Athletics at the 1988 Summer Olympics – Men's 400 metres

The men's 400 metres at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea took place between 24 and 28 September 1988.[1] Seventy-five athletes from 55 nations competed.[2] The maximum number of athletes per nation had been set at 3 since the 1930 Olympic Congress. The event was won by Steve Lewis of the United States, the second in what would ultimately be 7 consecutive American victories stretching from 1984 to 2008. The United States swept the podium in the event for the third time, having previously done so in 1904 and 1968.

Men's 400 metres
at the Games of the XXIV Olympiad
Athletics pictogram.svg
Athletics
VenueOlympic Stadium
DatesSeptember 24 (heats)
September 25 (quarter-finals)
September 26 (semi-finals)
September 28 (final)
Competitors75 from 55 nations
Winning time43.87
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s) Steve Lewis
 United States
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Butch Reynolds
 United States
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Danny Everett
 United States
← 1984
1992 →

SummaryEdit

It always promised to be a classic. The clear favourite was the legendary American Harry "Butch" Reynolds. He had set a new world record of 43.29 seconds only a few months before. Reynolds breezed through the heats and into the final.

The final, ran on Thursday September 28, 1988, started somewhat as expected, with Reynolds holding back and saving himself for his normal strong finish. To the surprise of most watching a young American Steve Lewis went out strong from the start and gave Reynolds a run for his money. Entering the home straight Lewis was leading and Reynolds charging back at him but Reynolds left it too late and the 19yr old Lewis hung on for victory in an amazing time of 43.87sec. Reynolds finished second and Danny Everett third for an American sweep. The same trio was also involved with Kevin Robinzine in winning the 4 × 400 m relay.

The career of Lewis was blighted by injury although he did compete in the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain, placing 2nd in 400m and being part of the American quartet who took gold in 4 × 400 m relay.

BackgroundEdit

This was the 21st appearance of the event, which is one of 12 athletics events to have been held at every Summer Olympics. None of the Americans from 1984 returned, but all five non-American finalists did: silver medalist Gabriel Tiacoh of the Ivory Coast, fourth-place finisher Darren Clark of Australia, sixth-place finisher Sunday Uti and seventh-place finisher Innocent Egbunike of Nigeria, and Bert Cameron of Jamaica (who had qualified for but did not start the Los Angeles final due to injury). The new American team was favored, however; Butch Reynolds had just broken the 20-year-old world record, and Danny Everett and Steve Lewis were strong contenders. The 1987 world champion, Thomas Schönlebe of East Germany, was also a significant challenger.[2]

Bangladesh, Honduras, Indonesia, the Maldives, Mali, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, South Korea, Vanuatu, the (U.S.) Virgin Islands, and Zaire appeared in this event for the first time; the Republic of China had previously competed, but now appeared as Chinese Taipei for the first time. The United States made its 20th appearance, most of any nation, having missed only the boycotted 1980 Games.

Competition formatEdit

The competition retained the basic four-round format from 1920. The "fastest loser" system, introduced in 1964, was used for the first round. There were 10 first-round heats, each with 7 or 8 runners. The top three runners in each heat advanced, along with the next two fastest overall. The 32 quarterfinalists were divided into 4 quarterfinals with 8 runners each; the top four athletes in each quarterfinal heat advanced to the semifinals, with no "fastest loser" spots. The semifinals featured 2 heats of 8 runners each. The top four runners in each semifinal heat advanced, making an eight-man final.[2]

RecordsEdit

These were the standing world and Olympic records (in seconds) prior to the 1976 Summer Olympics.

World record   Butch Reynolds (USA) 43.29 Zurich, Switzerland 17 August 1988
Olympic record   Lee Evans (USA) 43.86 Mexico City, Mexico 18 October 1968

No world or Olympic records were set during this event.

ScheduleEdit

Following the 1984 schedule, the event was held on four separate days, with each round being on a different day.

All times are Korea Standard Time adjusted for daylight savings (UTC+10)

Date Time Round
Saturday, 24 September 1988 9:30 Round 1
Sunday, 25 September 1988 12:20 Quarterfinals
Monday, 26 September 1988 15:45 Semifinals
Wednesday, 28 September 1988 12:55 Final

ResultsEdit

Round 1Edit

Heat 1Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 2 Todd Bennett   Great Britain 46.37 Q
2 7 Miles Murphy   Australia 46.38 Q
3 3 Anton Skerritt   Canada 46.64 Q
4 4 Richard Louis   Barbados 46.80
5 8 Felix Sandy   Sierra Leone 46.82
6 5 Gustavo Envela   Equatorial Guinea 48.11
7 6 Joe Rodan   Fiji 48.69
8 1 Odiya Silweya   Malawi 49.73

Heat 2Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 7 Brian Whittle   Great Britain 46.07 Q
2 6 Gaietà Cornet   Spain 46.16 Q
3 3 Butch Reynolds   United States 46.28 Q
4 4 Seibert Straughn   Barbados 47.37
5 1 Filipe Lombá   Portugal 47.57
6 5 Ali Faudet   Chad 48.69
7 2 Baptiste Firiam   Vanuatu 51.77

Heat 3Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 3 Mohamed Amer Al-Malki   Oman 46.79 Q
2 6 Lucas Sang   Kenya 46.85 Q
3 2 Ousmane Diarra   Senegal 46.86 Q
4 4 Douglas Kalembo   Zambia 47.44
5 8 Mohamed Hossain Milzer   Bangladesh 48.76
6 1 Akossi Gnalo   Togo 51.46
7 Sérgio de Menezes   Brazil DNF
William Taramai   Cook Islands DNS

Heat 4Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 1 Ian Morris   Trinidad and Tobago 45.84 Q
2 4 Thomas Schönlebe   East Germany 47.07 Q
3 2 Sunday Uti   Nigeria 47.08 Q
4 3 Lin Kuang-liang   Chinese Taipei 48.18
5 8 Ernest Tché-Noubossie   Cameroon 48.31
6 7 Haji Bakr Al-Qahtani   Saudi Arabia 48.53
7 6 Enock Musonda   Zambia 49.21
8 5 Ahmed Shageef   Maldives 50.61

Heat 5Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 7 Steve Lewis   United States 45.31 Q
2 6 Jens Carlowitz   East Germany 45.64 Q
3 3 Gabriel Tiacoh   Ivory Coast 47.19 Q
4 5 Jean-Didiace Bémou   Republic of the Congo 48.46
5 2 Abdullah Ali Ahmed   Libya 48.89
6 4 Jonathan Chipalo   Zambia 48.97
7 1 Maher Abbas   Lebanon 51.29
8 8 Carlton Usher   Belize 51.42

Heat 6Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 6 Gérson de Souza   Brazil 45.90 Q
2 2 Howard Davis   Jamaica 45.97 Q
3 8 Takale Tuna   Papua New Guinea 47.87 Q
4 7 Sunday Maweni   Botswana 47.97
5 5 Sulaiman Juma Al-Habsi   Oman 48.30
6 3 Nordin Mohamed Jadi   Malaysia 49.52
7 1 Michael Williams   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 51.22

Heat 7Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 7 Darren Clark   Australia 45.93 Q
2 5 Simeon Kipkemboi   Kenya 45.15 Q
3 3 Elvis Forde   Barbados 46.47 Q
4 4 Elijah Nkala   Zimbabwe 46.60
5 1 Antonio Sánchez   Spain 47.18
6 6 Jaime Rodrigues   Mozambique 47.33
7 2 Aouf Abdul Rahman Youssef   Iraq 47.45
8 8 Desai Wynter   Virgin Islands 48.39

Heat 8Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 3 Bert Cameron   Jamaica 46.24 Q
2 2 Rob Stone   Australia 46.52 Q
3 6 Dawda Jallow   The Gambia 46.91 Q
4 8 Yun Nam-han   South Korea 47.02
5 1 John Goville   Uganda 47.11
6 5 Muhammad Fayyaz   Pakistan 47.13
7 7 Yaya Seyba   Mali 48.83
8 4 Alfred Browne   Antigua and Barbuda 48.92

Heat 9Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 1 Danny Everett   United States 45.63 Q
2 3 Devon Morris   Jamaica 45.95 Q
3 2 Tomasz Jędrusik   Poland 46.12 Q
4 6 Patrick Delice   Trinidad and Tobago 46.14 q
5 5 Slobodan Branković   Yugoslavia 46.59
6 7 Jorge Fidel Ponce   Honduras 51.11
8 Mwana Bute Kasongo   Zaire DSQ

Heat 10Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 5 Susumu Takano   Japan 45.42 Q
2 7 Troy Douglas   Bermuda 45.69 Q
3 4 Innocent Egbunike   Nigeria 46.02 Q
4 6 Elkana Nyangau   Kenya 46.25 q
5 3 Ismail Mačev   Yugoslavia 46.37
6 8 Elieser Wattebosi   Indonesia 47.10
7 2 Willis Todman   British Virgin Islands 50.11

QuarterfinalsEdit

Quarterfinal 1Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 6 Ian Morris   Trinidad and Tobago 44.70 Q
2 3 Jens Carlowitz   East Germany 45.09 Q
3 4 Brian Whittle   Great Britain 45.22 Q
4 5 Tomasz Jędrusik   Poland 45.27 Q
5 7 Sunday Uti   Nigeria 45.33
6 2 Miles Murphy   Australia 45.93
7 1 Dawda Jallow   The Gambia 46.35
8 8 Elvis Forde   Barbados 46.59

Quarterfinal 2Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 5 Danny Everett   United States 44.33 Q
2 6 Innocent Egbunike   Nigeria 45.02 Q
3 7 Thomas Schönlebe   East Germany 45.09 Q
4 8 Bert Cameron   Jamaica 45.16 Q
5 3 Simeon Kipkemboi   Kenya 45.44
6 2 Todd Bennett   Great Britain 45.96
7 1 Ousmane Diarra   Senegal 46.23
8 4 Troy Douglas   Bermuda 46.28

Quarterfinal 3Edit

Rank Time Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 5 Steve Lewis   United States 44.41 Q
2 3 Darren Clark   Australia 44.96 Q
3 8 Mohamed Amer Al-Malki   Oman 45.01 Q
4 6 Devon Morris   Jamaica 45.30 Q
5 4 Gaietà Cornet   Spain 45.39
6 2 Anton Skerritt   Canada 46.08
7 1 Elkana Nyangau   Kenya 46.09
8 7 Takale Tuna   Papua New Guinea 47.48

Quarterfinal 4Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 1 Butch Reynolds   United States 44.46 Q
2 3 Susumu Takano   Japan 45.00 Q
3 5 Gérson de Souza   Brazil 45.35 Q
4 6 Howard Davis   Jamaica 45.40 Q
5 7 Gabriel Tiacoh   Ivory Coast 45.49
6 8 Lucas Sang   Kenya 45.72
7 4 Patrick Delice   Trinidad and Tobago 45.75
8 2 Rob Stone   Australia 46.04

SemifinalsEdit

Semifinal 1Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 3 Steve Lewis   United States 44.35 Q
2 5 Danny Everett   United States 44.36 Q
3 6 Darren Clark   Australia 44.38 Q
4 8 Bertland Cameron   Jamaica 44.50 Q
5 4 Susumu Takano   Japan 44.90
6 2 Jens Carlowitz   East Germany 45.08
7 7 Gerson Souza   Brazil 45.27
8 1 Tomasz Jędrusik   Poland 46.17

Semifinal 2Edit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 6 Butch Reynolds   United States 44.33 Q
2 3 Ian Morris   Trinidad and Tobago 44.60 Q
3 5 Mohamed Amer Al-Malki   Oman 44.69 Q
4 4 Innocent Egbunike   Nigeria 44.74 Q
5 2 Thomas Schönlebe   East Germany 44.90
6 1 Howard Davis   Jamaica 45.48
7 8 Devon Morris   Jamaica 45.68
8 7 Brian Whittle   Great Britain 46.07

FinalEdit

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time
  6 Steve Lewis   United States 43.87
  3 Butch Reynolds   United States 43.93
  4 Danny Everett   United States 44.09
4 5 Darren Clark   Australia 44.55
5 7 Innocent Egbunike   Nigeria 44.72
6 2 Bertland Cameron   Jamaica 44.94
7 8 Ian Morris   Trinidad and Tobago 44.95
8 1 Mohamed Amer Al-Malki   Oman 45.03

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Athletics at the 1988 Seoul Summer Games: Men's 400 metres". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "400 metres, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 4 August 2020.

External linksEdit