1928 Winter Olympics
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The 1928 Winter Olympics, officially known as the II Olympic Winter Games (French: Les IIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver; German: Olympische Winterspiele 1928; Italian: II Giochi olimpici invernali; Romansh: Gieus olimpics d'enviern 1928), were a winter multi-sport event which was celebrated February 11–19, 1928 in St. Moritz, Switzerland.
Hugo Laubi's poster for the 1928 Winter Olympics
|Host city||St. Moritz, Switzerland|
|Athletes||464 (438 men, 26 women)|
|Events||14 in 4 sports (8 disciplines)|
|Stadium||St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink|
The 1928 Games were the first true Winter Olympics held on its own as they were not in conjunction with a Summer Olympics. The preceding 1924 Games were retroactively renamed the inaugural Winter Olympics, though they had been in fact part of the 1924 Summer Olympics. All preceding Winter Events of the Olympic Games were the winter sports part of the schedule of the Summer Games, and not held as a separate Winter Games. These games also replaced the now redundant Nordic Games, that were held quadrennially since early in the century.
Fluctuating weather conditions challenged the hosts. The opening ceremony was held in a blizzard while warm weather conditions plagued sporting events throughout the rest of the games. The 10,000 metre speed-skating event was controversially abandoned and officially cancelled.
- Sonja Henie of Norway returned to the Winter Olympics to make history when she won the ladies' figure skating at the age of 15. She became the youngest Olympic champion in history, a distinction she held for 70 years, and went on to defend her title at the next two Winter Olympics.
- Ivar Ballangrud won the Olympic title in the 5,000m speed skating and Clas Thunberg won the 500m and the 1,500m.
- Norway finished on top of the medal table with a total of 6 gold medals, 4 silver and 5 bronze, a total of 15 medals. The USA finished second in the table.
- The single bronze medal won by Switzerland is the lowest output by a host nation at an Olympics.
- In the 10,000-meter speed skating race, Irving Jaffee was leading the competition, having outskated Norwegian defending world champion Bernt Evensen in their heat, when rising temperatures thawed the ice. In a controversial ruling, the Norwegian referee canceled the entire competition. Although the International Olympic Committee reversed the referee's decision and awarded Jaffee the gold medal, the International Skating Union later overruled the IOC and restored the ruling. Evensen, for his part, publicly said that Jaffee should be awarded the gold medal, but that never happened.
Medals were awarded in 14 events contested in 4 sports (8 disciplines).
- Ice hockey (1) ( )
- Nordic skiing ( )
- St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink - Figure skating, Ice hockey, Speed Skating
- Around the hills of St. Moritz - Cross-country skiing, Nordic combined (cross-country skiing)
- Olympiaschanze St. Moritz - Nordic combined (Ski jumping), Ski jumping
- St. Moritz-Celerina Olympic Bobrun - Bobsleigh
- Cresta Run - Skeleton
Athletes from 25 nations competed at these Games, up from 16 in 1924. Nations making their first appearance at the Winter Olympic Games were Argentina (first participation of a delegation coming from a country belonging to the Southern Hemisphere), Estonia, Germany, Japan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, and Romania.
|Participating National Olympic Committees|
Number of athletes by National Olympic CommitteesEdit
|Totals (12 nations)||14||12||15||41|
|14 February||Cross-country skiing||Men's 50 kilometre||Sweden||Per-Erik Hedlund||Gustaf Jonsson||Volger Andersson|
|17 February||Cross-country skiing||Men's 18 kilometre||Norway||Johan Grøttumsbråten||Ole Hegge||Reidar Ødegaard|
|18 February||Nordic combined||Individual||Norway||Johan Grøttumsbråten||Hans Vinjarengen||Jon Snersrud|
- Findling, John E.; Pelle, Kimberly D. (2004). Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. p. 290. ISBN 0-313-32278-3.
- "1928 Sankt Moritz Winter Games". Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2009.
- "St. Moritz 1928". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- The Big Book of Jewish Sports Heroes: An Illustrated Compendium of Sports History and The 150 Greatest Jewish Sports Stars. 2007. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
- The International Jewish Sports Hall ... September 15, 1906. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
- 1928 Summer Olympics
- Olympic Games celebrated in Switzerland
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1928 Winter Olympics.|
- "St Moritz 1928". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.
- "Results and Medalists—1928 Winter Olympics". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.
- The program of the 1928 St. Moritz Winter Olympics
- The official report of St. Moritz 1928 (French only)
| Winter Olympics
II Olympic Winter Games (1928)