2022 Winter Olympics
The 2022 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXIV Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XXIVème Jeux olympiques d'hiver; Chinese: 第二十四届冬季奥林匹克运动会; pinyin: Dì Èrshísì Jiè Dōngjì Àolínpǐkè Yùndònghuì), and commonly known as Beijing 2022, is an international winter multi-sport event that will take place in Beijing and towns in the neighboring Hebei province, People's Republic of China, from 4 to 20 February 2022.
|Host city||Beijing, China|
|Motto||Joyful Rendezvous Upon Pure Ice and Snow.
|Events||102 in 15 sports|
|Opening ceremony||4 February|
|Closing ceremony||20 February|
|Stadium||Beijing National Stadium|
With its previous hosting of the 2008 Summer Olympics, Beijing will be the first city to have ever hosted both the Summer and Winter Olympics; there are plans to utilize many of the same indoor venues that were used in 2008, as well as Beijing National Stadium as ceremonies venue. They will be the last of three consecutive Olympics being held in East Asia, following the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea, and the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan.
The bidding calendar was announced by the IOC in October 2012, with the application deadline set for 14 November 2013. The IOC Executive Board reviewed the bids from all applicant cities on 7 July 2014, and selected three cities, Oslo (Norway), Almaty (Kazakhstan) and Beijing (China) as the final candidate cities.
Oslo withdrew its bid on 1 October 2014, after the Norwegian parliament voted against an IOC-mandated government funding package. Public reception to the bid had been negative due to cost concerns, especially after the cost overruns of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, and an exposé by the Norwegian tabloid Verdens Gang that allegedly revealed hospitality demands made by the IOC. They included a cocktail reception with the royal family with drinks paid for by them or the organizing committee, the provision of road lanes exclusively for use by IOC members, and priority treatment at airports and hotels being used by IOC members. Several commentators pointed out that such demands were unheard of in a western democracy, while Slate described them as being "diva-like".
Host city electionEdit
|2022 Winter Olympics bidding results|
The Beijing Olympic Games Bidding Committee unveiled the venue plan for the 2022 Winter Olympic Games on 20 February 2014: five ice events will be held at the Olympic Sports Centre, the Capital Indoor Stadium and the Beijing Wukesong Sports Center, which were some of the main venues of the 2008 Summer Olympics. Competitions for luge, bobsleigh and alpine skiing will be held in Xiaohaituo Mountain area in Yanqing, northwest of Beijing, 90 kilometres (56 miles) away from the city center, using artificial snow because of the rarity of natural snow in this region. All other skiing events will be held in Taizicheng Area in Chongli, Zhangjiakou, 220 km (140 mi) from downtown Beijing and 130 km (81 mi) away from Xiaohaituo Mountain Area. Later, on 12 June 2017, the IOC´s Beijing 2022 Coordination Commission has praised the city plans to hold the Snowboarding Big Air events in a new area of urban development located in the Shijingshan District.
- Olympic Green venues
- Beijing National Aquatics Center – curling / 4,000 existing/renovated
- Beijing National Indoor Stadium – ice hockey / 18,000 existing
- Beijing National Stadium – opening and closing ceremonies / 80,000 existing
- Beijing Olympic Village
- National Speed Skating Oval – speed skating / 12,000 new
- China National Convention Center – MPC/IBC / existing
- Other venues
- Capital Indoor Stadium – figure skating, short track speed skating / 15,000 existing
- Wukesong Sports Centre – ice hockey / 10,000 existing
- Shijingshan District - snowboarding (Big Air) - TBA temporary
- Xiaohaituo Alpine Skiing Field – alpine skiing 15,000
- Xiaohaituo Bobsleigh, skeleton and Luge Track – bobsleigh, luge, skeleton / 5,000 new
- Yanqing MMC: Media Center
- Yanqing Olympic Village / new
The town of Chongli in Zhangjiakou, Hebei Province, will stage most of the skiing events during the 2022 Winter Olympics. The ski resort earned over 1.54 billion yuan (237.77 million U.S. dollars) in tourism during the 2015–16 snow season for a 31.6% growth over the previous season. In 2016, it was announced that Chongli received 2.185 million tourists, an increase of 30% from the previous season, during the first snow season after the winning the Olympic bid. The snow season lasted for five months from November, during which Chongli has hosted 36 competitions and activities, such as Far East Cup and Children Skiing International Festival. A total of 23 skiing camps have also been set up, attracting the participation of 3,800 youths. All venue construction started in November 2016 and will be finished by the end of 2020 to enable the city to hold test events.
- Kuyangshu Nordic Center and Biathlon Center – cross-country skiing, Nordic combined (cross-country skiing) 15,000
- Kuyangshu Ski Jumping Field – ski jumping, Nordic combined (ski jumping) 10,000
- Hualindong Ski Resort – biathlon 15,000
- Genting Hotel – Media Center
- Genting Snow Park – snowboarding (slopestyle, halfpipe), freestyle skiing 5,000
- Taiwu Ski Resort – snowboarding (cross), freestyle skiing 10,000
- Wanlong Ski Resort – snowboarding (parallel slalom) 5,000
- Zhangjiakou Olympic Village
The new Beijing-Zhangjiakou intercity railway will be built, starting from Beijing North Railway Station, and ending at Zhangjiakou South Railway Station. It will be built for speeds up to 350 km/h (217 mph), and travel from Beijing to Zhangjiakou is estimated to take 50 minutes.
The Beijing Subway is expected to continue expanding and projected to have at least 24 lines by 2022. Expressway and highway networks are also expected to be upgraded.
A new airport for Beijing and the region, tentatively known as Beijing Daxing International Airport, is expected to open by 2019. The airport will be the third airport of Beijing, after Beijing Capital International Airport and Beijing Nanyuan Airport.
The estimated budget for the games is US$3.9 billion, less than one-tenth of the $43 billion spent on the 2008 Summer Olympics.
The 2022 Winter Olympics are tentatively scheduled to include events in at least 15 sports.
In October 2016, the International Ski Federation (FIS) announced plans to begin sanctioning women's competitions in Nordic combined, with a goal for the discipline to be contested at the Olympic level for the first time in Beijing. In November 2017, a further three events were put forward by the FIS for possible Olympic inclusion: a ski jumping mixed team competition and men's and women's big air in freestyle skiing.
The International Luge Federation (FIL) has proposed the addition of a total of six new events. This includes adding natural track luge (men's and women's singles), a women's doubles competition on the artificial track, and sprint events (men, women, and doubles) on the artificial track.
The International Skating Union (ISU) has proposed the addition of synchronized skating as an event within the discipline of figure skating. They are also proposing a new short track speed skating team event.
In biathlon, a single mixed relay has been proposed by the International Biathlon Union (IBU) to complement the four-person mixed relay which featured at the 2018 Winter Olympics. Also, a new team event has been proposed by the International Bobsleigh and Skeleton Federation (IBSF).
The official emblem "Winter Dream" (冬梦) was unveiled on December 15, 2017 at the Beijing National Aquatics Center. The emblem is a stylized rendition of the character "冬" (Winter) inspired by winter snow, with a ribbon motif. The top is meant to resemble a skater and the bottom is meant to resemble a skier. The emblem also features the Olympic colors (except black) and the Chinese flag colors. The emblem was designed by Lin Cunzhen who also created the Nanjing 2014 logo.
Broadcast rights to the 2022 Winter Olympics in some countries were already sold as part of long-term broadcast rights deals. In France and the United Kingdom, the 2022 Winter Olympics will be the first where Eurosport will be the main rightsholder; the BBC will sub-license a limited amount of coverage on free-to-air television, as part of a deal that saw the BBC sell the pay-TV rights to the 2018 and 2020 Games to Eurosport.
- Armenia – APMTV
- Asia – Dentsu (Rights to be sold to local broadcasters)
- Brazil – Grupo Globo
- Canada – CBC/Radio-Canada, TSN, RDS
- China – CCTV
- Europe – Discovery Communications, Eurosport (free-to-air rights to be sold to local broadcasters)
- Germany – ARD, ZDF
- Hungary – MTVA
- Japan – Japan Consortium
- Kosovo – RTK
- Latin America – América Móvil
- MENA – beIN Sports
- New Zealand – Sky Television
- North Korea – SBS
- Oceania – Sky Television
- South Africa – SABC, SuperSport
- South Korea – SBS
- Sub-Saharan Africa – Econet Media, SuperSport
- United States – NBCUniversal
- United Kingdom – Eurosport, BBC
In the United States, NBCUniversal properties will once again broadcast the Games as part of its multi-year agreement with the IOC. The Super Bowl—championship game of the National Football League, will be played on 6 February 2022. The Super Bowl has historically been one of the most-watched television broadcasts in the U.S., and Super Bowl LVI will mark the first time that the date of the game has fallen within an ongoing Olympics (by contrast, Super Bowl LII was played on the Sunday prior to the opening ceremony of the 2018 Winter Olympics, and also aired by NBC). As part of an ongoing rotation between the NFL's main broadcast television rightsholders, the game is expected to be televised by competing network CBS. It is expected that viewership of the Super Bowl and that night's primetime coverage may be affected by the unintentional counterprogramming.
Concerns and controversiesEdit
Several cities withdrew their applications during the bidding process, citing the high costs or the lack of local support to host the 2022 games, leaving Almaty and Beijing as the only candidate cities by 1 October 2014.
The decision to bid for the Olympics was controversial in China (and outside) because Beijing itself, and especially some of the proposed outdoor venues, do not have reliable snowfall in winter for snow sports. Concerns have been raised that snow may need to be transported to the venues at great cost and with uncertain environmental consequences.
The environmental impact of hosting the games near Beijing has been questioned. Some of the proposed venues will be adjacent to the Beijing Songshan National Nature Reserve and part of the same mountain system, and the environmental impact on the nature reserve of construction, and artificially covering parts of the mountain with snow, is uncertain. The Chinese government responded to these concerns by expanding the adjacent Beijing Songshan National Nature Reserve by 31% of its original size.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for 2022 Winter Olympics.|
- Asian Games celebrated in China
- Olympic Games celebrated in China
- Paralympic Games celebrated in China
- Universiade celebrated in China
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