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The 2006 Commonwealth Games, officially the XVIII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Melbourne 2006, were an international multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth that were held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia between 15 and 26 March 2006. It was the fourth time Australia had hosted the Commonwealth Games. It was also the largest sporting event to be staged in Melbourne, eclipsing the 1956 Summer Olympics in terms of the number of teams competing, athletes competing, and events being held.

XVIII Commonwealth Games
2006 Commonwealth Games Logo.svg
Host city Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Motto United by the moment
Nations participating 71[1]
Athletes participating 4071 [2]
Events 245 in 17 sports
Opening ceremony 15 March
Closing ceremony 26 March
Officially opened by Elizabeth II
Officially closed by Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
Athlete's Oath Adam Pine
Queen's Baton Final Runner John Landy
Main venue Melbourne Cricket Ground
XVII XIX  >

More than 4,000 athletes from 71 Commonwealth Games Associations took part in the event.[3] Zimbabwe withdrew its membership from the Commonwealth of Nations and Commonwealth Games Federation on 8 December 2003 and so did not participate in the event.[4] With 245 sets of medals, the games featured 17 Commonwealth sports. These sporting events took place at 13 venues in the host city, two venues in Bendigo and one venue each in Ballarat, Geelong, Lysterfield Park and Traralgon.[5]

The site for the opening and closing ceremonies was the Melbourne Cricket Ground which was also used during 1956 Summer Olympics..[6] The mascot for the games was Karak, a red-tailed black cockatoo (a threatened species).[7] The official song of the games, "Together We Are One", was composed by the ARIA awardee Australian recording artist Delta Goodrem. During the closing ceremony of the games, President of the Commonwealth Games Federation Mike Fennell declared to the crowd "Melbourne, you are simply the best".[8]

For the first time in the history of the Commonwealth Games, the Queen's Baton visited every single Commonwealth nation and territory taking part in the Games, a journey of 180,000 km (112,500 miles). The relay ended when the Governor of Victoria, and former Commonwealth Games medallist, John Landy delivered the baton to Her Majesty the Queen at the Melbourne Cricket Ground during the opening ceremony.[9]

The host nation Australia topped the medal table for the fifth time in the past five Commonwealth Games, winning the most golds (84) and most medals overall (221). England and Canada finished second and third respectively.[10]

Contents

Host selectionEdit

During the 1998 Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, two cities initially expressed interest in hosting the event; Melbourne, Australia and Wellington, New Zealand. Wellington withdrew its bid, citing the costs involved with matching the bid plan presented by Melbourne, which became the default host without members of the Federation going to vote.[11][12]

2006 Commonwealth Games bidding results
City Nation Votes
Melbourne   Australia Unanimous

Preparation and developmentEdit

VenuesEdit

The following venues were used at the 2006 Commonwealth Games. The sport(s) that were played at that venue are listed after it.[5]

Melbourne venuesEdit

Regional and suburban venuesEdit

Ballarat
Ballarat Minerdome: Basketball
Bendigo
Bendigo Stadium: Basketball
Wellsford Rifle Range: Full Bore Shooting
Geelong
Geelong Arena: Basketball
Lysterfield Park
State Mountain Bike Course: Mountain Bike Cycling
Traralgon
Traralgon Sports Stadium: Basketball

CostEdit

Early concerns arose about the large cost of staging the Games, with projected costs likely to be over AUD 1 billion and a high likelihood the Victorian taxpayer would have to cover the expense. The cost was described in some local media as excessive. National Party leader Peter Ryan said that the Labor government should win "gold (medal) for burning money".[13] However, not all of this money was wasted. The actual costs for hosting the games was AUD 1.144 billion and prior to the Games, accountants at KPMG were estimating that the gross income generated by this event could be as high as AUD 1.5 billion.

DevelopmentEdit

Melbourne's premier sporting ground, the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG), was redeveloped in preparation for the Games. An athlete's village in the inner suburb of Parkville housed approximately 7,000 athletes and support staff during the Games, and has been transformed into commercial housing with a distinctly eco-friendly image. The creation of this village attracted controversy, with critics claiming it was created by alienating public parkland, while proponents maintained that it represented the renewal of an otherwise derelict inner-city area.[14]

The change from Daylight Saving Time to Standard Time in Australian states that follow it was delayed from 26 March to 2 April for 2006 to avoid affecting the games. In addition, state and private schools amended their usual term times so as to allow the first term holidays to coincide with the Games.[15]

Melbourne's public transport system – train, tram and bus – ran to altered timetables with some amended or substituted services for the duration of the Games. For the most part, timetabled services were unchanged but suffered due to higher loads.[16]

For the first time ever, the Melbourne 2006 Commonwealth Games appointed a Goodwill Partner, Plan International Australia.[17]

Participating teamsEdit

There were 71 countries, territories and bodies competing at the 2006 Commonwealth Games.[18] The only difference between the 2006 games and the 2002 games was the absence of Zimbabwe, which withdrew from the Commonwealth of Nations.

 
Countries and places competing at the games
Participating Commonwealth countries and territories

CalendarEdit

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Event finals CC Closing ceremony
March 15th
Wed
16th
Thu
17th
Fri
18th
Sat
19th
Sun
20th
Mon
21st
Tue
22nd
Wed
23rd
Thu
24th
Fri
25th
Sat
26th
Sun
Events
Ceremonies OC CC
  Athletics 3 10 6 6 8 9 11 53
  Badminton 5 5
  Basketball 1 1 2
  Boxing 11 11
  Cycling 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 18
  Diving 2 2 2 2 8
  Gymnastics 1 1 2 5 5 1 1 4 24
  Field hockey 2 2 2 6
  Netball 1 1
  Rugby sevens 1 1
  Shooting 6 4 6 5 4 5 5 3 2 40
  Squash 2 3 5
  Swimming 5 5 9 5 11 7 42
  Synchronised swimming 2 2
  Table tennis 2 2 2 6
  Weightlifting 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 16
Total Events 11 18 20 21 39 26 17 19 19 29 17 245
Cumulative total 11 29 49 70 109 135 152 171 190 219 245
March 15th
Wed
16th
Thu
17th
Fri
18th
Sat
19th
Sun
20th
Mon
21st
Tue
22nd
Wed
23rd
Thu
24tg
Fri
25th
Sat
26th
Sun
Events

SportsEdit

The 2006 Commonwealth Games included 17 sports, with 12 individual sports and 4 team sports. In total there are 245 events at the Games.

  • The athletics, swimming, table tennis and weightlifting sports included fully integrated events for elite athletes with a disability (EAD). These events were included in the official medal tally.

Opening ceremonyEdit

 
Fish Boats on Yarra River during the games

Both the Melbourne Cricket Ground and the Yarra River were centrepieces for the ceremony, which included many fireworks, and other spectacle. The Games were opened by Elizabeth II, in her capacity as Head of the Commonwealth. The Queen is also Head of State of a number of Commonwealth countries.

Closing ceremonyEdit

Both the Melbourne Cricket Ground and the Yarra River were again centrepieces for the ceremony. Samresh Jung of India was given the David Dixon Award at the closing ceremony. He was the "Best Athlete of the 18th Commonwealth Games". The games were closed by The Earl of Wessex, Prince Edward.

Medal tableEdit


Note:The country coloured in blue is the host country i.e. Australia

 
Leisel Jones won four gold medals in the swimming competition, sweeping the breaststroke events and the medley relay.
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Australia 84 69 69 222
2   England 36 40 34 110
3   Canada 26 29 31 86
4   India 22 17 11 50
5   South Africa 12 13 13 38
6   Scotland 11 7 11 29
7   Jamaica 10 4 8 22
8   Malaysia 7 12 10 29
9   New Zealand 6 12 14 32
10   Kenya 6 5 7 18

BroadcastingEdit

  • In Australia Fox Sports broadcast the Games on eight dedicated digital Pay-TV channels. These were available on the Foxtel, Austar and Optus Vision networks.
  • The BBC covered the Commonwealth Games in the United Kingdom on BBC One and BBC Two. BBCi included a choice of two extra video streams on Freeview and four streams on Digital Satellite and Cable [21]. Users with broadband in the United Kingdom could also view all 5 video streams on bbc.co.uk, and the BBC Sport website.
  • CBC, CBC Newsworld, and CBC Country Canada aired a daily one-hour highlights show of the Commonwealth Games in Canada.[22] Compared to past games, the CBC's coverage was minimally staffed, with commentary from other broadcasting partners. At first, they did not even consider bidding for the broadcasting rights [23] due to scheduling conflicts with events Canadians are more interested in, such as the Tim Hortons Brier, World Figure Skating Championships, and the 2006 Winter Paralympics (which itself had been reduced to five-to-ten-minute daily coverage). None of Canada's metropolitan newspapers sent any journalists to report on the Games, instead relying on news agencies
  • TVNZ covered the games for the residents of New Zealand.[24]
  • In Malaysia, TV1 broadcast live coverage of the Games for three hours starting at 10 am Malaysian time and for two hours starting at 3 pm, with highlights at 12:30 am. Satellite provider Astro included three dedicated channels to broadcast the Games live to its Sports package subscribers, in addition to delayed broadcast 24 hours later.
  • Singapore's MediaCorp TV had supposedly not broadcast the games due to the high cost of telecast rights, satellite charges and the lack of sponsors. However, on 17 March, the MediaCorp found other sponsors which is the Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports and the Singapore Sports Council. Broadcast started from 18 March till the end of the games.
  • In India, Prasar Bharati broadcast the games on DD National and DD Sports. All India Radio broadcast the running commentary of the main matches and events.[25]
  • In the United States, selected coverage was carried by Fox College Sports.
  • In the Bahamas, Cable 12 on cable Bahamas broadcast the games.[26]
  • Altogether an estimated 4 billion viewers watched the 2006 Commonwealth Games worldwide.

MarketingEdit

Edit

The logo of the 2006 Commonwealth Games is an image of 2 figures, which represents sport and culture, achievement and excellence, while the colours green, yellow, and red represents celebratory, fresh and youthfully optimistic character of Melbourne city. The two figures in the logo joined together to form a letter M, which is the initial letter of Melbourne, the games host city.[27]

MascotEdit

Karak was the mascot for the 2006 Commonwealth Games. He was modelled on a red-tailed black cockatoo, a threatened species within the host country, Australia.[28][29]

SponsorsEdit

 
Qantas Airlines showcasing the logo of the 2006 Commonwealth Games.
Sponsors of the 2006 Commonwealth Games[30]
Official Partners
Official Sponsors
Official Providers

ControversiesEdit

Missing athletesEdit

On 20 March 2006 it was reported that two athletes had gone missing from the Commonwealth Games village: Tanzanian boxer Omari Idd Kimweri and Bangladeshi runner Mohammad Tawhidul Islam.[31][32]

On 22 March 2006 it was reported that seven athletes from Sierra Leone (three women and four men) had also disappeared. A further seven Sierra Leonean athletes also went missing during the course of the Games, bringing the total runaway count to fourteen (two-thirds of the team). Victoria Police believed that they had fled to Sydney where the Sierra Leonean community is much larger than Melbourne's.

Two hours before the Closing Ceremony on 26 March, officials from the Cameroon team reported to police that nine of their members had also vanished.

These incidents were not without precedent: 27 athletes similarly disappeared from the 2002 Commonwealth Games in Manchester, England (21 from Sierra Leone, 5 from Bangladesh and one from Pakistan), and over 80 athletes and officials overstayed their visas after the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney.[33]

On request of Sierra Leone officials, the Commonwealth Games Federation cancelled those athletes' Games accreditation, allowing the Australian Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs (DIMA) to cancel their visas at midnight on 27 March, and begin investigating their disappearance.

At 7.20 am on that day, New South Wales Police located six of the Sierra Leonean athletes in a house at Freshwater near Manly Beach in Sydney. All six indicated they wished to seek political asylum in Australia, and were granted bridging visas by DIMA while their refugee applications were arranged. The athletes claimed to have been subjected to violence and torture in their home country; seventeen-year-old Isha Conteh stated she could be forced into female genital cutting if she returned.[34] On Tuesday 28 March, six further Sierra Leoneans turned themselves in to immigration authorities in Sydney and were also granted bridging visas.[35]

Two of the missing Cameroonian athletes were later found in Perth, Western Australia.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The four Home Nations of the United KingdomEngland, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland — send separate teams to the Commonwealth Games, as do the three Crown DependenciesJersey, the Isle of Man and Guernsey — and 9 of the 14 British Overseas Territories. The Cook Islands and Niue, non-sovereign territories in free association with New Zealand also compete separately. There are thus 53 members of the Commonwealth of Nations, but 71 competing teams at the Commonwealth Games.
  2. ^ 1911-2010 Australia at the Commonwealth Games: Delhi 2010 XIX Commonwealth Games 3-14 October. Melbourne: Australian Commonwealth Games Association. 2010. p. 111. ISBN 0958019010. 
  3. ^ "Melbourne 2006". Commonwealth Games Federation. Retrieved 2018-05-01. 
  4. ^ Editor, Anton La Guardia, Diplomatic (2003-12-08). "Zimbabwe quits Commonwealth over suspension". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2018-05-01. 
  5. ^ a b "M2006 > Sports and Venues > Venue Statistics". m2006.thecgf.com. Retrieved 2018-05-01. 
  6. ^ "M2006 > Sports and Venues > Venue Locations > Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG)". m2006.thecgf.com. Retrieved 2018-05-01. 
  7. ^ M2006 > Karak the Mascot > Display Archived 27 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "Games farewelled with spectacular party - Breaking News - Sport - Breaking News". www.smh.com.au. Retrieved 2018-05-02. 
  9. ^ "M2006 > Queen's Baton Relay". qbr.m2006.thecgf.com. Retrieved 2018-05-01. 
  10. ^ "M2006 > Schedule and Results > Medals". m2006.thecgf.com. Retrieved 2018-05-01. 
  11. ^ "COMMONWEALTH GAMES: Melbourne looks set to host 2006 Commonwealth Games". The Independent. 1999-04-11. 
  12. ^ edited by John Nauright & Charles Parrish (2012). Sports around the World: History, Culture, and Practice. ABC-CLIO. p. 371. 
  13. ^ "Commonwealth Games spending within budget - National - theage.com.au". www.theage.com.au. Retrieved 2018-05-02. 
  14. ^ Battlelines drawn as Parkville site chosen Archived 4 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ [1] Archived 16 June 2005 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ Public Transport Archived 29 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ Plan Australia Archived 19 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ [2] Archived 22 June 2005 at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ "TWI Wins Contract to Host Broadcast Commonwealth Games | News | Sportcal". www.sportcal.com. Retrieved 2018-04-29. 
  20. ^ "Nine wins Sunday with Games closing ceremony - TV & Radio - Entertainment". www.smh.com.au. Retrieved 2018-04-29. 
  21. ^ "Melbourne coverage | BBC". 2006-03-01. Retrieved 2018-04-29. 
  22. ^ "CBC Sports Commonwealth Games Schedule | Pedal Magazine". Pedal Magazine. 2006-01-24. Retrieved 2018-04-29. 
  23. ^ "Blow to Games prestige - Commonwealth Games - www.theage.com.au". www.theage.com.au. Retrieved 2018-04-29. 
  24. ^ "TVNZ To Broadcast The Melbourne 2006 Commonwealth Games In New Zealand | News | Sportcal". www.sportcal.com. Retrieved 2018-04-29. 
  25. ^ "Prasar Bharati bags broadcast rights for 2006 Commonwealth Games". Indian Advertising Media & Marketing News – exchange4media. Retrieved 2018-04-29. 
  26. ^ "Cable Bahamas brings the XVIII Commonwealth Games to Bahamians on Cable 12". cablebahamas. 
  27. ^ "M2006 > Media Centre > Newsletter > Display". 
  28. ^ "mascot". 
  29. ^ "Games mascot unveiled". 
  30. ^ "M2006 > Getting Involved > Sponsorship". m2006.thecgf.com. Retrieved 2018-05-01. 
  31. ^ Whinnett, Ellen (22 March 2006). "Mystery of missing athletes". Herald Sun. 
  32. ^ "Nine athletes vanish from Commonwealth Games". Reuters. 22 March 2006. [dead link]
  33. ^ "Athletes 'go missing from Games'". BBC News Online. 23 March 2006. 
  34. ^ ABC Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  35. ^ "Visas for second group of athletes". The Age. 28 March 2006. 

External linksEdit

Official websites
Other sites
Political opposition to the Games


Preceded by
Manchester
Commonwealth Games
Host city
Succeeded by
Delhi