Athletics at the 1904 Summer Olympics

At the 1904 Summer Olympics, twenty-five athletics events were contested. A total of 74 medals (25 gold, 25 silver, 24 bronze) were awarded.

Athletics
at the Games of the III Olympiad
VenueFrancis Olympic Field
Dates29 August – 3 September
No. of events25 (25 men, 0 women)
Competitors233 from 10 nations
← 1900
1908 →

Multi-event competitions, the all-around and triathlon, were introduced. The short steeplechase was lengthened slightly, from 2500 to 2590 metres, while the long steeplechase was dropped. The 5000 metre team race was replaced with the 4 mile team race (6,437 m). A 56-pound weight throw was added. In all, the 25 events featured in 1904 were 2 more than were held in 1900.

Medal summaryEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
60 metres
details
Archie Hahn
  United States
William Hogenson
  United States
Fay Moulton
  United States
100 metres
details
Archie Hahn
  United States
Nate Cartmell
  United States
William Hogenson
  United States
200 metres
details
Archie Hahn
  United States
Nate Cartmell
  United States
William Hogenson
  United States
400 metres
details
Harry Hillman
  United States
Frank Waller
  United States
Herman Groman
  United States
800 metres
details
James Lightbody
  United States
Howard Valentine
  United States
Emil Breitkreutz
  United States
1500 metres
details
James Lightbody
  United States
Frank Verner
  United States
Lacey Hearn
  United States
Marathon
details
Thomas Hicks
  United States
Albert Corey
  United States*
Arthur Newton
  United States
110 metres hurdles
details
Fred Schule
  United States
Thaddeus Shideler
  United States
Lesley Ashburner
  United States
200 metres hurdles
details
Harry Hillman
  United States
Frank Castleman
  United States
George Poage
  United States
400 metres hurdles
details
Harry Hillman
  United States
Frank Waller
  United States
George Poage
  United States
2590 metres steeplechase
details
James Lightbody
  United States
John Daly
  Great Britain
Arthur Newton
  United States
4 miles team race
details
  United States (USA)
New York AC
Arthur Newton
George Underwood
Paul Pilgrim
Howard Valentine
David Munson
  Mixed team (ZZX)
Chicago AA
James Lightbody
Frank Verner
Lacey Hearn
Albert Corey[1]
Sidney Hatch
none awarded
Long jump
details
Myer Prinstein
  United States
Daniel Frank
  United States
Robert Stangland
  United States
Triple jump
details
Myer Prinstein
  United States
Fred Englehardt
  United States
Robert Stangland
  United States
High jump
details
Samuel Jones
  United States
Garrett Serviss
  United States
Paul Weinstein
  Germany
Pole vault
details
Charles Dvorak
  United States
LeRoy Samse
  United States
Louis Wilkins
  United States
Standing long jump
details
Ray Ewry
  United States
Charles King
  United States
John Biller
  United States
Standing triple jump
details
Ray Ewry
  United States
Charles King
  United States
Joseph Stadler
  United States
Standing high jump
details
Ray Ewry
  United States
Joseph Stadler
  United States
Lawson Robertson
  United States
Shot put
details
Ralph Rose
  United States
Wesley Coe
  United States
Lawrence Feuerbach
  United States
Discus throw
details
Martin Sheridan
  United States
Ralph Rose
  United States
Nicolaos Georgandas
  Greece
Hammer throw
details
John Flanagan
  United States
John DeWitt
  United States
Ralph Rose
  United States
56 pound weight throw
details
Étienne Desmarteau
  Canada
John Flanagan
  United States
James Mitchell
  United States
Triathlon
details
Max Emmerich
  United States
John Grieb
  United States
William Merz
  United States
All-around
details
Tom Kiely
  Great Britain[2]
Adam Gunn
  United States
Truxtun Hare
  United States

Medal tableEdit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States23232268
2  Great Britain1102
3  Canada1001
4  Mixed team0101
5  Germany0011
  Greece0011
Totals (6 nations)25252474

Participating nationsEdit

233 athletes from 10 nations competed. This figure includes the athletic triathlon event, which some sources exclude.

MarathonEdit

The marathon was the most bizarre event of the Games. It was run in brutally hot weather, over dusty roads, with horses and automobiles clearing the way and creating dust clouds.[3]

 
Hicks and his supporters at the marathon

The first to arrive at the finish line was Frederick Lorz, who actually rode the rest of the way in a car to retrieve his clothes, after dropping out after nine miles. The car broke down at the 19th mile, so he re-entered the race and jogged back to the finish line. When the officials thought he had won the race, Lorz played along with his practical joke until he was found out shortly after the medal ceremony and was banned for a year by the AAU for this stunt, later winning the 1905 Boston Marathon.[4]

 
Felix Carvajal on his way to 4th in the marathon

Thomas Hicks was the first to cross the finish-line legally, after having received from his trainers several doses of strychnine sulfate (a common rat poison, which stimulates the nervous system in small doses) mixed with brandy. He was supported by his trainers when he crossed the finish, but is still considered the winner. Hicks had to be carried off the track, and possibly would have died in the stadium had he not been treated by several doctors. He lost eight pounds during the course of the marathon. A Cuban postman named Felix Carvajal joined the marathon, arriving at the last minute. He had to run in street clothes that a fellow runner cut around the legs to make them look like shorts. He stopped off in an orchard en route to have a snack on some apples which turned out to be rotten. The rotten apples caused him to have to lie down and take a nap. Despite falling ill from the apples, he finished in fourth place.[5][6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The IOC also lists a French immigrant to the US Albert Corey as a United States competitor for his marathon silver medal, but (together with four undisputed Americans) as part of a mixed team for the team race silver medal.
  2. ^ Kiely is listed as having raced under a British Flag, despite representing Ireland.
  3. ^ https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-1904-olympic-marathon-may-have-been-the-strangest-ever-14910747/?no-ist
  4. ^ Cronin, Brian (2010-08-10). "Sports Legend Revealed: A marathon runner nearly died". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles.
  5. ^ Abbott, Karen. "The 1904 Olympic Marathon May Have Been the Strangest Ever". Smithsonian.com. Retrieved April 8, 2015.
  6. ^ Martin, David E.; Gynn, Roger W. H. (2000). The Olympic Marathon. Human Kinetics. p. 50. ISBN 9780880119696.

External linksEdit