Ecurie Richmond Cooper-Bristol T20 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D   Eric Brandon 1, 3, 5, 8
  Alan Brown 1, 3, 5, 8
  Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500
375S*
Ferrari 500 2.0 L4
Ferrari 375 4.5 V12*
P

F

  Giuseppe Farina 1, 3–8
  Piero Taruffi 1, 3–6, 8
  Andre Simon 1, 8
  Alberto Ascari 2–8
  Luigi Villoresi 7–8
  Enrico Platé Maserati-Platé 4CLT/48 Platé 2.0 L4 P   Toulo de Graffenried 1, 4–5, 8
  Harry Schell 1, 4–5
  Alberto Crespo 8
  Ecurie Espadon Ferrari 500
212
Ferrari 500 2.0 L4
Ferrari 166 2.0 V12
P   Rudi Fischer 1, 4–6, 8
  Peter Hirt 1, 4–5
  Rudolf Schoeller 6
  Hans Stuck 8
  Alfred Dattner Simca-Gordini 11 Gordini 1500 1.5 L4 E   Max de Terra 1
  Leslie D. Hawthorn Cooper-Bristol T20 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D   Mike Hawthorn 3, 5, 7–8
  English Racing Automobiles Ltd ERA-Bristol G Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D   Stirling Moss 3, 5, 7
  Ecurie Francorchamps Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 E   Charles de Tornaco 3, 7–8
  Roger Laurent 6
  Arthur Legat Veritas Meteor Veritas 2.0 L6 E   Arthur Legat 3
  Robin Montgomerie-Charrington Aston-Butterworth NB42 Butterworth 2.0 F4 D   Robin Montgomerie-Charrington 3
  Tony Gaze HWM-Alta 52 Alta F2 2.0 L4 D   Tony Gaze 3, 5–6, 8
  Robert O' Brien Simca-Gordini 15 Gordini 1500 1.5 L4 E   Robert O' Brien 3
  Peter Whitehead Alta
Ferrari
F2
125/F2
Alta F2 2.0 L4
Ferrari 166 2.0 V12
D   Peter Whitehead 4–5, 8
  Graham Whitehead 5
  Escuderia Bandeirantes Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P   Philippe Étancelin 4
  Gino Bianco 5–8
  Eitel Cantoni 5–6, 8
  Chico Landi 7–8
  Jan Flinterman 7
  Ecurie Belge Simca-Gordini 15 Gordini 1500 1.5 L4 E   Johnny Claes 4–5
  Paul Frère 7
  Scuderia Marzotto Ferrari 166/F2 Ferrari 166 2.0 V12 P   Franco Comotti 4
  Piero Carini 4, 6
  Archie Bryde
  AHM Bryde
Cooper-Bristol T20 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D   Mike Hawthorn 4
  Reg Parnell 5
  W.S. Aston Aston-Butterworth NB41 Butterworth 2.0 F4 D   Bill Aston 5–6, 8
  Connaught Engineering Connaught-Lea Francis A Lea Francis 2.0 L4 D   Kenneth McAlpine 5, 8
  Ken Downing 5
  Eric Thompson 5
  Dennis Poore 5, 8
  Stirling Moss 8
  Ecurie Ecosse Cooper-Bristol T20 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D   David Murray 5
  G. Caprara Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 D   Roy Salvadori 5
  Tony Crook Frazer-Nash-BMW 421 BMW 328 2.0 L6 D   Tony Crook 5
  Marcel Balsa Balsa-BMW Spécial BMW 328 2.0 L6 E   Marcel Balsa 6
  Fritz Riess Veritas RS Veritas 2.0 L6 ?   Fritz Riess 6
  Theo Helfrich Veritas RS Veritas 2.0 L6 ?   Theo Helfrich 6
  Willi Heeks AFM-BMW 8 BMW 328 2.0 L6 ?   Willi Heeks 6
  Helmut Niedermayr AFM-BMW 6 BMW 328 2.0 L6 ?   Helmut Niedermayr 6
  Adolf Brudes Veritas RS Veritas 2.0 L6 ?   Adolf Brudes 6
  Motor Presse Verlag Veritas Meteor Veritas 2.0 L6 ?   Paul Pietsch 6
  Hans Klenk Veritas Meteor Veritas 2.0 L6 ?   Hans Klenk 6
  Josef Peters Veritas RS Veritas 2.0 L6 ?   Josef Peters 6
  Bernhard Nacke Nacke-BMW Eigenbau BMW 328 2.0 L6 ?   Günther Bechem 6
  Ludwig Fischer AFM-BMW 8 BMW 328 2.0 L6 ?   Ludwig Fischer 6
  Willi Krakau AFM-BMW 6 BMW 328 2.0 L6 ?   Willi Krakau 6
Krakau-BMW Eigenbau   Harry Merkel 6
  Ernst Klodwig Heck-BMW Eigenbau BMW 328 2.0 L6 ?   Ernst Klodwig 6
  Rudolf Krause Reif-BMW Eigenbau BMW 328 2.0 L6 ?   Rudolf Krause 6
  Ken Downing Connaught-Lea Francis A Lea Francis 2.0 L4 D   Ken Downing 7
  Officine Alfieri Maserati Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P   Felice Bonetto 6, 8
  Franco Rol 8
  José Froilán González 8
  Élie Bayol OSCA 20 OSCA 2000 2.0 L6 P   Élie Bayol 8
  Piero Dusio Cisitalia-BPM D46 BPM 2.0 L4 P   Piero Dusio 8
  Vicomtesse de Walckiers Simca-Gordini 15 Gordini 1500 1.5 L4 E   Johnny Claes 8

* Car entered only in the Indianapolis 500 race

1952 Drivers' Championship – final standingsEdit

 
Alberto Ascari won the championship driving a Ferrari 500

Points were awarded to top five finishers in each race on an 8–6–4–3–2 basis. One point was awarded for fastest lap. Points for shared drives were divided equally between the drivers, regardless of who had driven more laps. Only the best four of eight scores counted towards the World Championship.

Pos. Driver SUI
 
500
 
BEL
 
FRA
 
GBR
 
GER
 
NED
 
ITA
 
Pts.
1   Alberto Ascari Ret 1 1 1 1 (1) (1) 36 (53.5)
2   Giuseppe Farina Ret 2 2 6 2 2 (4) 24 (27)
3   Piero Taruffi 1 Ret 3 2 4 7 22
4   Rudi Fischer 2 11† 13 3 Ret 10
=   Mike Hawthorn 4 Ret 3 4 Ret 10
6 [3]   Robert Manzon Ret 3 4 Ret Ret 5 14 9
7   Troy Ruttman 1 8
=   Luigi Villoresi 3 3 8
9   José Froilán González 2 6.5
10   Jim Rathmann 2 6
=   Jean Behra 3 Ret 7 5 Ret Ret 6
12   Sam Hanks 3 4
13   Ken Wharton 4 Ret Ret 9 3
=   Dennis Poore 4 12 3
=   Duane Carter 4 3
16   Alan Brown 5 6 22 15 2
=   Maurice Trintignant DNS 5 Ret Ret 6 Ret 2
=   Paul Frère 5 Ret Ret 2
=   Felice Bonetto DSQ 5 2
=   Art Cross 5 2
=   Eric Thompson 5 2
22   Bill Vukovich 17 1
  Roger Laurent 12 6 0
  Toulo de Graffenried 6 Ret† 19 DNQ 0
  Peter Collins Ret Ret 6 Ret DNS DNQ 0
  André Simon Ret† 6 0
  Jimmy Bryan 6 0
  Peter Hirt 7 11† Ret 0
  Charles de Tornaco 7 Ret DNQ 0
  Duncan Hamilton Ret 7 0
  Jimmy Reece 7 0
  Reg Parnell 7 0
  Fritz Riess 7 0
  Lance Macklin Ret 11 9 15 8 DNQ 0
  Eric Brandon 8 9 20 13 0
  Chico Landi 9† 8 0
  Johnny Claes 8 Ret 14 10 DNQ 0
  Toni Ulmen Ret 8 0
  George Connor 8 0
  Philippe Étancelin 8 0
  Roy Salvadori 8 0
  Ken Downing 9 Ret 0
  Cliff Griffith 9 0
  Helmut Niedermayr 9 0
  Jan Flinterman 9† 0
  Prince Bira Ret 10 Ret 11 0
  Louis Rosier Ret Ret Ret 10 0
  Peter Whitehead Ret 10 DNQ 0
  Johnnie Parsons 10 0
  Yves Giraud Cabantous 10 0
  Eitel Cantoni Ret Ret 11 0
  Jack McGrath 11 0
  Hans Klenk 11 0
  Jim Rigsby 12 0
  Franco Comotti 12 0
  Graham Whitehead 12 0
  Ernst Klodwig 12 0
  Joe James 13 0
  Bill Schindler 14 0
  Robert O'Brien 14 0
  Tony Gaze 15 Ret Ret DNQ 0
  George Fonder 15 0
  Kenneth McAlpine 16 Ret 0
  Eddie Johnson 16 0
  Harry Schell Ret Ret† 17 0
  Gino Bianco 18 Ret Ret Ret 0
  Chuck Stevenson 18 0
  Henry Banks 19 0
  Manny Ayulo 20 0
  Johnny McDowell 21 0
  Tony Crook 21 0
  Dries van der Lof NC 0
  Stirling Moss Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
  Piero Carini Ret Ret 0
  Bill Aston DNS Ret DNQ 0
  Hans Stuck Ret DNQ 0
  George Abecassis Ret 0
  Max de Terra Ret 0
  Spider Webb Ret 0
  Rodger Ward Ret 0
  Tony Bettenhausen Ret 0
  Duke Nalon Ret 0
  Fred Agabashian Ret 0
  Bob Sweikert Ret 0
  Gene Hartley Ret 0
  Bob Scott Ret 0
  Chet Miller Ret 0
  Bobby Ball Ret 0
  Andy Linden Ret 0
  Robin Montgomerie-Charrington Ret 0
  David Murray Ret 0
  Willi Heeks Ret 0
  Adolf Brudes Ret 0
  Marcel Balsa Ret 0
  Günther Bechem Ret 0
  Rudolf Krause Ret 0
  Rudolf Schoeller Ret 0
  Paul Pietsch Ret 0
  Theo Helfrich Ret 0
  Josef Peters Ret 0
  Franco Rol Ret 0
  Élie Bayol Ret 0
  Willi Krakau DNS 0
  Ludwig Fischer DNS 0
  Harry Merkel DNS 0
  Alberto Crespo DNQ 0
  Piero Dusio DNQ 0
Pos. Driver SUI
 
500
 
BEL
 
FRA
 
GBR
 
GER
 
NED
 
ITA
 
Pts.
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Other points position
Blue Other classified position
Not classified, finished (NC)
Purple Not classified, retired (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrawn (WD)
  • Italics indicate fastest lap (1 point awarded – point shared equally between drivers sharing fastest lap)
  • Bold indicates pole position
  • † Position shared between more drivers of the same car
  • Only the best four results counted towards the Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.

Non-championship race resultsEdit

Other Formula One/Formula Two races, which did not count towards the World Championship of Drivers, were also held in 1952.

Race Name Circuit Date Winning driver Constructor Report
  XI Grande Prêmio Cidade do Rio de Janeiro Gávea 20 January   José Froilán González   Ferrari Report
  II Gran Premio di Siracusa Syracuse 16 March   Alberto Ascari   Ferrari Report
  VI Gran Premio del Valentino Valentino Park 6 April   Luigi Villoresi   Ferrari Report
  IV Richmond Trophy Goodwood 14 April   José Froilán González   Ferrari Report
  IV Lavant Cup Goodwood 14 April   Mike Hawthorn   Cooper-Bristol Report
  XIII Pau Grand Prix Pau 14 April   Alberto Ascari   Ferrari Report
  I Ibsley Grand Prix Ringwood 19 April   Mike Hawthorn   Cooper-Bristol Report
  X Grand Prix de Marseille Marseille 27 April   Alberto Ascari   Ferrari Report
  I Aston Martin Owners Club Grand Prix Snetterton 3 May   Dickie Stoop   Frazer Nash Report
  IV BRDC International Trophy Silverstone 10 May   Lance Macklin   HWM-Alta Report
  XIV Eläintarhanajot Eläintarharata 11 May   Roger Laurent   Talbot-Lago Report
  V Gran Premio di Napoli Posillipo 11 May   Giuseppe Farina   Ferrari Report
  XVI Internationales ADAC Eifelrennen Nürburgring 25 May   Rudi Fischer   Ferrari Report
  VI Grand Prix de Paris Montlhéry 25 May   Piero Taruffi   Ferrari Report
  XIV Grand Prix de l'Albigeois Albi 1 June   Louis Rosier   Ferrari Report
  XXII Grand Prix des Frontières Chimay 1 June   Paul Frère   HWM-Alta Report
  VI Ulster Trophy Dundrod 7 June   Piero Taruffi   Ferrari Report
  V Gran Premio dell'Autodromo di Monza Monza 8 June   Giuseppe Farina   Ferrari Report
  IV Aix les Bains Circuit du Lac Aix-les-Bains 8 June   Jean Behra   Gordini Report
  I West Essex CC Race Boreham 21 June   Reg Parnell   Cooper-Bristol Report
  XVI Grand Prix de la Marne Reims 29 June   Jean Behra   Gordini Report
  II Grand Prix de Sables d'Olonne Sables 13 July   Luigi Villoresi   Ferrari Report
  I Grand Prix de Caen Caen 27 July   Maurice Trintignant   Gordini Report
  II Daily Mail Trophy Boreham 2 August   Luigi Villoresi   Ferrari Report
  XVI Grand Prix de Comminges Comminges 10 August   André Simon
  Alberto Ascari
  Ferrari Report
  I National Trophy Turnberry 23 August   Mike Hawthorn   Connaught Report
  XI Grand Prix de la Baule La Baule 24 August   Alberto Ascari   Ferrari Report
  III Gran Premio di Modena Modena 14 September   Luigi Villoresi   Ferrari Report
  IV Circuit de Cadours Cadours 14 September   Louis Rosier   Ferrari Report
  II Skarpnäcksloppet Skarpnäck 14 September   Gunnar Carlsson   Mercury Report
  V Madgwick Cup Goodwood 27 September   Ken Downing   Connaught Report
  VIII Internationales Avusrennen AVUS 28 September   Rudi Fischer   Ferrari Report
  I Joe Fry Memorial Trophy Castle Combe 4 October   Roy Salvadori   Ferrari Report
  I Newcastle Journal Trophy Charterhall 11 October   Dennis Poore   Connaught Report
  XII Grande Prêmio Cidade do Rio de Janeiro Gávea 14 December   Henrique Casini   Ferrari Report

East German ChampionshipEdit

Race Name Circuit Date Winning driver Constructor Report
  I Rostock Osthafenkurs Rostock 20 April   Paul Greifzu   BMW-Eigenbau Report
  I Bernau Autobahnschleife Bernau 4 May   Rudolf Krause   BMW-Reif Report
  I Dessau Autobahnspinne Dessau 11 May   Fritz Riess   Veritas-Meteor Report
  III Leipzig Stadtparkrennen Leipzig 2 June   Edgar Barth   IFA-Kollektiv Report
  III Strassen-Rennen Halle-Saale-Schleife Halle-Saale-Schleife 8 June   Edgar Barth   IFA-Kollektiv Report
  I Strassen-rennen Leipzig Leipzig 17 August   Hans Stuck   AFM-BMW Report
  V DMV Grenzlandringrennen Grenzlandring 31 August   Toni Ulmen   Veritas Report
  IV Sachsenringrennen Sachsenring 7 September   Edgar Barth   EMW-BMW Report

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Peter Higham, The Guinness Guide to International Motor Racing, 1995, page 12
  2. ^ "Grand Prix Cancelled". Autosport. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  3. ^ 1952 World Championship of Drivers results in the FIA Yearbook of Automobile Sport 1974, pages 118-119 show Manzon placed 6th below Hawthorn and Fischer who are shown as equal 4th