The yen or yuan sign, ¥, is a currency sign used for the Japanese yen and the Chinese yuan currencies when writing in Western scripts. This monetary symbol resembles a Latin letter Y with a single or double horizontal stroke. The symbol is usually placed before the value it represents, for example:
¥50, unlike the kanji/Chinese character, which is more commonly used in Japanese and Chinese and is written following the amount:
50円 in Japan and
50元 in China.
yen, yuan sign
|In Unicode||U+00A5 ¥ YEN SIGN (HTML |
|Currency||Japanese yen, Chinese yuan|
|U+FFE5 ￥ FULLWIDTH YEN SIGN|
The Unicode code point is U+00A5 ¥ YEN SIGN (HTML
¥). Additionally, there is a full width character,
￥, at code point U+FFE5 ￥ FULLWIDTH YEN SIGN (HTML
￥)[a] for use with wide fonts, especially East Asian fonts.
There was no code-point for this symbol in the original (7-bit) US-ASCII and consequently many early systems reassigned
5C (allocated to the backslash (\) in ASCII) to the yen sign. With the arrival of 8-bit encoding, the ISO/IEC 8859-1 ("ISO Latin 1") character set assigned code point
A5 to the ¥ in 1985; Unicode continues this encoding.
In JIS X 0201, of which Shift JIS is an extension, assigns code point
0x5C to the latin-script yen sign: as noted above, this is the code used for the backslash in ASCII. This standard was widely adopted in Japan.
Microsoft adopted the ISO code
A5 in Windows-1252 for the Americas and Western Europe but Japanese-language locales of Microsoft operating systems use the code page 932 character encoding, which is a variant of Shift JIS. Hence, 0x5C is displayed as a yen sign in Japanese-locale fonts on Windows. It is nonetheless used wherever a backslash is used, such as the directory separator character (for example, in
C:¥) and as the general escape character (
¥n). It is mapped onto the Unicode U+005C REVERSE SOLIDUS (i.e. backslash), while Unicode U+00A5 YEN SIGN is given a one-way "best fit" mapping to 0x5C in code page 932, and 0x5C is displayed as a backslash in Microsoft's documentation for code page 932, essentially making it a backslash given the appearance of a yen sign by localized fonts. The won sign has similar issues in Korean versions of Windows.
IBM's Code page 437 used code point
9D for the ¥ and this encoding was also used by several other computer systems. The ¥ is assigned code point B2 in EBCDIC 500 and many other EBCDIC code pages.
円 and 元Edit
|Look up 円 or 元 in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- In the block "Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms"