Canada at the 1904 Summer Olympics

Canada competed at the 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, United States. These Games were the second at which Canadian athletes participated. As in 1900 they did not compete under the Canadian flag, national teams not being introduced until the next Olympics. Unofficially, however, it was a very successful Olympics for Canada with Canadian competitors winning the fourth most medals. However this was largely because most Europeans decided not to make the long trip to compete in the games. The Canadian athletes were a unified group for the first time and were unofficially regarded as a team.

Canada at the
1904 Summer Olympics
Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg
NOCCanadian Olympic Committee (in English and French)
in St. Louis
Ranked 4th
Summer Olympics appearances (overview)
Other related appearances
1906 Intercalated Games


The most notable Canadian medal winner was Etienne Desmarteau who placed first in the 56 pound weight throw. He was fired as a Montreal police officer when he left to compete at the games. Returning as a medallist and local hero he was reinstated, but died the next year of typhoid.

Canada won two golds in team sports, two thirds of Canada's total in all summer games. The Canadian soccer team from Galt, Ontario won gold and a team known as the Winnipeg Shamrocks won the field lacrosse title. The third-place finishers were also from Canada, a team of Mohawks from a reserve near Brantford.

Of note was Peter Deer, a full blooded Iroquois Indian, who competed in the 800 & 1500 metres races, he was the first Native person to represent Canada outside her borders. Deer was a mechanic by day and was a member of the Montreal Amateur Athletics Association. He was 23 in 1904, he came from Caughnawaga, a native village on the South Bank.

Medal Name Sport Event Date
  Gold Étienne Desmarteau Athletics Men's 56 lb weight throw September 1
  Gold Galt F.C.
Football November 23
  Gold George Lyon Golf Men's individual September 24
  Gold Shamrock Lacrosse Team


Lacrosse July 7
  Silver Arthur Bailey, Phil Boyd, Thomas Loudon,
Don MacKenzie, George Reiffenstein, William Rice,
George Strange, William Wadsworth, Joseph Wright
Rowing Men's eight July 30
  Bronze Mohawk Indians
Lacrosse July 7

Results by eventEdit

Etienne Desmarteau
Percival Molson


Event Place Athlete Heats Repechage Final
Men's 60 metres 7-8 Robert Kerr Unknown
2nd, heat 3
3-4, repechage
Did not advance
Event Place Athlete Heats Final
Men's 100 metres 7-11 Robert Kerr Unknown
3rd, heat 2
Did not advance
Men's 200 metres 5th Robert Kerr Unknown
3rd, heat 2
Did not advance
Event Place Athlete Final
Men's 400 metres 7-12 Percival Molson Unknown
Men's 800 metres 7-13 Peter Deer Unknown
John Peck Unknown
Men's 1500 metres 6th Peter Deer Unknown
Men's 56 pound weight throw 1st Étienne Desmarteau 10.46 metres OR


Canada made its first football appearance in 1904, sending a club team to St. Louis. The team defeated each of the two United States club teams in the round-robin tournament. The International Olympic Committee later recognized the tournament as the official one and awarded the club a gold medal for its performance.

Team Event Wins Losses Percent Rank
Galt F.C. Men's football 2
(USA 7-0)
(USA 4-0)
0 1.000  
Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
1   Galt F.C. 2 2 0 0 11 0 +11 4
2   Christian Brothers College 2 1 0 1 2 7 –5 2
3   St. Rose Parish 2 0 0 2 0 6 –6 0
Christian Brothers College  0–7  Galt F.C.
Report Hall      
Referee: Paul McSweeney (United States)

St. Rose Parish  0–4  Galt F.C.
Report (1)
Report (2)
Referee: Paul McSweeney (United States)


Coach: Louis Blake Duff


George Seymour Lyon
Event Place Golfer Qualification Round of 32 Round of 16 Quarterfinal Semifinal Final
Men's individual 1st George Lyon 169 (9th) Defeated John Cady Defeated Stuart Stickney Defeated Albert Lambert Defeated Francis Newton Defeated Chandler Egan
65th Bertie Austin 211 Did not advance
73rd Albert Austin 270


Two teams from Canada played in the 1904 lacrosse competition. The Winnipeg Shamrocks defeated the team from St. Louis by a score of 8-2 in the final to win gold.

Event Place Team Semifinals Final
1st Shamrock Lacrosse Team Bye Defeated   United States (USA)
St. Louis Amateur Athletic Association
3rd Mohawk Indians Lost to   United States (USA)
St. Louis Amateur Athletic Association
Did not advance
Winnipeg Shamrocks
Winnipeg Shamrocks Mohawk Indians
George Cloutier

George Cattanach
Benjamin Jamieson
Jack Flett
George Bretz
Élie Blanchard
Hilliard Laidlaw
Hilliard Lyle
William Brennaugh
L.H. Pentland
Sandy Cowan
William Burns
William F.L. Orris

Black Hawk

Black Eagle
Almighty Voice
Flat Iron
Spotted Tail
Half Moon
Snake Eater
Red Jacket
Night Hawk
Man Afraid Soap
Rain in Face


Event Place Crew Final
Eight 2nd Arthur Bailey, William Rice, George Reiffenstein,
Phil Boyd, George Strange, William Wadsworth,
Don MacKenzie, Joseph Wright, Thomas Loudon


  1. ^ "1904 Winnipeg Shamrocks". Manitoba Sports Hall of Fame.