Parkville is an inner-city suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3 km (1.9 mi) north of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the Cities of Melbourne and Merri-bek local government areas.[2] Parkville recorded a population of 7,074 at the 2021 census.[1]

Terrace houses in Parkville
Parkville is located in Melbourne
Location in metropolitan Melbourne
Coordinates37°47′17″S 144°57′04″E / 37.788°S 144.951°E / -37.788; 144.951
Population7,074 (2021 census)[1]
 • Density1,770/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
Postcode(s)3052, 3010
Elevation41 m (135 ft)
Area4 km2 (1.5 sq mi)
Location3 km (2 mi) N of Melbourne
State electorate(s)
Federal division(s)Melbourne
Suburbs around Parkville:
Moonee Ponds Brunswick West Brunswick
Parkville Carlton North
North Melbourne Melbourne Carlton

Parkville is bordered by North Melbourne to the south-west, Carlton and Carlton North to the south and east, Brunswick to the north (where a part of Parkville lies within the City of Merri-bek), and Flemington to the west. The suburb includes the postcodes 3052 and 3010 (University).

The suburb encompasses Royal Park, an expansive parkland which is notable as home to the Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens and was the athlete's village for the 2006 Commonwealth Games.

Parkville is a major education, research and healthcare precinct and home to the University of Melbourne, Monash University Pharmacy faculty, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Royal Women's Hospital, Royal Children's Hospital, the Victorian Comprehensive Cancer Centre and CSL.

The residential areas have a high median house price due to the proximity to the city centre and parkland, Victorian era buildings, terrace houses and tree lined streets.

History edit

Toponymy edit

Melbourne city skyline panorama, as seen from Royal Park

Originally known as Park ville or Park-ville, the origins of the name are uncertain. The suburb may have been named after Royal Park. Park-ville was the name of one of the early homes along Flemington Road owned by the Ryan family in the 1870s, and there was once a street in Hotham named Parkville Street, which may have led toward this home. Before the 1870s, much of the area was known as either Hotham (North Melbourne) or Carlton, and during this time Parkville was simply a locality of Carlton. The name Park Ville came into common use after 1875, and was gradually shortened to its current form.

University and beginnings edit

The first institution of significance erected in the Parkville area was the University of Melbourne in 1853. A housing estate commenced sales in 1861 at what is now Parkville South. In 1868, further excisions from Royal Park were made for housing estates at Parkville North, along Royal Parade, and Parkville West, near Flemington Road. By the 1870s Parkville was a popular area for the middle class, and many large terrace houses were built in the area.

Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens in 1940

Between the wars edit

Aerial panorama of Royal Park. The Melbourne skyline sits on the left of the horizon.

During World War One and Two, Royal Park was the site of military encampments. Camp Pell in Royal Park was the temporary military camp for United States forces during the Second World War.

In 1944, Melbourne Hospital was moved to Parkville.

In 1960 Parkville became home to the Victorian College of Pharmacy, on Royal Parade, which is now a campus of Monash University.

The Athlete's Village for the 2006 Commonwealth Games was built on the grounds of the former Royal Park Psychiatric Hospital located in Parkville. The Athlete's Village has since been converted into a residential area known as Parkville Gardens.

Demographics edit

Aerial panorama of Melbourne's skyline from Parkville. September 2023.
Aerial of Parkville looking north. Visible is Royal Park (top left); Royal Melbourne Hospital (centre left); Royal Parade (centre) and University of Melbourne campus (right).

In the 2016 census, there were 7,409 people in Parkville. 50.1% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were China 7.1%, Malaysia 3.7%, England 2.7%, New Zealand 2.3% and India 2.2%. 58.2% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 9.1%, Cantonese 2.8%, Spanish 1.4% and Italian 1.4%. The most common response for religion was No Religion at 45.2%.[3]

Housing edit

The residential part of Parkville South, commenced in 1861, is a Conservation Area under the Register of the National Estate and contains almost all of the suburb's housing.

Educational institutions edit

Old Arts Building University of Melbourne

Health and medical research institutions edit

Transport edit

Royal Park railway station

Bus edit

Seven bus routes service Parkville:

Road edit

The main arterial road is Elizabeth Street, which becomes Royal Parade before becoming Sydney Road and the Hume Highway, the main highway heading towards Sydney.

Train edit

Royal Park is the main railway station in Parkville, located in Royal Park to the north and adjacent to the Melbourne Zoo, and is on the Upfield line, serviced by Metro Trains Melbourne. The planned Melbourne Metro Rail Project tunnel will have an underground Parkville railway station.

Tram edit

Twelve tram routes service Parkville, all operated by Yarra Trams:

The Melbourne University Tram Stop is a major terminus for seven tram routes that operate along Swanston Street.

Parks and open space edit

Royal Park edit

Royal Park

Royal Park, which Parkville was named after, is the largest of Melbourne's inner city parks (181 hectares) and is home to the Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens. The park is home to a wide range of sports and wildlife. Royal Park is home to the Parkville District Cricket Club, who are based at Brens Pavilion.

Royal Park Golf Course is north of the Zoological Gardens.[24]

See also edit

  • City of Brunswick – Parts of Parkville were previously within this former local government area.

References edit

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Parkville (Vic.) (Suburbs and Localities)". 2021 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 July 2022.  
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 March 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Parkville (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 July 2017.  
  4. ^ "Our new home" (Press release). Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre. 22 June 2016. Archived from the original on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
  5. ^
  6. ^ "401 North Melbourne Station - Melbourne University Loop via Royal Melbourne Hospital". Public Transport Victoria.
  7. ^ "402 Footscray Station - East Melbourne via North Melbourne". Public Transport Victoria.
  8. ^ "403 Footscray Station - Melbourne University via Royal Melbourne Hospital". Public Transport Victoria.
  9. ^ "505 Moonee Ponds - Melbourne University via Parkville Gardens". Public Transport Victoria.
  10. ^ "546 Heidelberg Station - Melb Uni - Queen Victoria Market via Clifton Hill and Carlton". Public Transport Victoria.
  11. ^ 959 City - Broadmeadows Station via Niddrie and Airport West Public Transport Victoria
  12. ^ "1 East Coburg - South Melbourne Beach". Public Transport Victoria.
  13. ^ "3-3a Melbourne University - East Malvern". Public Transport Victoria.
  14. ^ "5 Melbourne University - Malvern". Public Transport Victoria.
  15. ^ "6 Moreland - Glen Iris". Public Transport Victoria.
  16. ^ "16 Melbourne University - Kew via St Kilda Beach". Public Transport Victoria.
  17. ^ "19 North Coburg - Flinders Street Station & City". Public Transport Victoria.
  18. ^ "57 West Maribyrnong - Flinders Street Station & City". Public Transport Victoria.
  19. ^ "58 West Coburg - Toorak". Public Transport Victoria.
  20. ^ "59 Airport West - Flinders Street Station & City". Public Transport Victoria.
  21. ^ "64 Melbourne University - East Brighton". Public Transport Victoria.
  22. ^ "67 Melbourne University - Carnegie". Public Transport Victoria.
  23. ^ "72 Melbourne University - Camberwell". Public Transport Victoria.
  24. ^ Golf Select, Royal Park, archived from the original on 24 September 2009, retrieved 11 May 2009

External links edit