Tecno is an Italian kart and former racing car constructor based in Bologna. It won the European Formula Two Championship in 1970 and became a Formula One constructor, participating in 10 grands prix and scoring one championship point.
|Full name||Tecno Racing Team|
|Noted staff||Gordon Fowell, Alan McCall, David Yorke, Giuseppe Bocchi, Ron Tauranac|
|Noted drivers|| Nanni Galli|
|Formula One World Championship career|
|First entry||1972 Belgian Grand Prix|
|0 (best finish: 11th, 1973)|
|Race victories||0 (best finish: 6th, 1973 Belgian Grand Prix)|
|Pole positions||0 (best grid position: 12th, 1973 Monaco Grand Prix)|
|Final entry||1973 Austrian Grand Prix|
Tecno started out as an engineering business in Bologna manufacturing hydraulic pumps. In 1961, the company's owners, brothers Luciano and Gianfranco Pederzani, decided to enter motor sport as constructors of karts. In 1966 the company moved on up into car racing with Formula 3. Swiss driver Clay Regazzoni scored Tecno's first international win in Spain in 1967 and by the end of the year Tecno had won 32 of the season's 65 major F3 races. Tecno was the first company to build an offset ('sidewinder') kart chassis to take advantage of the newly developed air-cooled rotary motors produced by Parilla. Tecno's first chassis was named the Kaimano (a play on the Italian word for the Camen crocodile and the source of the logo). The Kaimano's design was based on the American rear-engine karts of the early 1960s. The second chassis, the Piuma ('Feather'), revolutionized karting design, and was so successful that it won the World Championships in 1964, 1965 and 1966. In 1969 Ronnie Peterson drove for the team, winning 15 races. In 1970 Tecno debuted in Formula 2 and won that year's championship with Regazzoni.
Tecno's success in junior formulae stirred the interest of Count Teofilo Guiscardo Rossi di Montelera (of Martini & Rossi fame), who became a partner and title sponsor of the Pederzani brothers in an attempt to build a Formula One car and engine.
Tecno's Formula One car made its first competitive appearance at the 1972 Belgian Grand Prix in the hands of Nanni Galli. The team chose to adopt the colour red for the chassis, partly to honour the long-standing tradition of Italian racing teams competing with that tonality, and partly to better accommodate their title sponsor. The engine, designed by Luciano Pederzani, Renato Armaroli and Giuseppe Bocchi, was a flat-twelve engine very similar to the contemporary Ferrari unit, although apparently considerably less powerful. Galli managed to finish third in the non-valid for the championship 1972 Italian Republic Grand Prix in Vallelunga, but he wouldn't score points for the rest of the season. For the Italian Grand Prix Tecno fielded a second car driven by Derek Bell. Although Galli outqualified Bell, team manager David Yorke elected to retain Bell for the final two races in North America, terminating Galli's involvement with the company.
In 1973, serious disagreements between the Pederzani brothers and Rossi and Yorke over the sporting and technical direction of the team generated a fracture that the two parties were never able to fully recompose. The Pederzanis were interested in hiring Clay Regazzoni, then a relatively new prospect, whereas Rossi and Yorke wanted the expert Chris Amon, who had been unable to agree terms with March Engineering for the season. Yorke and Rossi commissioned a new chassis from designer Gordon Fowell, while the Pederzanis hired Alan McCall to design a new car. McCall left before the project was fully developed, and the car was completed by Ron Tauranac, who was freelancing after selling Brabham at the end of 1972.
After missing the early-season races due to the internal turmoil, Tecno finally debuted with the McCall/Tauranac car at the Belgian Grand Prix, where Amon finished sixth, achieving the team's first and only point. The car continued to show good promise in its second outing at the drivers circuit of Monaco, where Amon qualified 12th, in front of Jacky Ickx's Ferrari, and ran well in the upper midfield for 25 laps.
At the British Grand Prix, Tecno found itself in the peculiar position of having two different cars available, with both the Fowell "Goral" car and the McCall/Touranac car in the garage. Amon qualified last. He managed to escape the multiple collision triggered by Jody Scheckter during the opening stages of the race that took out nine cars but had to retired with a broken fuel pump after six laps. Amon moved up to qualify 23rd for the Dutch Grand Prix but he had to retire again after 22 laps with the same technical problem.
Having two different, underfunded and underdeveloped cars competing with scarce resources made the team's struggle untenable, and by the Austrian Grand Prix, the ongoing dispute between the Pederzanis and Yorke and Rossi resulted in a discontented Amon leaving the team to drive for Tyrrell. Despite having commissioned an eight-cylinder engine for the following year, the Pederzanis decided to shut down the Formula One program. Rossi took the Martini & Rossi sponsorship to Brabham in 1974, and eventually established the racing brand Martini Racing; Luciano and Gianfranco Pederzani retired from the sport, citing the toxic atmosphere that pervaded the team in 1973 as the main cause of their disillusionment.
Complete Formula One resultsEdit
|1972||Tecno PA123||Tecno Series-P
(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap.)
|1972||Martini Racing Team||Tecno PA123||Tecno Series PF12||F||Nanni Galli||REP|
- ^ "Tecno Racing Team • Team History & Info | Motorsport Database".
- ^ "Tecno".
- ^ "La storia della TECNO, la "Rossa" di Bologna". 4 July 2019.
- ^ "Tecno, il sogno bolognese della Formula Uno". 6 November 2017. Archived from the original on 11 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
- ^ Small, Steve (1994). The Guinness Complete Grand Prix Who's Who. Guinness. pp. 24, 52 and 147. ISBN 0851127029.