Christine Ijeoma Ohuruogu, MBE (born 17 May 1984) is a British track and field athlete who specialises in the 400 metres, the event for which she is a former Olympic, World and Commonwealth champion. The Olympic champion in 2008, and silver medalist in 2012, she is a double World Champion, having won the 400 m at the 2007 and 2013 World Championships. She has also won six World championship medals in the women's 4 x 400m relay as part of the Great Britain and Northern Ireland team (three awarded following disqualification for doping for other athletes) and bronze Olympic medals with the women's 4 x 400m relay at the 2008 Beijing Games and the 2016 Rio Games, her final Olympics. Ohuruogu shares with Merlene Ottey and Usain Bolt the record for medalling in most successive global championships - 9 between the 2005 World Championships in Athletics and the 2016 Summer Olympics.
Ohuruogu at the 2008 Summer Olympics
|Born||17 May 1984|
|Height||1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|Weight||68 kg (150 lb)|
|Club||Newham and Essex Beagles|
|Achievements and titles|
|World finals||2007 – 1st 2013 – 1st|
|Olympic finals||2008 – 1st, 400m|
|Highest world ranking||200 m: 11 (2008)|
400 m: 2 (2007/2008)
|Personal best(s)||100 m 11.35|
200 m 22.85
400 m 49.41 NR
|Updated on 20 August 2016.|
Ohuruogu's personal best time of 49.41 seconds, set at the 2013 World Championships, beat the UK record set by Kathy Cook in 1984 by 0.02 seconds, simultaneously making her the first British female to win two World Championship titles, and the first British female to win three global titles. Her relay bronze at the 2016 Summer Olympics made her only the second British track and field athlete, after Steve Backley to win medals at three successive Olympic Games. She is coached by Lloyd Cowan.
- 1 Biography
- 2 Athletics career
- 2.1 2006 Commonwealth Games Relay controversy
- 2.2 Competition suspension
- 2.3 2007
- 2.4 2008
- 2.5 2009
- 2.6 2011 Athletics World championships
- 2.7 2012 IAAF World Indoor Championships
- 2.8 2012 Olympics
- 2.9 2013 Athletics World championships
- 2.10 2014 Athletics World Indoor Championships
- 2.11 2015 Athletics World Championships
- 2.12 2016 Olympics
- 2.13 2017 and retirement
- 3 Personal bests
- 4 Titles
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Born to Igbo Nigerian parents in Newham, east London, she was raised less than one mile from the 2012 Summer Olympics stadium in Stratford. She competed for Newham in the London Youth Games at both netball and athletics. She was inducted into the London Youth Games Hall of Fame in 2009. Ohuruogu studied at University College London, where she graduated in Linguistics in 2005. She also played netball during her undergraduate studies. She has eight siblings, one of whom is Victoria Ohuruogu, a sprints competitor. She attended St. Edward's Church of England School, Romford and Trinity Catholic High School, Woodford Green. She resumed her education in 2017 when she started a two-year law degree course at Queen Mary University of London.
Ohuruogu is a member of Newham and Essex Beagles Athletics Club.
She is the author of the "Camp Gold" series of children's books about an elite training school for budding athletes.
In 2003 Ohuruogu was a bronze medallist at 400 m at the European Junior Championships. She became the AAA champion in the 400 m in 2004, was a semi-finalist in the 400 m at the Athens Olympics of 2004, also taking part in the 4 x 400 m relay team that finished 4th. In the 2005 European Under 23 Championships she took the silver medal, losing individual gold by a hundredth of a second. She also won silver in the 4 x 400 m relay.
After reaching the semi-final at the 400 m at the 2005 World Championships in Athletics she won a bronze medal in the women's 4 x 400 m relay together with Lee McConnell, Donna Fraser and Nicola Sanders.
Ohuruogu won a gold medal for England in the 400 m at the 2006 Commonwealth Games in a personal best time of 50.28 seconds, beating favourite Tonique Williams-Darling in both the semi-final and the final.
She was banned for a year for missing three out-of-competition drug tests; one in October 2005 and then a further two in June 2006.
Within 24 days of the end of her year-long competition suspension she returned to win the gold medal at the 2007 World Championships in Osaka. Fellow British athlete, Nicola Sanders won silver with Novlene Williams of Jamaica third. Ohuruogu won all three of her individual races at the world championships – her heat, her semi-final and the final.
2006 Commonwealth Games Relay controversyEdit
At the 2006 Commonwealth Games, Ohuruogu missed out on a gold medal due to a mix-up caused by other members of her team. She ran the final leg in the 4 x 400 m relay for England, where the team finished over a second ahead of Australia, with Ohuruogu pulling away at the end. However, after the race the Australians were awarded the gold medal, after they protested that the English team had breached IAAF Rule 170 earlier in the race, when Danvers-Smith changed position with Tamsyn Lewis. Australian winner Jana Pittman offered the England team her gold medal, stating "They set the fastest time of the day and England are the winners of the race".
Christine Ohuruogu was suspended from competing in the 2006 European Athletics Championships because she had committed a doping violation. She missed three out-of-competition drug tests, known as the "whereabouts" system, of the World Anti-Doping Code; one in October 2005 and then a further two in June 2006. Under IAAF and British Olympic Association rules, she received a one-year ban for missing these tests, which expired on 5 August 2007. The final test missed occurred when Ohuruogu failed to inform the testers of a last-minute change of training venue after a double-booking. Due to the circumstances, the Independent Committee stated "There is no suggestion, nor any grounds for suspicion, that the offence may have been deliberate in order to prevent testing," and that a fair ban would have been 3 months. Ohuruogu passed tests 9 days before and 3 days after her final violation.
The British Olympic Association also imposed a lifetime ban on competing at future Olympic Games for Great Britain. She appealed to the Court of Arbitration for Sport, but the original decision was upheld, even though CAS emphasised that there was no suspicion of doping. Ohuruogu submitted a further appeal, citing the precedent of triathlete Tim Don. Ohuruogu suggested that she would probably leave Britain and compete in the Olympics for another country if it was unsuccessful, but confessed "I haven't really given it any serious thought.". Her Olympic ban was over-ruled on 27 November 2007.
A day after her ban was finished, Ohuruogu was selected for the British team at the 2007 Athletics World Championships. She had only run five competitive races before the final since her suspension; however, she won the individual 400m, taking the only gold medal for Great Britain at the Championships. Nicola Sanders won silver. Ohuruogu was also part of the bronze medal winning team in the 400 m relay.
In Beijing, Ohuruogu won her heat against Yulia Guschina who finished 0.18 seconds behind. She won the semi-final over Shericka Williams by 0.14 seconds. In the final, she became the first ever British female 400m champion, by beating the pre-race favourite Sanya Richards (bronze) and Shericka Williams (silver), with a time of 49.62s, the fastest time of 2008. In doing so, Ohuruogu won the 50th gold medal for Great Britain in athletics at the Summer Olympics. She was once again ranked No. 2 in the world over 400m behind Sanya Richards. Ohuruogu was also part of the bronze medal winning team in the 4x400 m relay, initially finishing 5th but being upgraded to 3rd place following subsequent disqualifications for drugs offences of the teams finishing in 3rd and 4th place.
In preparation for the European Indoor Championships in Turin, Ohuruogu set personal bests in the 60 metres and 200 m at the Birmingham Grand Prix. She competed at the 2009 Manchester City Games, finishing second in the 150 metres final in 17.10 seconds. She ran a personal best 22.85 seconds to take second place in the 200 m at the Fanny Blankers-Koen Games. While she won the 400 m national title at the UKA Championships in Birmingham that July, her times and finishes over the distance at IAAF Golden League meets were unimpressive. She had failed to break 51 seconds in the 2009 season; some distance behind world-leader Richards' best of 49.23 seconds. A hamstring problem caused her to withdraw from the London Grand Prix, raising doubts that she would be able to defend her World title. Ohuruogo's form improved in time for the 2009 World Championships, and she set a season's best time in her semi-final heat.She ran another season's best of 50.21s in the final, well behind Sanya Richards, who won in a time of 49.00s
2011 Athletics World championshipsEdit
Ohuruogu was selected for the British team at the 2011 World Championships. She was disqualified from the individual 400 m after a false start.
2012 IAAF World Indoor ChampionshipsEdit
Christine, after legs from Shana Cox and Nicola Sanders took over in third place for Great Britain. Ohuruogu handed over to Perri Shakes-Drayton to hold off Sanya Richards-Ross to win Great Britain's first ever IAAF World Indoor Championships medal in the Women's 4x400m relay.
Ohuruogu won the silver medal at 400m in the 2012 London Olympics. In a close race Sanya Richards-Ross held on to take the gold while Ohuruogu produced a fast finish to beat DeeDee Trotter and Amantle Montsho by just a few hundredths of a second to take the silver. Trotter took bronze and Montsho, the World Champion finished fourth. Richards-Ross won in 49.55s; Ohuruogu ran a season's best time of 49.70, which is only the third time she has run under 50 seconds. Ohuruogu said she was "heartbroken" to not be able to defend her title. With her family home less than a mile away from the Olympic Stadium in Stratford, she had been picked out as the public face of the Games when London was awarded the Olympics in 2005, but after her suspension her image was removed from publicity material. Ohuruogu had a low-key build up to the Games, with the burden of "poster girl" falling instead on Jessica Ennis.
2013 Athletics World championshipsEdit
Ohuruogu claimed a second World Title on 12 August 2013, becoming the first British woman to do so, by winning the 400m final in Moscow. A late surge helped her pip Amantle Montsho in a photo finish, and beat Kathy Cook's long-standing British record in the process, with a time of 49.41s, beating Montsho by 0.004 seconds.
2014 Athletics World Indoor ChampionshipsEdit
Ohuruogu only entered the 4x400m Women's relay, alongside her sister Victoria Ohuruogu, attempting to defend the title that Great Britain won at the 2012 IAAF World Indoor Championships in Sopot. However Ohuruogu alongside her teammates finished in bronze medal position.
2015 Athletics World ChampionshipsEdit
Despite an injury-ravaged season, Ohuruogu reached the final of the 400m as the defending champion. She finished in eighth place with a time of 50.63.
She led off the British 4x400m relay at the same championships, helping them to win a bronze medal.
Ohuruogu won the bronze medal at the 4x400m relay in the 2016 Rio Olympics, running the final leg. Running the first three legs were Eilidh Doyle, Anyika Onuora and Emily Diamond, and they finished in a time of 3:25.88, behind the USA and Jamaica. This was Great Britain's first medal in the event at the Olympics since 1992.
2017 and retirementEdit
Ohuruogu missed out on selection for the individual 400m at the 2017 World Championships in her hometown of London, failing to advance to the final at the GB World Championship trials in June of that year after finishing third in her heat with a time which was five seconds down on her personal best. She subsequently stated that 2017 would be her last season in competition, and that she would be open to competing in the 4x400m relay at the World Championships if selected. Although she was not selected for the Worlds, she did attend the Championships, supporting the British women's 4x400m team that took a silver medal there, and along with her 4x400m team-mates, was presented with three medals from the 2009, 2011 and 2013 Worlds after the Russian squads which had finished ahead of Team GB in those Championships were disqualified due to doping. The British teams received bronzes for 2009 and 2011, and a silver for 2013.
In June 2018, on the first day of the British Athletics Championships, Ohuruogu confirmed her retirement from competition, indicating that although she did not feel ready to retire at the end of 2017 her subsequent training had been restricted due to injuries and her studies.
|60 metres||7.54 s||Birmingham, England||21 February 2009|
|100 metres||11.35 s||Irvine, California, United States||4 May 2008|
|200 metres||22.85 s||Hengelo, Netherlands||1 June 2009|
|400 metres||49.41 s||Moscow, Russia||12 August 2013|
| Commonwealth Champion in 400m
| World Champion in 400m
| Olympic Champion in 400m
| World Champion in 400m
| World Indoor Champion in 4 x 400m relay
representing Great Britain
| European Indoor Champion in 4 x 400m relay
representing Great Britain
Elea Mariama Diarra
| British Champion in 400m
| British Champion in 400m
- "Team GB – Christine Ohuruogu". Retrieved 4 January 2013.
- "Performance". Chrissy O. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- Matt Majendie (13 August 2013). "World Championships 2013: Christine Ohuruogu leaves it late again to seal her place in history". The Independent. London. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- Snow, Mat (11 January 2009). "Christine Ohuruogu: Holidays are for wimps". London: Times Newspapers. Retrieved 25 January 2009.
Her parents came to England from Nigeria in 1980 and the family name means "fighter" in their native Igbo tongue.
- McRae, Donald (2 August 2008). "Mirth and melancholy of a dreamer named Ohuruogu". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 25 January 2009.
From Ohuruogu, "My mum and dad still speak their Igbo dialect which we were never taught. But we know odd words. Like when someone annoys you, you know how to insult them."
- Athletics: Briton Sweating Over Drugs Test Archived 5 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine The Guardian – 9 November 2006
- Duncan Mackay Fate of star athlete and UK 2012 Olympics hope hangs in the balance The Guardian – 8 August 2006
- Hall of Fame Archived 7 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 19 February 2013
- "UCL world champion". UCL News. University College London. 29 August 2007. Retrieved 20 July 2008.
- "Christine Ohuruogu stays silent on retirement claims". Eurosport. 5 October 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
- "No. 58929". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 2008. p. 20.
- "Honours" (PDF). BBC News.
- "University of East London honours Olympic stars Coe, Ohuruogu and Hunter". Podium. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 2012-08-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Valentina, Renee; Jacquelin Magnay (22 March 2006). "It's Ohuruogu in a 400 upset". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 8 April 2007.
- Slater, Matt (22 January 2009). "Legal threat to anti-doping code". BBC News.
- "England Stripped of Golds".
- "Pittman spat: English want all four golds". The Sydney Morning Herald. 3 April 2006.
- "Court of Arbitration for Sport – Christine Ohuruogu decision". IAAF. 4 April 2007. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- "Ohuruogu handed place in GB squad". BBC. 7 August 2007. Retrieved 7 August 2007.
- "Dates prove Christine Ohuruogu is no cheat". BBC. London. 8 November 2007.
- "Ohuruogu is hit by one-year ban". BBC. 15 September 2006. Retrieved 8 April 2007.
- "Ohuruogu ready to change nationality". SuperAthletics. SuperSport.com. 8 August 2007. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 30 May 2009.
- Ohuruogu could to on the run for Nigeria, Daily Express, 9 August 2007
- "Olympic ban reprieve for Ohuruogu". BBC. 27 November 2007. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- "Ohuruogu grabs gold for Britain". BBC. 19 August 2008. Retrieved 19 August 2008.
- "Women's 400m". Retrieved 19 August 2008.
- Great Britain's Womens 4x400 metres Relay Team to Receive 2008 Olympic Bronze
- Ashenden, Mark (21 February 2009). Farah breaks record in Birmingham. BBC Sport. Retrieved on 23 February 2009.
- Superb Bolt storms to 150m record. BBC Sport (17 May 2009). Retrieved on 17 May 2009.
- Hart, Simon (1 June 2009). Christine Ohuruogu sets 200m personal best. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved on 5 June 2009.
- Kessel, Anna (17 July 2009). Christine Ohuruogu's withdrawal leaves world champ a doubt for Berlin. The Guardian. Retrieved on 23 July 2009.
- Ramsak, Bob (5 July 2009). Richards to take on Felix in Rome – ÅF Golden League. IAAF. Retrieved 23 July 2009. Archived 8 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- "Christine Ohuruogu: It doesn't matter if I'm face of the Games or not". The Guardian. 25 July 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
- Lewis, Aimee (12 August 2013). "World Athletics 2013: Christine Ohuruogu wins gold in photo-finish". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
- Whittington, Jessica (1 July 2017). "Christine Ohuruogu satisfied with her track career". Athletics Weekly. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
- "British relay teams presented with belated medals at World Champs". BT Sport ESPN. 4 August 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
- "Christine Ohuruogu: Former world and Olympic 400m champion retires at 34". bbc.co.uk. 30 June 2018. Retrieved 30 June 2018.